Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 410,343 100 450,997 100 81,285 100 8.7 - 6.9 - 11.9 -
Less than 50 miles 233,334 56.9 337,148 74.8 6,925 8.5 8.6 2.4 6.9 1.6 5.5 0.7
50 - 99 miles 30,071 7.3 35,521 7.9 2,951 3.6 18.5 1.1 22.7 1.5 23.2 0.7
100 - 249 miles 42,506 10.4 21,789 4.8 5,086 6.3 20 1.7 12.3 0.5 12.3 0.7
250 - 499 miles 35,197 8.6 15,858 3.5 7,446 9.2 16.2 1.1 14.4 0.4 14.4 0.8
500 - 749 miles 11,161 2.7 7,217 1.6 6,387 7.9 14.8 0.4 19 0.3 21.6 1.9
750 - 999 miles 21,802 5.3 14,950 3.3 18,484 22.7 16.2 0.4 21.1 0.5 21.8 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 27,268 6.6 15,333 3.4 26,243 32.3 5.2 0.5 10 0.3 10.4 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,753 2.1 3,161 0.7 7,648 9.4 17.6 0.3 18.5 0.1 19.3 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 251 0.1 20 - 116 0.1 31.6 - 39.4 - 49.2 0.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 357,180 100 403,003 100 65,084 100 8.3 - 6.6 - 12 -
Less than 50 miles 210,587 59 312,042 77.4 5,852 9 8.9 2.5 7 1.3 7.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 23,410 6.6 26,699 6.6 1,950 3 17.4 1.3 25.6 1.6 19.7 0.9
100 - 249 miles 37,087 10.4 18,551 4.6 4,121 6.3 23.3 2 12.8 0.5 12.3 0.8
250 - 499 miles 31,323 8.8 12,781 3.2 6,005 9.2 17.9 1.2 10.8 0.3 11.6 1
500 - 749 miles 8,274 2.3 4,903 1.2 4,022 6.2 10.5 0.3 13 0.2 13.4 1
750 - 999 miles 17,550 4.9 12,215 3 14,429 22.2 17.9 0.4 21.1 0.5 21.5 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 21,388 6 12,984 3.2 21,838 33.6 7.3 0.4 11.2 0.3 12.2 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,483 2.1 2,812 0.7 6,782 10.4 20.8 0.4 21.8 0.1 23.1 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 78 - 15 - S S 38.3 - 49.9 - S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 198,194 100 176,374 100 25,032 100 9.2 - 11.5 - 5.4 -
Less than 50 miles 98,292 49.6 127,183 72.1 2,844 11.4 8.3 2.5 15 3.5 16.1 1.6
50 - 99 miles 13,488 6.8 14,054 8 1,192 4.8 10.5 0.9 19.4 1.3 17.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 33,980 17.1 15,665 8.9 3,553 14.2 24.4 2.6 13.2 1.3 12.9 1.8
250 - 499 miles 23,217 11.7 8,571 4.9 3,889 15.5 22.2 1.5 10.4 0.9 11.5 1.3
500 - 749 miles 5,331 2.7 2,286 1.3 1,799 7.2 12.1 0.4 10.9 0.3 11.6 1.1
750 - 999 miles 9,313 4.7 3,706 2.1 3,991 15.9 13.4 0.5 8.2 0.4 7.7 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,416 5.8 4,043 2.3 5,968 23.8 10 0.9 17.2 0.4 17.9 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,134 1.6 862 0.5 1,786 7.1 14.5 0.3 13.2 0.1 13.5 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 25 - 4 - 8 - 31.9 - 28 - 26.3 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 116,698 100 84,592 100 20,217 100 13.3 - 19 - 7.8 -
Less than 50 miles 45,015 38.6 53,138 62.8 1,205 6 14.5 1.3 29.3 5.4 24.6 1.1
50 - 99 miles 6,742 5.8 6,241 7.4 508 2.5 19.2 1.2 14.1 1.6 13.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 17,837 15.3 7,472 8.8 1,760 8.7 28.3 1.7 16 1.8 15.7 1.2
250 - 499 miles 18,050 15.5 6,887 8.1 3,248 16.1 19.6 1.8 10.6 1.6 11.9 1.4
500 - 749 miles 5,269 4.5 2,272 2.7 1,789 8.8 12.4 0.5 11.2 0.6 11.8 1.2
