Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 46,699 100 46,893 100 7,260 100 457 7.3 - 15.9 - 17.6 - 13.3
Single modes 38,655 82.8 45,104 96.2 6,484 89.3 162 9.4 3.8 16.5 1 19.4 2.3 11.2
Truck6 38,010 81.4 44,356 94.6 6,005 82.7 135 9.6 4.1 16.4 1.4 17.5 2.3 13.9
For-hire truck 24,171 51.8 23,076 49.2 3,991 55 343 13 4.4 24.4 5.7 19.7 3.1 26.4
Private truck 13,840 29.6 21,280 45.4 2,014 27.7 64 13.8 4.3 15.8 5.9 17.1 3.5 15.2
Rail 304 0.6 736 1.6 S S 639 44.6 0.3 39.2 0.5 S S 25
Water 20 - 8 - S S S 25.7 0.1 28.7 - S S S
Shallow draft 17 - 6 - - - S 14.9 0.1 22.3 - 20.7 - S
Deep draft 3 - 2 - 3 - 1,438 8.1 - 0.7 - 50 0.3 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S 3 - 4 0.1 1,079 S S 29.3 - 27.4 - 35.8
Multiple modes 7,434 15.9 1,154 2.5 710 9.8 831 23.5 3.8 14.5 0.6 19.4 2.5 8.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,681 14.3 167 0.4 95 1.3 831 26.1 3.8 19.8 0.2 16 0.4 8.1
Truck and rail 570 1.2 935 2 518 7.1 716 24 0.4 15.2 0.5 19.4 1.7 16.4
Truck and water 169 0.4 52 0.1 S S S 30.6 0.1 47.2 0.1 S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 609 1.3 S S 66 0.9 103 38.4 0.5 S S 48.8 0.5 37.7
All modes 95 100 98 100 5 100 54 27.7 - 33.4 - 48.2 - 23.8
Single modes 95 100 98 100 5 100 54 27.7 - 33.4 - 48.2 - 23.8
Truck6 95 100 98 100 5 100 54 27.7 - 33.4 - 48.2 - 23.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 82 85.9 89 91.2 5 98.9 55 19.1 6.7 30.7 4.2 48.1 0.5 23.8

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 904 100 310 100 171 100 372 21.3 - 33.2 - 47.1 - 25.6
Single modes 868 96.1 294 94.8 87 51.1 348 22.5 3.8 34.4 3.5 29.5 18.2 33.1
Truck6 868 96.1 294 94.8 87 51.1 348 22.5 3.8 34.4 3.5 29.5 18.2 33.1
For-hire truck 507 56.1 S S S S 706 28 13.7 S S S S 13.3
Private truck 361 39.9 207 66.9 S S 132 34 12.3 47.6 17.9 S S 29
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3 S S S S S S 10.7

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 138 100 61 100 10 100 981 23.7 - 31 - 27.6 - 24.8
Single modes 112 81.3 58 95.3 9 84.3 241 22.3 7 26.5 2.2 26.2 6.1 22.6
Truck6 112 81.3 58 95.3 9 84.3 241 22.3 7 26.5 2.2 26.2 6.1 22.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 395 S S S S S S 9.3
Private truck 81 58.7 48 79.2 5 52.6 106 25.8 19.9 26.7 18.6 39.1 18.6 24.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 990 S S S S S S 30.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 378 S S S S S S -

