Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 103,563 100 86,942 100 15,871 100 531 7.2 - 12.0 - 13.3 - 6.9
Less than 50 lbs 11,728 11.3 214 0.2 122 0.8 630 11.4 1.2 10.6 0.1 15.6 0.1 5.4
50 - 99 lbs 3,673 3.5 153 0.2 61 0.4 407 22.0 0.7 15.8 0.1 20.1 0.1 7.5
100 - 499 lbs 10,335 10.0 855 1.0 268 1.7 317 7.9 0.5 7.6 0.2 11.0 0.3 6.5
500 - 749 lbs 3,878 3.7 488 0.6 136 0.9 279 17.9 0.5 12.8 0.1 11.9 0.2 5.5
750 - 999 lbs 3,012 2.9 430 0.5 110 0.7 254 18.3 0.6 11.0 0.1 16.9 0.1 9.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,278 21.5 5,307 6.1 1,412 8.9 259 11.7 1.6 7.7 0.9 12.6 1.3 9.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 41,273 39.9 58,939 67.8 7,400 46.6 142 12.0 2.0 16.8 4.5 7.1 5.9 16.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,634 4.5 11,085 12.7 886 5.6 74 29.3 1.5 20.7 2.3 16.9 0.8 27.7
More than 100,000 lbs 2,751 2.7 9,471 10.9 5,475 34.5 504 18.0 0.5 27.4 3.1 36.7 7.1 14.4

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 84,645 100 84,128 100 13,927 100 285 8.6 - 12.8 - 15.6 - 16.5
Less than 50 lbs 2,044 2.4 62 0.1 23 0.2 370 13.0 0.3 11.1 - 40.0 - 23.3
50 - 99 lbs 1,028 1.2 76 0.1 23 0.2 326 13.8 0.2 15.6 - 41.5 0.1 20.6
100 - 499 lbs 7,053 8.3 685 0.8 168 1.2 240 12.2 0.8 7.7 0.2 9.2 0.2 7.3
500 - 749 lbs 3,113 3.7 442 0.5 107 0.8 241 19.3 0.5 13.8 0.1 13.3 0.2 8.7
750 - 999 lbs 2,987 3.5 422 0.5 109 0.8 257 18.6 0.7 11.5 0.1 16.8 0.2 9.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 21,890 25.9 5,164 6.1 1,308 9.4 251 12.2 1.7 7.8 1.1 11.2 1.4 9.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 39,834 47.1 58,387 69.4 6,936 49.8 136 13.1 2.6 17.0 4.2 8.6 6.3 16.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,444 5.3 10,919 13.0 769 5.5 67 30.9 1.7 21.3 2.4 19.8 1.0 26.7
More than 100,000 lbs 2,253 2.7 7,969 9.5 4,483 32.2 466 22.5 0.6 32.7 2.7 45.7 7.7 17.9

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 81,127 100 76,329 100 9,082 100 279 8.6 - 14.1 - 7.1 - 17.0
Less than 50 lbs 1,917 2.4 62 0.1 22 0.2 361 13.0 0.3 11.1 - 41.6 0.1 24.2
50 - 99 lbs 977 1.2 75 0.1 23 0.3 321 14.8 0.2 15.8 - 42.3 0.1 20.7
100 - 499 lbs 6,936 8.5 684 0.9 166 1.8 236 12.1 0.9 7.7 0.2 9.3 0.2 7.8
500 - 749 lbs 2,863 3.5 438 0.6 105 1.2 238 14.7 0.4 13.2 0.1 12.2 0.1 9.0
750 - 999 lbs 2,979 3.7 422 0.6 107 1.2 254 18.7 0.7 11.6 0.1 17.5 0.2 9.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 21,861 26.9 5,161 6.8 1,306 14.4 250 12.1 1.9 7.9 1.4 11.1 1.3 9.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 39,205 48.3 58,127 76.2 6,773 74.6 134 13.3 2.7 17.1 3.4 8.7 2.2 16.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,241 5.2 10,574 13.9 533 5.9 52 32.6 1.8 22.1 2.6 17.4 1.0 19.0
More than 100,000 lbs S S 786 1.0 48 0.5 S S S 28.0 0.4 27.9 0.3 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 58,697 100 45,602 100 7,525 100 605 11.1 - 17.7 - 8.0 - 17.7
Less than 50 lbs 905 1.5 22 - 19 0.3 922 19.4 0.3 19.2 - 47.3 0.1 18.0
