Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 52,664 100 48,287 100 10,460 100 689 26.2 - 17.8 - 10.8 - 13.5
Less than 50 lbs 7,070 13.4 100 0.2 69 0.7 833 20.5 2.0 19.1 0.1 26.0 0.2 8.7
50 - 99 lbs 1,235 2.3 65 0.1 34 0.3 530 10.6 0.4 16.3 - 28.4 0.1 12.8
100 - 499 lbs 3,235 6.1 352 0.7 111 1.1 371 12.7 1.0 23.0 0.1 21.8 0.3 21.1
500 - 749 lbs 953 1.8 143 0.3 34 0.3 240 16.4 0.3 23.2 - 15.6 - 28.1
750 - 999 lbs 825 1.6 203 0.4 25 0.2 124 30.3 0.8 43.4 0.1 27.8 0.1 33.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3,558 7.4 597 5.7 162 S S 18.1 1.2 11.0 0.8 16.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,622 39.2 28,467 59.0 6,426 61.4 222 17.0 3.7 19.0 4.3 15.6 6.0 30.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 792 1.5 12,535 26.0 1,078 10.3 90 30.7 0.8 30.5 4.6 31.2 3.1 50.0
More than 100,000 lbs 734 1.4 2,864 5.9 2,087 19.9 582 23.1 0.5 26.0 1.3 23.4 4.1 22.3

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,259 100 46,740 100 8,421 100 301 30.7 - 19.0 - 8.9 - 14.9
Less than 50 lbs 950 2.3 19 - S S 483 42.7 1.0 45.0 0.1 S S 18.3
50 - 99 lbs 374 0.9 22 - 5 0.1 240 21.2 0.2 23.7 - 22.5 - 34.8
100 - 499 lbs 1,901 4.6 269 0.6 48 0.6 186 20.1 0.9 32.6 0.1 16.1 0.1 30.3
500 - 749 lbs 854 2.1 136 0.3 28 0.3 209 19.9 0.4 24.6 0.1 19.4 0.1 24.7
750 - 999 lbs 816 2.0 200 0.4 24 0.3 119 30.7 1.1 44.3 0.1 29.8 0.1 33.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3,519 7.5 586 7.0 160 S S 18.4 1.4 11.1 0.9 16.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,449 44.7 27,543 58.9 5,029 59.7 185 19.8 4.4 20.3 4.4 13.1 6.2 24.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 705 1.7 12,289 26.3 751 8.9 64 30.3 0.9 31.3 4.6 36.5 2.4 49.3
More than 100,000 lbs 647 1.6 2,743 5.9 1,944 23.1 546 22.4 0.5 27.0 1.7 25.4 4.2 26.6

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,121 100 44,408 100 6,194 100 275 30.0 - 19.4 - 11.3 - 15.4
Less than 50 lbs S S 18 - S S 447 S S 47.2 0.1 S S 20.6
50 - 99 lbs 343 0.9 21 - 4 0.1 203 22.1 0.3 24.8 - 21.3 - 34.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,845 5.0 268 0.6 46 0.7 178 19.9 1.2 32.8 0.1 17.1 0.1 30.2
500 - 749 lbs 830 2.2 136 0.3 28 0.4 206 20.6 0.4 24.7 0.1 20.2 0.1 25.7
750 - 999 lbs 764 2.1 198 0.4 22 0.4 113 33.9 1.1 45.0 0.2 33.1 0.1 26.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3,515 7.9 582 9.4 160 S S 18.5 1.7 11.2 1.5 16.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 15,491 41.7 27,263 61.4 4,694 75.8 176 12.8 5.3 20.7 4.4 15.7 4.8 25.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 704 1.9 12,278 27.6 746 12.1 64 30.4 0.9 31.3 4.8 36.7 4.1 48.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 66 1.1 S S S S S 46.5 0.6 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,202 100 26,933 100 5,173 100 430 39.3 - 26.8 - 12.8 - 15.1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 558 S S S S S S 23.9
50 - 99 lbs 209 0.9 8 - 3 0.1 392 37.5 0.3 40.5 - 26.8 - 30.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,160 4.8 107 0.4 30 0.6 319 29.1 1.4 48.4 0.2 13.6 0.1 34.5
500 - 749 lbs 438 1.8 51 0.2 20 0.4 390 42.7 0.4 37.8 0.1 24.0 0.1 31.9
750 - 999 lbs 216 0.9 28 0.1 7 0.1 246 28.3 0.3 45.2 - 12.2 - 41.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 1,134 4.2 326 6.3 261 S S 36.1 2.2 14.6 1.6 42.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,126 46.0 17,709 65.8 4,186 80.9 264 20.2 6.7 28.7 6.6 17.8 5.5 32.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 7,542 28.0 562 10.9 S S S 46.6 7.1 48.8 5.1 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,919 100 17,475 100 1,022 100 87 18.3 - 18.6 - 15.9 - 9.2
Less than 50 lbs 155 1.2 8 - 1 0.1 79 25.5 0.3 33.8 - 34.5 - 22.3
50 - 99 lbs 135 1.0 13 0.1 1 0.1 85 27.6 0.4 35.5 - 45.4 - 23.3
100 - 499 lbs 685 5.3 161 0.9 15 1.5 87 27.6 1.2 43.4 0.3 37.6 0.5 13.8
500 - 749 lbs 392 3.0 85 0.5 8 0.8 94 22.8 1.1 28.3 0.1 30.9 0.3 14.1
750 - 999 lbs 549 4.2 S S 15 1.5 91 46.1 2.5 S S 47.0 0.7 14.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,222 48.2 2,380 13.6 256 25.1 110 35.8 6.3 19.1 2.7 17.9 3.6 10.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,365 33.8 9,553 54.7 508 49.7 52 22.7 6.5 20.4 5.3 20.7 3.8 23.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 384 3.0 4,737 27.1 185 18.1 40 38.1 1.9 35.8 5.5 33.1 4.5 21.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S 367 2.1 S S 128 S S 36.4 5.1 S S 36.7