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,980 100 1,855 100 239 100 116 16.5 - 25.6 - 26 - 37.1
Single modes 1,789 90.4 1,759 94.8 184 76.8 114 16.9 3.1 25.6 1.6 29.5 9.2 37
Truck6 1,789 90.4 1,759 94.8 184 76.8 114 16.9 3.1 25.6 1.6 29.5 9.2 37
For-hire truck 677 34.2 440 23.7 82 34.4 289 29.1 11.2 26.6 13.6 48 9.6 29.5
Private truck 1,113 56.2 1,318 71.1 101 42.4 107 29.8 11.9 32.8 12.4 42.6 11.8 33.2
Multiple modes 121 6.1 51 2.7 36 15 429 27.6 3.1 35.7 2.2 30.1 9 43.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 82 4.2 29 1.6 32 13.2 1,082 23.4 3.8 23.1 3.8 25.2 14.3 3.8
Truck and water 39 1.9 S S S S 199 19.9 2.3 S S S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,399 100 4,782 100 1,315 100 176 22.7 - 35.4 - 30.5 - 18.3
Single modes 2,213 92.2 4,711 98.5 1,200 91.3 128 23.5 3.9 36.4 4 34.4 6.5 22.4
Truck6 2,206 92 4,709 98.5 1,200 91.3 128 23.5 4 36.4 4.1 34.4 6.5 22.4
For-hire truck 455 18.9 422 8.8 306 23.3 728 45 10.2 15 11.1 16.8 9.2 12.2
Private truck 1,752 73 4,287 89.6 894 68 104 29.8 10.8 38.3 10.4 41.1 12.4 26.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 803 S S S S S S 37.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 726 S S S S S S 1.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,581 S S S S S S 13.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 819 100 23 100 24 100 1,068 32.7 - 32.9 - 37.8 - 18.2
Single modes 819 100 23 100 24 100 1,068 32.7 - 32.9 - 37.8 - 18.2
Truck6 819 100 23 100 24 100 1,068 32.7 - 32.9 - 37.8 - 18.2
For-hire truck 768 93.7 21 94.3 23 98.1 1,071 18.7 3.1 18.1 2.4 22 0.8 8.5
Private truck S S S S S S 351 S S S S S S -

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 33 S S S S S S 24.7
Single modes S S S S S S 33 S S S S S S 24.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 33 S S S S S S 24.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 45 S S S S S S 48.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 91 100 3,047 100 84 100 S 43.3 - 31.5 - 24.1 - S
Single modes 75 82.9 2,607 85.6 67 79.3 25 40.2 7.9 28.7 7 31.1 9 27.8
Truck6 75 82.9 2,607 85.6 67 79.3 25 40.2 7.9 28.7 7 31.1 9 27.8
For-hire truck 70 76.6 2,386 78.3 60 71.1 24 39.6 8.1 24.1 7.5 28.8 10.6 36.7
Private truck S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 35.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 2 100 S S S S S 47 - S S S
Single modes S S 2 96.2 S S S S S 45.3 2.4 S S S
Truck6 S S 2 96.2 S S S S S 45.3 2.4 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13 100 17 100 23 100 S 31.7 - 38.6 - 40.7 - S
Single modes 12 93.3 17 99.7 23 99.9 1,120 29.3 3.9 30.8 0.2 33.3 0.1 21
Truck6 1 7.3 1 8 - 0.1 23 0.8 19.3 0.8 18.7 0.8 0.5 -
For-hire truck 1 7.3 1 8 - 0.1 23 0.8 19.3 0.8 18.7 0.8 0.5 -
Rail 11 86 16 91.7 23 99.8 1,491 31.4 8.3 32.9 8.3 33.3 0.2 -
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 174 100 94 S S S S 47.8 - 34.1
Single modes S S S S 174 99.9 96 S S S S 47.8 0.1 34.2
Truck6 S S S S 174 99.9 96 S S S S 47.8 0.1 34.2
For-hire truck 1,226 88 1,813 89.3 167 96 S 36.8 3.2 38.7 3 12.5 2 S
Private truck S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 26.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,306 100 3,561 100 S S 88 46.8 - 47 - S S 26.5
Single modes 2,306 100 3,561 100 S S 88 46.8 - 47 - S S 26.5
Truck6 2,306 100 3,561 100 S S 88 46.8 - 47 - S S 26.5
For-hire truck 2,068 89.7 3,253 91.4 392 97.7 112 21 3.4 19.4 2.8 43.7 0.9 28.8
Private truck S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 11

