Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 103,563 100 86,942 100 15,871 100 7.2 - 12 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 22,378 21.6 54,287 62.4 1,039 6.5 8.1 1.5 17.8 4.9 18.1 2
50 - 99 miles 8,220 7.9 6,911 7.9 633 4 8.2 0.6 19.5 1.2 18.6 1.3
100 - 249 miles 22,990 22.2 10,157 11.7 2,060 13 9.6 1.1 8.1 1.7 7.3 1.4
250 - 499 miles 18,868 18.2 8,542 9.8 4,904 30.9 12 1.1 23.7 2 32.2 4.4
500 - 749 miles 13,649 13.2 4,478 5.2 3,401 21.4 19.4 1.7 20.3 1.7 20.4 3.2
750 - 999 miles 7,274 7 1,079 1.2 1,098 6.9 15.5 0.9 15.2 0.4 15.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,016 4.8 737 0.8 1,057 6.7 15.3 0.9 11.6 0.2 12.1 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,149 5 748 0.9 1,669 10.5 13.1 0.7 17.1 0.2 16.9 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 19 - 3 - 10 0.1 12.4 - 36.4 - 45 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 84,645 100 84,128 100 13,927 100 8.6 - 12.8 - 15.6 -
Less than 50 miles 20,811 24.6 54,119 64.3 1,035 7.4 8.2 1.7 17.9 4.6 18.2 2.2
50 - 99 miles 7,664 9.1 6,824 8.1 626 4.5 8.9 0.8 19.4 1.2 18.4 1.4
100 - 249 miles 18,448 21.8 9,606 11.4 1,944 14 9.7 1.3 8.6 1.8 7.7 2
250 - 499 miles 16,129 19.1 7,985 9.5 4,595 33 13.8 1.2 25.7 2.1 34.7 4.6
500 - 749 miles 9,964 11.8 3,484 4.1 2,604 18.7 25.9 2 24.4 1.4 25.7 3
750 - 999 miles 4,248 5 890 1.1 902 6.5 19.4 0.8 12.5 0.3 12.8 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,761 4.4 581 0.7 834 6 20.9 0.9 13.6 0.2 13.9 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,608 4.3 637 0.8 1,383 9.9 19.5 0.8 19.3 0.2 19.4 2
More than 2,000 miles 12 - S S 4 - 26.6 - S S 42.4 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 81,127 100 76,329 100 9,082 100 8.6 - 14.1 - 7.1 -
Less than 50 miles 20,541 25.3 53,548 70.2 1,021 11.2 8.5 1.7 18.1 4.2 18.4 2.1
50 - 99 miles 7,430 9.2 6,296 8.2 582 6.4 8.6 0.7 18.8 1 18.4 1.1
100 - 249 miles 18,082 22.3 8,746 11.5 1,724 19 10 1.4 9.7 1.8 8.5 1.4
250 - 499 miles 15,334 18.9 4,118 5.4 1,855 20.4 14.6 1.3 9.5 1 9.6 1.4
500 - 749 miles 9,050 11.2 1,764 2.3 1,239 13.6 25.4 2 15.9 0.8 15.5 1.5
750 - 999 miles 4,196 5.2 876 1.1 884 9.7 19.3 0.8 12.5 0.4 12.8 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,235 4 443 0.6 627 6.9 25 1 10.7 0.2 10.4 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,253 4 537 0.7 1,147 12.6 23 0.8 19.3 0.2 19.7 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 6 - S S S S 40.7 - S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 58,697 100 45,602 100 7,525 100 11.1 - 17.7 - 8 -
Less than 50 miles 8,377 14.3 29,979 65.7 550 7.3 14.3 1.4 26.2 6.2 24.8 1.9
50 - 99 miles 4,238 7.2 3,156 6.9 309 4.1 8.7 0.8 16.7 1.3 17.4 0.8
100 - 249 miles 12,324 21 5,166 11.3 1,079 14.3 11.9 1.3 11.2 2.1 11.4 1.8
250 - 499 miles 14,028 23.9 3,683 8.1 1,689 22.4 16.3 1.3 10.4 1.6 10.3 1.5
500 - 749 miles 9,042 15.4 1,761 3.9 1,237 16.4 25.4 2.5 15.8 1.3 15.5 1.7
750 - 999 miles 4,195 7.1 876 1.9 884 11.7 19.3 1.1 12.5 0.7 12.8 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,235 5.5 443 1 627 8.3 25 1.6 10.7 0.3 10.4 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,253 5.5 537 1.2 1,147 15.2 23 1.3 19.3 0.4 19.7 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 6 - S S S S 40.7 - S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,430 100 30,728 100 1,558 100 6.9 - 15.4 - 15 -
Less than 50 miles 12,165 54.2 23,569 76.7 471 30.2 9.7 3 16.1 3.7 20 3.8
50 - 99 miles 3,192 14.2 3,140 10.2 273 17.5 11.9 0.8 25.1 1.5 24.9 2.9
100 - 249 miles 5,758 25.7 3,580 11.7 645 41.4 14 3.4 20.8 3 18.7 4.2
250 - 499 miles 1,306 5.8 435 1.4 166 10.7 18.1 1.2 16.1 0.5 16.2 2.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,718 100 7,509 100 4,816 100 21.7 - 37.9 - 42 -