750 - 999 miles 9,284 8 3,693 4.4 3,978 19.7 13.4 0.6 8.1 0.7 7.7 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,369 9.7 4,032 4.8 5,952 29.4 10.1 1.3 17.2 0.7 17.9 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,108 2.7 853 1 1,770 8.8 14.8 0.5 13.8 0.2 14.1 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 25 - 4 - 8 - 31.9 - 28 - 26.3 -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 81,496 100 91,782 100 4,814 100 14.6 - 21.1 - 19.9 -
Less than 50 miles 53,277 65.4 74,045 80.7 1,640 34.1 9.9 5.6 21.8 2.2 23.1 3
50 - 99 miles 6,746 8.3 7,813 8.5 684 14.2 19.1 1.3 30.2 1.7 28 2.2
100 - 249 miles 16,143 19.8 8,193 8.9 1,793 37.3 43.3 4.1 21.9 1.3 22 4.1
250 - 499 miles 5,167 6.3 1,684 1.8 641 13.3 49.9 1.5 21.6 0.7 21.3 3.4
500 - 749 miles 61 0.1 14 - 10 0.2 29.1 - 47 - 47.5 0.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 47 0.1 11 - 17 0.3 26.2 - 36.7 - 38.7 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 26 - S S S S 31.5 - S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,737 100 55,304 100 35,672 100 20.5 - 22.8 - 20.3 -
Less than 50 miles 15,287 31.4 26,562 48 438 1.2 21.8 3.7 38.6 6 24.2 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S 1,610 2.9 160 0.4 S S 42.5 1 38.7 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,967 4 1,867 3.4 430 1.2 28.1 0.6 21.1 0.8 21.6 0.2
250 - 499 miles 4,930 10.1 3,836 6.9 1,904 5.3 38.9 1.7 22.1 1.3 23.8 0.7
500 - 749 miles 2,336 4.8 2,475 4.5 2,137 6 24.7 2 23.7 1.3 24.1 1.6
750 - 999 miles 8,104 16.6 8,433 15.2 10,344 29 26.6 2.3 27.5 1.9 27.4 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,211 18.9 8,591 15.5 15,294 42.9 17.9 1.8 17.8 2.7 18.4 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,269 8.8 1,931 3.5 4,966 13.9 36.2 1.7 28.1 0.7 28.4 1.7
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,564 100 40,128 100 1,192 100 27 - 29.6 - 30.3 -
Less than 50 miles 19,959 97.1 39,747 99.1 S S 27.8 6.9 30 3.5 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S 69 0.2 S S S S 30.5 1.8 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 357 1.7 173 0.4 343 28.8 41.1 2.1 44 0.8 36.6 9.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,837 100 39,459 100 803 100 26 - 28.5 - 37.5 -
Less than 50 miles 19,711 99.4 39,296 99.6 S S 26.4 1.6 28.7 1 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 389 100 S S S S 43.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 1 0.1 S S S S 30.7 5.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 156 3.5 S S 1 1.3 40 7.1 S S 49 2.3
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 1 2 S S S S 41.6 3.5 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S - 0.5 S S S S 49.5 2.8 S S
750 - 999 miles 87 2 2 3.1 2 2.5 31.6 6.2 28.4 6.9 27.8 6.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 292 6.6 S S S S 36.2 7.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 80 1.8 S S S S 44.7 8.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 85,249 100 131,140 100 S S 14.1 - 13.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 76,891 90.2 118,549 90.4 S S 14 4.2 13.5 4.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 7,126 8.4 10,995 8.4 S S 49.4 10.4 49.2 9.9 S S
100 - 249 miles 902 1.1 1,018 0.8 S S 26.3 1.5 26.6 1.2 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44,475 100 42,036 100 15,489 100 14 - 21.3 - 19.6 -
Less than 50 miles 15,791 35.5 20,914 49.8 1,002 6.5 17.4 3.4 25.2 5.7 23.9 1.9
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 5,140 11.6 3,073 7.3 928 6 20.1 2.4 23.1 1.9 28.1 1.7