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 320 100 1,711 100 54 100 53 33.4 - 40.1 - 36.4 - 50
Single modes 289 90.4 1,710 99.9 54 99.4 S 36 5.8 40.1 0.5 36.6 1.2 S
Truck6 289 90.4 1,710 99.9 54 99.4 S 36 5.8 40.1 0.5 36.6 1.2 S
For-hire truck 103 32.1 S S 43 79.3 S 29.6 14.5 S S 42.5 17.4 S
Private truck S S S S 11 20.1 S S S S S 35.4 17.8 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 659 S S S S S S 44.3
Private truck S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 44.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 48 S S S S S S 33.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 48 S S S S S S 33.6
Other and unknown modes 1 0.7 S S S S 26 26.4 17.8 S S S S 48.3

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 80 100 16 100 S S S 40 - 44.2 - S
Single modes S S S S 5 34.2 S S S S S 23.3 15.4 S
Truck6 S S S S 5 34.2 S S S S S 23.3 15.4 S
For-hire truck 139 5.9 2 2.5 2 11.4 985 40.6 14 25.9 11.6 12.4 18.4 31.2
Private truck S S 54 68.3 S S S S S 49.1 13.7 S S S
Multiple modes 588 24.9 S S S S 605 36.4 18.4 S S S S 17
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 588 24.9 S S S S 605 36.4 18.4 S S S S 17
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.7 S S S S S 6.3 7.7 S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,587 100 310 100 134 100 379 21.9 - 28.4 - 29.8 - 25.4
Single modes 1,286 81 292 94.1 127 94.8 343 27.3 10.2 31.3 9.7 31.8 10.7 35.6
Truck6 1,279 80.6 287 92.6 124 92.5 337 27.3 10.1 30.7 9.5 31.5 10.4 36.3
For-hire truck 1,136 71.6 210 67.8 117 87.7 642 29.7 13.3 36 12.6 31 11.1 14.2
Private truck 143 9 S S S S S 39.5 8.1 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 399 S S S S S S 47.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 399 S S S S S S 47.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 378 S S S S S S 16.3

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,195 100 317 100 91 100 261 25.5 - 29.3 - 21.1 - 36.9
Single modes 875 73.3 285 90.1 79 87.1 S 34.9 9.5 32.1 7.7 22.3 8.1 S
Truck6 874 73.2 285 90.1 79 87.1 S 34.9 9.5 32.1 7.7 22.3 8.1 S
For-hire truck 319 26.7 136 42.9 60 66.2 746 27.2 11.7 40.5 11.1 27.7 11.5 19.4
Private truck S S S S S S 133 S S S S S S 20.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 289 24.1 22 7 12 12.8 455 41.5 9.7 36.8 7.8 36.3 8.1 26.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 285 23.9 22 7 12 12.7 455 42 9.8 36.9 7.8 37.6 8.1 26.7
Truck and water 3 0.3 - - - 0.1 753 25 0.1 - - - - -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 76 100 9 100 73 S S 33.6 - 29.7 - 11.4
Single modes S S 76 100 9 100 73 S S 33.6 - 29.7 - 11.4
Truck6 S S 76 100 9 100 73 S S 33.6 - 29.7 - 11.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 70 91.9 7 84 66 S S 39 11.1 35.7 14.5 17.1

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 583 100 1,767 100 246 100 217 12.5 - 16.9 - 28.5 - 25.3
Single modes 524 89.9 1,751 99.1 231 93.9 132 11.7 5.1 16.5 0.4 24.7 2.1 26.1
Truck6 521 89.4 1,724 97.5 225 91.5 114 11.8 5.4 15.7 1.1 22.9 3 20.6
For-hire truck 212 36.4 1,200 67.9 173 70.3 153 22.4 6.3 23.7 7.6 30.8 6.9 27.3
Private truck 309 53 524 29.6 52 21.2 85 19.3 8.5 11.9 8.1 15.3 7.7 31.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 424 S S S S S S 38.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 5 0.3 S S 423 S S 44.6 0.6 S S 42.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,330 100 1,887 100 1,019 100 312 35.5 - 40.2 - 47.9 - 24.6
Single modes 1,034 77.8 1,593 84.4 864 84.8 257 28.6 5.9 39.2 4.1 47.6 3.7 31.5
Truck6 882 66.3 1,263 66.9 614 60.3 241 24.6 8.9 36.1 8.5 33.9 10 33.8
For-hire truck 685 51.5 1,094 58 585 57.4 605 32.1 9.1 41.4 7.5 34.4 8.9 12.1
Private truck 197 14.8 169 9 30 2.9 S 36.4 11.4 37.8 11.8 48 9.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 778 S S S S S S 28.4
Multiple modes S S 290 15.4 S S 402 S S 46.2 4.7 S S 38.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 128 9.6 277 14.7 149 14.6 537 40.7 4.5 40.6 4.7 48.5 4 28.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 10 0.7 4 0.2 1 0.1 115 35.3 2.8 41.1 1.1 49.2 3.5 15.8

