Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,085 100 24,263 100 1,196 100 62 19.2 - 27.9 - 26.6 - 47.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,905 10.0 57 0.2 7 0.6 S 10.1 1.7 12.7 0.3 18.0 0.5 S
50 - 99 lbs 880 4.6 50 0.2 4 0.3 73 15.3 0.7 14.2 0.3 25.6 0.3 40.0
100 - 499 lbs 2,153 11.3 288 1.2 20 1.7 S 10.6 2.4 13.3 1.3 38.7 3.2 S
500 - 749 lbs 524 2.7 119 0.5 5 0.4 39 12.4 0.7 17.2 0.5 17.4 0.2 22.5
750 - 999 lbs 388 2.0 103 0.4 4 0.3 35 12.9 0.9 15.2 0.7 24.5 0.3 25.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,932 15.4 1,294 5.3 95 8.0 67 12.3 4.4 15.1 5.4 45.3 6.8 24.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,006 10.5 6,044 24.9 415 34.7 S 22.3 1.2 25.7 9.2 24.8 8.2 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 389 2.0 797 3.3 S S S 24.8 0.9 27.1 1.0 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 7,908 41.4 15,512 63.9 545 45.6 63 36.0 11.1 36.2 14.6 38.3 12.4 23.9

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,688 100 23,526 100 775 100 S 21.5 - 28.5 - 31.1 - S
Less than 50 lbs 1,112 6.7 46 0.2 4 0.5 S 11.4 1.5 16.6 0.2 41.6 0.6 S
50 - 99 lbs 686 4.1 41 0.2 2 0.2 S 15.9 0.9 15.9 0.2 30.5 0.2 S
100 - 499 lbs 1,626 9.7 244 1.0 15 2.0 S 7.2 2.4 13.0 1.2 49.7 3.6 S
500 - 749 lbs 433 2.6 105 0.4 3 0.3 25 14.1 0.8 17.7 0.6 20.2 0.3 37.1
750 - 999 lbs 335 2.0 91 0.4 2 0.3 23 17.3 1.1 15.7 0.8 33.9 0.4 34.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,535 15.2 1,173 5.0 37 4.8 35 11.9 4.5 15.3 5.4 20.8 7.8 30.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,703 10.2 5,717 24.3 134 17.3 S 20.9 1.6 26.8 9.6 26.0 9.7 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 358 2.1 709 3.0 S S S 25.7 1.3 29.1 1.3 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 7,899 47.3 15,402 65.5 534 68.9 56 33.4 11.8 33.9 15.1 36.0 15.1 25.2

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,981 100 8,271 100 94 100 15 10.2 - 22.1 - 22.8 - 8.3
Less than 50 lbs 934 11.7 43 0.5 1 0.6 16 13.5 1.4 18.4 0.2 21.6 0.2 9.9
50 - 99 lbs 573 7.2 39 0.5 - 0.5 11 14.2 1.2 15.8 0.2 13.3 0.2 5.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,416 17.7 228 2.8 3 2.8 11 7.5 1.3 13.3 1.1 12.2 1.0 5.8
500 - 749 lbs 401 5.0 101 1.2 1 1.2 11 14.5 0.5 17.6 0.5 17.8 0.5 6.9
750 - 999 lbs 326 4.1 89 1.1 1 1.2 12 17.5 1.0 16.1 0.7 18.2 0.8 9.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,299 28.8 1,114 13.5 12 13.0 12 12.3 2.5 15.3 4.3 14.3 4.1 3.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,580 19.8 5,612 67.9 65 69.0 12 22.6 2.3 27.4 6.0 27.2 6.1 4.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 321 4.0 658 8.0 6 5.9 8 29.8 1.4 31.7 2.3 25.0 1.3 22.8
More than 100,000 lbs 130 1.6 S S S S 13 44.7 0.9 S S S S 21.5

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,047 100 1,435 100 20 100 13 32.1 - 30.8 - 31.8 - 9.6
Less than 50 lbs 28 2.6 S S - 0.1 11 35.2 6.1 S S 46.6 0.4 30.2
50 - 99 lbs S S 1 0.1 S S 16 S S 44.6 0.5 S S 17.2
100 - 499 lbs 90 8.6 9 0.7 - 0.7 15 38.7 6.9 21.3 6.9 22.8 6.2 11.8
500 - 749 lbs 7 0.7 3 0.2 S S 20 21.5 1.5 48.8 4.2 S S 15.7
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 19.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 147 14.0 S S S S 16 43.5 3.7 S S S S 16.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 592 56.6 933 65.0 14 67.9 13 33.7 8.6 28.9 7.4 30.4 7.4 13.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 142 9.9 1 5.5 8 S S 28.9 4.8 29.8 2.1 22.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 13 S S S S S S 29.9

