Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,085 100 24,263 100 1,196 100 62 19.2 - 27.9 - 26.6 - 47.7
Single modes 16,688 87.4 23,526 97 775 64.8 S 21.5 2.8 28.5 2.5 31.1 8.5 S
Truck6 7,981 41.8 8,271 34.1 94 7.9 15 10.2 8.1 22.1 13 22.8 4.9 8.3
For-hire truck 1,047 5.5 1,435 5.9 20 1.7 13 32.1 1.4 30.8 1.2 31.8 0.4 9.6
Private truck 6,934 36.3 6,836 28.2 74 6.2 15 8.8 8.3 22.7 13.4 23.5 5 8.7
Water 431 2.3 314 1.3 90 7.5 217 17.6 0.6 20 0.8 39.2 1.7 6.1
Deep draft 431 2.3 314 1.3 90 7.5 217 17.6 0.6 20 0.8 39.2 1.7 6.1
Air (incl truck and air) 568 3 S S 102 8.5 1,062 15 0.7 S S 42.6 9 20.6
Pipeline7 7,708 40.4 14,753 60.8 S S S 23.5 10.8 23.9 10.8 S S S
Multiple modes 1,916 10 497 2 417 34.9 640 15.1 1.9 22.2 1 30.5 8.2 20.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,002 5.3 13 0.1 6 0.5 745 29.4 1.9 20 0.1 27.8 0.5 23.7
Truck and water 908 4.8 478 2 359 30.1 298 13.8 0.9 23.5 0.9 35.8 8.4 10.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 481 2.5 240 1 S S S 23.8 1.1 30.5 1.7 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,289 100 474 100 44 100 S 23 - 35.5 - 31 - S
Single modes 1,162 90.1 412 86.8 33 74.4 S 20.8 2.7 29.6 3.4 38.5 9.5 S
Truck6 981 76.1 386 81.3 4 8.8 10 24.8 8.5 31 6.8 18.4 9 10.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 817 63.4 268 56.5 3 7.3 10 24.4 9.7 19.2 11.4 20.1 9.1 10.3
Water 41 3.2 15 3.2 3 6.6 246 46.7 9.6 37.6 3.5 37.3 10.2 17.2
Deep draft 41 3.2 15 3.2 3 6.6 246 46.7 9.6 37.6 3.5 37.3 10.2 17.2
Air (incl truck and air) 140 10.9 11 2.3 26 59 2,490 39.5 12.1 38.2 11.7 44.8 16.3 25.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 171 S S S S S S 5.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.1 - - - - S 3.7 0.3 14.4 0.1 35.3 0.2 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 182 S S S S S S 5.2
Other and unknown modes 2 0.2 S S S S S 35.2 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,118 100 1,087 100 94 100 34 14.5 - 18.6 - 44.4 - 21.2
Single modes 1,907 90.1 977 89.9 S S 21 14.3 2.1 18.6 2.7 S S 14.7
Truck6 1,802 85.1 936 86.2 10 10.3 11 14.6 2.6 19.4 3.4 21.4 10.3 5.4
For-hire truck 48 2.2 38 3.5 - 0.5 13 31.3 0.6 26.9 0.6 37.9 0.7 13.2
Private truck 1,755 82.9 898 82.7 9 9.9 11 14.3 2.4 19.1 3.2 20.7 9.8 5.4
Water 59 2.8 24 2.2 S S 189 43.4 1.1 37.8 2.2 S S 14.1
Deep draft 59 2.8 24 2.2 S S 189 43.4 1.1 37.8 2.2 S S 14.1
Air (incl truck and air) 46 2.2 S S S S 482 36 0.7 S S S S 22.5
Multiple modes 196 9.2 S S S S 202 33.9 2.3 S S S S 42.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.3 S S S S S 43.6 1.3 S
Truck and water 183 8.6 S S S S 229 36.4 2.3 S S S S 9.7
Other and unknown modes 15 0.7 S S S S S 47.9 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 69 100 1,983 100 76 100 31 33.4 - 23.9 - 45.5 - 30.3
Single modes 56 81.3 1,814 91.5 S S 22 32.9 6.6 25.7 11.4 S S 24.9
Truck6 48 69.2 1,639 82.7 20 26.5 12 33.5 9.5 26.9 11.2 27.6 17.5 11.5
For-hire truck S S 803 40.5 12 16.4 16 S S 35.2 19.9 33.1 19.4 9.8
Private truck 27 38.5 837 42.2 S S 10 33 15.3 46.1 15.5 S S 16.8
Water S S S S S S 218 S S S S S S 13.3
Deep draft S S S S S S 218 S S S S S S 13.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12 17.5 S S S S 218 45.6 13.5 S S S S 8
Truck and water 12 17.5 S S S S 218 45.6 13.5 S S S S 8
Other and unknown modes 1 1.2 S S S S 5 4.6 6.3 S S S S 39.2

