Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 52,664 100 48,287 100 10,460 100 26.2 - 17.8 - 10.8 -
Less than 50 miles 12,891 24.5 32,960 68.3 640 6.1 12.6 4.1 24.1 5.9 27.6 1.9
50 - 99 miles 2,340 4.4 1,657 3.4 118 1.1 35.5 0.9 35.5 0.9 33.3 0.3
100 - 249 miles 12,138 23 4,805 10 1,130 10.8 47.2 2.7 26.3 1.4 30 2.8
250 - 499 miles 9,999 19 2,745 5.7 1,335 12.8 31.4 2.2 8.1 1.6 9.8 1.8
500 - 749 miles 5,999 11.4 1,925 4 1,494 14.3 22.8 1.4 24.9 1.5 25.1 2.4
750 - 999 miles 3,075 5.8 2,139 4.4 2,387 22.8 20.9 0.8 26.2 1.4 26.5 4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,020 11.4 2,026 4.2 3,283 31.4 26.9 1.3 28.5 3 31.1 6.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 111 0.2 27 0.1 53 0.5 27 0.1 49.3 - 49.5 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 92 0.2 S S S S 35.8 0.1 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,259 100 46,740 100 8,421 100 30.7 - 19 - 8.9 -
Less than 50 miles 11,026 26.7 32,869 70.3 639 7.6 14.6 4.4 24.2 5.3 27.6 2.1
50 - 99 miles 2,007 4.9 1,652 3.5 118 1.4 33.3 0.8 35.6 0.9 33.4 0.3
100 - 249 miles S S 4,772 10.2 1,122 13.3 S S 26.6 1.4 30.3 2.7
250 - 499 miles 7,540 18.3 2,648 5.7 1,286 15.3 36.4 1.9 7.7 2 9.4 2.3
500 - 749 miles 4,481 10.9 1,666 3.6 1,274 15.1 27.9 1.6 21.5 1.2 20 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,961 4.8 1,989 4.3 2,195 26.1 24 0.6 24.4 1.3 24.1 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,165 7.7 1,119 2.4 1,736 20.6 34.9 1.4 20.9 1.4 22 5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 50 0.1 1 - 2 - 30.6 0.1 36 - 24.6 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,121 100 44,408 100 6,194 100 30 - 19.4 - 11.3 -
Less than 50 miles 11,026 29.7 32,866 74 639 10.3 14.6 4.3 24.2 5 27.6 2.8
50 - 99 miles 2,007 5.4 1,652 3.7 118 1.9 33.3 0.8 35.6 1 33.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles S S 4,724 10.6 1,106 17.9 S S 26.7 1.5 30.7 5.1
250 - 499 miles 6,633 17.9 2,059 4.6 984 15.9 38.2 2.2 13.3 1.1 15.4 3.3
500 - 749 miles 3,308 8.9 1,280 2.9 960 15.5 22 1.8 22.2 1.1 22.8 2
750 - 999 miles 1,299 3.5 863 1.9 911 14.7 20.2 0.7 43.8 1.4 45.3 4.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,840 5 943 2.1 1,435 23.2 19.4 1 24.2 1.6 25.6 6.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 3 - S S S S 16.6 0.1 S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,202 100 26,933 100 5,173 100 39.3 - 26.8 - 12.8 -
Less than 50 miles 4,812 19.9 18,957 70.4 382 7.4 33.2 5 36 9.5 44.5 3.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 2,638 9.8 668 12.9 S S 34 2.3 38.3 4.6
250 - 499 miles 5,734 23.7 1,691 6.3 820 15.9 40.2 2.9 16.1 3.9 19.1 3.9
500 - 749 miles 2,693 11.1 1,183 4.4 892 17.3 15.4 3.1 23.6 2.1 24.3 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,250 5.2 849 3.2 897 17.3 20.5 1 44.4 1.9 45.9 4.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,793 7.4 937 3.5 1,426 27.6 19.6 1.9 24.4 3.7 25.8 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 3 - S S S S 16.6 0.1 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,919 100 17,475 100 1,022 100 18.3 - 18.6 - 15.9 -
Less than 50 miles 6,214 48.1 13,909 79.6 257 25.1 15.5 5.7 23.7 6 20.2 6.9
50 - 99 miles 987 7.6 995 5.7 73 7.1 21.2 1.3 22.9 2.5 21.5 1.2
100 - 249 miles 4,107 31.8 2,086 11.9 438 42.9 32.9 3.6 26.7 3.2 32.5 5.9
250 - 499 miles 899 7 368 2.1 163 16 31.8 1.2 23.2 0.9 24.9 3.5
