Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 52,664 100 48,287 100 10,460 100 689 26.2 - 17.8 - 10.8 - 13.5
Single modes 41,259 78.3 46,740 96.8 8,421 80.5 301 30.7 5.2 19 2.7 8.9 5.6 14.9
Truck6 37,121 70.5 44,408 92 6,194 59.2 275 30 4.7 19.4 3.8 11.3 4.7 15.4
For-hire truck 24,202 46 26,933 55.8 5,173 49.5 430 39.3 4.4 26.8 6.6 12.8 4.4 15.1
Private truck 12,919 24.5 17,475 36.2 1,022 9.8 87 18.3 5.8 18.6 5.8 15.9 1.6 9.2
Rail S S 2,324 4.8 2,219 21.2 1,021 S S 19 1.3 19.2 4.5 6.2
Air (incl truck and air) 563 1.1 8 - 8 0.1 909 23.9 0.5 25.7 - 18.2 - 5.1
Multiple modes 9,048 17.2 1,425 3 2,012 19.2 918 19.8 2.9 41 2.4 44.3 5.5 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,309 15.8 205 0.4 159 1.5 917 22.5 2.9 25 0.2 30.5 0.6 6.6
Truck and rail 709 1.3 1,216 2.5 1,834 17.5 1,527 36.5 0.6 48.3 2.4 49.3 5.8 9.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 75 S S S S S S 46.8

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 405 100 1,914 100 1,191 100 856 30.3 - 19.4 - 43.5 - 29.3
Single modes 405 100 1,914 100 1,191 100 856 30.3 - 19.4 - 43.5 - 29.3
Truck6 206 50.7 939 49 S S 871 39.1 15.2 23.8 15.3 S S 31.8
For-hire truck S S 239 12.5 S S 1,473 S S 48.8 8.3 S S 39.9
Private truck S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 18.3
Rail 200 49.3 975 51 937 78.7 664 42.3 17.6 39.9 17.3 42.5 19.4 33.8

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 601 100 1,517 100 S S S 26 - 25.4 - S S S
Single modes 459 76.3 980 64.6 S S S 35.4 13.1 26.6 15.5 S S S
Truck6 410 68.2 803 52.9 S S S 30.9 13.8 19.8 17.4 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 405 67.4 789 52 S S 66 27.5 13.3 13.6 19.7 S S 19.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,648 S S S S S S 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,792 S S S S S S 0.6

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 252 100 100 100 434 S S 30.9 - 41.7 - 18.4
Single modes S S 238 94.6 91 91.5 373 S S 32.3 3.2 44.2 10 20.4
Truck6 S S 223 88.6 73 73.3 353 S S 34.3 8.8 49.1 14.3 23.6
For-hire truck S S 125 49.6 57 57.3 477 S S 29.6 15.2 34.4 15.3 16.7
Private truck S S 98 38.9 S S 173 S S 32.6 18.1 S S 34.5
Rail S S S S S S 1,356 S S S S S S 21.2
Multiple modes S S 13 5.4 S S 887 S S 14.1 6.1 S S 22.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 1 1 13 5.3 S S 619 24.7 6.2 14.4 6.2 S S 27.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 1,094 S S S S S S 23.4
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 318 S S S S S S 43.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,289 S S S S S S 16.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,289 S S S S S S 16.4

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 642 100 560 100 438 100 S 27.9 - 19.1 - 22.2 - S
Single modes 623 97.2 536 95.7 413 94.3 S 28.1 2 20 3 23 2.8 S
Truck6 559 87.2 409 73.1 289 66 S 30.3 8.1 23 9.3 28.9 9.5 S
For-hire truck 526 81.9 380 67.8 275 62.9 791 30.1 8.6 23.4 9.6 30.6 10.3 12.9
Private truck 34 5.2 30 5.3 S S S 36.2 3.5 33.2 2.2 S S S
Rail 64 10 127 22.6 124 28.3 1,366 27.8 7 30.8 7.1 27.4 8.1 12.8
Multiple modes 18 2.8 24 4.3 25 5.7 1,278 23.4 2.5 22.2 3.8 19.9 3.5 14.4
Truck and rail 18 2.8 24 4.3 25 5.7 1,278 23.4 2.5 22.2 3.8 19.9 3.5 14.4

