Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 52,664 100 48,287 100 10,460 100 689 26.2 - 17.8 - 10.8 - 13.5
Single modes 41,259 78.3 46,740 96.8 8,421 80.5 301 30.7 5.2 19 2.7 8.9 5.6 14.9
Truck6 37,121 70.5 44,408 92 6,194 59.2 275 30 4.7 19.4 3.8 11.3 4.7 15.4
For-hire truck 24,202 46 26,933 55.8 5,173 49.5 430 39.3 4.4 26.8 6.6 12.8 4.4 15.1
Private truck 12,919 24.5 17,475 36.2 1,022 9.8 87 18.3 5.8 18.6 5.8 15.9 1.6 9.2
Rail S S 2,324 4.8 2,219 21.2 1,021 S S 19 1.3 19.2 4.5 6.2
Air (incl truck and air) 563 1.1 8 - 8 0.1 909 23.9 0.5 25.7 - 18.2 - 5.1
Multiple modes 9,048 17.2 1,425 3 2,012 19.2 918 19.8 2.9 41 2.4 44.3 5.5 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,309 15.8 205 0.4 159 1.5 917 22.5 2.9 25 0.2 30.5 0.6 6.6
Truck and rail 709 1.3 1,216 2.5 1,834 17.5 1,527 36.5 0.6 48.3 2.4 49.3 5.8 9.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 75 S S S S S S 46.8

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,859 100 3,964 100 2,680 100 848 26.6 - 19.3 - 45.4 - 21.1
Single modes 1,632 87.8 3,407 86 1,702 63.5 S 28.8 5 14.8 5.7 36 10.4 S
Truck6 1,353 72.8 2,238 56.5 572 21.3 S 32.3 6.6 16.6 12.5 45.9 16.5 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,073 S S S S S S 22.9
Private truck 640 34.4 1,598 40.3 93 3.5 70 19.4 13.8 23.2 14.9 27.3 16.3 34.8
Rail 253 13.6 1,168 29.5 1,129 42.1 716 41.8 7 41.1 12.6 43.3 14.1 31.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,301 S S S S S S 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,286 S S S S S S 13.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,782 S S S S S S 23.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,209 100 2,213 100 888 100 S 22.4 - 27.5 - 19.7 - S
Single modes 2,096 94.9 2,094 94.6 736 82.9 S 24.3 4.2 29.5 4.2 13.9 6.1 S
Truck6 1,976 89.5 1,905 86.1 573 64.6 S 26.7 6.8 32.9 6.6 15.5 7.3 S
For-hire truck 1,517 68.7 1,326 59.9 496 55.9 S 29.8 6 43.4 7.9 17.8 8 S
Private truck 459 20.8 578 26.1 77 8.7 60 27.6 3.9 28.8 7.2 44.8 4.4 31
Rail 120 5.5 189 8.5 162 18.3 1,171 46.6 2.8 34.7 2.8 26.6 3.2 13.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 795 S S S S S S 24.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 719 S S S S S S 21.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,371 S S S S S S 12.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 621 100 23,752 100 1,569 100 S 46.9 - 33.6 - 36.9 - S
Single modes 550 88.6 23,634 99.5 1,362 86.8 S 45 3.5 33.7 0.9 36.6 4.5 S
Truck6 550 88.6 23,634 99.5 1,362 86.8 S 45 3.5 33.7 0.9 36.6 4.5 S
For-hire truck S S 17,278 72.7 1,134 72.3 S S S 39.2 12.9 39 11.8 S
Private truck S S 6,355 26.8 S S S S S 47.9 16.5 S S S
Multiple modes 71 11.4 117 0.5 206 13.1 1,760 15.2 5.9 13.5 6 10.9 14.7 3.2
Truck and rail 71 11.4 117 0.5 206 13.1 1,760 15.2 5.9 13.5 6 10.9 14.7 3.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 3,903 100 286 100 S S S 30.9 - 47 - S
Single modes S S 3,890 99.7 284 99.1 S S S 31 0.6 46.7 0.3 S
Truck6 S S 3,728 95.5 160 56 S S S 33.8 9.2 28.6 16.5 S
For-hire truck S S S S 76 26.6 S S S S S 36 19.3 S
Private truck S S 2,070 53 S S 70 S S 30.6 13.2 S S 35.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S - - S S 303 S S 47.4 0.1 S S 39.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 303 S S 47.4 0.1 S S 39.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,347 100 3,733 100 1,640 100 580 22.4 - 35.9 - 45.7 - 11.7
Single modes 4,156 77.7 3,687 98.8 1,604 97.8 359 27.9 6.3 36.4 1.1 46.9 2.7 14.1
Truck6 3,966 74.2 3,450 92.4 1,387 84.6 352 26.2 6 34.2 1.5 44.4 2.9 13.8
For-hire truck 3,309 61.9 2,931 78.5 1,281 78.1 490 32.5 8.2 42.4 9.8 49.4 8.1 11.2
Private truck 657 12.3 S S S S S 33.8 4.2 S S S S S
Rail S S S S 217 13.3 927 S S S S 48.8 6.2 35.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 679 S S 41.5 - 42.5 0.1 41.6
