Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 53,321 100 33,863 100 6,560 100 412 7.9 - 11.9 - 8.8 - 10.7
Single modes 46,082 86.4 32,493 96 5,944 90.6 266 8.4 2 12 1 8.7 1.9 8.6
Truck6 44,225 82.9 28,880 85.3 5,493 83.7 258 8.7 2.6 11.5 5.1 8 2.1 8.6
For-hire truck 31,304 58.7 10,002 29.5 3,952 60.2 604 10.1 2.8 9 2.5 7.9 1.9 5.9
Private truck 12,921 24.2 18,878 55.7 1,541 23.5 94 8.1 1.5 14.3 3.8 13.1 2.3 25
Rail S S S S 440 6.7 S S S S S 26.3 1.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) 282 0.5 9 - 11 0.2 1,078 25.7 0.1 41.4 - 35 - 10.5
Multiple modes 6,376 12 679 2 556 8.5 720 17.7 2 24.2 0.8 25.6 1.9 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,990 9.4 130 0.4 100 1.5 718 20.8 1.2 17.6 0.1 21.3 0.3 8.8
Truck and rail S S 541 1.6 442 6.7 1,629 S S 27 0.7 27.3 1.6 14.4
Truck and water S S S S 14 0.2 S S S S S 42.6 0.2 S
Other and unknown modes 863 1.6 S S 60 0.9 S 32.2 0.8 S S 39.5 0.4 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,224 100 706 100 242 100 S 37 - 46.4 - 46.5 - S
Single modes 1,209 98.8 678 96.1 205 84.5 S 36.7 0.4 46.1 1.4 44.1 4.9 S
Truck6 1,209 98.8 678 96.1 205 84.5 S 36.7 0.4 46.1 1.4 44.1 4.9 S
For-hire truck 388 31.7 S S S S 347 40.3 19.5 S S S S 28
Private truck 822 67.1 432 61.2 S S S 37.8 10.9 41.5 11.3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 1.2 28 3.9 38 15.5 1,349 6.3 1.5 9.7 5.4 8.7 10.1 -
Truck and rail 15 1.2 28 3.9 38 15.5 1,349 6.3 1.5 9.7 5.4 8.7 10.1 -

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,592 100 1,042 100 356 100 185 22.4 - 32.9 - 33.6 - 48
Single modes 1,591 100 1,042 100 356 100 185 22.5 - 32.9 - 33.6 - 48.3
Truck6 1,591 100 1,042 100 356 100 185 22.5 - 32.9 - 33.6 - 48.3
For-hire truck 442 27.8 S S 114 31.9 S 35.7 9.4 S S 27.5 10.8 S
Private truck 1,149 72.2 835 80.2 242 68.1 S 23 8.9 39.9 10 43 10.3 S
Multiple modes S S S S - - 679 S S S S 40.8 - 19.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - 679 S S S S 40.8 - 19.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 244 100 8,068 100 409 100 75 40.7 - 18.3 - 21.1 - 21.4
Single modes 236 96.5 7,841 97.2 335 81.9 65 40.3 1.6 19.6 2.8 29.2 10.7 25.3
Truck6 233 95.4 7,741 95.9 250 61 64 40.8 1.4 19.4 2.6 27 9.4 25.9
For-hire truck 86 35.3 733 9.1 78 19 298 39 7.8 30.4 1.6 38.5 4.4 26
Private truck S S 7,008 86.9 172 42 33 S S 18.9 3.2 27.4 10.8 22.5
Rail 3 1.2 100 1.2 85 20.9 852 9.8 2.2 11 0.5 10 9.3 10.2
Multiple modes S S 226 2.8 S S S S S 41.1 5.7 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.1 S S S S S 42.1 0.1 S
Truck and rail 1 0.3 225 2.8 S S 327 0.7 2.7 5.2 10.1 S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,942 100 8,693 100 296 100 26 18.1 - 31.8 - 28.6 - 10.6
Single modes 1,942 100 8,693 100 296 100 25 18.1 - 31.8 - 28.6 - 10.6
Truck6 1,818 93.6 5,567 64 181 61.1 24 21 7.9 14 12 17.9 13 8.6
For-hire truck 942 48.5 1,891 21.7 70 23.7 S 34.9 12.1 29.5 11.8 30.6 13.4 S
Private truck 876 45.1 3,676 42.3 111 37.4 22 30.4 11.7 18 12.7 22 12.7 12.4
Rail S S S S S S 61 S S S S S S 38.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,852 100 3,987 100 2,093 100 274 13.2 - 10.3 - 13.1 - 15.7
Single modes 9,803 82.7 3,789 95 1,885 90.1 219 9.3 4.3 10.2 1 11.1 2.4 23.1
Truck6 9,549 80.6 3,637 91.2 1,749 83.6 218 9.7 4.6 10.4 2.4 11.4 4.2 23.2
For-hire truck 7,452 62.9 3,065 76.9 1,629 77.8 564 11.4 6.1 12.4 3.2 12.7 4.1 5.1
Private truck 2,097 17.7 572 14.3 120 5.7 S 22.7 2.1 12.4 2.6 22.3 2.1 S
Rail 233 2 S S S S 1,195 46 2.9 S S S S 25.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 1,003 S S 48.4 - 48 - 33.9
Multiple modes 1,915 16.2 125 3.1 193 9.2 410 47.8 4.5 30.4 0.7 46.1 2.5 37.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 20 0.5 11 0.5 403 S S 28.8 0.2 27.4 0.3 18.2
