Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,414 100 27,787 100 3,206 100 10.5 - 11.6 - 19.7 -
Less than 50 miles 20,525 30.4 20,842 75 384 12 10.3 0.8 15.1 3.2 13.1 2.1
50 - 99 miles 17,706 26.3 3,356 12.1 337 10.5 23.4 3 9.4 1.7 10.1 1.6
100 - 249 miles 11,387 16.9 1,772 6.4 336 10.5 10.3 0.9 14.7 1.1 13.5 2.1
250 - 499 miles 3,899 5.8 504 1.8 220 6.9 15.7 0.7 15.9 0.4 17.5 1
500 - 749 miles 3,778 5.6 306 1.1 247 7.7 18.8 1.1 21.5 0.3 24.8 1.1
750 - 999 miles 2,662 3.9 363 1.3 366 11.4 9.9 0.5 27.9 0.4 28.3 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,404 5 302 1.1 423 13.2 20.9 1 39.2 0.3 39.7 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,107 1.6 88 0.3 170 5.3 9.4 0.2 20.7 0.1 20.3 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 2,945 4.4 255 0.9 723 22.5 12 0.5 33 0.3 33.3 3.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,249 100 27,206 100 2,991 100 13 - 11.8 - 21.4 -
Less than 50 miles 19,163 34.7 20,601 75.7 379 12.7 11 1.8 15.1 3.2 13.3 2.3
50 - 99 miles 16,053 29.1 3,269 12 328 11 26.2 3.3 9.9 1.7 10.6 1.8
100 - 249 miles 9,190 16.6 1,678 6.2 318 10.6 13.2 1.1 14.9 1.1 13.8 2.3
250 - 499 miles 2,647 4.8 453 1.7 196 6.6 17.7 0.6 17.6 0.3 19.4 1
500 - 749 miles 2,189 4 279 1 227 7.6 27.2 1.2 24.2 0.3 27.6 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,750 3.2 340 1.3 344 11.5 14.3 0.6 29.9 0.4 30.3 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,720 3.1 266 1 374 12.5 21.5 0.8 43.7 0.3 43.9 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 814 1.5 82 0.3 158 5.3 11.3 0.2 22.4 0.1 22 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,723 3.1 237 0.9 667 22.3 18.6 0.5 36.1 0.3 36.7 3.4

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,240 100 27,147 100 2,866 100 13.3 - 11.8 - 21.9 -
Less than 50 miles 19,162 35.3 20,601 75.9 379 13.2 11 1.8 15.1 3.1 13.3 2.2
50 - 99 miles 16,033 29.6 3,269 12 328 11.4 26.2 3.2 9.9 1.7 10.6 1.7
100 - 249 miles 9,086 16.8 1,676 6.2 316 11 13.3 1.1 14.9 1.1 13.9 2.2
250 - 499 miles 2,599 4.8 452 1.7 196 6.8 17.9 0.6 17.6 0.3 19.4 0.9
500 - 749 miles 2,076 3.8 267 1 203 7.1 27.6 1.2 22.9 0.3 23.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 1,498 2.8 338 1.2 341 11.9 17.9 0.6 30.2 0.4 30.6 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,573 2.9 262 1 369 12.9 23.4 0.8 44.2 0.3 44.4 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 743 1.4 77 0.3 150 5.2 10.3 0.2 25.1 0.1 24.4 1
More than 2,000 miles 1,470 2.7 205 0.8 584 20.4 21.8 0.5 40.6 0.3 41 3.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,199 100 5,302 100 2,010 100 13.8 - 15.9 - 28.6 -
Less than 50 miles 2,584 13.5 2,277 42.9 47 2.4 19.7 2.6 27.7 7.5 29.8 0.8
50 - 99 miles 3,232 16.8 823 15.5 90 4.5 36.6 3.3 23.6 2.7 25 1.3
100 - 249 miles 4,730 24.6 829 15.6 159 7.9 19.8 2.6 23.8 3.4 21.8 2.4
250 - 499 miles 1,770 9.2 275 5.2 122 6.1 19.7 1.4 15.4 0.8 16.3 1.4
500 - 749 miles 1,921 10 247 4.7 189 9.4 30.8 3.8 25.1 1.3 25.4 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,361 7.1 324 6.1 327 16.3 18.6 1.1 32.1 2.1 32.5 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,443 7.5 248 4.7 349 17.4 23.6 1.6 46.1 1.4 46.1 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 698 3.6 73 1.4 142 7.1 11.7 0.6 25.6 0.4 24.8 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,461 7.6 205 3.9 584 29 22 0.8 40.7 1.1 41.1 3.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 35,041 100 21,845 100 856 100 20.4 - 13.7 - 9.3 -
Less than 50 miles 16,578 47.3 18,324 83.9 332 38.8 12 3.7 16.2 2.8 13.8 3.2
50 - 99 miles 12,801 36.5 2,446 11.2 238 27.8 33.7 3.6 9.7 2.1 10 2.2
100 - 249 miles 4,356 12.4 846 3.9 157 18.3 23 1.2 17.5 0.6 16.1 2.4