Less than 50 miles 267 9.8 571 7.6 13 0.3 40.8 6.3 35.2 6.9 20.9 2
50 - 99 miles 52 1.9 S S 26 0.5 23.2 10.9 S S 40.1 2.7
100 - 249 miles 312 11.5 854 11.4 217 4.5 30.5 4.8 28.8 6 27.7 7.3
250 - 499 miles 788 29 3,867 51.5 S S 33.7 10 49.8 8.5 S S
500 - 749 miles 631 23.2 1,715 22.8 1,361 28.3 41.8 6.4 40.4 6.8 41.1 8.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 138 1.8 207 4.3 S S 36.4 16.7 37.9 17.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 98 1.3 233 4.8 S S 38 4.9 37.7 11.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 11 100 S S S S 49.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S - 0.1 S S S S 31.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 7 1.1 S S S S 36.9 2.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 2.3 - 4.1 S S 41.5 4.1 48 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 10 3 25.5 S S 44.5 11.5 44.9 11.4
More than 2,000 miles 6 1 S S S S 43.6 5.4 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 182 100 275 100 S S 4.9 - 7.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 182 100 275 100 S S 4.9 - 7.7 - S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,683 100 2,203 100 1,655 100 9.7 - 28.4 - 23.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,146 6.5 53 2.4 1 0.1 19.1 0.9 30.2 1.2 31.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 485 2.7 S S S S 28.7 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 4,291 24.3 437 19.8 89 5.4 21.8 3.7 41.4 6.1 37.3 2.5
250 - 499 miles 2,617 14.8 298 13.5 160 9.6 12 1.8 22 6 23.5 4.4
500 - 749 miles 3,479 19.7 S S S S 9.2 2.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 3,002 17 S S S S 26.1 3.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,217 6.9 S S S S 39.9 2.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,439 8.1 95 4.3 250 15.1 15.6 1.1 32.1 2.8 30 8
More than 2,000 miles 7 - S S S S 42.3 - S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,007 100 417 100 249 100 11.7 - 13.8 - 11.7 -
Less than 50 miles 1,143 7.1 52 12.4 1 0.5 19 0.9 30.3 3.1 32 0.2
50 - 99 miles 471 2.9 12 2.9 1 0.5 29.5 0.6 26 1 24.2 0.2
100 - 249 miles 4,204 26.3 128 30.8 27 10.7 22 3.8 28.9 4.3 29 2.4
250 - 499 miles 2,500 15.6 59 14.2 27 10.8 12.7 1.8 17 2 15.8 1.3
500 - 749 miles 2,798 17.5 67 16 48 19.2 11.8 2.3 18.6 2.2 17.5 1.7
750 - 999 miles 2,954 18.5 48 11.6 50 20.1 25.6 3.1 18.9 2.1 18.7 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 581 3.6 17 4 23 9.2 19 1.2 19.5 0.7 19.8 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,351 8.4 33 7.9 70 28 17 1.1 9.8 1.4 10.4 2.9
More than 2,000 miles 6 - 1 0.1 2 1 35.5 - 35.5 0.1 36.3 0.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,317 100 1,709 100 1,239 100 39 - 36.1 - 31.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 13 1 S S 4 0.4 29.7 9.7 S S 15.2 4.3
100 - 249 miles 87 6.6 309 18.1 63 5.1 15.6 10 43.6 10.8 37.2 6
250 - 499 miles 117 8.9 238 13.9 132 10.6 22.3 7.6 27.1 9.9 27.1 9
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 76 5.8 S S S S 36 6.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31 100 9 100 30 100 47.3 - 27.9 - 35.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 134 100 S S S S 28.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,235 100 611 100 289 100 24.7 - 31.9 - 37.6 -
Less than 50 miles 421 34.1 115 18.9 3 0.9 24 9 18.2 11.3 30.9 5.1
50 - 99 miles 71 5.7 23 3.7 2 0.6 35.9 3.2 28.3 2.8 29.2 2.7
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 122 9.9 S S S S 37.1 2.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 205 16.6 S S S S 48.9 4.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 25 2 S S S S 37 1.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 102 8.2 17 2.8 36 12.5 48.3 3.1 46.7 2.4 46.2 12.8
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.