Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,699 100 46,893 100 7,260 100 457 7.3 - 15.9 - 17.6 - 13.3
Less than 50 lbs 6,904 14.8 112 0.2 39 0.5 586 25.4 3.9 30.0 0.1 15.5 0.2 14.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,146 2.5 77 0.2 24 0.3 311 17.4 0.5 21.6 0.1 18.5 0.1 6.7
100 - 499 lbs 5,037 10.8 482 1.0 106 1.5 247 18.3 1.6 15.9 0.3 7.7 0.5 13.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,809 3.9 239 0.5 49 0.7 201 22.7 0.8 14.1 0.1 9.2 0.2 14.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,009 2.2 202 0.4 46 0.6 222 26.0 0.4 14.6 0.1 14.5 0.3 18.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,483 22.4 3,821 8.1 598 8.2 173 17.5 2.8 19.2 1.0 13.0 2.0 10.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 16,982 36.4 31,962 68.2 4,705 64.8 140 11.5 3.6 16.3 3.5 17.0 3.9 23.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,604 5.6 7,969 17.0 877 12.1 115 38.8 2.0 29.7 3.1 26.8 1.9 15.3
More than 100,000 lbs 724 1.5 2,028 4.3 818 11.3 503 30.7 0.4 26.4 1.1 36.9 2.7 23.7

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38,655 100 45,104 100 6,484 100 162 9.4 - 16.5 - 19.4 - 11.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 7 0.1 153 S S S S 26.2 0.1 43.2
50 - 99 lbs 425 1.1 46 0.1 7 0.1 165 24.5 0.3 30.6 0.1 33.2 0.1 9.2
100 - 499 lbs 3,765 9.7 398 0.9 67 1.0 182 25.6 1.9 18.1 0.3 11.9 0.5 21.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,543 4.0 214 0.5 38 0.6 175 27.0 0.8 16.3 0.1 9.0 0.2 16.5
750 - 999 lbs 976 2.5 196 0.4 45 0.7 223 27.2 0.4 16.0 0.1 15.5 0.3 18.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,334 26.7 3,784 8.4 581 9.0 171 17.7 2.7 19.4 1.1 13.7 2.4 11.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 16,319 42.2 31,663 70.2 4,425 68.2 134 12.1 4.7 16.5 3.4 18.6 3.6 21.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,572 6.7 7,860 17.4 830 12.8 110 39.6 2.2 30.4 3.2 28.5 2.0 13.6
More than 100,000 lbs 450 1.2 882 2.0 S S 613 36.7 0.4 40.8 0.6 S S 20.7

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38,010 100 44,356 100 6,005 100 135 9.6 - 16.4 - 17.5 - 13.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 6 0.1 94 S S S S 27.9 0.1 44.8
50 - 99 lbs 400 1.1 45 0.1 7 0.1 152 24.2 0.2 30.5 0.1 31.2 0.1 9.6
100 - 499 lbs 3,753 9.9 397 0.9 66 1.1 179 25.7 1.9 18.2 0.3 12.4 0.5 22.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,543 4.1 214 0.5 38 0.6 175 27.0 0.8 16.3 0.1 9.0 0.2 16.6
750 - 999 lbs 969 2.5 195 0.4 44 0.7 222 27.3 0.4 16.1 0.1 15.8 0.3 18.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,333 27.2 3,784 8.5 580 9.7 171 17.7 2.7 19.4 1.1 13.7 2.4 11.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 16,293 42.9 31,603 71.2 4,391 73.1 133 12.1 4.9 16.6 3.3 18.8 3.8 21.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,567 6.8 7,837 17.7 823 13.7 109 39.7 2.2 30.5 3.3 28.7 2.1 13.6
More than 100,000 lbs 157 0.4 S S S S 273 45.3 0.4 S S S S 23.1

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,171 100 23,076 100 3,991 100 343 13.0 - 24.4 - 19.7 - 26.4
Less than 50 lbs 263 1.1 7 - 3 0.1 504 39.7 0.5 29.7 - 19.8 - 28.1
50 - 99 lbs 166 0.7 9 - 4 0.1 402 36.5 0.2 36.7 - 17.2 - 41.3
100 - 499 lbs 2,682 11.1 146 0.6 49 1.2 401 35.7 2.5 36.0 0.2 11.5 0.3 35.0
500 - 749 lbs 1,195 4.9 97 0.4 32 0.8 310 35.9 1.5 33.9 0.3 11.3 0.3 47.7
750 - 999 lbs 651 2.7 76 0.3 33 0.8 S 39.0 0.6 37.1 0.1 17.8 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,274 26.0 1,318 5.7 377 9.4 332 21.5 4.1 34.2 1.8 13.7 2.5 28.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 10,619 43.9 14,741 63.9 2,772 69.5 190 17.2 7.4 20.5 4.9 20.3 4.5 18.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,216 9.2 6,555 28.4 680 17.0 108 44.8 3.2 37.9 4.8 37.0 3.5 16.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 327 S S S S S S 23.6