250 - 499 miles 3,138 7.1 2,717 6.5 1,297 8.4 18.2 0.8 47.9 1.8 42 1.7
500 - 749 miles 2,767 6.2 2,165 5.2 2,251 14.5 31.8 1.9 41 1.6 44.4 4.5
750 - 999 miles 4,170 9.4 2,651 6.3 S S 27.8 1.4 49 1.3 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,760 13 2,259 5.4 4,260 27.5 11.9 2.7 14.4 2.3 14.3 6.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,215 2.7 327 0.8 819 5.3 16.5 0.4 34.5 0.4 34.4 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 167 0.4 4 - S S 45.7 0.2 45.2 - S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,029 100 434 100 223 100 12.6 - 14.6 - 20.9 -
Less than 50 miles 5,738 31.8 161 37.1 5 2.1 18.5 3.3 20.2 5 20.3 1
50 - 99 miles 617 3.4 26 5.9 2 1 24.1 0.7 33.9 1.5 33.2 0.6
100 - 249 miles 2,967 16.5 68 15.7 16 7.1 25 2.4 29.1 2.6 27.3 2
250 - 499 miles 2,024 11.2 49 11.3 21 9.3 13.6 0.9 13.1 1.8 13.3 1.8
500 - 749 miles 748 4.1 20 4.7 16 7.4 20.2 0.9 28.9 0.9 29.8 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,777 9.9 33 7.6 37 16.4 16 1.8 28.8 1.3 28.4 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,097 17.2 60 13.9 90 40.2 16 3.1 26 2.5 27 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 901 5 16 3.6 33 14.6 19.4 0.9 26.9 0.9 28 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 159 0.9 1 0.2 S S 47.5 0.3 45.7 0.1 S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,017 100 7,964 100 6,691 100 13.7 - 19.6 - 14.7 -
Less than 50 miles 1,995 28.4 S S 149 2.2 39.6 8.5 S S 47.8 1.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 235 3.3 295 3.7 78 1.2 31.7 2.1 29.9 2 30.9 1
250 - 499 miles 348 5 413 5.2 230 3.4 23.3 1.5 23 2.1 23 0.8
500 - 749 miles 604 8.6 636 8 564 8.4 35.9 2.5 36.3 2.6 35.7 2.4
750 - 999 miles 1,116 15.9 1,084 13.6 1,308 19.6 31.9 3.2 27.6 3.4 26.8 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,381 33.9 2,073 26 3,569 53.3 15.9 6.9 14.8 6.9 14.3 5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 307 4.4 308 3.9 768 11.5 34.3 1.2 36.2 1.2 36.2 2.6
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,684 100 5,957 100 1,410 100 28.3 - 35.4 - 35.1 -
Less than 50 miles 2,557 69.4 4,890 82.1 283 20.1 32.9 13.3 37.7 14.4 38.6 10.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 103 1.7 480 34.1 S S 22.8 3.9 28.1 10.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,230 100 5,720 100 1,528 100 28.4 - 34.6 - 34.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,516 100 21,960 100 S S 37.3 - 27.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 4,093 32.7 9,659 44 433 7.7 23.4 12.6 23.9 11.1 31.3 11.9
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,196 9.6 1,919 8.7 615 10.9 45.1 10.7 31.4 6.6 39 11.5
250 - 499 miles 452 3.6 S S S S 42.1 11.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,688 100 5,958 100 712 100 18.5 - 38.1 - 42.4 -
Less than 50 miles 6,957 80.1 4,191 70.3 72 10 17.8 5.4 40.8 7.2 42.6 9.5
50 - 99 miles 334 3.8 S S S S 32.1 1.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 736 8.5 360 6 143 20.1 39.3 3.9 49.6 3.5 48.7 5.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 82 0.9 S S S S 45.4 0.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 120 1.4 89 1.5 144 20.2 22.5 0.4 32.1 2.2 33.6 11.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 55 0.6 S S S S 45.5 0.7 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.