Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53,321 100 33,863 100 6,560 100 412 7.9 - 11.9 - 8.8 - 10.7
Less than 50 lbs 5,396 10.1 78 0.2 36 0.5 455 25.5 1.8 18.3 0.1 18.9 0.1 15.3
50 - 99 lbs 866 1.6 47 0.1 21 0.3 426 11.5 0.2 14.2 - 18.3 - 15.1
100 - 499 lbs 3,944 7.4 348 1.0 140 2.1 423 9.4 0.8 11.9 0.2 15.3 0.3 11.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,370 2.6 188 0.6 60 0.9 324 10.8 0.3 11.2 0.1 11.6 0.1 12.8
750 - 999 lbs 841 1.6 169 0.5 56 0.8 329 14.0 0.3 16.6 0.1 15.6 0.1 16.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,418 23.3 3,326 9.8 1,049 16.0 321 8.9 2.4 7.2 1.3 8.3 1.6 8.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 24,000 45.0 21,582 63.7 4,203 64.1 216 13.0 2.5 13.9 4.5 10.1 1.9 8.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,928 3.6 3,367 9.9 348 5.3 96 18.2 0.5 17.7 1.6 15.3 0.7 34.1
More than 100,000 lbs 2,558 4.8 S S 649 9.9 250 48.4 2.8 S S 16.4 1.2 33.0

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,082 100 32,493 100 5,944 100 266 8.4 - 12.0 - 8.7 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,532 3.3 22 0.1 4 0.1 221 31.5 0.7 22.2 - 18.5 - 31.3
50 - 99 lbs 358 0.8 24 0.1 7 0.1 254 22.1 0.2 22.6 - 26.1 - 14.1
100 - 499 lbs 3,057 6.6 286 0.9 95 1.6 317 11.4 0.8 13.0 0.2 13.2 0.3 9.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,238 2.7 174 0.5 52 0.9 302 12.7 0.4 12.5 0.1 13.8 0.1 11.6
750 - 999 lbs 804 1.7 164 0.5 51 0.9 309 13.8 0.3 16.7 0.1 13.9 0.1 15.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,137 26.3 3,269 10.1 1,016 17.1 312 9.0 2.6 7.2 1.4 8.3 1.6 9.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 23,419 50.8 20,905 64.3 3,948 66.4 208 13.4 3.0 12.6 4.6 9.5 1.8 7.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,919 4.2 3,364 10.4 346 5.8 96 18.2 0.6 17.8 1.6 15.2 0.7 34.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 424 7.1 192 S S S S 27.9 1.7 47.7

