Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,085 100 24,263 100 1,196 100 19.2 - 27.9 - 26.6 -
Less than 50 miles 15,374 80.6 20,907 86.2 232 19.4 19.1 1.6 26.5 2.1 27.3 4
50 - 99 miles 853 4.5 S S 54 4.5 22.3 0.7 S S 46.2 0.7
100 - 249 miles 2,277 11.9 2,732 11.3 458 38.3 28.2 1.5 40.6 1.9 38 7.7
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 581 3 136 0.6 452 37.8 23.4 1 39.1 0.4 33.5 9.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,688 100 23,526 100 775 100 21.5 - 28.5 - 31.1 -
Less than 50 miles 14,372 86.1 20,666 87.8 230 29.7 20.3 1.9 26.9 2.5 27.6 6.1
50 - 99 miles 475 2.8 S S S S 39.8 0.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,665 10 2,433 10.3 392 50.6 36.2 1.8 42.7 2.3 41 9.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 176 1.1 28 0.1 111 14.4 34.4 0.7 34.7 0.4 39.2 9.6

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,981 100 8,271 100 94 100 10.2 - 22.1 - 22.8 -
Less than 50 miles 7,981 100 8,271 100 94 100 10.2 - 22.1 - 22.8 -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,047 100 1,435 100 20 100 32.1 - 30.8 - 31.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1,047 100 1,435 100 20 100 32.1 - 30.8 - 31.8 -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,934 100 6,836 100 74 100 8.8 - 22.7 - 23.5 -
Less than 50 miles 6,934 100 6,836 100 74 100 8.8 - 22.7 - 23.5 -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 431 100 314 100 90 100 17.6 - 20 - 39.2 -
Less than 50 miles 51 11.9 81 25.8 S S 36.7 4.5 37.1 11.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 116 26.9 55 17.5 7 8.2 28.6 7.4 29.6 6.3 28.5 11
100 - 249 miles 246 57.1 166 53.1 38 41.7 22.5 6.4 32.7 9.2 30.3 10.6
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 431 100 314 100 90 100 17.6 - 20 - 39.2 -
Less than 50 miles 51 11.9 81 25.8 S S 36.7 4.5 37.1 11.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 116 26.9 55 17.5 7 8.2 28.6 7.4 29.6 6.3 28.5 11
100 - 249 miles 246 57.1 166 53.1 38 41.7 22.5 6.4 32.7 9.2 30.3 10.6
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 568 100 S S 102 100 15 - S S 42.6 -
Less than 50 miles 4 0.6 S S S S 33.5 3.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 126 22.1 4 2.1 - 0.5 22.6 3.9 18.2 5.7 19.8 1.3
100 - 249 miles 281 49.4 S S S S 25.8 8.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 158 27.8 16 8.6 S S 38.8 9.1 44.7 13.5 S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,708 100 14,753 100 S S 23.5 - 23.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 6,336 82.2 12,313 83.5 S S 21.8 4.4 23.3 4.6 S S
50 - 99 miles 234 3 341 2.3 S S 49.7 2.8 49.1 2 S S
100 - 249 miles 1,138 14.8 2,099 14.2 S S 37.9 3.5 32.5 4.4 S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,916 100 497 100 417 100 15.1 - 22.2 - 30.5 -
Less than 50 miles 539 28.1 6 1.2 - - 47.3 7.2 19.4 0.4 22.7 -
50 - 99 miles 371 19.4 88 17.7 13 3.2 13 5.3 46.5 5.9 48.5 4.9
100 - 249 miles 601 31.4 295 59.4 65 15.6 18.5 6.7 34.6 8.6 33.7 14.8
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 405 21.1 108 21.6 339 81.2 32.2 5.5 45.9 8.9 40.1 17.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,002 100 13 100 6 100 29.4 - 20 - 27.8 -
Less than 50 miles 539 53.8 6 45.5 - 1.2 47.4 8.9 19.4 6.8 22.5 0.7
50 - 99 miles 107 10.7 2 14.4 - 3.6 29.4 6.5 24.5 2.6 24.2 3.7
100 - 249 miles 138 13.8 4 29.1 1 11.3 30.1 3.9 45.3 5.9 47.5 4.7
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 219 21.8 1 11 5 83.8 41.1 6.6 28.5 2.6 28.4 8

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 908 100 478 100 359 100 13.8 - 23.5 - 35.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 264 29.1 86 18.1 13 3.6 22 6.5 47.4 6 49.2 5
100 - 249 miles 463 51 291 61 64 17.9 21.1 8.2 35.1 8.4 34.1 14.6
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 180 19.8 100 20.9 282 78.5 47.1 8.5 47.9 10 45.5 16.8

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 481 100 240 100 S S 23.8 - 30.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 463 96.3 235 98 2 39.5 23.9 1.1 30.4 1.3 29.9 13.8
50 - 99 miles 6 1.2 S S S S 43.2 1.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 3 1.3 1 14.7 S S 40.2 1 40.3 10.4
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.