Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,699 100 46,893 100 7,260 100 7.3 - 15.9 - 17.6 -
Less than 50 miles 13,883 29.7 24,161 51.5 505 7 15 3.8 16.9 5.1 25 0.9
50 - 99 miles 4,602 9.9 6,563 14 652 9 27.9 2.3 28 2.1 30.4 1.7
100 - 249 miles 7,892 16.9 8,547 18.2 1,604 22.1 8 1 20.6 3.1 18.9 2.9
250 - 499 miles 11,751 25.2 5,745 12.3 2,251 31 15.6 3 15.4 2.5 15.1 3.5
500 - 749 miles 1,865 4 495 1.1 411 5.7 14.8 0.9 29.2 0.3 34.8 1.1
750 - 999 miles 3,823 8.2 917 2 938 12.9 22.9 1.8 32 0.4 31.5 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,236 2.6 291 0.6 415 5.7 17.8 0.5 34.8 0.2 34.1 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 628 1.3 35 0.1 75 1 39.2 0.5 27.9 0.1 27.5 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,020 2.2 139 0.3 408 5.6 21.6 0.5 22.4 0.2 26 1.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38,655 100 45,104 100 6,484 100 9.4 - 16.5 - 19.4 -
Less than 50 miles 13,323 34.5 23,729 52.6 501 7.7 15 3.3 16.9 5 25.1 1.1
50 - 99 miles 4,423 11.4 6,408 14.2 637 9.8 28.8 2.8 29.2 2.1 31.6 1.9
100 - 249 miles 7,049 18.2 8,329 18.5 1,549 23.9 10.2 1.4 20.6 3.3 18.8 3.1
250 - 499 miles 9,394 24.3 4,973 11 1,922 29.6 19.1 2.9 17.1 2.5 16.8 3.5
500 - 749 miles 1,217 3.1 455 1 377 5.8 19.4 1 32.1 0.3 38.5 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,840 4.8 848 1.9 862 13.3 14.3 1 34.4 0.4 33.9 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 719 1.9 235 0.5 328 5.1 27.5 0.6 41.4 0.2 40.9 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 198 0.5 32 0.1 68 1.1 44 0.3 32.4 0.1 31.9 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 492 1.3 95 0.2 241 3.7 23.8 0.5 18.2 0.1 18.4 1.2

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38,010 100 44,356 100 6,005 100 9.6 - 16.4 - 17.5 -
Less than 50 miles 13,287 35 23,677 53.4 500 8.3 15.1 3.3 16.9 4.9 25.1 1.2
50 - 99 miles 4,422 11.6 6,405 14.4 637 10.6 28.8 2.8 29.2 2.1 31.6 2
100 - 249 miles 6,985 18.4 8,198 18.5 1,519 25.3 10.1 1.6 20.7 3.4 18.6 3.1
250 - 499 miles 9,276 24.4 4,685 10.6 1,802 30 19.2 2.8 17.2 2.2 16.7 3.2
500 - 749 miles 1,131 3 362 0.8 276 4.6 21 1 17.8 0.3 19 1
750 - 999 miles 1,613 4.2 721 1.6 720 12 14.4 1 32.8 0.3 31.5 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 682 1.8 187 0.4 252 4.2 29.5 0.6 34.4 0.1 32.6 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 182 0.5 31 0.1 68 1.1 49.2 0.4 33 0.1 32.2 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 432 1.1 91 0.2 231 3.8 25.8 0.5 19.4 0.1 19.7 1.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,171 100 23,076 100 3,991 100 13 - 24.4 - 19.7 -
Less than 50 miles 5,551 23 11,467 49.7 312 7.8 28 4 31.1 7.8 40.7 2
50 - 99 miles 2,509 10.4 4,200 18.2 439 11 49.8 4 40.6 4.2 42.5 3.2
100 - 249 miles 4,061 16.8 3,384 14.7 656 16.4 12.3 1.8 30.2 3.7 27.5 1.9
250 - 499 miles 8,075 33.4 2,665 11.5 1,069 26.8 22.2 4.2 12.2 4.4 11.4 4.5
500 - 749 miles 1,110 4.6 349 1.5 267 6.7 21 1.5 18.3 0.6 19.6 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,586 6.6 709 3.1 707 17.7 14.6 1.4 33.4 0.7 32.2 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 665 2.8 181 0.8 244 6.1 30.5 2 35.7 0.3 34 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 182 0.8 31 0.1 68 1.7 49.2 0.6 33 0.1 32.2 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 430 1.8 91 0.4 230 5.8 25.7 0.8 19.4 0.2 19.7 1.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,840 100 21,280 100 2,014 100 13.8 - 15.8 - 17.1 -
Less than 50 miles 7,737 55.9 12,211 57.4 188 9.3 20.3 4 23 7.3 22.8 2.8
50 - 99 miles 1,913 13.8 2,205 10.4 198 9.8 14.8 1.4 25.6 4.3 22.5 4.1
100 - 249 miles 2,925 21.1 4,814 22.6 864 42.9 13.9 2.7 25.5 4.4 22.5 5.5
250 - 499 miles 1,201 8.7 2,020 9.5 733 36.4 19.2 1.8 28.9 2.7 28.5 6.5
500 - 749 miles 20 0.1 13 0.1 9 0.4 23.8 0.1 39.1 - 38.5 0.7
750 - 999 miles 26 0.2 12 0.1 13 0.7 25 0.1 41.5 - 41.7 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16 0.1 S S S S 41.3 0.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S 45.5 0.4