50 - 99 lbs 565 1.0 25 0.1 20 0.3 868 19.7 0.2 21.3 - 45.5 0.1 16.9
100 - 499 lbs 4,481 7.6 248 0.5 140 1.9 552 17.7 1.2 17.6 0.2 10.4 0.2 11.0
500 - 749 lbs 1,946 3.3 164 0.4 82 1.1 500 21.3 0.7 18.0 0.1 11.3 0.1 13.8
750 - 999 lbs 2,280 3.9 158 0.3 88 1.2 557 26.1 1.1 23.6 0.2 23.0 0.3 5.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 16,202 27.6 2,436 5.3 1,087 14.4 452 16.6 2.5 14.2 1.7 13.5 1.6 7.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 30,769 52.4 37,419 82.1 5,790 76.9 186 17.4 3.8 19.9 2.9 9.2 2.1 18.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,464 2.5 4,870 10.7 268 3.6 S 21.8 1.1 21.0 2.5 15.7 0.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 260 0.6 30 0.4 S S S 44.8 0.4 31.2 0.4 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,430 100 30,728 100 1,558 100 63 6.9 - 15.4 - 15.0 - 5.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,012 4.5 40 0.1 3 0.2 64 17.1 0.7 12.1 - 19.5 - 10.3
50 - 99 lbs 412 1.8 51 0.2 2 0.2 46 17.2 0.3 16.3 0.1 19.2 - 10.2
100 - 499 lbs 2,455 10.9 436 1.4 26 1.7 57 11.1 1.2 10.0 0.4 14.3 0.3 6.8
500 - 749 lbs 917 4.1 274 0.9 22 1.4 80 15.5 0.6 23.1 0.2 38.3 0.7 10.7
750 - 999 lbs 699 3.1 264 0.9 20 1.3 75 11.5 0.4 15.4 0.2 28.2 0.4 10.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,660 25.2 2,725 8.9 219 14.1 81 8.6 2.2 10.5 1.3 6.4 2.0 8.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,436 37.6 20,708 67.4 983 63.1 47 14.2 4.3 18.7 4.5 22.8 4.0 22.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,777 12.4 5,704 18.6 265 17.0 50 44.4 4.3 34.4 4.4 27.6 3.7 21.7
More than 100,000 lbs 63 0.3 526 1.7 18 1.2 S 42.6 0.2 31.4 0.7 23.5 0.8 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,718 100 7,509 100 4,816 100 562 21.7 - 37.9 - 42.0 - 21.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3 0.1 1 - 1 - S 30.3 0.6 48.6 0.2 38.3 0.1 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 254 3.4 162 3.4 640 S S 25.5 16.7 40.7 17.5 23.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 204 7.5 345 4.6 S S S 32.5 4.0 33.1 2.9 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,922 70.7 6,908 92.0 4,417 91.7 564 28.7 10.2 39.8 9.8 45.5 11.3 22.5

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 11 100 1,168 S S S S 49.8 - 19.5
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,097 S S S S S S 20.6
50 - 99 lbs S S - 2.5 1 5.0 1,528 S S 37.0 8.0 37.7 9.8 18.6
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 9.4 2 20.1 1,729 S S 42.6 8.1 47.9 7.1 14.2
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 8 1.2 1 4.5 S S 2,492 34.6 5.6 42.8 7.3 S S 33.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 26 4.2 S S S S 870 46.9 8.4 S S S S 34.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 40 6.4 S S 2 16.2 355 41.4 17.7 S S 44.1 8.8 48.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 182 100 275 100 S S S 4.9 - 7.7 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 182 100.0 275 100.0 S S S 4.9 - 7.7 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,683 100 2,203 100 1,655 100 690 9.7 - 28.4 - 23.4 - 6.0
