Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,414 100 27,787 100 3,206 100 512 10.5 - 11.6 - 19.7 - 7.0
Less than 50 lbs 8,716 12.9 135 0.5 74 2.3 685 12.4 1.5 16.7 0.1 15.2 0.6 10.3
50 - 99 lbs 2,797 4.1 121 0.4 53 1.7 429 18.8 0.8 22.5 0.1 19.9 0.5 11.3
100 - 499 lbs 11,055 16.4 980 3.5 368 11.5 354 18.5 3.0 14.8 0.7 41.6 1.9 17.8
500 - 749 lbs 4,455 6.6 526 1.9 210 6.5 383 19.7 1.3 21.1 0.5 49.2 1.5 24.0
750 - 999 lbs 2,769 4.1 451 1.6 101 3.2 228 30.3 1.3 23.2 0.5 36.2 0.6 30.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,515 33.4 5,126 18.4 955 29.8 185 25.3 4.4 11.9 2.7 30.1 2.5 20.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,879 19.1 15,568 56.0 1,275 39.8 88 20.1 2.7 13.3 2.8 12.6 4.3 16.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,922 2.9 3,691 13.3 142 4.4 S 33.7 0.9 26.0 2.6 38.9 1.3 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 28 0.9 S S S S S 33.5 0.6 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,249 100 27,206 100 2,991 100 307 13.0 - 11.8 - 21.4 - 11.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,592 4.7 51 0.2 16 0.5 401 17.3 0.9 20.6 - 29.7 0.3 21.7
50 - 99 lbs 1,119 2.0 62 0.2 16 0.5 250 19.1 0.4 25.5 - 25.6 0.1 14.9
100 - 499 lbs 7,537 13.6 825 3.0 S S 324 21.6 2.9 15.5 0.6 S S 21.0
500 - 749 lbs 4,267 7.7 513 1.9 S S 380 20.6 1.7 21.7 0.5 S S 25.0
750 - 999 lbs 2,723 4.9 424 1.6 100 3.3 240 30.4 1.8 21.3 0.5 36.8 0.7 29.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,125 40.0 5,030 18.5 932 31.2 184 25.5 4.2 11.9 2.8 30.6 2.6 21.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,695 23.0 15,494 57.0 1,264 42.3 87 20.3 2.9 13.3 2.7 12.6 4.5 16.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,914 3.5 3,684 13.5 141 4.7 S 33.8 1.2 26.1 2.6 38.9 1.3 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 24 0.8 S S S S S 38.8 0.7 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,240 100 27,147 100 2,866 100 273 13.3 - 11.8 - 21.9 - 15.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,954 3.6 48 0.2 11 0.4 309 18.4 0.8 21.8 - 43.7 0.3 21.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,040 1.9 61 0.2 15 0.5 236 22.5 0.4 26.2 - 28.5 0.1 15.1
100 - 499 lbs 7,430 13.7 822 3.0 S S 320 21.8 2.8 15.5 0.6 S S 21.3
500 - 749 lbs 4,205 7.8 512 1.9 S S 378 21.1 1.8 21.8 0.5 S S 25.1
750 - 999 lbs 2,662 4.9 423 1.6 98 3.4 237 31.3 1.8 21.5 0.4 37.6 0.7 29.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,100 40.7 5,018 18.5 908 31.7 180 25.5 4.3 11.9 2.8 31.4 2.6 20.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,658 23.3 15,456 56.9 1,175 41.0 81 20.3 3.0 13.3 2.7 9.4 4.5 12.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,914 3.5 3,684 13.6 141 4.9 S 33.8 1.2 26.1 2.6 38.9 1.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 24 0.8 S S S S S 38.8 0.7 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,199 100 5,302 100 2,010 100 855 13.8 - 15.9 - 28.6 - 12.5
Less than 50 lbs 673 3.5 11 0.2 9 0.5 959 30.7 1.0 39.6 0.2 47.5 0.5 15.5
50 - 99 lbs 241 1.3 9 0.2 12 0.6 1,305 27.9 0.3 27.2 0.1 32.6 0.2 9.4
100 - 499 lbs 4,073 21.2 282 5.3 S S 863 29.3 3.1 43.4 1.4 S S 13.5
500 - 749 lbs 2,852 14.9 236 4.5 S S 736 27.0 3.8 45.4 1.3 S S 15.3
750 - 999 lbs 1,792 9.3 108 2.0 82 4.1 763 39.5 3.4 32.4 0.7 44.5 0.9 16.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,301 27.6 963 18.2 650 32.3 758 18.1 4.1 22.4 2.9 38.3 3.3 10.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,519 18.3 2,558 48.3 711 35.4 294 12.8 4.3 18.4 6.2 14.3 5.8 23.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 736 3.8 1,128 21.3 S S S 38.6 1.4 36.7 5.9 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 11 0.1 6 0.1 S S S 13.2 0.2 23.5 0.3 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 35,041 100 21,845 100 856 100 54 20.4 - 13.7 - 9.3 - 8.0