500 - 749 miles S S 97 0.6 68 6.6 S S 34.4 0.2 34.7 2.1
750 - 999 miles 49 0.4 14 0.1 14 1.4 34 0.3 37.4 0.1 38.1 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 46 0.4 6 - 9 0.9 38.3 0.1 36 - 38 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 2,324 100 2,219 100 S S 19 - 19.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 588 25.3 301 13.6 S S 42 8.7 42.8 7
500 - 749 miles S S 383 16.5 312 14.1 S S 41.3 9.2 37.6 8.8
750 - 999 miles 626 17.5 1,125 48.4 1,283 57.8 39.3 10.7 36.2 9.5 34.2 10.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 175 7.5 299 13.5 S S 36.1 6.4 35.3 8.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 563 100 8 100 8 100 23.9 - 25.7 - 18.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 2 0.4 S S S S 38.5 0.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 248 44.1 2 22.6 S S 37.9 10.6 47.6 12.3 S S
500 - 749 miles 138 24.5 3 40 2 25.3 37.7 8.3 48.2 11.5 43.9 9.8
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 86 15.3 1 18.8 2 21.9 40.9 4.7 42.9 7.2 43.2 7.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 47 8.3 - 5.4 2 23.2 30.3 5.7 28.1 5.1 29.2 11

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,048 100 1,425 100 2,012 100 19.8 - 41 - 44.3 -
Less than 50 miles 376 4.2 17 1.2 1 - 18.8 0.9 27.3 0.6 37.4 -
50 - 99 miles S S 5 0.4 - - S S 40.4 0.5 37.3 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,158 12.8 31 2.2 7 0.4 18.2 1.9 24.9 1.7 26.4 0.5
250 - 499 miles 1,637 18.1 57 4 27 1.4 26.7 1.9 21.9 3 21.2 1.6
500 - 749 miles 1,507 16.7 S S S S 20.2 2.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,112 12.3 S S S S 23.5 3.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,838 31.4 905 63.5 S S 26.4 2.3 49.8 9.6 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 51 0.6 2 0.2 4 0.2 19.8 0.3 35.4 0.4 35.6 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,309 100 205 100 159 100 22.5 - 25 - 30.5 -
Less than 50 miles 376 4.5 12 5.8 - 0.2 18.9 1.1 22.1 1.3 21.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S 5 2.6 - 0.3 S S 40.4 0.7 37.3 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,158 13.9 31 15.2 7 4.4 18.2 2.1 24.9 2.6 26.4 1.3
250 - 499 miles 1,620 19.5 37 18 18 11.6 27 2.3 20.3 3.1 19.6 3.6
500 - 749 miles 1,418 17.1 50 24.2 36 22.8 20.3 2.2 31.3 1.8 30.1 1.5
750 - 999 miles 901 10.8 19 9.1 20 12.4 27.8 1.9 29.1 0.9 28.7 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,437 29.3 49 24.1 72 45 32.8 2.8 39.6 4 40.5 5.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 43 0.5 1 0.7 3 1.8 25.3 0.2 30.2 0.2 30 0.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 709 100 1,216 100 1,834 100 36.5 - 48.3 - 49.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S - - S S S S 21.1 2.2
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 17 2.4 20 1.6 9 0.5 34.8 5.2 43.4 5.2 44 2.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 395 55.7 S S S S 34.3 11.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S 1 2.1 S S S S 38.7 2.1
50 - 99 miles 6 0.2 1 0.5 - 0.2 49.1 17.9 35.6 6.8 19.9 2.2
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 11 0.5 4 3.5 3 10.5 29.8 10.9 43.8 10.4 44.7 19.9
750 - 999 miles 3 0.1 S S S S 4 6.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 1 0.9 S S S S 35.7 5.3 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.