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,934 100 6,836 100 74 100 15 8.8 - 22.7 - 23.5 - 8.7
Less than 50 lbs 907 13.1 42 0.6 1 0.7 16 14.4 1.4 19.0 0.2 22.3 0.2 9.9
50 - 99 lbs 510 7.4 37 0.5 - 0.5 11 11.0 0.9 16.3 0.2 14.5 0.2 6.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,326 19.1 219 3.2 2 3.3 11 7.7 1.4 14.2 1.3 13.8 1.2 6.8
500 - 749 lbs 395 5.7 99 1.4 1 1.5 11 14.6 0.6 18.3 0.7 19.3 0.6 8.3
750 - 999 lbs 323 4.7 86 1.3 1 1.4 12 17.9 1.0 17.6 0.8 19.9 0.8 9.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,152 31.0 1,050 15.4 11 15.2 11 13.4 2.7 16.6 5.6 16.9 5.2 4.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 987 14.2 4,680 68.5 52 69.3 11 17.8 1.5 32.8 9.0 33.5 8.4 7.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 267 3.9 517 7.6 4 6.0 8 24.8 1.4 35.7 3.2 32.1 1.7 28.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S 106 1.6 2 2.1 14 S S 23.4 1.6 31.6 2.7 31.0

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 431 100 314 100 90 100 217 17.6 - 20.0 - 39.2 - 6.1
Less than 50 lbs 4 0.9 - - - - 188 38.1 0.4 25.5 - 32.4 - 15.3
50 - 99 lbs S S - 0.1 - - 165 S S 37.3 - 32.4 0.1 17.0
100 - 499 lbs 34 7.9 6 1.8 1 1.4 219 27.7 5.6 38.2 3.8 34.6 4.0 7.8
500 - 749 lbs 8 1.9 2 0.6 - 0.5 253 28.4 0.7 37.5 0.2 43.2 0.6 10.0
750 - 999 lbs 5 1.1 1 0.4 - 0.5 S 20.1 0.9 38.1 1.0 44.1 2.4 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 151 35.1 43 13.7 9 10.5 191 26.0 5.8 34.0 6.4 41.3 9.6 10.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 122 28.3 88 28.0 29 31.8 S 27.8 6.5 20.6 5.1 37.6 8.7 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 33 7.6 46 14.6 S S 1,081 27.8 4.2 25.7 9.0 S S 48.6
More than 100,000 lbs 62 14.4 128 40.8 S S 114 28.8 4.4 28.0 9.0 S S 32.8

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 431 100 314 100 90 100 217 17.6 - 20.0 - 39.2 - 6.1
Less than 50 lbs 4 0.9 - - - - 188 38.1 0.4 25.5 - 32.4 - 15.3
50 - 99 lbs S S - 0.1 - - 165 S S 37.3 - 32.4 0.1 17.0
100 - 499 lbs 34 7.9 6 1.8 1 1.4 219 27.7 5.6 38.2 3.8 34.6 4.0 7.8
500 - 749 lbs 8 1.9 2 0.6 - 0.5 253 28.4 0.7 37.5 0.2 43.2 0.6 10.0
750 - 999 lbs 5 1.1 1 0.4 - 0.5 S 20.1 0.9 38.1 1.0 44.1 2.4 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 151 35.1 43 13.7 9 10.5 191 26.0 5.8 34.0 6.4 41.3 9.6 10.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 122 28.3 88 28.0 29 31.8 S 27.8 6.5 20.6 5.1 37.6 8.7 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 33 7.6 46 14.6 S S 1,081 27.8 4.2 25.7 9.0 S S 48.6
More than 100,000 lbs 62 14.4 128 40.8 S S 114 28.8 4.4 28.0 9.0 S S 32.8