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,235 100 1,368 100 249 100 S 45 - 47.7 - 28.5 - S
Single modes 1,221 98.8 1,365 99.8 244 98 S 45.6 4.7 47.8 1.2 28.8 1.9 S
Truck6 1,221 98.8 1,365 99.8 244 98 S 45.6 4.7 47.8 1.2 28.8 1.9 S
For-hire truck S S S S 183 73.4 S S S S S 29.7 5.8 S
Private truck 268 21.7 463 33.8 S S S 32.8 7.5 37.2 8.4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 739 S S S S S S 19.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 723 S S S S S S 14.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 51 S S S S S S 45.5
Single modes 253 76 S S S S 45 39.4 8.3 S S S S 41.6
Truck6 196 59 130 45.8 S S 44 29.1 14.2 36.6 18.2 S S 40.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 157 47.2 S S S S 27 31.4 18.3 S S S S 32.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 1 100 S S S S S 15.3 - S
Single modes S S S S 1 100 S S S S S 15.3 - S
Truck6 S S S S 1 100 S S S S S 15.3 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 81 100 14,004 100 754 100 57 35 - 34.7 - 44.4 - 26.8
Single modes 81 100 14,004 100 754 100 57 35 - 34.7 - 44.4 - 26.8
Truck6 81 100 14,004 100 754 100 57 35 - 34.7 - 44.4 - 26.8
For-hire truck 74 91.9 12,699 90.7 614 81.5 51 32.2 13.3 31.6 13.3 46 15.3 22.9
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 86 100 8,902 100 185 100 S 25.8 - 29.4 - 31.5 - S
Single modes 86 100 8,900 100 184 99.6 S 25.8 - 29.4 - 31.3 0.2 S
Truck6 86 100 8,900 100 184 99.6 S 25.8 - 29.4 - 31.3 0.2 S
For-hire truck 34 39.7 3,976 44.7 102 55.4 S 32.5 16.8 36.1 16.3 48.1 14 S
Private truck 52 60.3 S S 82 44.2 S 42.2 13.4 S S 39.1 14.7 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 813 100 S S 580 S S 49.6 - S S 40.9
Single modes S S 696 85.6 S S 447 S S 47.8 5.6 S S 42
Truck6 S S 696 85.6 S S 447 S S 47.8 5.6 S S 42
For-hire truck 356 78.6 602 74.1 418 66.4 727 11.2 5.6 7 9.8 10.7 0.6 12.5
Private truck S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S 29.4
Multiple modes 71 15.7 117 14.4 206 32.7 1,760 15.2 3.4 13.5 2.9 10.9 0.4 3.2
Truck and rail 71 15.7 117 14.4 206 32.7 1,760 15.2 3.4 13.5 2.9 10.9 0.4 3.2

SCTG2 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17 100 441 100 18 100 42 8.9 - 10.4 - 10.5 - -
Single modes 17 100 441 100 18 100 42 8.9 - 10.4 - 10.5 - -
Truck6 17 100 441 100 18 100 42 8.9 - 10.4 - 10.5 - -
Private truck 17 100 441 100 18 100 42 8.9 - 10.4 - 10.5 - -

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 7.6
Single modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 7.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 7.6
Private truck S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 7.6

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 353 100 469 100 S S 19 16.2 - 25.2 - S S 17.1
Single modes 353 100 469 100 S S 19 16.2 - 25.2 - S S 17.1
Truck6 353 100 469 100 S S 19 16.2 - 25.2 - S S 17.1
Private truck 353 100 469 100 S S 19 16.2 - 25.2 - S S 17.1