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,235 100 15,613 100 522 100 S 36.7 - 37.8 - 40.4 - S
Single modes 8,199 99.6 15,550 99.6 516 98.9 S 36.9 3.4 38 3.4 40.4 10.6 S
Truck6 409 5 620 4 6 1.1 10 36.7 19.5 31.1 19.4 23 19.5 12.8
For-hire truck S S 149 1 1 0.2 6 S S 37.9 7.1 35.2 4.7 13.7
Private truck 320 3.9 471 3 5 1 10 33.2 17.8 28.7 17.4 20.8 17.9 12.5
Water 81 1 178 1.1 22 4.3 169 22.4 1.8 23.3 2.1 45.1 1.5 24.3
Deep draft 81 1 178 1.1 22 4.3 169 22.4 1.8 23.3 2.1 45.1 1.5 24.3
Pipeline7 7,708 93.6 14,753 94.5 S S S 23.5 6.9 23.9 4.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5 S S S S S S 38.6

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,758 100 138 100 S S 156 26.5 - 22.9 - S S 29.9
Single modes 1,053 59.9 106 76.9 3 5 94 22.9 5.9 22.5 4.4 19.8 17.2 44.5
Truck6 793 45.1 100 72.5 2 2.1 12 20.5 6.3 22.9 3.9 24 6.4 5.7
For-hire truck 110 6.3 S S S S 16 33.2 4 S S S S 12.5
Private truck 682 38.8 94 68.4 1 2 12 20.4 6.6 22.3 4 24.6 6.1 4.6
Water S S 4 2.7 1 1.2 206 S S 45.5 1.6 45.3 8.6 13.9
Deep draft S S 4 2.7 1 1.2 206 S S 45.5 1.6 45.3 8.6 13.9
Air (incl truck and air) 235 13.4 2 1.7 1 1.6 503 39.9 3.2 23.5 1.4 40.2 9.3 43.2
Multiple modes 690 39.2 31 22.2 S S 332 39 6.2 35.7 4.4 S S 42.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 558 31.7 5 3.5 1 1.4 S 46.9 7.1 40.7 2.2 48.4 4.9 S
Truck and water S S 20 14.2 S S 254 S S 46.3 3.7 S S 16.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 21.3

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,195 100 789 100 S S S 25.3 - 41.7 - S S S
Single modes 990 82.8 712 90.2 40 52.7 S 26.9 5.3 43.5 4.5 48.6 7.8 S
Truck6 872 72.9 691 87.6 8 10.2 17 28.5 5.8 44.3 5.3 47.9 3.9 10.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 20.2
Private truck 610 51 S S 3 4.4 17 25.5 6.9 S S 40.4 3.9 11.8
Water 76 6.4 18 2.3 S S 349 43 2.1 32.3 1.5 S S 19
Deep draft 76 6.4 18 2.3 S S 349 43 2.1 32.3 1.5 S S 19
Air (incl truck and air) 42 3.5 2 0.3 1 0.9 1,243 38.5 1.2 40.8 0.3 30.9 3.6 31.5
Multiple modes 164 13.7 44 5.6 S S 1,195 24.3 3.1 48.8 3.9 S S 31.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 94 7.9 3 0.4 3 3.4 1,383 25.4 2.8 33.6 0.9 29.8 4.4 30.3
Truck and water 69 5.8 S S S S 321 35.8 1.8 S S S S 30.5
Other and unknown modes 41 3.5 S S - 0.3 17 26.5 2.8 S S 47.3 0.3 20.7