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 607 100 577 100 158 100 270 15.3 - 30.7 - 16.6 - 14.9
Single modes 514 84.7 566 98.2 153 96.9 147 19.6 8.4 31.3 2.6 17.4 4.6 32.4
Truck6 502 82.8 560 97.1 140 88.9 144 19.2 8.2 31.7 2.6 15.2 5.1 33.1
For-hire truck 302 49.8 449 77.9 120 76 382 14 9.8 38.9 9.2 14.6 6.2 24
Private truck 200 32.9 111 19.2 20 12.8 68 31.1 5.3 40.1 10.6 26.3 6.7 24.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 3 0.5 2 0.3 3 1.6 1,438 8.1 2.8 0.7 2.7 50 6 -
Deep draft 3 0.5 2 0.3 3 1.6 1,438 8.1 2.8 0.7 2.7 50 6 -
Multiple modes S S 7 1.2 4 2.3 408 S S 48.1 3.8 46.9 6.7 49.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 4 0.7 2 0.4 2 1.1 S 26.9 2.2 19.5 1.9 29.4 4.3 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 103 S S S S S S 39.9

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 268 100 60 100 23 100 359 28.2 - 38.4 - 43.5 - 22.6
Single modes 212 79.3 55 92.5 21 90.5 97 31.2 8.1 41.1 5.8 48.7 12.5 47.6
Truck6 212 79.1 55 92.3 21 89.6 95 31.4 8 41.2 5.8 49.4 13.6 49.3
For-hire truck 106 39.7 46 76.7 S S 622 40.8 9.2 46.2 15.2 S S 20.8
Private truck 106 39.4 9 15.6 S S 38 35.6 8.6 33.3 14 S S 42.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 712 S S S S S S 16.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 712 S S S S S S 16.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 657 100 24 100 17 100 1,169 25.6 - 17.8 - 26.8 - 13.9
Single modes 130 19.7 10 42 10 55.5 1,266 30.3 8.8 30.4 16.7 31.7 11.1 26.4
Truck6 125 19 10 41.5 9 52.4 951 32.4 9.1 30.6 16.7 33.5 11.6 15.3
For-hire truck 124 18.9 10 41.1 9 52.3 968 32.3 9 30.6 16.5 33.5 11.6 14.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 5 0.7 S S S S S 8.9 2.9 S S S S S
Multiple modes 527 80.2 14 58 8 44.5 1,167 30.1 6.6 30.8 13.1 18.7 13.3 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 526 80.1 14 57.8 7 42.3 1,166 30.1 6.6 31 13.2 17.9 13.8 13.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 29