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 2,941 100 S S S S S 43.8 - S S S
Single modes S S 2,928 99.6 S S S S S 44 0.7 S S S
Truck6 S S 2,766 94.1 130 50.9 S S S 47.8 9.1 35.7 17.8 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 77 S S S S S S 36.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S - - S S 303 S S 47.4 0.5 S S 39.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 303 S S 47.4 0.5 S S 39.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 385 S S S S S S 20.2
Single modes S S S S S S 425 S S S S S S 23.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 424 S S S S S S 23.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 561 S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck 101 30.1 S S S S S 47.5 14.3 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 45.4 1.3 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 0.2 S S S S 28 0.8 7.8 S S S S 44

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,413 100 S S 11 100 625 29.8 - S S 49.9 - 20.6
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck 254 17.9 S S S S S 35.1 18.7 S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 960 67.9 S S 4 34.8 656 16.2 9 S S 30.8 16.2 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 960 67.9 S S 4 34.8 656 16.2 9 S S 30.8 16.2 11.8
Other and unknown modes - - - 0.1 S S S 28.5 1.1 18 1 S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 2 100 S S 524 24 - 13.5 - S S 48.9
Single modes 1 88.5 2 96 S S 16 29.1 10.8 13.7 3.7 S S 12.5
Truck6 1 88.5 2 96 S S 16 29.1 10.8 13.7 3.7 S S 12.5
Private truck 1 88.5 2 96 S S 16 29.1 10.8 13.7 3.7 S S 12.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,250 100 1,890 100 S S 372 45.1 - 39.2 - S S 27.6
Single modes 2,209 98.2 1,882 99.6 S S 286 46.1 9.4 39.4 9.2 S S 26.3
Truck6 2,027 90.1 1,647 87.1 S S 278 44.2 8.6 37.7 8.6 S S 27.1
For-hire truck 1,948 86.6 1,629 86.2 S S 387 45.4 12.7 38.2 13.7 S S 30.8
Private truck 78 3.5 18 1 S S S 30.2 10.9 28.5 12.4 S S S
Rail S S S S 215 30.2 912 S S S S 48.9 17.4 36.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 594 S S S S S S 26.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 594 S S S S S S 26.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 84 S S S S S S 37.8

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,346 100 534 100 291 100 624 24.8 - 31 - 35.3 - 14.8
Single modes 1,190 88.5 508 95.2 263 90.3 415 25.2 3.8 30.8 2.5 34.6 2.4 18.2
Truck6 1,187 88.2 507 94.9 260 89.5 410 25.3 4 30.8 2.5 34.7 2.3 18
For-hire truck 905 67.3 347 64.9 198 68.1 533 26.6 7.9 33.8 8.3 35.2 8 12.5
Private truck 282 20.9 S S S S 130 49.9 5.9 S S S S 47.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 840 S S S S S S 24.2
Multiple modes 146 10.9 24 4.6 S S 771 33.4 3.2 49 1.3 S S 12.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 119 8.9 S S S S 771 43.9 3.4 S S S S 13.1
Truck and rail 17 1.3 7 1.3 9 3.1 1,326 33.4 0.9 39.5 1.2 33.6 4.8 23
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 386 100 369 100 21 100 94 14.1 - 19.4 - 23.5 - 16
Single modes 373 96.5 365 98.9 21 99.4 77 15.5 4.2 20.1 4.5 23.8 1.2 18
Truck6 373 96.5 365 98.9 21 99.4 77 15.5 4.2 20.1 4.5 23.8 1.2 18
For-hire truck 97 25.2 153 41.4 11 51.8 148 34.7 10.3 36.7 11.8 35.2 14.2 18.6
Private truck 275 71.4 212 57.5 10 47.5 68 23.4 10.5 21.1 12.5 29 13.9 18.1
Multiple modes 1 0.3 - - - 0.2 S 31 0.1 30.7 0.1 31.5 0.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.3 - - - 0.2 S 31 0.1 30.7 0.1 31.5 0.8 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 384 100 180 100 31 100 81 25 - 29.6 - 44.5 - 37.8
Single modes 380 98.9 180 99.9 31 100 84 24.8 0.6 29.5 0.1 44.6 0.1 36
Truck6 380 98.9 180 99.9 31 100 84 24.8 0.6 29.5 0.1 44.6 0.1 36
For-hire truck 171 44.6 68 38 S S 280 35.7 11.8 42.7 12.6 S S 23.4
Private truck 209 54.3 111 61.9 7 22.5 42 29.9 11.6 33 12 31.5 12.5 16.3
Multiple modes S S S S - - S S S S S 28.5 0.4 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 28.5 0.4 S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 408 100 246 100 77 100 305 27.6 - 17.2 - 28.6 - 24.4
Single modes 386 94.6 242 98.6 76 98.2 278 26.7 2.1 16.9 0.5 28.5 1 26.9
Truck6 385 94.2 242 98.4 75 96.9 240 26.9 2.3 16.9 0.5 28.3 1.2 24.7
For-hire truck 273 66.9 169 68.6 65 83.6 479 25.4 6.1 12.3 8.5 26.3 4.9 16.8
Private truck S S 73 29.8 S S 83 S S 46.1 8.1 S S 12.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.2 1 1.3 S S S 44 1.1 27.8 4.1 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 368 S S S S S S 49.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 368 S S S S S S 49.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 44.9

