Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 103,563 100 86,942 100 15,871 100 531 7.2 - 12 - 13.3 - 6.9
Single modes 84,645 81.7 84,128 96.8 13,927 87.7 285 8.6 2.2 12.8 1.7 15.6 3.3 16.5
Truck6 81,127 78.3 76,329 87.8 9,082 57.2 279 8.6 2.1 14.1 3.7 7.1 6.5 17
For-hire truck 58,697 56.7 45,602 52.5 7,525 47.4 605 11.1 2.6 17.7 4.5 8 5.7 17.7
Private truck 22,430 21.7 30,728 35.3 1,558 9.8 63 6.9 1.8 15.4 3.3 15 1.8 5.9
Rail 2,718 2.6 7,509 8.6 4,816 30.3 562 21.7 0.6 37.9 2.9 42 7.1 21.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 11 0.1 1,168 S S S S 49.8 - 19.5
Pipeline7 182 0.2 275 0.3 S S S 4.9 0.2 7.7 0.3 S S S
Multiple modes 17,683 17.1 2,203 2.5 1,655 10.4 690 9.7 1.9 28.4 1.4 23.4 2.9 6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16,007 15.5 417 0.5 249 1.6 688 11.7 1.7 13.8 0.1 11.7 0.3 6
Truck and rail 1,317 1.3 1,709 2 1,239 7.8 1,125 39 0.7 36.1 1.3 31.1 2.5 15.3
Truck and water 31 - 9 - 30 0.2 6,142 47.3 - 27.9 - 35.3 0.3 34.9
Rail and water S S S S 134 0.8 S S S S S 28.2 6.8 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,235 1.2 611 0.7 289 1.8 331 24.7 0.3 31.9 0.4 37.6 0.6 27.3

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,028 100 8,642 100 4,083 100 135 20.2 - 27.8 - 45.2 - 14.8
Single modes 2,871 94.8 8,051 93.2 S S 132 19.6 1.8 30 3.9 S S 15.5
Truck6 2,091 69.1 3,247 37.6 321 7.9 130 22.5 9.2 14 12.5 23.5 17 17.5
For-hire truck 1,131 37.3 1,865 21.6 190 4.6 202 38.3 9.8 24.4 7.5 35.8 7.6 20.4
Private truck 960 31.7 1,382 16 131 3.2 66 35.2 12.5 31.2 11 37.5 12.2 25.9
Rail 780 25.8 4,804 55.6 S S 647 43.4 11.4 46.4 9.8 S S 13.2
Multiple modes S S 526 6.1 S S 1,354 S S 47.8 7.7 S S 44.2
Truck and rail S S 526 6.1 S S 803 S S 47.8 7.7 S S 22.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,183 100 7,994 100 2,077 100 109 14.4 - 11.3 - 24.1 - 16.6
Single modes 8,991 97.9 7,864 98.4 2,009 96.7 104 14.4 1.3 11 0.6 24.8 1.7 15.6
Truck6 8,868 96.6 7,723 96.6 1,897 91.4 103 14.6 1.7 11 1 25.6 2.5 15.1
For-hire truck 6,177 67.3 4,666 58.4 1,629 78.4 221 21.4 7.4 13.6 6.4 30.2 6.1 12.5
Private truck 2,691 29.3 3,057 38.2 268 12.9 68 17.6 7 24 6.2 26 5.9 10.5
Rail 122 1.3 141 1.8 112 5.4 S 33.5 1.2 27.3 1.1 40.9 3.3 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 499 S S S S S S 29.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5 0.1 - - - - 504 29.3 - 20.8 - 25 - 35.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 25 0.3 41 0.5 S S 339 37 0.4 42.9 0.7 S S 34.1

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 396 100 24,845 100 515 100 26 41.2 - 29.1 - 29.7 - 15.9
Single modes 386 97.4 24,830 99.9 514 99.9 25 39.9 0.8 29.1 - 29.7 0.2 16.7
Truck6 386 97.4 24,830 99.9 514 99.9 25 39.9 0.8 29.1 - 29.7 0.2 16.7
For-hire truck 162 40.8 17,623 70.9 408 79.3 27 36.5 11.1 39.5 11.5 37.5 11.9 29.5
Private truck S S 7,207 29 106 20.6 22 S S 19.9 11.5 16.4 11.8 15.8
Multiple modes S S - - S S S S S 35.5 - S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S S S S 35.5 - S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 15 0.1 S S 49 S S 49.2 0.1 S S 44.1

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,849 100 15,451 100 530 100 39 36.9 - 28.1 - 39.3 - 21.4
Single modes 4,827 99.5 15,445 100 518 97.7 32 37 0.2 28.1 - 40 1.5 29.6
Truck6 4,645 95.8 15,170 98.2 500 94.4 32 37.5 1.4 28.2 0.8 40.4 2.5 29.6
For-hire truck 1,626 33.5 8,743 56.6 280 52.8 S 34 8.7 27.3 8.9 40.5 9.6 S
Private truck 3,018 62.2 6,426 41.6 220 41.6 27 44.7 8.9 34 10 44.5 10.7 19
Pipeline7 182 3.8 275 1.8 S S S 4.9 2.5 7.7 1.7 S S S
Multiple modes 21 0.4 S S S S 307 43.7 0.2 S S S S 21.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - S S 277 S S 41.2 - S S 24.2
Truck and rail 13 0.3 5 - 12 2.3 2,324 4.9 1.1 22.2 0.2 22.1 9.3 0.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,834 100 4,519 100 1,301 100 500 14.6 - 49.2 - 14.9 - 10.4
Single modes 6,720 62 S S 1,111 85.4 618 12.7 5.7 S S 13.9 4 20.4
Truck6 6,237 57.6 S S 966 74.2 610 14.2 6.4 S S 16.8 8.1 20.8
For-hire truck 4,288 39.6 1,290 28.6 736 56.6 1,168 14 5.2 15.8 11.3 17.7 9.5 18.3
Private truck 1,949 18 S S S S 51 20.5 2.5 S S S S 8.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 985 S S S S S S 11.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,986 36.8 180 4 S S 434 25.9 5.7 33.8 3.1 S S 10
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,628 33.5 95 2.1 31 2.4 432 30.1 6.5 39.4 1.3 29 1 8.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,103 S S S S S S 31.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 128 1.2 29 0.6 11 0.8 523 27.7 0.3 37.9 0.4 42.6 0.8 26

