Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 67,414 100 27,787 100 3,206 100 512 10.5 - 11.6 - 19.7 - 7
Single modes 55,249 82 27,206 97.9 2,991 93.3 307 13 3 11.8 0.4 21.4 1.7 11.9
Truck6 54,240 80.5 27,147 97.7 2,866 89.4 273 13.3 2.9 11.8 0.5 21.9 2.5 15.4
For-hire truck 19,199 28.5 5,302 19.1 2,010 62.7 855 13.8 3.3 15.9 2.9 28.6 4.3 12.5
Private truck 35,041 52 21,845 78.6 856 26.7 54 20.4 4.8 13.7 2.7 9.3 3.9 8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,009 1.5 S S S S 1,382 34.1 0.6 S S S S 10.1
Multiple modes 11,483 17 327 1.2 188 5.9 792 17.7 3 32 0.4 16.4 1.6 9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11,391 16.9 315 1.1 176 5.5 792 17.9 3 33.6 0.4 18.7 1.6 9
Truck and rail 9 - 3 - S S 2,842 1 - 5.5 - S S 47.1
Truck and water 83 0.1 9 - S S S 36.2 0.1 34 - S S S
Other and unknown modes 682 1 255 0.9 27 0.8 S 22.1 0.2 30 0.2 21.4 0.3 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 684 100 311 100 27 100 S 29.9 - 23.1 - 27.6 - S
Single modes 666 97.4 278 89.2 24 91.8 S 31 8.9 28.3 10.6 31.5 9.8 S
Truck6 666 97.4 278 89.2 24 91.8 S 31 8.9 28.3 10.6 31.5 9.8 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 469 68.6 222 71.3 13 47 43 46.9 17 35.6 14.7 49.6 16.5 21.1
Multiple modes 9 1.3 1 0.3 - 0.6 390 16.8 5.4 15.2 0.2 15.3 0.6 35.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 9 1.3 1 0.3 - 0.6 182 16.7 5.4 15.2 0.2 15.2 0.6 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,328 100 2,788 100 249 100 48 17.5 - 19.3 - 22.4 - 17.1
Single modes 5,326 100 2,788 100 249 99.8 42 17.5 - 19.3 - 22.5 2.4 16.5
Truck6 5,326 100 2,788 100 249 99.8 42 17.5 - 19.3 - 22.5 2.4 16.5
For-hire truck 393 7.4 396 14.2 100 40 S 32 5.3 27 6.1 30.5 8.5 S
Private truck 4,934 92.6 2,392 85.8 149 59.8 41 19.5 5.3 23 6.1 22.3 8.5 16.4
Multiple modes 1 - S S S S S 40.3 0.2 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 - S S S S S 40.3 0.2 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S 12 S S 46.8 - S S 39.2

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 207 100 6,705 100 226 100 S 16.5 - 36.4 - 28.5 - S
Single modes 205 98.9 6,658 99.3 224 99.4 S 16.5 0.6 36.1 0.2 28.3 0.2 S
Truck6 205 98.9 6,658 99.3 224 99.4 S 16.5 0.6 36.1 0.2 28.3 0.2 S
For-hire truck 53 25.4 328 4.9 S S 679 27.1 8.4 38.2 10.6 S S 30.9
Private truck 152 73.5 6,330 94.4 126 55.7 S 14.4 7.4 38.1 6.2 24.3 11.7 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,401 S S S S S S 30.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,401 S S S S S S 30.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,381 100 7,303 100 126 100 18 26 - 23.8 - 14.8 - 19.5
Single modes 4,367 99.7 7,287 99.8 126 99.9 18 26 0.2 23.8 0.2 14.8 0.1 19.5
Truck6 4,367 99.7 7,287 99.8 126 99.9 18 26 0.2 23.8 0.2 14.8 0.1 19.5
For-hire truck 1,130 25.8 1,724 23.6 45 35.7 S 27.6 12.2 29 11.2 36.3 11.3 S
Private truck 3,237 73.9 5,563 76.2 81 64.2 18 31.1 9.6 26.4 8.8 14.1 10.1 17.9
Multiple modes - - S S - - S 47.4 - S S 39.6 - S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S - - S 47.4 - S S 39.6 - S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.1 S S S S S 29 0.4 S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,412 100 1,344 100 S S 759 23.5 - 29.8 - S S 16
Single modes 7,696 81.8 1,282 95.4 S S 731 23.5 4.6 31 2.1 S S 18.1
Truck6 7,649 81.3 1,264 94.1 S S 716 23.6 4.7 31.4 2.4 S S 18.6
For-hire truck 5,624 59.7 S S S S 1,168 33.5 8.7 S S S S 13.6
Private truck 2,025 21.5 551 41 48 5.2 120 29.9 7.6 35.5 9.7 29.8 7.1 20.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 47 0.5 S S S S 1,843 47 0.4 S S S S 14.2