Less than 50 lbs 1,281 3.7 37 0.2 1 0.2 48 18.3 0.9 22.0 - 24.7 - 16.3
50 - 99 lbs 799 2.3 52 0.2 3 0.4 66 25.5 0.9 26.8 0.1 29.7 0.1 22.0
100 - 499 lbs 3,357 9.6 540 2.5 31 3.6 62 14.5 2.9 11.4 0.6 14.9 0.8 19.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,353 3.9 276 1.3 15 1.7 54 14.3 0.9 21.2 0.3 17.9 0.4 6.8
750 - 999 lbs 870 2.5 315 1.4 16 1.9 51 18.7 1.0 23.1 0.5 22.7 0.6 19.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 16,799 47.9 4,055 18.6 258 30.2 54 32.1 4.7 12.5 3.1 16.1 2.8 9.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,139 26.1 12,898 59.0 464 54.3 39 26.8 3.5 14.0 3.7 10.6 3.5 11.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,177 3.4 2,556 11.7 46 5.3 S 37.3 1.4 31.3 2.5 26.3 1.2 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 20 2.4 S S S S S 46.3 1.9 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,009 100 S S S S 1,382 34.1 - S S S S 10.1
Less than 50 lbs 638 63.3 3 5.6 5 4.2 1,387 46.1 12.0 38.2 12.4 38.2 14.3 13.9
50 - 99 lbs 78 7.8 1 1.5 1 0.7 1,120 46.0 2.4 41.0 4.9 37.5 3.9 14.7
100 - 499 lbs 106 10.5 S S 3 2.3 1,204 38.4 6.4 S S 43.5 8.9 13.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,719 S S S S S S 25.4
750 - 999 lbs 61 6.0 2 3.1 S S 883 30.5 7.8 39.9 14.4 S S 21.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,061 S S S S S S 20.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,213 S S S S S S 20.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,483 100 327 100 188 100 792 17.7 - 32.0 - 16.4 - 9.0
Less than 50 lbs 6,072 52.9 82 25.2 58 30.9 847 13.8 4.7 19.0 3.7 15.1 2.4 8.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,664 14.5 58 17.7 37 19.6 619 22.2 1.5 30.1 1.5 24.1 2.6 12.6
100 - 499 lbs 3,467 30.2 148 45.3 73 38.7 485 28.1 4.1 40.8 4.3 23.8 4.0 17.2
500 - 749 lbs 172 1.5 9 2.8 7 3.6 743 32.5 0.5 24.6 1.6 33.4 2.5 32.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 2 0.5 S S S S S 41.8 5.6 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 53 0.5 9 2.8 S S 1,283 29.0 0.3 28.5 2.3 S S 29.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,391 100 315 100 176 100 792 17.9 - 33.6 - 18.7 - 9.0
Less than 50 lbs 6,072 53.3 82 26.2 58 33.0 847 13.8 4.9 19.0 4.1 15.1 3.2 8.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,664 14.6 58 18.4 37 21.0 619 22.2 1.5 30.1 1.5 24.1 2.5 12.6
100 - 499 lbs 3,467 30.4 148 47.0 73 41.4 485 28.1 4.1 40.8 4.3 23.8 4.1 17.2
500 - 749 lbs 156 1.4 9 2.9 7 3.9 764 31.2 0.4 23.9 1.7 33.6 2.5 31.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9 100 3 100 S S 2,842 1.0 - 5.5 - S S 47.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8 93.3 3 96.5 S S 2,610 8.1 6.8 2.1 3.3 S S 47.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 83 100 9 100 S S S 36.2 - 34.0 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S - 0.2 476 S S S S 26.9 3.5 -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 45 54.4 6 69.6 S S 323 29.3 14.9 27.5 9.9 S S 23.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 682 100 255 100 27 100 S 22.1 - 30.0 - 21.4 - S
Less than 50 lbs 52 7.6 2 0.8 - 0.3 S 42.5 3.9 48.3 1.9 40.8 1.2 S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 35.3
100 - 499 lbs 51 7.5 8 3.1 S S S 30.9 3.2 30.0 5.2 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 16 2.3 4 1.7 S S 28 47.0 4.7 31.3 4.3 S S 28.6
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 0.6 S S S S S 49.9 0.6 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 375 54.9 94 37.0 18 68.3 S 24.0 8.1 34.1 10.1 29.8 9.3 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 131 19.1 64 25.2 3 11.2 50 36.2 4.0 26.2 7.1 35.6 3.3 32.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.