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44,225 100 28,880 100 5,493 100 258 8.7 - 11.5 - 8.0 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,380 3.1 22 0.1 4 0.1 199 36.1 0.8 22.8 - 20.2 - 31.6
50 - 99 lbs 335 0.8 24 0.1 6 0.1 249 21.8 0.2 22.7 - 26.8 - 13.8
100 - 499 lbs 3,018 6.8 285 1.0 93 1.7 313 11.7 0.7 13.1 0.2 13.8 0.3 9.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,235 2.8 174 0.6 52 0.9 299 12.7 0.4 12.5 0.1 13.6 0.2 11.8
750 - 999 lbs 787 1.8 164 0.6 49 0.9 302 14.6 0.3 16.8 0.1 13.6 0.1 15.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,096 27.4 3,264 11.3 1,010 18.4 311 9.0 2.7 7.2 1.3 8.2 1.7 9.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 23,335 52.8 20,562 71.2 3,892 70.8 208 13.4 2.7 13.1 1.9 9.9 1.8 8.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,916 4.3 3,358 11.6 344 6.3 95 18.3 0.7 17.9 1.6 15.4 0.7 34.2
More than 100,000 lbs 122 0.3 1,028 3.6 42 0.8 S 25.3 - 37.6 1.1 39.0 0.4 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,304 100 10,002 100 3,952 100 604 10.1 - 9.0 - 7.9 - 5.9
Less than 50 lbs 251 0.8 4 - 3 0.1 655 22.1 0.2 19.4 - 21.7 - 8.8
50 - 99 lbs 131 0.4 5 - 4 0.1 855 30.0 0.1 17.3 - 24.1 - 10.7
100 - 499 lbs 2,048 6.5 107 1.1 72 1.8 687 16.3 1.0 13.5 0.2 15.2 0.3 7.3
500 - 749 lbs 796 2.5 61 0.6 40 1.0 650 15.5 0.6 20.7 0.2 18.4 0.2 12.3
750 - 999 lbs 512 1.6 63 0.6 32 0.8 507 18.9 0.4 24.0 0.2 14.2 0.1 15.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,480 27.1 1,366 13.7 745 18.8 559 12.3 3.0 8.5 1.5 8.0 1.7 7.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,116 57.9 6,858 68.6 2,875 72.7 442 17.1 4.1 10.0 1.9 10.9 2.6 5.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 925 3.0 1,375 13.8 160 4.0 S 21.6 0.6 25.6 2.7 25.9 1.2 S
More than 100,000 lbs 45 0.1 S S S S S 24.3 0.1 S S S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,921 100 18,878 100 1,541 100 94 8.1 - 14.3 - 13.1 - 25.0
Less than 50 lbs 1,129 8.7 18 0.1 1 0.1 44 42.8 2.9 27.3 - 38.8 - 34.0
50 - 99 lbs 204 1.6 19 0.1 2 0.1 101 28.9 0.3 24.9 - 38.3 0.1 20.8
100 - 499 lbs 970 7.5 178 0.9 21 1.4 112 17.5 1.0 16.5 0.2 31.9 0.4 27.2
500 - 749 lbs 440 3.4 113 0.6 12 0.8 108 26.6 0.7 14.4 0.1 21.6 0.2 32.7
750 - 999 lbs 275 2.1 101 0.5 18 1.1 174 11.4 0.3 16.2 0.1 30.6 0.3 25.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,616 28.0 1,898 10.1 265 17.2 144 8.8 2.4 7.3 1.2 14.3 2.2 17.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,219 40.4 13,704 72.6 1,017 66.0 85 9.6 2.7 16.6 2.4 15.0 2.3 17.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 991 7.7 1,982 10.5 184 12.0 93 21.3 1.4 15.4 1.6 25.1 2.5 15.9
More than 100,000 lbs 77 0.6 865 4.6 20 1.3 S 45.5 0.3 43.8 2.2 26.8 0.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 440 100 S S S S S 26.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 56 12.7 S S S S S 42.9 19.5 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3 0.2 6 0.2 2 0.5 373 28.9 0.5 19.3 6.6 26.1 4.0 7.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 382 86.8 S S S S S 30.9 7.7 S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 282 100 9 100 11 100 1,078 25.7 - 41.4 - 35.0 - 10.5
Less than 50 lbs 153 54.1 - 5.1 - 4.6 992 36.4 9.7 37.8 7.4 37.1 6.6 9.4
50 - 99 lbs 23 8.1 - 0.9 - 1.4 1,662 49.3 2.7 18.4 0.9 30.9 0.7 14.3
100 - 499 lbs 39 13.7 1 10.9 1 13.8 1,456 23.7 10.3 26.2 11.1 37.2 11.8 10.3
500 - 749 lbs 3 0.9 S S S S 1,448 19.9 9.2 S S S S 38.5
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 7.3 S S 2,129 S S 42.3 15.2 S S 19.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 40 14.1 S S 6 56.3 1,119 35.8 8.0 S S 42.8 11.9 47.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 459 S S S S S S 11.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,376 100 679 100 556 100 720 17.7 - 24.2 - 25.6 - 8.8
Less than 50 lbs 3,615 56.7 43 6.4 31 5.7 699 26.4 7.6 14.4 3.2 20.6 2.8 9.7
50 - 99 lbs 449 7.0 19 2.8 14 2.5 747 16.0 1.5 23.0 1.0 24.1 0.8 7.6
100 - 499 lbs 801 12.6 54 7.9 45 8.0 906 19.3 3.0 24.4 3.4 29.1 2.3 7.8
500 - 749 lbs 110 1.7 12 1.7 8 1.4 698 33.0 0.6 24.5 0.9 29.9 0.9 23.6
750 - 999 lbs 27 0.4 4 0.6 5 0.9 S 39.9 0.3 35.6 0.6 43.8 0.9 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,260 S S S S S S 33.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 380 6.0 102 15.0 225 40.5 2,024 47.4 3.2 44.8 4.3 45.2 8.0 14.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 443 65.3 223 40.1 504 S S 28.4 7.8 15.7 9.7 32.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,990 100 130 100 100 100 718 20.8 - 17.6 - 21.3 - 8.8
Less than 50 lbs 3,615 72.4 43 33.2 31 31.3 699 26.4 5.8 14.4 3.6 20.6 4.3 9.7
50 - 99 lbs 449 9.0 19 14.5 14 14.1 747 16.0 1.6 23.0 1.4 24.1 1.6 7.6
100 - 499 lbs 799 16.0 54 41.1 44 44.2 905 19.2 3.9 24.5 2.9 29.2 3.9 7.9
500 - 749 lbs 109 2.2 11 8.7 7 7.2 666 33.5 0.6 25.5 2.1 33.8 2.1 26.2
750 - 999 lbs S S 3 2.5 S S 985 S S 39.2 1.8 S S 43.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 541 100 442 100 1,629 S S 27.0 - 27.3 - 14.4
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,656 S S S S S S 19.7
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,771 S S S S S S 22.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 365 28.4 98 18.1 220 49.9 2,074 47.1 14.9 44.1 10.4 44.3 11.0 14.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 440 81.4 218 49.3 493 S S 28.1 6.8 14.9 11.1 33.6

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 14 100 S S S S S 42.6 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S 1 6.2 S S S S S 2.5 8.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,880 S S S S S S 34.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 863 100 S S 60 100 S 32.2 - S S 39.5 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S - 0.4 S S S S S 43.9 1.5 S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S - 0.3 S S S S S 45.1 0.4 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.2 S S S S S 28.5 0.4 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 199 23.1 55 8.0 S S 654 19.7 11.3 27.2 12.8 S S 24.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 201 23.3 S S 29 49.2 S 27.2 9.5 S S 37.7 10.7 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.