Multiple modes 1,166 21.8 38 1 35 2.1 682 20.8 6.2 31 0.9 39.3 2.6 10.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,120 20.9 28 0.8 S S 682 22.8 6.6 44.3 0.8 S S 10.8
Truck and rail 36 0.7 8 0.2 10 0.6 1,361 45.9 1.2 39 0.6 30.3 2.1 18.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 24 0.4 9 0.2 - - S 47.9 0.3 44.9 0.2 41.1 0.2 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 2,412 100 S S 561 S S 44.2 - S S 7.5
Single modes S S 1,900 78.8 S S 500 S S 37.1 5 S S 16
Truck6 S S 1,896 78.6 S S 491 S S 37.2 4.9 S S 16
For-hire truck S S 1,465 60.7 S S 550 S S 44.7 5.1 S S 16.7
Private truck 1,180 7.1 432 17.9 31 2.1 99 28.1 6 19.1 5.3 22.9 2.2 21.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 122 0.7 3 0.1 4 0.3 1,671 47.3 1.3 44.7 0.1 28.7 0.5 43.2
Multiple modes 907 5.5 S S S S 736 22.7 4.6 S S S S 7.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 769 4.6 43 1.8 28 1.9 732 21.5 4.6 29.1 0.6 29.3 2.4 8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,181 S S S S S S 9.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,538 100 4,049 100 745 100 479 8 - 26.6 - 19.1 - 12.9
Single modes 2,862 80.9 3,989 98.5 707 94.9 285 9.8 5 26.9 2.9 19.8 2.9 16.5
Truck6 2,704 76.4 3,856 95.2 591 79.3 184 10.9 5.3 27 3 20.8 6.6 15
For-hire truck 1,974 55.8 944 23.3 471 63.2 519 11.2 4 17.8 10.2 19 5.4 9.7
Private truck 730 20.6 2,912 71.9 120 16.1 78 17.3 3.6 33.6 11.5 34.6 3.1 32.4
Rail 48 1.4 S S S S 1,135 36.4 1.6 S S S S 17.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 0.1 2 0.3 901 S S 48 0.1 46.1 0.4 11.7
Multiple modes 640 18.1 55 1.4 37 5 615 30.6 5 26.1 2.9 28.4 2.9 9.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 620 17.5 29 0.7 16 2.1 615 31.5 5.1 29.7 3 35.4 3 9.7
Truck and rail 20 0.6 26 0.7 21 2.9 673 32.2 0.4 33.4 0.4 40.6 1.1 31.6
Other and unknown modes 36 1 5 0.1 1 0.1 S 35.9 0.4 33.1 0.2 44.4 - S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,534 100 636 100 496 100 1,011 35.6 - 36.3 - 42.2 - 10.6
Single modes 6,848 59.4 568 89.3 413 83.4 536 44.8 10.3 38.8 6.7 48.6 10.4 15.8
Truck6 3,615 31.3 316 49.7 140 28.3 425 36.1 6.4 30.5 10 29.4 11.4 19.9
For-hire truck 2,994 26 259 40.7 122 24.5 612 43.8 5.9 35.6 7.8 34.1 8.1 15.7
Private truck 622 5.4 57 9 18 3.7 S 23.3 3.5 31.9 11.6 30.1 9 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,100 S S S S S S 16.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 969 S S 44.2 0.2 43.2 0.6 10.2
Multiple modes 4,672 40.5 68 10.6 82 16.6 1,035 29.5 10.3 28.3 6.6 28.1 10.3 9.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,462 38.7 48 7.5 42 8.5 1,035 32.1 10.7 39.1 7.2 48.7 9.6 9.6
Truck and rail S S S S 24 4.8 1,514 S S S S 49.7 4.5 12
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S S S S 40.8 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,367 100 3,624 100 664 100 675 25.3 - 15.7 - 15.5 - 11.5
Single modes 8,075 86.2 3,570 98.5 619 93.2 236 28.1 4.7 16.1 0.8 16.6 2.6 17.2
Truck6 8,050 85.9 3,384 93.4 419 63.1 188 28.2 4.8 17.1 3 7.8 8 11.5
For-hire truck 874 9.3 432 11.9 155 23.4 669 23.8 2.4 28.8 5.4 26.8 4.5 17.9
Private truck 7,176 76.6 2,952 81.5 264 39.7 121 29.7 6.9 21.6 7.7 15.3 10.8 12.1
Rail 19 0.2 187 5.1 200 30.1 1,049 16.8 0.5 11.8 7.1 10 12.1 3.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,253 13.4 50 1.4 43 6.5 871 20.3 4.8 30.9 0.8 30 2.7 6.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,248 13.3 50 1.4 42 6.4 871 20.2 4.8 30.9 0.8 29.6 2.6 6.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 333 S S S S S S 33.3

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 24
Truck6 S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 24
Private truck S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 24
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.