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 270 100 111 100 701 S S 38 - 30.7 - 9.7
Single modes 627 22.2 164 60.8 71 63.8 S 35 14.5 33.7 12.1 35.4 12.8 S
Truck6 620 22 163 60.4 70 62.8 S 34.9 14.5 33.7 12.1 35.7 12.7 S
For-hire truck 465 16.5 144 53.2 68 61 381 42.7 14.4 36.7 14.1 35.4 14.2 49.5
Private truck S S 19 7.2 S S S S S 49.6 10.9 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 1 0.6 2,026 S S S S 49.9 1.4 31.7
Multiple modes 299 10.6 25 9.1 21 19.3 809 25.7 13.2 35.1 11.3 35.4 12.8 6.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 290 10.3 19 6.9 13 12 809 26.1 13.3 39.9 11.6 35.2 14 6.4
Truck and rail 10 0.3 6 2.2 S S 1,358 22.5 3.7 48.7 8.7 S S 14.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 121 100 579 S S S S 40.9 - 17.9
Single modes S S S S 107 88.1 556 S S S S 42.2 5.3 32.1
Truck6 S S S S 104 86 549 S S S S 42.7 6.5 25
For-hire truck S S S S 102 84.3 555 S S S S 44 7.6 27.1
Private truck S S S S S S 300 S S S S S S 40
Air (incl truck and air) 115 0.9 S S S S S 43.8 3.4 S S S S S
Multiple modes 453 3.7 21 7.4 13 10.6 717 41.1 14.1 39.9 10.8 48.1 10.3 12.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 453 3.7 21 7.4 13 10.6 717 41.1 14.1 39.9 10.8 48.1 10.3 12.2
Other and unknown modes S S 6 2 S S S S S 35.5 4.9 S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 906 100 3,543 100 511 100 245 23.4 - 29.7 - 28.4 - 38
Single modes 880 97.1 3,516 99.2 489 95.7 202 23.9 1 29.9 0.4 28.5 1.3 48.9
Truck6 838 92.5 3,391 95.7 379 74.1 S 25.1 2.9 29.9 1.6 30.8 8.5 S
For-hire truck 459 50.6 594 16.8 288 56.2 534 27.8 7.8 27.6 12.8 30.7 7.6 29.6
Private truck 380 41.9 2,797 78.9 91 17.9 S 31 7.4 34.7 12.7 42.8 5.5 S
Rail 42 4.6 S S S S 1,148 44.3 4.4 S S S S 17
Multiple modes 25 2.8 27 0.8 22 4.3 768 42 1 41.5 0.3 46.1 1.3 18.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 774 S S S S S S 24.1
Truck and rail 20 2.2 26 0.7 21 4.2 673 32.2 1.4 33.4 0.5 40.6 1.7 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 204 100 142 100 47 100 613 23.4 - 25.1 - 33.7 - 20.8
Single modes 158 77.3 138 97 45 94.3 S 31.6 10.2 26.5 8.5 36.7 9.8 S
Truck6 158 77.3 138 97 45 94.3 S 31.6 10.2 26.5 8.5 36.7 9.8 S
For-hire truck 93 45.4 85 60.2 33 69 S 31.1 9.9 22.3 9.1 39.4 11 S
Private truck 65 32 52 36.8 S S S 41.2 8.5 37.3 8.1 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 824 S S S S S S 5.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 824 S S S S S S 5.5
Other and unknown modes 2 0.7 1 0.8 S S S 15.3 7 3.4 4.8 S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 954 100 244 100 103 100 412 25.4 - 23.7 - 25.4 - 19.9
Single modes 791 82.9 238 97.5 99 97 206 25.9 4.8 24.6 2.4 26.8 3.4 23.4
Truck6 779 81.7 231 94.6 96 93.3 191 25.5 4.8 23.4 2.4 25.1 3.4 26.1
For-hire truck 593 62.2 187 76.9 87 85.2 423 30.1 6.5 25 6.6 25.6 6.6 22.5
Private truck 186 19.5 43 17.7 S S 105 28.2 6.3 24 4.7 S S 34.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,183 S S S S S S 25.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 578 S S S S S S 15.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 578 S S S S S S 15.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13 S S S S S S 15.8