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 2,324 100 2,219 100 1,021 S S 19.0 - 19.2 - 6.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 927 S S S S S S 5.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,220 S S S S S S 10.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2 - 10 0.5 S S 437 34.0 0.6 42.2 0.9 S S 44.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S 2,031 87.4 1,878 84.6 828 S S 24.6 9.4 25.5 9.3 9.9

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 563 100 8 100 8 100 909 23.9 - 25.7 - 18.2 - 5.1
Less than 50 lbs 269 47.8 2 21.4 2 18.7 873 49.6 10.3 31.5 8.9 34.1 5.0 6.4
50 - 99 lbs 31 5.5 1 7.0 S S 1,588 34.5 2.4 40.3 3.2 S S 29.8
100 - 499 lbs 57 10.1 1 15.5 2 22.3 1,259 39.9 7.2 38.2 9.4 38.9 10.3 47.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S 2 20.2 S S S S S 38.0 17.8 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 131 23.3 S S 2 22.6 S 48.1 13.0 S S 37.5 18.0 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,048 100 1,425 100 2,012 100 918 19.8 - 41.0 - 44.3 - 6.4
Less than 50 lbs 6,083 67.2 78 5.5 61 3.1 933 25.5 4.1 26.3 4.4 29.9 4.4 6.5
50 - 99 lbs 848 9.4 42 2.9 29 1.4 696 18.0 2.3 27.2 2.6 31.9 2.6 5.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,275 14.1 77 5.4 62 3.1 802 19.0 1.7 25.5 4.9 34.3 5.6 10.0
500 - 749 lbs 96 1.1 5 0.4 6 0.3 1,036 38.0 0.3 29.0 0.3 37.9 0.5 21.4
750 - 999 lbs 8 0.1 S S 1 0.1 384 45.1 0.1 S S 41.3 0.6 32.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,754 S S S S S S 8.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 531 5.9 S S S S 1,597 33.3 3.6 S S S S 15.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 87 1.0 S S S S 1,331 39.9 3.8 S S S S 25.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,145 S S S S S S 15.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,309 100 205 100 159 100 917 22.5 - 25.0 - 30.5 - 6.6
Less than 50 lbs 6,083 73.2 78 38.2 61 38.5 933 25.5 2.5 26.3 2.8 29.9 2.6 6.5
50 - 99 lbs 848 10.2 42 20.3 29 18.1 696 18.0 2.6 27.2 1.9 31.9 2.0 5.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,275 15.3 77 37.5 62 39.1 802 19.0 2.3 25.5 2.6 34.3 2.1 10.0
500 - 749 lbs 96 1.2 5 2.6 6 3.6 1,036 38.0 0.3 29.0 0.8 37.9 0.8 21.4
750 - 999 lbs 8 0.1 S S 1 0.7 384 45.1 0.1 S S 41.3 1.5 32.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 709 100 1,216 100 1,834 100 1,527 36.5 - 48.3 - 49.3 - 9.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,741 S S S S S S 12.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 506 71.4 S S S S 1,579 35.5 11.9 S S S S 10.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,331 S S S S S S 25.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,145 S S S S S S 15.4

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 75 S S S S S S 46.8
Less than 50 lbs 37 1.6 2 1.6 S S S 30.7 9.1 34.3 3.7 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 13 0.6 1 0.9 S S S 35.3 2.9 38.2 2.0 S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S 6 5.0 S S S S S 37.3 6.5 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 28.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 5 18.9 259 S S S S 44.7 14.9 27.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 291 S S S S S S 12.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.