Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 46,699 100 46,893 100 7,260 100 457 7.3 - 15.9 - 17.6 - 13.3
Single modes 38,655 82.8 45,104 96.2 6,484 89.3 162 9.4 3.8 16.5 1 19.4 2.3 11.2
Truck6 38,010 81.4 44,356 94.6 6,005 82.7 135 9.6 4.1 16.4 1.4 17.5 2.3 13.9
For-hire truck 24,171 51.8 23,076 49.2 3,991 55 343 13 4.4 24.4 5.7 19.7 3.1 26.4
Private truck 13,840 29.6 21,280 45.4 2,014 27.7 64 13.8 4.3 15.8 5.9 17.1 3.5 15.2
Rail 304 0.6 736 1.6 S S 639 44.6 0.3 39.2 0.5 S S 25
Water 20 - 8 - S S S 25.7 0.1 28.7 - S S S
Shallow draft 17 - 6 - - - S 14.9 0.1 22.3 - 20.7 - S
Deep draft 3 - 2 - 3 - 1,438 8.1 - 0.7 - 50 0.3 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S 3 - 4 0.1 1,079 S S 29.3 - 27.4 - 35.8
Multiple modes 7,434 15.9 1,154 2.5 710 9.8 831 23.5 3.8 14.5 0.6 19.4 2.5 8.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,681 14.3 167 0.4 95 1.3 831 26.1 3.8 19.8 0.2 16 0.4 8.1
Truck and rail 570 1.2 935 2 518 7.1 716 24 0.4 15.2 0.5 19.4 1.7 16.4
Truck and water 169 0.4 52 0.1 S S S 30.6 0.1 47.2 0.1 S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 609 1.3 S S 66 0.9 103 38.4 0.5 S S 48.8 0.5 37.7

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 999 100 407 100 176 100 230 19.6 - 24.2 - 45.7 - 32.2
Single modes 963 96.4 391 96.1 93 52.7 214 20.6 3.4 24.9 3 27.3 17.7 42.9
Truck6 963 96.4 391 96.1 93 52.7 214 20.6 3.4 24.9 3 27.3 17.7 42.9
For-hire truck 521 52.1 95 23.3 67 37.9 692 28.1 12.2 34.2 15.5 39.7 19.8 13.7
Private truck 443 44.3 296 72.8 26 14.8 88 26.4 10.3 29 9.6 41.6 10.8 24.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3 S S S S S S 10.7

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,336 100 6,721 100 1,588 100 588 14.5 - 28.9 - 27.3 - 20.3
Single modes 4,934 92.5 6,551 97.5 1,416 89.2 169 13.7 2.2 29.8 2.5 30.3 5.1 29.8
Truck6 4,927 92.3 6,548 97.4 1,416 89.2 169 13.7 2.2 29.8 2.5 30.3 5.1 29.8
For-hire truck 1,930 36.2 893 13.3 415 26.1 793 33.5 8.8 28.3 8.4 31.3 6.4 15.2
Private truck 2,997 56.2 5,655 84.1 1,002 63.1 106 21.2 10.1 32.7 10.7 39.1 11 23.7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 125 1.9 S S 984 S S 48.5 2.8 S S 16.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 985 S S S S S S 30.8
Truck and rail 264 4.9 100 1.5 S S 1,435 47.4 4 48.6 6.7 S S 12.5
Truck and water 49 0.9 S S S S 244 18.1 1 S S S S 8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 129 100 4,263 100 139 100 S 40.7 - 41.8 - 28.5 - S
Single modes 112 86.7 3,822 89.7 122 87.5 S 40.3 5.4 43 9.6 30.1 6.5 S
Truck6 100 77.8 3,807 89.3 98 70.8 S 45.5 11.6 40.5 11.8 39.7 16 S
For-hire truck S S 3,292 77.2 86 61.9 S S S 47.8 16 44.8 15.9 S
Private truck 10 7.6 S S 12 8.9 23 47 12.4 S S 46.1 12.3 22.1
Rail S S S S S S 1,491 S S S S S S -
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,019 100 7,301 100 S S 74 45.4 - 40.5 - S S 29.8
Single modes 3,945 98.2 7,238 99.1 S S 68 45.9 5.7 40.3 0.5 S S 19.3
Truck6 3,945 98.2 7,238 99.1 S S 68 45.9 5.7 40.3 0.5 S S 19.3
For-hire truck 3,397 84.5 6,595 90.3 S S 98 47.3 18.9 39.4 19.7 S S 28.9
Private truck 549 13.7 S S 27 4.3 33 26.3 18.9 S S 29.6 19.9 17.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4 S S S S S S 9.6

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,312 100 787 100 270 100 S 25.2 - 24.1 - 21.5 - S
Single modes 4,073 76.7 712 90.5 241 89.2 S 34.8 9.5 27.9 7.7 24.8 7.4 S
Truck6 4,065 76.5 708 90 237 88 S 34.8 9.5 27.6 7.6 24.6 7.3 S
For-hire truck 1,707 32.1 410 52.1 208 77 685 25.2 8.6 29.7 8.5 26.1 8.8 19.1
Private truck S S 298 37.9 30 11 50 S S 34.3 6.8 44 5.6 36.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 2 - S S S S S 45 0.1 S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,177 22.2 59 7.5 28 10.4 460 35 9.8 38.1 7.7 35.9 7.3 13.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,173 22.1 58 7.4 28 10.2 460 35.1 9.8 38.5 7.7 36.4 7.3 13.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 3 0.1 - - - - 753 25 - - - - - -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 118 S S S S S S 41.5