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,474 100 120 100 84 100 549 12 - 16.3 - 16.5 - 15.1
Single modes 1,033 70.1 99 82 74 87.5 419 18.1 7.8 21.6 6.2 19.5 4.3 23.4
Truck6 929 63 97 80.4 72 85.6 S 21.8 9.9 22.5 7 20.4 5.3 S
For-hire truck 829 56.2 77 63.9 64 75.6 758 24.3 9.5 23.8 7.4 21.3 7.4 19
Private truck 100 6.8 20 16.5 S S S 33.3 7 41.4 8.5 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 1.6 2 1.9 893 S S 44.7 3 43.3 2.6 8.8
Multiple modes 421 28.6 19 16 10 11.5 602 32.1 7.9 34 6.3 31 4.3 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 421 28.6 19 16 10 11.5 602 32.1 7.9 34 6.3 31 4.3 15.2
Other and unknown modes 19 1.3 S S S S S 36.7 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,460 100 56 100 S S 1,074 36.2 - 43 - S S 12.4
Single modes S S S S 9 20.5 426 S S S S 39.1 11.9 31.2
Truck6 S S S S 9 19.8 306 S S S S 43.2 8.6 40
For-hire truck S S S S 8 18.6 470 S S S S 34.2 11.1 48.5
Private truck 153 3.4 2 2.8 1 1.2 S 33.5 3.8 37 3.2 44.9 0.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 960 S S S S S S 12.9
Multiple modes 3,360 75.3 36 63.6 S S 1,086 33.3 10.4 48.2 9.8 S S 10.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,360 75.3 36 63.6 S S 1,086 33.3 10.4 48.2 9.8 S S 10.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,634 100 540 100 426 100 630 47.2 - 40.3 - 48.5 - 16.8
Single modes 5,178 91.9 512 94.7 S S 535 49.3 7.6 40.7 2.5 S S 18.1
Truck6 2,251 39.9 276 51 118 27.7 506 34 12.6 32.2 12.7 32.6 15.7 18
For-hire truck 1,884 33.4 221 41 100 23.5 677 42.1 8.8 36.5 11.1 37 11.7 16.9
Private truck 367 6.5 S S S S S 24.5 19.6 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,113 S S S S S S 7.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 654 S S S S S S 20.5
Multiple modes 457 8.1 28 5.3 43 10.1 658 32.4 8.4 44.3 2.7 46 9.4 26.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 250 4.4 10 1.9 6 1.5 656 30.7 9.2 41.3 3.2 31.4 7 25.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,510 S S S S S S 18.8
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation e