Less than 50 lbs 9,469 53.6 146 6.6 98 5.9 705 12.8 3.6 13.6 1.5 15.0 1.7 5.8
50 - 99 lbs 2,608 14.7 73 3.3 37 2.2 499 27.9 2.6 21.5 1.0 22.3 0.8 12.7
100 - 499 lbs 3,184 18.0 154 7.0 96 5.8 558 16.3 3.1 18.3 2.5 18.6 2.4 11.5
500 - 749 lbs 734 4.2 40 1.8 29 1.7 715 37.3 2.1 30.1 0.8 26.3 0.7 24.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 308 14.0 371 22.4 1,227 S S 31.9 7.0 35.3 6.8 18.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 25 0.1 S S S S 1,499 28.3 0.2 S S S S 25.7
More than 100,000 lbs 462 2.6 1,430 64.9 939 56.7 675 41.4 1.1 44.3 8.8 41.8 10.9 18.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,007 100 417 100 249 100 688 11.7 - 13.8 - 11.7 - 6.0
Less than 50 lbs 9,469 59.2 146 35.1 98 39.3 705 12.8 2.3 13.6 3.4 15.0 3.0 5.8
50 - 99 lbs 2,608 16.3 73 17.5 37 14.8 499 27.9 2.9 21.5 2.1 22.3 1.9 12.7
100 - 499 lbs 3,174 19.8 152 36.5 86 34.5 526 16.4 3.1 18.2 4.2 14.1 4.0 12.7
500 - 749 lbs 733 4.6 40 9.6 28 11.3 704 37.3 2.3 30.4 2.7 26.8 3.8 24.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 29.3 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,317 100 1,709 100 1,239 100 1,125 39.0 - 36.1 - 31.1 - 15.3
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs 2 0.2 1 - S S S 40.9 1.5 30.1 0.3 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,884 S S S S S S 46.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 813 61.8 240 14.0 245 19.8 1,068 47.9 10.2 25.7 10.1 26.3 9.6 13.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 20 1.5 18 1.0 9 0.7 S 16.9 2.2 40.9 3.3 17.0 2.2 S
More than 100,000 lbs 462 35.1 1,430 83.7 939 75.8 675 41.4 10.7 44.3 6.8 41.8 9.2 18.1

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31 100 9 100 30 100 6,142 47.3 - 27.9 - 35.3 - 34.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 6,319 S S S S S S 0.4
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1 4.6 S S S S S 32.3 9.3 S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,118 S S S S S S 26.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 134 100 S S S S S 28.2 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,235 100 611 100 289 100 331 24.7 - 31.9 - 37.6 - 27.3
Less than 50 lbs 215 17.5 6 0.9 2 0.6 344 31.1 5.6 28.8 0.7 32.6 0.7 34.0
50 - 99 lbs 37 3.0 4 0.6 S S 209 30.4 1.2 29.0 0.5 S S 38.3
100 - 499 lbs 98 7.9 15 2.5 4 1.3 301 26.4 8.2 20.7 2.2 37.7 5.3 37.9
500 - 749 lbs 30 2.5 6 1.0 1 0.3 S 39.1 2.6 26.3 6.7 26.3 2.5 S
750 - 999 lbs 3 0.2 2 0.4 S S 81 22.6 0.8 40.4 3.5 S S 40.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 369 29.9 122 19.9 55 19.0 436 36.8 7.0 27.6 4.4 37.4 10.0 22.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 282 22.8 244 39.9 93 32.2 392 37.1 7.4 32.9 5.4 45.3 9.5 21.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 558 S S S S S S 11.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.