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,108 100 3,543 100 132 100 S 29.4 - 42.3 - 37.8 - S
Single modes 900 81.3 3,451 97.4 42 32 44 32.8 7.3 43.6 6.9 40.6 13.3 35.8
Truck6 848 76.5 3,429 96.8 40 30.1 11 34.4 7.9 43.9 7.6 43.3 12.7 6.2
For-hire truck S S 52 1.5 1 0.4 11 S S 31.2 0.8 29.1 0.8 20
Private truck 634 57.2 3,378 95.3 39 29.7 11 23.1 5.9 44.1 7.4 43.7 12.4 6.2
Water 35 3.2 S S 2 1.3 173 28.3 1.3 S S 30.1 2 12.7
Deep draft 35 3.2 S S 2 1.3 173 28.3 1.3 S S 30.1 2 12.7
Air (incl truck and air) 17 1.6 S S S S 907 28.9 0.6 S S S S 26.8
Multiple modes 131 11.8 67 1.9 S S S 25.2 5.2 42.6 6 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 19 1.7 1 - S S S 43.6 1.1 45.8 0.1 S S S
Truck and water 112 10.1 66 1.9 S S S 28.2 4.9 43.2 5.8 S S S
Other and unknown modes 77 6.9 S S S S 8 29.2 3 S S S S 22.2

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,371 100 95 100 5 100 S 14.7 - 24.5 - 34.2 - S
Single modes 1,033 75.3 80 83.6 2 40.9 25 16.9 6.8 27.7 5.5 37.8 11.7 45.7
Truck6 942 68.7 74 77.9 1 15.8 11 16.5 7.4 28.1 5.5 19.4 12.1 9.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 941 68.6 74 77.8 1 15.8 11 16.5 7.4 28.1 5.5 19.4 12.1 9.8
Water S S S S S S 173 S S S S S S 13.3
Deep draft S S S S S S 173 S S S S S S 13.3
Air (incl truck and air) 59 4.3 1 1.2 S S 297 45.9 1.6 47.5 0.5 S S 19.2
Multiple modes 233 17 S S S S 856 36.8 5.4 S S S S 30.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 138 10.1 S S 1 18.6 968 35.4 3.7 S S 47.7 4.5 33.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 176 S S S S S S 13.2
Other and unknown modes S S 4 3.8 S S 159 S S 40.5 2.2 S S 42.1

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,935 100 541 100 177 100 171 21.3 - 23.5 - 47.5 - 34.3
Single modes 1,384 71.5 425 78.6 S S S 25.6 5.7 29.7 5.9 S S S
Truck6 1,286 66.5 395 73 5 2.8 10 25.7 5.2 29.6 6 27.8 11.5 11
For-hire truck 138 7.1 45 8.3 1 0.3 13 30.5 5.2 38.9 3.5 35.2 0.7 12.8
Private truck 1,148 59.3 350 64.7 4 2.5 10 28.7 6.4 32.4 8.4 31.3 11.4 11.5
Water 74 3.8 28 5.2 S S S 38.9 1.8 36.3 1.3 S S S
Deep draft 74 3.8 28 5.2 S S S 38.9 1.8 36.3 1.3 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 24 1.2 S S 1 0.4 880 44.5 0.6 S S 46.1 2.5 38
Multiple modes 360 18.6 81 15 149 84.2 1,007 38.9 4.7 38.2 4.8 49.3 14.5 22.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 0.3 S S 1,323 S S 34.9 0.1 S S 22.9
Truck and water 180 9.3 80 14.7 149 83.8 415 43.2 3.9 38.9 4.9 49.5 14.8 35.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 191 9.9 35 6.4 S S S 31.6 6.9 28.7 4 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.