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 568 100 S S 102 100 1,062 15.0 - S S 42.6 - 20.6
Less than 50 lbs 174 30.6 3 1.4 3 2.9 1,089 27.2 6.2 15.3 5.7 31.9 4.7 18.4
50 - 99 lbs 101 17.7 2 1.2 1 1.4 698 37.4 3.8 33.2 2.6 42.2 2.1 41.5
100 - 499 lbs 177 31.1 10 5.2 S S 1,185 21.8 5.9 35.5 10.0 S S 19.8
500 - 749 lbs 24 4.2 1 0.7 S S S 50.0 2.5 26.5 2.3 S S S
750 - 999 lbs 4 0.8 - 0.2 S S S 40.7 2.4 32.4 1.6 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 85 14.9 16 8.7 16 15.2 1,052 32.7 6.1 19.6 15.2 34.7 14.5 40.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,708 100 14,753 100 S S S 23.5 - 23.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 7,706 100.0 14,749 100.0 S S S 23.5 - 23.9 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,916 100 497 100 417 100 640 15.1 - 22.2 - 30.5 - 20.2
Less than 50 lbs 615 32.1 6 1.1 4 0.8 742 22.4 4.6 21.0 0.4 25.8 0.8 22.4
50 - 99 lbs 132 6.9 3 0.7 2 0.4 484 30.5 1.5 28.2 0.3 44.4 0.5 27.4
100 - 499 lbs 433 22.6 19 3.8 5 1.1 242 37.7 5.1 27.3 1.3 27.4 1.3 34.5
500 - 749 lbs 77 4.0 9 1.9 2 0.4 199 19.1 0.8 22.1 0.5 23.1 0.3 5.9
750 - 999 lbs 38 2.0 6 1.3 1 0.3 215 31.5 0.9 43.4 0.7 47.3 0.4 13.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 298 15.5 76 15.4 S S 484 26.3 7.4 22.5 7.5 S S 48.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 297 15.5 282 56.8 281 67.3 S 35.7 5.0 26.7 6.9 35.7 8.4 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 53 10.7 S S S S S 46.9 9.3 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 5 0.3 S S S S 254 43.5 0.5 S S S S -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,002 100 13 100 6 100 745 29.4 - 20.0 - 27.8 - 23.7
Less than 50 lbs 532 53.0 5 36.9 3 52.7 787 24.1 6.5 25.4 6.0 26.7 7.9 24.9
50 - 99 lbs 122 12.2 2 19.0 2 25.2 559 33.4 3.6 36.0 3.7 49.4 6.7 36.5
100 - 499 lbs S S 5 36.1 1 20.4 267 S S 30.5 8.1 42.1 5.5 29.7
500 - 749 lbs 22 2.2 1 6.4 - 1.6 S 44.9 2.4 15.1 4.3 44.3 5.8 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 908 100 478 100 359 100 298 13.8 - 23.5 - 35.8 - 10.6
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 0.2 - 0.1 215 S S 14.7 0.1 15.0 0.1 3.2
50 - 99 lbs 9 1.0 1 0.2 - - 222 20.4 0.6 15.4 0.2 15.2 0.1 28.1
100 - 499 lbs 114 12.5 14 3.0 3 0.9 S 25.9 2.5 28.8 1.0 25.2 1.4 S
500 - 749 lbs 56 6.2 8 1.8 2 0.5 208 24.2 1.5 24.3 0.5 24.5 0.3 6.0
750 - 999 lbs 30 3.3 6 1.3 1 0.4 221 37.0 1.7 45.3 0.7 47.4 0.4 11.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 298 32.8 76 16.0 S S 484 26.3 9.5 22.5 8.3 S S 48.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 291 32.1 276 57.8 229 63.9 644 37.0 7.8 28.0 7.0 42.0 7.7 36.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 53 11.1 S S S S S 46.9 9.2 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 5 0.6 S S S S 254 43.5 0.7 S S S S -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 481 100 240 100 S S S 23.8 - 30.5 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs 179 37.1 6 2.5 S S S 43.9 8.2 29.7 3.4 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 63 13.1 5 2.2 - 1.5 12 26.8 2.6 27.6 4.4 39.0 4.7 27.9
100 - 499 lbs 94 19.6 S S S S 7 25.0 5.8 S S S S 47.4
500 - 749 lbs 13 2.8 5 2.1 S S S 39.5 1.3 45.6 2.3 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 1.0 8 S S S S 41.5 1.1 43.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 99 20.6 S S S S 72 43.2 5.4 S S S S 27.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5 1.1 S S S S 5 41.6 4.0 S S S S 40.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 9 1.9 S S S S 8 41.7 16.9 S S S S 9.3
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 6.5

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.