Truck and rail 203 1.7 101 2.5 177 8.4 2,469 38 0.6 31.9 0.8 45.6 2.7 16.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 135 1.1 74 1.8 15 0.7 S 31.8 0.8 45.4 1.2 36.7 0.3 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,673 100 3,761 100 1,258 100 717 6.2 - 16.6 - 17.1 - 14
Single modes 7,333 84.5 3,674 97.7 1,155 91.8 353 6.5 3.3 17.2 0.9 19.1 3 16.5
Truck6 7,287 84 3,647 97 1,134 90.1 345 6.6 3.2 17.4 0.9 19.8 3 16.9
For-hire truck 4,463 51.5 1,588 42.2 906 72 698 8.1 4.6 17.2 2.7 19.4 3.1 6.6
Private truck 2,824 32.6 2,059 54.7 228 18.1 70 17.2 4.3 19.5 3.2 23.9 2.1 24.7
Rail 15 0.2 27 0.7 19 1.5 584 40.9 0.2 44.1 1.4 45.8 3.8 32.7
Air (incl truck and air) 31 0.4 1 - S S 918 46.8 0.2 36.1 - S S 37.9
Multiple modes 1,219 14 75 2 88 7 927 25.2 3.2 28.5 0.8 39.2 3 11.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,207 13.9 59 1.6 52 4.1 926 25.6 3.3 37.2 0.9 44.5 2.6 11.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,764 S S S S S S 26.7
Truck and water S S - - - - 1,494 S S 40.7 - 49.2 - 11.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,876 100 5,402 100 943 100 377 17.3 - 29.9 - 23.5 - 12.2
Single modes 8,695 80 4,726 87.5 828 87.7 292 18 5 24.7 3.1 21.7 3.1 23.4
Truck6 7,535 69.3 4,710 87.2 817 86.6 276 9.9 6.7 24.8 3.2 21.9 3.3 25.2
For-hire truck 4,432 40.7 1,007 18.6 446 47.3 783 12.3 5.2 18.1 5.8 20.9 6.8 8.9
Private truck 3,104 28.5 3,703 68.5 370 39.2 S 13.7 5.5 33.2 5.4 27.5 6.1 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 92 0.8 S S S S 1,205 44.3 0.5 S S S S 13.8
Multiple modes 1,899 17.5 107 2 S S 544 45.1 5.1 47.8 1.2 S S 15.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 860 7.9 18 0.3 11 1.2 538 24.9 1.4 33.7 0.2 33.3 0.3 15.8
Truck and rail S S 85 1.6 S S 1,568 S S 40.6 2.8 S S 39.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,407 S S S S S S 36.4
Other and unknown modes 281 2.6 S S 21 2.2 S 27.3 1.2 S S 44.8 1.6 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,469 100 975 100 480 100 396 23.5 - 17.8 - 18.5 - 31.1
Single modes 12,419 92.2 937 96.2 455 94.8 420 25.7 4.8 19 2.8 20.4 5.4 25.1
Truck6 12,198 90.6 917 94.1 441 91.8 403 26.1 4.6 19 2.5 20.3 5.2 26.3
For-hire truck 11,919 88.5 868 89.1 411 85.7 529 26.9 5.2 19.5 2.4 20.9 4.9 16.2
Private truck 279 2.1 49 5 30 6.1 S 34.4 1.4 35.9 1.6 47.3 2.8 S
Rail 90 0.7 S S S S 737 28.9 1.8 S S S S 37.6
Air (incl truck and air) 131 1 S S S S 1,016 38.8 0.7 S S S S 23.8
Multiple modes 840 6.2 21 2.2 22 4.6 715 35.5 4 32.6 2.2 36 4.8 12.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 762 5.7 16 1.7 17 3.6 715 39.3 3.2 41.8 1.3 44.7 3.5 12.1
Truck and rail 78 0.6 5 0.5 5 1 948 31.7 4.6 31.3 5 38.7 8.2 3.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,444 100 1,229 100 482 100 231 13.4 - 13.8 - 18.6 - 28.3
Single modes 2,851 82.8 1,112 90.5 430 89.2 310 14.6 2.6 13 2.4 21.8 5.2 14.8
Truck6 2,801 81.3 940 76.5 361 75 307 14.9 2.6 16.4 7.8 28.3 10.1 15.2
For-hire truck 1,180 34.3 397 32.3 227 47.1 614 30.1 5.5 27.2 7.7 42.5 10.2 18.2
Private truck 1,621 47.1 544 44.2 135 27.9 169 13.3 5.4 21.7 10 35.5 10.7 25.3
Rail 42 1.2 171 13.9 68 14.1 409 43.1 1.5 45.9 13.1 37.8 14.5 40.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,526 S S S S S S 44.6
Multiple modes 481 14 97 7.9 48 9.9 477 23.4 2.7 48.8 2.6 42.3 5.4 20.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 461 13.4 15 1.2 9 1.9 477 25.2 2.9 37.9 0.3 26 1 21.5
Truck and rail 20 0.6 82 6.7 39 8 458 46 1.1 42.3 5 36.6 13 9.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3 100 - 100 - 100 S 2.3 - 28.9 - 7.9 - S
Single modes 3 98.1 - 99.9 - 98.5 S 0.5 1.8 28.9 0.1 7.2 0.7 S
Truck6 3 98.1 - 99.9 - 98.5 S 0.5 1.8 28.9 0.1 7.2 0.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S - 87.2 S S 17 S S 47.6 18.5 S S 15
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.