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,552 100 12,659 100 1,040 100 161 13.3 - 16.5 - 29.6 - 27.6
Single modes 1,509 97.2 12,537 99 986 94.8 97 13.5 1.1 16.8 0.9 28.7 1.7 32.1
Truck6 1,498 96.5 12,463 98.4 958 92 93 13.6 1.4 17.1 1.5 28.5 2.7 33.2
For-hire truck 643 41.4 2,233 17.6 440 42.3 329 30.5 7.4 42.3 9.3 46.2 9.4 20
Private truck 855 55.1 10,229 80.8 518 49.8 S 17.9 7.3 23.8 9.7 35.8 9.6 S
Rail 11 0.7 74 0.6 28 2.7 381 40.3 1.8 43.3 2.5 50 2.8 28.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 978 S S S S S S 27.1
Multiple modes 38 2.4 S S S S 868 36.7 1.6 S S S S 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 894 S S S S S S 37.4
Truck and rail 22 1.4 112 0.9 51 4.9 458 17.3 5.8 32.1 5.5 26.4 6.6 6.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 47.1 0.2 S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,033 100 2,419 100 695 100 123 13.6 - 17.7 - 20 - 25.1
Single modes 1,894 93.2 1,999 82.6 535 77 112 13.3 2.6 20.4 7.4 25.1 9.7 29.4
Truck6 1,812 89.1 1,845 76.3 429 61.7 108 12.9 2.7 19 7 21.3 9.7 29.7
For-hire truck 930 45.7 1,099 45.4 326 47 322 19.3 7.2 25.1 7.9 23.6 9.8 17.9
Private truck 882 43.4 746 30.8 102 14.7 74 20 7.5 20.1 7.7 31.3 8.4 12.9
Rail 82 4 154 6.4 106 15.2 675 17.5 5.2 12.6 6 21 13.2 27.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 137 6.7 420 17.3 160 23 362 38.5 3.4 42.3 9.7 44.4 12.8 29.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 356 S S S S S S 46.7
Truck and rail 128 6.3 418 17.3 S S 376 21.3 5.5 24.7 15.9 S S 12.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 15.4 - S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 532 24.1 S S S S 70 50 4.9 S S S S 29.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,005 S S S S S S 27.8
Multiple modes 217 9.8 9 0.2 7 1.4 613 45.5 8.4 26.9 3.9 29.9 9.4 26.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 217 9.8 9 0.2 7 1.4 613 45.5 8.4 26.9 3.9 29.9 9.4 26.1
Other and unknown modes 24 1.1 4 0.1 S S S 31.6 3.4 33.6 2.5 S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,087 100 124 100 49 100 534 19.4 - 27.1 - 38 - 28.5
Single modes 832 76.5 110 88.9 45 91.4 472 24.1 8.1 25.9 6.8 39.7 6.6 30.3
Truck6 794 73 110 88.4 44 89.7 373 24.4 8.4 23.9 3.5 39.5 3.8 26.2
For-hire truck 688 63.3 95 76.2 43 87.4 760 26.7 9.6 24.1 6.8 39.9 3.8 16.5
Private truck S S S S S S 55 S S S S S S 39.8
Air (incl truck and air) 39 3.5 S S S S 1,629 22.5 19.1 S S S S 18.7
Multiple modes 217 19.9 7 5.3 4 8.5 642 43.8 8.9 35.2 7.9 42.5 7.3 29.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 203 18.7 4 3.5 4 7.6 643 48.1 9.1 44.7 8.1 47.5 7.4 29.5
Truck and water 14 1.3 2 1.8 - 0.9 200 0.7 5.1 38.5 4.6 38.4 0.6 0.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,426 100 81 100 16 100 797 40.8 - 44.3 - 25.5 - 14
Single modes 694 20.3 64 78.9 4 22.4 637 33.8 11.7 49.1 10 31.3 10.6 25.5
Truck6 460 13.4 63 78.1 3 17.3 S 37.1 12.4 49.5 10.5 32.5 11.2 S
For-hire truck 109 3.2 3 3.1 1 8.9 S 42.3 14.9 38.1 15.8 40.1 13.9 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 0.7 1 5.1 1,309 S S 39.1 1.6 44 2 16.7
Multiple modes 2,708 79.1 15 18.1 11 70.4 865 44.2 12.2 32 10.4 31.3 11.2 12.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,708 79.1 15 18.1 11 70.4 865 44.2 12.2 32 10.4 31.3 11.2 12.3
Other and unknown modes 23 0.7 S S S S S 37 2 S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,657 100 416 100 148 100 367 26.3 - 17.1 - 19.6 - 35.1