Multiple modes S S 47 3.5 41 4.5 828 S S 32.3 2.1 34.7 3.4 16.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 39 2.9 S S 827 S S 41.8 1.8 S S 16.6
Truck and rail 9 0.1 3 0.2 S S 2,842 1 1 5.5 1.5 S S 47.1
Truck and water 47 0.5 6 0.4 S S S 45.7 1.6 39.1 2.9 S S S
Other and unknown modes 69 0.7 S S S S S 31.8 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,506 100 2,596 100 404 100 496 37 - 19.6 - 15.7 - 13.2
Single modes 16,054 82.3 2,334 89.9 327 81.1 181 44.5 9.3 22 4.1 17.2 5.2 15.6
Truck6 16,037 82.2 2,332 89.8 322 79.7 170 44.5 9.3 22 4.1 17.7 5.6 16.9
For-hire truck 2,272 11.6 S S 223 55.3 422 48 5.5 S S 24.8 5.4 12.4
Private truck S S 1,666 64.2 99 24.5 66 S S 22.4 7.2 15.3 6.3 12.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,191 16.4 S S 66 16.2 578 39.6 9.5 S S 41.8 5.1 12.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,189 16.3 S S 65 16.2 578 39.6 9.5 S S 41.7 5.1 12.9
Truck and water S S S S - - S S S S S 25.8 0.1 S
Other and unknown modes 261 1.3 101 3.9 11 2.7 S 31.5 0.8 27.2 0.9 38.9 0.7 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,738 100 4,048 100 623 100 497 13.7 - 21 - 16.7 - 17.7
Single modes 8,744 74.5 3,953 97.7 574 92.2 321 14.5 2.6 21.4 0.6 17.2 1.9 9.3
Truck6 8,561 72.9 3,938 97.3 543 87.2 291 14.5 2.5 21.5 0.7 18.3 3.7 11.7
For-hire truck 4,954 42.2 948 23.4 431 69.2 737 13.5 4 25.2 3.9 20.5 4.4 7.9
Private truck 3,607 30.7 2,991 73.9 112 18 55 20.3 3.8 24.1 4.2 20.5 3.7 10.2
Air (incl truck and air) 183 1.6 S S S S 1,716 32.5 0.5 S S S S 14
Multiple modes 2,812 24 62 1.5 39 6.3 725 16.1 2.5 25.4 0.7 21.8 1.9 16.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,812 24 62 1.5 39 6.3 725 16.2 2.5 25.4 0.7 21.8 1.9 16.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 182 1.5 33 0.8 9 1.5 S 40.6 0.5 35.5 0.3 47.5 0.6 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,095 100 302 100 230 100 442 13.2 - 18.4 - 26.9 - 13.2
Single modes 4,150 58.5 272 90 212 92 183 21.9 5.1 20.6 4.1 29.1 4.6 22
Truck6 3,900 55 257 84.9 173 75.2 129 23 5.1 19.1 3.9 23.6 6 31.6
For-hire truck 2,508 35.3 189 62.7 162 70.4 S 39.3 6.8 26.9 8 25.7 5.7 S
Private truck 1,392 19.6 67 22.2 11 4.9 40 25.9 5.7 21 6.2 43.8 3 35.5
Air (incl truck and air) 250 3.5 S S S S 1,485 49.8 1.5 S S S S 15.6
Multiple modes 2,812 39.6 24 7.9 17 7.2 755 12.1 5 25.5 3.2 18.7 3.7 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,796 39.4 24 7.8 17 7.2 756 12.3 5.1 25.9 3.2 18.8 3.7 10.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 134 1.9 S S 2 0.7 S 36.7 0.7 S S 46.4 1.2 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,064 100 2,390 100 400 100 865 17.2 - 20.1 - 19.4 - 9.7
Single modes 8,040 88.7 2,354 98.5 375 93.8 560 19.1 4.3 20.3 0.8 20.4 2.2 21
Truck6 7,528 83.1 2,347 98.2 362 90.3 464 20.2 6.1 20.4 1 20.6 3.4 20.3
For-hire truck 2,069 22.8 282 11.8 144 36 1,174 22.5 5.9 26.7 8.5 32.2 8 19.1
Private truck 5,460 60.2 2,065 86.4 218 54.3 85 25.1 8.1 23.7 9.2 28.4 10.3 16.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,305 S S S S S S 17
Multiple modes 1,011 11.2 32 1.3 24 6.1 1,165 28 4.3 25.3 0.8 22.5 2.1 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,002 11 29 1.2 24 6 1,165 27.7 4.2 24 0.7 22.3 2.1 8.8
Truck and water 9 0.1 2 0.1 - 0.1 127 23.3 0.6 35.8 0.9 35.8 0.5 -
Other and unknown modes 13 0.1 S S S S S 42.2 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes - 100 - 100 S S S 42.7 - 23.8 - S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.