250 - 499 miles 829 2.4 177 0.8 73 8.6 31.9 0.3 28.9 0.3 32.2 2.1
500 - 749 miles 155 0.4 19 0.1 14 1.7 48.3 0.3 25.1 0.1 25.1 0.7
750 - 999 miles 137 0.4 14 0.1 14 1.6 47.6 0.3 36.5 - 35.3 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 130 0.4 15 0.1 20 2.3 33.6 0.1 32.7 - 31.9 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 45 0.1 4 - 8 0.9 47.1 0.2 45.1 - 46 0.6
More than 2,000 miles S S - - - - S S 22.6 - 20.8 -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,009 100 S S S S 34.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S - 0.1 - - S S 36.7 0.2 29.7 -
50 - 99 miles 20 2 - 0.4 - 0.2 37.2 5.3 43.1 2.3 43.3 1.3
100 - 249 miles 104 10.3 S S S S 45.1 4.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 48 4.8 S S S S 44.7 3.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 113 11.2 S S S S 37.3 2.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 3 4.3 2 1.9 S S 43.8 10.5 43.1 9.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 3 5.6 5 3.8 S S 38.3 7.3 42.4 6.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 253 25.1 S S S S 37.7 6.4 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,483 100 327 100 188 100 17.7 - 32 - 16.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,049 9.1 S S S S 18.8 1.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1,553 13.5 S S S S 16.2 1.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,067 18 58 17.6 12 6.3 22.7 2.6 23.1 2.3 20.3 1.5
250 - 499 miles 1,224 10.7 43 13.1 20 10.7 25.4 1.7 31 2.9 34.3 2.6
500 - 749 miles 1,546 13.5 25 7.7 18 9.8 32.6 2 34.5 0.7 32.5 1.5
750 - 999 miles 902 7.9 21 6.5 21 11.3 14.1 0.9 18.1 1.7 18.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,643 14.3 33 10 44 23.4 28.6 1.3 28.4 2 28.1 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 289 2.5 5 1.6 10 5.4 14 0.5 15.7 0.5 15.8 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,209 10.5 17 5.3 53 28.2 17 1.6 15.9 1.9 15.7 5.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,391 100 315 100 176 100 17.9 - 33.6 - 18.7 -
Less than 50 miles 1,049 9.2 S S S S 18.8 1.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1,530 13.4 S S S S 16.1 1.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,012 17.7 52 16.6 11 6.2 24 2.7 27.1 2 23.8 1.5
250 - 499 miles 1,224 10.7 43 13.6 20 11.4 25.4 1.8 31 3.1 34.3 2.6
500 - 749 miles 1,546 13.6 25 8 18 10.4 32.6 2 34.5 0.7 32.5 1.5
750 - 999 miles 898 7.9 20 6.4 20 11.4 14.1 0.9 18.5 1.2 18.6 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,642 14.4 33 10.4 44 25 28.6 1.3 28.4 2 28.2 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 286 2.5 5 1.5 9 5.3 14.5 0.5 16.8 0.6 16.5 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,204 10.6 15 4.9 45 25.3 17.1 1.6 16 1.6 15.9 4.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9 100 3 100 S S 1 - 5.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 83 100 9 100 S S 36.2 - 34 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 55 66 5 59.6 S S 45.8 17.6 43.7 19.3 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S - 0.2 S S S S 26.9 3.5
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 682 100 255 100 27 100 22.1 - 30 - 21.4 -
Less than 50 miles 312 45.7 177 69.6 2 8.2 38.4 11.4 39.9 14.2 37.5 8.6
50 - 99 miles 100 14.6 S S 3 10.5 42.3 6.6 S S 46.7 2.9
100 - 249 miles 131 19.2 36 14.1 6 23.4 31.3 7 45 8.5 45.7 6.5
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 44 6.4 2 0.8 2 6.1 47.6 10.2 26.6 7.3 25.3 17.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4 0.7 S S S S 49.1 4.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 13 1.9 1 0.3 3 9.5 39.5 3.6 32.3 1.5 33.6 7.5

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.