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,494 100 4,391 100 1,471 100 911 13.3 - 18.6 - 33.8 - 16.9
Single modes 2,465 70.5 4,052 92.3 1,287 87.5 269 14 5.1 17 1.8 32.7 2.7 45.2
Truck6 2,292 65.6 3,689 84 1,018 69.2 214 11.8 5.6 14.6 4.6 21.7 7.1 28.9
For-hire truck 1,431 41 2,806 63.9 908 61.7 504 17.5 3.5 20 4.5 24.7 4.7 16.3
Private truck 861 24.6 883 20.1 110 7.5 63 23.4 6.1 12.9 5.6 17.7 3.3 14.1
Rail S S S S S S 799 S S S S S S 30.9
Water 3 0.1 2 - 3 0.2 1,438 8.1 0.4 0.7 0.5 50 4.1 -
Deep draft 3 0.1 2 - 3 0.2 1,438 8.1 0.4 0.7 0.5 50 4.1 -
Air (incl truck and air) 8 0.2 S S S S 2,491 31.1 0.3 S S S S 39
Multiple modes 995 28.5 323 7.4 S S 1,066 23.2 5.1 46.1 1.7 S S 12.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 843 24.1 40 0.9 19 1.3 1,066 22.1 5.1 29.7 0.2 25.5 0.6 12.8
Truck and rail 132 3.8 280 6.4 S S 541 42.2 1.4 43.8 2 S S 29.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 179 S S S S S S 25.8

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,882 100 19,473 100 2,283 100 229 18.2 - 22.6 - 26.1 - 21.2
Single modes 6,203 90.1 18,904 97.1 2,052 89.9 129 21.4 4 23.5 1.8 29.1 4.9 16.2
Truck6 6,070 88.2 18,675 95.9 1,917 84 122 21.6 4.4 23.6 1.9 29.5 4.6 15.8
For-hire truck 3,695 53.7 S S 1,246 54.6 S 29.9 5.2 S S 40.7 6.6 S
Private truck 2,374 34.5 11,448 58.8 671 29.4 62 13.1 4 20.6 8.3 27.4 4.6 14.6
Rail 93 1.4 228 1.2 134 5.9 484 38.8 1.3 32.6 1.3 34.8 3.4 31.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,413 S S S S S S 18.2
Multiple modes 609 8.8 550 2.8 225 9.9 643 29.5 4 33.4 1.8 33.1 4.8 14.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 437 6.3 17 0.1 13 0.6 645 36.9 3.5 28.9 - 29.6 0.4 15
Truck and rail 150 2.2 530 2.7 209 9.2 420 24 1.7 21.6 2.9 21.6 7.3 9.7
Truck and water 22 0.3 4 - S S S 12.4 0.7 10.3 0.1 S S S
Other and unknown modes 70 1 19 0.1 S S S 42.2 0.4 42.2 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,080 100 520 100 172 100 679 16.3 - 14.7 - 16.5 - 10.1
Single modes 9,114 69.7 474 91.1 144 83.8 449 23.9 8.9 14.4 2.9 17.7 8.5 19.7
Truck6 8,834 67.5 469 90.2 143 82.9 262 24.8 9.3 14.5 2.9 17.8 8.9 20.8
For-hire truck 8,336 63.7 395 76 140 81.2 327 27.1 11.5 18 11.1 18.2 10.5 35.6
Private truck 498 3.8 73 14.1 3 1.7 44 37.3 4.3 41.7 9 49.7 2 19.3
Water 10 0.1 4 0.7 - 0.1 31 7.6 0.2 46.2 3.1 2.9 0.3 28
Shallow draft 10 0.1 4 0.7 - 0.1 31 7.6 0.2 46.2 3.1 2.9 0.3 28
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 0.3 1 0.8 1,046 S S 31.7 0.2 32.6 0.7 16.8
Multiple modes 3,760 28.8 33 6.4 21 12 825 33 8.8 24.9 1.7 23.2 8.4 10.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,705 28.3 28 5.4 17 10 825 33.9 8.9 31.7 1.4 26.3 5.8 10.1
Truck and water 40 0.3 4 0.9 S S 1,799 49.6 1.9 36.1 1.1 S S 35.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,446 100 3,025 100 528 100 330 18.3 - 21.1 - 17.5 - 12.4
Single modes 6,844 91.9 2,954 97.7 498 94.2 169 18.9 3.5 20.9 1 16.1 1.5 12.1
Truck6 6,813 91.5 2,827 93.5 450 85.3 169 18.7 3.5 20.1 2.9 13.7 5.7 12.1
For-hire truck 3,063 41.1 1,359 44.9 317 60 746 33 6.3 31.2 6.3 20.2 7.3 17
Private truck 3,750 50.4 1,468 48.5 133 25.3 80 20.4 5.8 24.8 5.8 21.6 6.8 6.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 493 6.6 S S 29 5.5 764 43.4 3.2 S S 48.8 1.4 15.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 470 6.3 22 0.7 S S 764 46 3.3 37.3 0.4 S S 15.7
Truck and rail 23 0.3 S S S S 425 48.4 0.4 S S S S 2.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 911 S S S S S S 49.9
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.