Table 2. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Destination: 2007

Table 2. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Destination: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 430,995 100 525,091 100 109,560 100 562 3.5 - 7.5 - 11.7 - 5.9
Single modes 353,895 82.1 452,565 86.2 85,665 78.2 212 4.3 1 8 1.5 13.7 3.3 9.7
Truck4 201,043 46.6 183,247 34.9 28,996 26.5 185 4.8 2.2 11.4 2.8 4.5 2.3 10.2
For-hire truck 124,431 28.9 90,003 17.1 23,039 21 511 6.4 1.6 18.8 1.9 5.1 2.1 7.6
Private truck 76,613 17.8 93,244 17.8 5,957 5.4 50 8.7 1.6 16.6 2.8 9.6 0.7 11.6
Rail 36,312 8.4 85,897 16.4 46,824 42.7 467 11.9 0.8 14.1 1.5 22.2 4.1 11.9
Water 21,436 5 42,757 8.1 3,074 2.8 S 24 1.2 23.5 2.4 27 0.8 S
Shallow draft 20,788 4.8 41,610 7.9 2,729 2.5 S 23.9 1.3 23.3 2.7 30.9 0.9 S
Deep draft 648 0.2 1,147 0.2 S S 368 46.5 0.1 48.3 0.1 S S 16.8
Air (incl truck and air) 5,360 1.2 74 - 104 0.1 1,120 27.1 0.3 18.7 - 24.4 - 4.8
Pipeline5 89,745 20.8 140,590 26.8 S S S 15.4 2.7 15.2 3.2 S S S
Multiple modes 67,941 15.8 66,399 12.6 23,049 21 999 4.9 1 12.8 1.6 20 3.3 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 32,134 7.5 610 0.1 454 0.4 1,001 6.6 0.7 7.6 - 5.2 0.1 4.4
Truck and rail 8,219 1.9 9,184 1.7 6,751 6.2 663 15 0.3 21.7 0.3 23.9 1.3 19.3
Truck and water 8,381 1.9 16,293 3.1 4,617 4.2 1,408 21.6 0.5 26.5 0.8 26.5 1.3 10.7
Rail and water 2,811 0.7 6,783 1.3 S S 1,049 29.2 0.3 35.4 0.8 S S 19.2
Other multiple modes 16,396 3.8 33,530 6.4 7,275 6.6 648 14.5 0.5 17.3 1.1 27 1.7 32.1
Other and unknown modes 9,158 2.1 6,126 1.2 846 0.8 S 10.9 0.2 29 0.4 17.2 0.2 S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.