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,840 100 21,280 100 2,014 100 64 13.8 - 15.8 - 17.1 - 15.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 3 0.2 49 S S S S 49.8 0.2 37.2
50 - 99 lbs 234 1.7 36 0.2 S S 86 30.1 0.6 37.2 0.1 S S 17.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,071 7.7 251 1.2 17 0.8 77 16.6 2.4 18.6 0.4 40.8 1.0 14.1
500 - 749 lbs 348 2.5 116 0.5 6 0.3 54 12.3 0.5 10.9 0.1 19.3 0.1 14.0
750 - 999 lbs 318 2.3 120 0.6 11 0.6 93 14.3 0.5 11.5 0.2 39.6 0.7 22.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,059 29.3 2,466 11.6 203 10.1 78 13.5 3.6 14.4 2.6 18.3 3.1 5.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,673 41.0 16,862 79.2 1,618 80.4 84 18.4 4.6 20.9 6.3 22.3 6.4 23.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 350 2.5 1,282 6.0 S S 112 30.6 1.1 36.1 4.9 S S 23.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 117 S S S S S S 27.2

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 304 100 736 100 S S 639 44.6 - 39.2 - S S 25.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 313 S S S S S S 44.3
More than 100,000 lbs 284 93.4 658 89.3 S S 687 48.7 9.6 45.2 10.0 S S 23.7

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20 100 8 100 S S S 25.7 - 28.7 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 20.5

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17 100 6 100 - 100 S 14.9 - 22.3 - 20.7 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S - 80.4 34 S S S S 1.6 18.3 20.5

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3 100 2 100 3 100 1,438 8.1 - 0.7 - 50.0 - -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3 100.0 2 100.0 3 100.0 1,438 8.1 - 0.7 - 50.0 - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 3 100 4 100 1,079 S S 29.3 - 27.4 - 35.8
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 43.5 1 31.3 1,052 S S 35.8 14.1 25.8 14.2 21.1
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,861 S S S S S S 21.7
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,860 S S S S S S 45.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S - 1.3 S S S S S 36.4 5.5 S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 10.2 S S 1,023 S S 42.0 18.9 S S 43.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,825 S S S S S S 13.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,434 100 1,154 100 710 100 831 23.5 - 14.5 - 19.4 - 8.1
Less than 50 lbs 4,550 61.2 46 4.0 31 4.4 863 30.4 7.8 16.2 0.5 16.3 0.9 8.0
50 - 99 lbs 694 9.3 28 2.4 16 2.2 567 29.6 1.6 27.5 0.5 21.1 0.4 8.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,183 15.9 70 6.1 38 5.4 573 20.5 4.5 18.2 1.1 12.2 1.2 22.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 455 S S S S S S 22.6
750 - 999 lbs 5 0.1 1 0.1 S S 598 48.4 0.1 38.0 0.1 S S 32.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 73 1.0 12 1.0 5 0.7 404 29.8 1.0 27.4 0.8 32.9 1.2 32.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 384 5.2 151 13.1 246 34.6 1,646 41.6 4.5 37.7 7.7 46.8 11.0 26.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 33 0.4 109 9.4 47 6.6 432 26.9 1.0 44.8 13.3 49.1 11.5 16.7
More than 100,000 lbs 259 3.5 715 62.0 316 44.5 466 17.9 1.8 16.7 8.4 21.3 11.3 14.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,681 100 167 100 95 100 831 26.1 - 19.8 - 16.0 - 8.1
Less than 50 lbs 4,550 68.1 46 27.8 31 32.6 863 30.4 6.6 16.2 2.9 16.3 2.1 8.0
50 - 99 lbs 694 10.4 28 16.7 16 16.7 567 29.6 2.2 27.5 2.0 21.1 2.3 8.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,181 17.7 70 41.7 38 39.5 569 20.6 5.8 18.3 2.6 12.7 2.1 22.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 456 S S S S S S 23.0
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.4 S S 661 S S 49.6 1.0 S S 33.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 570 100 935 100 518 100 716 24.0 - 15.2 - 19.4 - 16.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14 2.4 3 0.3 1 0.2 527 30.8 5.6 26.4 0.5 15.7 0.6 27.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 123 13.1 S S 1,256 S S 45.7 13.7 S S 20.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 21 3.7 S S S S 458 37.9 18.0 S S S S 5.4
More than 100,000 lbs 251 44.1 712 76.1 316 61.0 467 18.7 16.4 16.9 8.6 21.4 14.3 14.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 169 100 52 100 S S S 30.6 - 47.2 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs 2 1.3 - 0.5 S S S 44.7 1.6 27.5 1.3 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S - 0.5 - 0.1 343 S S 9.4 2.5 19.4 2.8 10.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 59 35.2 S S S S S 37.1 16.1 S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 85 50.5 S S S S 3,155 49.6 12.5 S S S S 25.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 609 100 S S 66 100 103 38.4 - S S 48.8 - 37.7
Less than 50 lbs 83 13.6 4 0.7 S S 110 35.3 5.0 29.6 2.8 S S 36.7
50 - 99 lbs 28 4.5 3 0.5 S S 83 40.9 1.3 30.1 1.4 S S 31.7
100 - 499 lbs 89 14.6 14 2.3 - 0.6 30 44.4 4.5 31.8 7.8 42.1 1.5 47.9
500 - 749 lbs 12 1.9 3 0.4 S S S 46.1 14.0 32.7 7.9 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 76 12.4 25 4.0 S S S 30.7 9.5 42.2 13.1 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 279 45.8 S S S S S 41.6 15.8 S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 15 2.5 431 67.9 S S S 46.5 2.3 28.1 19.0 S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.