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 304 100 736 100 S S 44.6 - 39.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S 8.4 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 63 20.9 126 17.2 141 29.9 37.7 6.4 43.9 7.2 45.7 14.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20 100 8 100 S S 25.7 - 28.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles 17 84.6 6 77.4 S S 14.9 9.2 22.3 13.2 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S 3 94.8 S S S S 50 3.7
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17 100 6 100 - 100 14.9 - 22.3 - 20.7 -
Less than 50 miles 17 100 6 100 - 100 14.9 - 22.3 - 20.7 -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3 100 2 100 3 100 8.1 - 0.7 - 50 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 3 100 2 100 3 100 8.1 - 0.7 - 50 -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 3 100 4 100 S S 29.3 - 27.4 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 25 7.9 1 25.7 - 8.2 46.8 12.3 48.4 14 48.2 15.2
500 - 749 miles S S - 10.1 - 8.4 S S 33.8 3.3 42.7 2.5
750 - 999 miles S S 1 16.3 1 14.2 S S 31.6 12.7 29.4 13.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 54 16.9 1 21.4 2 45.6 42.2 16.2 26.9 13.1 28.1 11.5

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,434 100 1,154 100 710 100 23.5 - 14.5 - 19.4 -
Less than 50 miles 269 3.6 23 2 1 0.1 41.5 3.1 38.5 0.7 44.9 -
50 - 99 miles 155 2.1 7 0.6 1 0.1 35.5 1.5 33.3 0.3 28.9 -
100 - 249 miles 796 10.7 209 18.1 54 7.6 24.8 2.3 26.6 8.3 27 6.8
250 - 499 miles 2,261 30.4 721 62.4 308 43.3 27.6 4.9 23.8 10 23 9.3
500 - 749 miles 644 8.7 39 3.4 34 4.8 32.3 1.7 41.8 1.5 42.4 1.6
750 - 999 miles 1,862 25 58 5.1 65 9.2 36.6 4.6 34.1 4.4 34.7 4.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 511 6.9 S S S S 33.8 1.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 2 0.2 5 0.7 S S 38.9 0.1 37.7 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 515 6.9 S S S S 29.9 1.1 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,681 100 167 100 95 100 26.1 - 19.8 - 16 -
Less than 50 miles 248 3.7 8 4.6 - 0.2 46 3.5 23.8 1.5 18.6 0.1
50 - 99 miles 143 2.1 5 2.9 - 0.5 39.1 1.7 23.3 1.5 24.5 0.3
100 - 249 miles 653 9.8 24 14.2 5 5.5 33.3 2.5 25.2 3.3 26.6 1.4
250 - 499 miles 2,017 30.2 92 54.8 37 38.6 29.9 5.6 34 8.6 34.8 7.8
500 - 749 miles 578 8.6 10 6.2 8 8.7 36.6 1.9 24.2 2.2 25 1.9
750 - 999 miles 1,741 26.1 15 9.1 16 16.6 39.5 4.6 18 2.6 18.1 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 454 6.8 5 3.1 7 7.7 39.6 1.3 20.4 0.9 20.7 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 2 1.4 5 5.2 S S 38.9 0.8 37.7 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 425 6.4 6 3.7 16 17.1 37.2 1.1 21.7 1.3 20.9 3.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 570 100 935 100 518 100 24 - 15.2 - 19.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S 13 1.3 - 0.1 S S 8.9 4 3.1 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 72 12.7 159 17 43 8.3 27.7 17.3 25.1 16.7 22.7 17.5
250 - 499 miles 213 37.3 624 66.7 269 52 18.2 11.9 19.6 8.8 17.6 12.6
500 - 749 miles S S 28 3 25 4.8 S S 44.3 5 44.9 3.5
750 - 999 miles 111 19.5 41 4.4 47 9.1 41.2 10.7 40.6 12.8 40.9 11
1,000 - 1,499 miles 57 9.9 S S S S 11.1 10.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 169 100 52 100 S S 30.6 - 47.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 71 42.2 S S S S 33.4 12.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 32 18.9 5 10.6 S S 45.8 15.9 42.7 19.5 S S
500 - 749 miles 5 2.7 S S S S 23.6 14.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 10 6 S S S S 20.4 9.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 609 100 S S 66 100 38.4 - S S 48.8 -
Less than 50 miles 291 47.8 S S S S 40.2 10.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 2 2.5 S S S S 49.3 11.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 4 0.7 S S S S 46.4 3.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 1 0.1 1 1.8 S S 41.1 1 40.6 8.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 13 2.1 S S S S 33.9 0.7 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.