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 880 S S S S S S 11.4
Single modes 336 52.5 S S S S 1,028 48.8 19.5 S S S S 14.1
Truck6 S S 14 45.4 11 49.4 541 S S 49.2 18.6 47.4 16.2 24.1
For-hire truck S S 14 45.4 11 49.4 555 S S 49.2 18.4 47.4 16.2 22.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 1.3 S S 1,128 S S 40.2 17.9 S S 6.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

quipment, nec


SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 686 S S S S S S 19.1
Single modes S S S S S S 312 S S S S S S 45
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 658 S S S S S S 17.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 842 S S S S S S 3.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 726 S S S S S S 15.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 726 S S S S S S 15.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,170 S S S S S S 46

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 447 100 46 100 10 100 256 44.2 - 16.8 - 18.4 - 10.1
Single modes 445 99.4 46 99.7 9 99.4 216 44.4 0.5 16.8 0.2 20.9 0.4 10.6
Truck6 443 99 46 99.6 9 99.1 194 44.7 1.2 16.8 0.2 21.1 1.2 6.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 187 S S S S S S 9.2
Private truck 225 50.3 35 77.1 6 66.9 199 22.7 15.7 18.3 7.2 22.8 12.8 13.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S - 0.6 S S S S S 32.5 1 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.6 S S S S S 32.5 1 S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,199 100 S S 58 100 769 20.4 - S S 23.1 - 9.6
Single modes 477 39.8 S S 43 74.4 442 24.4 8.2 S S 29.9 9.6 19.2
Truck6 476 39.7 S S 43 74.4 440 24.4 8.2 S S 29.9 9.6 18.5
For-hire truck 247 20.6 35 4.7 22 38 797 32.1 5.5 40.5 12.1 47.7 11.1 20.3
Private truck 229 19.1 S S 21 36.4 S 37.3 7.3 S S 47.3 10.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S S S S 39.4 - S S S
Multiple modes 684 57.1 16 2.1 14 23.4 853 23.7 8.1 33.3 5.7 38.9 9.3 9.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 684 57.1 16 2.1 14 23.4 853 23.7 8.1 33.3 5.7 38.9 9.3 9.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 358 S S S S S S 37.3

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 36 100 281 100 280 100 903 32.3 - 29.4 - 31 - 10.1
Single modes 36 100 281 100 280 100 903 32.3 - 29.4 - 31 - 10.1
Truck6 17 47.8 94 33.5 80 28.5 816 36.8 14.9 28.8 17.7 37 19.1 12
For-hire truck 16 45.6 84 29.9 75 26.6 858 25.9 9.6 20.6 6.2 30.5 7.8 14.8
Private truck S S S S S S 502 S S S S S S 40.9
Rail 19 52.2 187 66.5 200 71.5 1,049 16.8 10 11.8 6.6 10 8 3.1

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,685 100 2,550 100 317 100 647 26.9 - 19.3 - 15.2 - 20.8
Single modes 7,117 92.6 2,515 98.6 287 90.5 195 29.1 5.5 19.6 0.8 14.7 3.1 21.7
Truck6 7,114 92.6 2,515 98.6 287 90.5 133 29.2 5.6 19.6 0.8 14.7 3.1 11.5
For-hire truck 393 5.1 302 11.8 56 17.5 414 32.8 2.6 38.5 7 28.5 4.5 23.7
Private truck 6,721 87.5 2,213 86.8 231 72.9 125 30.8 8.1 23.8 7.7 18.8 7 10.8
Air (incl truck and air) 3 - S S S S 722 45.3 0.3 S S S S 46.4
Multiple modes 566 7.4 34 1.3 29 9.2 880 45.4 6.1 44.9 0.9 43.8 3.3 15.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 561 7.3 34 1.3 29 9.1 880 45.3 6.1 45 0.9 43.6 3.3 15.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 24
Truck6 S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 24
Private truck S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 24
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.