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,562 100 2,803 100 1,263 100 749 11.4 - 12.3 - 15.6 - 3.3
Single modes 8,530 67.9 2,253 80.4 840 66.5 480 18.6 6.4 18.6 7.6 21.6 8.1 14.3
Truck6 8,297 66 2,241 80 828 65.5 470 17.9 6 18.6 7.5 21.8 7.8 14.2
For-hire truck 6,699 53.3 1,459 52 764 60.5 745 21.2 6.4 26.5 8.2 23.9 8.2 10.5
Private truck 1,598 12.7 783 27.9 64 5.1 80 14.8 2.4 18.5 5.3 17.9 1.5 14.8
Rail 4 - 6 0.2 S S S 16 0.1 7.7 1.3 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,683 29.3 229 8.2 238 18.9 777 15.1 6.2 18.9 2.2 25.9 3.5 4.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,594 28.6 163 5.8 126 9.9 777 15.2 6.1 17.8 2.2 14.9 3.2 4.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,419 S S S S S S 19.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,649 100 15,926 100 3,946 100 371 4.9 - 16.7 - 19 - 12
Single modes 16,628 84.6 14,813 93 3,242 82.2 267 5.9 2.5 17.8 3 20.4 5.3 15
Truck6 15,147 77.1 12,619 79.2 2,062 52.3 264 4.3 2.7 18.4 6.6 8.8 9.1 15.5
For-hire truck 11,017 56.1 5,984 37.6 1,706 43.2 564 6.8 3.9 9.7 6.8 6.6 8.8 13.2
Private truck 4,130 21 6,634 41.7 356 9 70 12.8 2.4 31.8 5.6 24.2 1.4 9.6
Rail 1,450 7.4 2,193 13.8 1,179 29.9 537 30.5 2.8 38.3 6.3 43.8 9.5 33.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,099 S S S S S S 38
Multiple modes 2,608 13.3 S S 684 17.3 477 17.1 2.1 S S 48.8 5.3 20
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,741 8.9 64 0.4 32 0.8 467 23.8 1.8 27.6 0.2 32.5 0.2 20.3
Truck and rail 858 4.4 S S 641 16.2 778 46.9 2.2 S S 50 5.2 18.3
Truck and water S S 3 - S S 6,228 S S 22.1 0.1 S S 46.7
Other and unknown modes 412 2.1 73 0.5 S S 398 28.2 0.5 23.3 0.2 S S 32.3

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 24,228 100 1,946 100 887 100 632 17.5 - 13.1 - 16.9 - 11.6
Single modes 17,599 72.6 1,783 91.6 803 90.5 344 21.2 4.8 14.5 2.7 19.9 3.4 26
Truck6 17,441 72 1,723 88.5 782 88.1 331 21.4 5 15.4 4.5 21.1 4.9 24.9
For-hire truck 15,181 62.7 1,396 71.7 748 84.3 727 24.7 7.1 13.4 5.7 21.6 5.1 6.8
Private truck 2,260 9.3 327 16.8 34 3.8 74 22.3 4.8 43.3 4.2 42.3 1.3 24.3
Rail 56 0.2 59 3 20 2.2 495 27.5 0.9 19.8 5.3 21 4.9 19.6
Air (incl truck and air) 103 0.4 1 - 1 0.1 1,702 44.1 0.2 28.6 - 34.5 0.1 20
Multiple modes 6,392 26.4 115 5.9 70 7.9 785 15.8 5 18.4 2.1 19.3 3.3 7.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,357 26.2 79 4 49 5.5 785 16 4.9 21.1 1.2 20.6 1.8 7.4
Truck and rail 35 0.1 S S 22 2.4 1,690 36.5 0.3 S S 33.8 4.5 21.1
Other and unknown modes 236 1 S S S S S 47.8 1.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,826 100 4,815 100 1,270 100 429 28.5 - 22.2 - 33.7 - 13.9
Single modes 18,085 96.1 4,778 99.2 1,250 98.4 237 29.4 1.6 22.4 0.3 34.3 1.1 23.3
Truck6 18,008 95.7 4,557 94.6 1,213 95.5 236 29.5 1.5 21.8 1.9 34.9 1.7 23.4
For-hire truck 12,410 65.9 2,576 53.5 1,064 83.8 747 45.1 8.4 36.1 7.5 40.3 5.9 19.8
Private truck 5,598 29.7 1,981 41.1 149 11.7 58 19.6 8 20.6 8.4 17.4 5.7 30.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,126 S S S S S S 28.1
Multiple modes 675 3.6 20 0.4 15 1.2 775 28.6 1.6 22 0.2 28.2 1 7.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 674 3.6 16 0.3 11 0.9 775 28.7 1.6 25.5 0.1 31.6 0.4 7.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 66 0.4 18 0.4 S S 270 39.4 0.2 36.8 0.3 S S 45.7

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 30.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.