Single modes 8,345 96.4 401 96.3 140 94.8 391 26.7 1.7 17.3 1.8 18.9 2.9 28.9
Truck6 8,306 95.9 400 96 139 94.4 297 26.7 1.7 17.3 1.8 19 2.9 44.3
For-hire truck 8,161 94.3 387 93 138 93.3 330 25.5 1.6 15.3 1.5 15.3 2.1 41.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 1 0.4 840 S S S S 46.2 0.4 47.4
Multiple modes S S S S 2 1.1 381 S S S S 47.7 0.9 40
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 2 1.1 381 S S S S 47.3 0.9 40
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 127 100 13 100 S S 615 36 - 28.9 - S S 49.9
Single modes 74 58.6 8 63.3 S S S 39.2 13.4 33.2 11.6 S S S
Truck6 66 52.4 S S S S S 45.1 18.1 S S S S S
For-hire truck 66 52.4 S S S S S 45.1 18.1 S S S S S
Water S S S S - 2.2 32 S S S S 15.4 15.1 30.6
Shallow draft S S S S - 2.2 32 S S S S 15.4 15.1 30.6
Multiple modes 52 41.4 5 36.7 S S 1,044 45.6 15.8 32.8 15.3 S S 44
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S 4 32.2 S S 1,833 S S 35.7 14.1 S S 37.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 870 100 S S S S 844 42.5 - S S S S 15.9
Single modes S S S S S S 735 S S S S S S 46.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 735 S S S S S S 46.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 863 99.2 S S S S 851 42.6 12.3 S S S S 16.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 863 99.2 S S S S 851 42.6 12.3 S S S S 16.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 269 100 26 100 S S 301 44.1 - 42.7 - S S 39
Single modes 244 90.6 24 92.9 S S S 40.4 3.2 40.2 2.4 S S S
Truck6 243 90.4 24 92.8 S S S 40.3 3.2 40.1 2.5 S S S
For-hire truck S S 16 60.4 20 90.6 S S S 34.9 18.2 27.7 7.1 S
Private truck 117 43.4 S S S S 18 45.7 19.5 S S S S 14.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,275 100 188 100 96 100 494 20.8 - 17.7 - 35.5 - 32.1
Single modes 952 74.7 153 81.6 81 85.2 S 26.6 8.6 22.3 8.6 40.3 10.2 S
Truck6 952 74.7 153 81.6 81 85.2 S 26.6 8.6 22.3 8.6 40.3 10.2 S
For-hire truck 611 47.9 86 45.9 78 81.8 1,026 30.4 11.2 22.1 11.1 39.3 10.8 14.7
Private truck S S 67 35.7 3 3.3 S S S 39.2 10.3 38 3.3 S
Multiple modes 260 20.4 15 8.2 S S 845 44.8 7.6 47.2 3.9 S S 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 255 20 S S S S 845 46 7.6 S S S S 17.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 86 100 443 100 111 100 171 44.6 - 39.5 - 48.7 - 35.8
Single modes 80 93.5 421 95.1 101 90.8 167 41.7 3.2 39.3 2.9 45.2 4.4 35.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 153 S S S S S S 35.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 37.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,817 100 2,369 100 300 100 241 23.2 - 26.7 - 23.7 - 19.8
Single modes 5,568 95.7 2,356 99.5 296 98.6 158 25.1 6.5 26.9 1.5 24.1 1.1 19.1
Truck6 5,568 95.7 2,356 99.5 296 98.6 158 25.1 6.5 26.9 1.5 24.1 1.1 19.1
For-hire truck 2,283 39.2 1,002 42.3 167 55.7 656 45.8 8.7 45.3 8.5 39.7 8.6 29.5
Private truck 3,285 56.5 1,354 57.2 129 43 91 24.5 8.3 27.4 7.8 22.4 8.6 12.8
Multiple modes S S 9 0.4 4 1.3 658 S S 36.8 0.7 45.5 1.1 17.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 6 0.3 S S 658 S S 44.3 0.7 S S 17.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 418 S S S S S S 0.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 911 S S S S S S 49.9
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.