Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 49,490 100 47,366 100 14,952 100 20.7 - 9.8 - 25.4 -
Less than 50 miles 12,039 24.3 23,209 49 461 3.1 16.3 2.7 11.5 6.8 14.8 1.8
50 - 99 miles 1,482 3 1,048 2.2 95 0.6 16.3 0.8 20.3 0.5 22.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 8,183 16.5 6,899 14.6 1,781 11.9 16.8 1.5 15.8 2.1 14.8 2.6
250 - 499 miles 7,958 16.1 7,520 15.9 3,969 26.5 11.5 2.3 34.2 3.3 38.8 4.4
500 - 749 miles 8,706 17.6 3,785 8 2,658 17.8 34.4 2.6 44.7 2.5 43.2 2.6
750 - 999 miles 5,015 10.1 3,507 7.4 3,678 24.6 38.3 1.4 41.4 2.5 41.6 5.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,816 11.8 1,345 2.8 2,209 14.8 41.3 1.5 32.4 1 28.8 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 227 0.5 51 0.1 100 0.7 39.7 0.2 30.1 - 30 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 - 3 - S S 46.9 - 32.6 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,418 100 44,260 100 12,865 100 9.5 - 11.2 - 30.1 -
Less than 50 miles 8,714 30.7 22,546 50.9 451 3.5 11.1 3.3 12.3 6.8 15.3 2.1
50 - 99 miles 1,088 3.8 1,013 2.3 92 0.7 17.7 0.6 21.3 0.7 23.5 0.4
100 - 249 miles 4,293 15.1 6,176 14 1,623 12.6 5.3 1.7 13.4 2.1 14.1 3.2
250 - 499 miles 6,142 21.6 7,230 16.3 3,835 29.8 13.5 2.1 35.9 3.4 40.4 4.4
500 - 749 miles 4,292 15.1 S S S S 33.4 2.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2,223 7.8 3,034 6.9 3,178 24.7 19.1 1.1 44.8 2.3 44.9 5.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,560 5.5 884 2 1,324 10.3 11.9 0.7 41.5 0.6 38.9 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 102 0.4 35 0.1 67 0.5 41.1 0.1 31.3 - 31.3 0.1
More than 2,000 miles 3 - S S 1 - 42.1 - S S 49.6 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 26,185 100 34,860 100 6,841 100 11.1 - 9.5 - 21 -
Less than 50 miles 8,556 32.7 22,511 64.6 450 6.6 11.1 3.5 12.3 5.1 15.2 2.3
50 - 99 miles 1,088 4.2 1,013 2.9 92 1.3 17.7 0.7 21.3 0.7 23.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 3,874 14.8 4,254 12.2 992 14.5 8 1.8 19.8 3.2 21.9 4.1
250 - 499 miles 5,374 20.5 3,649 10.5 1,802 26.3 17.3 2.3 31.6 2.4 34.7 2.9
500 - 749 miles 3,931 15 1,455 4.2 1,001 14.6 37.3 3 30.2 0.9 29.4 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,788 6.8 1,102 3.2 1,196 17.5 19.9 0.8 44.6 1.3 49.2 5.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,486 5.7 848 2.4 1,254 18.3 13 0.8 43.6 0.8 41.2 2.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 87 0.3 28 0.1 54 0.8 43.8 0.1 38 - 37.7 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,778 100 21,137 100 5,505 100 13.9 - 16.8 - 27.8 -
Less than 50 miles 3,138 18.7 11,849 56.1 226 4.1 25.5 4.5 18.6 6 21.3 2.1
50 - 99 miles 514 3.1 452 2.1 41 0.8 20 0.8 29.7 0.5 32.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 1,905 11.4 2,794 13.2 691 12.6 11.5 1.5 25.5 4.5 28.5 5.3
250 - 499 miles 4,670 27.8 3,063 14.5 1,557 28.3 18.5 2.8 39.3 3 41.7 3.1
500 - 749 miles 3,638 21.7 1,315 6.2 903 16.4 41 4.1 34.8 1 33.9 1.8
750 - 999 miles 1,609 9.6 S S S S 20.6 1.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,225 7.3 S S S S 12.2 1.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 78 0.5 28 0.1 53 1 49.3 0.2 39 0.1 38.7 0.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,406 100 13,723 100 1,336 100 12.8 - 13.8 - 17.9 -
Less than 50 miles 5,418 57.6 10,661 77.7 224 16.8 14.4 2.8 16.6 3.9 17.9 4.8
50 - 99 miles 574 6.1 561 4.1 51 3.8 26.6 0.7 20.4 1 21.5 1.4
100 - 249 miles 1,968 20.9 1,459 10.6 300 22.5 11.1 2.6 19.4 1.8 20.3 4.2
250 - 499 miles 704 7.5 586 4.3 245 18.4 17.4 1 26 1 24.3 3
500 - 749 miles 293 3.1 140 1 98 7.4 38.3 0.7 34 0.4 33.5 2.5
750 - 999 miles 179 1.9 S S S S 31.3 0.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 260 2.8 171 1.2 271 20.3 29.1 0.6 36.8 0.6 39.2 4.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9 0.1 - - 1 0.1 18 0.3 32 - 34.1 0.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,927 100 9,371 100 S S 39.5 - 46.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 36 0.4 S S S S 37.5 0.9 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 418 21.7 1,923 20.5 631 10.5 35.9 7.1 36.8 8 33.7 5.3
250 - 499 miles 600 31.2 3,555 37.9 S S 40.4 11 45.9 10.9 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 306 100 S S S S 35.7 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 168 54.8 S S S S 48.4 12.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 62 20.2 S S S S 35.8 11.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - 0.2 S S S S 44.2 7.4 S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,935 100 858 100 898 100 12.3 - 23.6 - 28.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,554 15.6 58 6.8 1 0.1 27 3.4 49.7 3.3 37.3 0.1
50 - 99 miles 239 2.4 S S S S 33.8 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,282 23 73 8.6 19 2.1 26.7 4.7 42.6 4 47.4 2.1
250 - 499 miles 1,668 16.8 191 22.3 88 9.8 13.9 1.8 34.3 6.9 35.4 4
500 - 749 miles 1,499 15.1 112 13 90 10 35.7 3.3 38.9 5.3 38.9 4.7
750 - 999 miles 687 6.9 S S S S 16.3 0.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,820 18.3 158 18.4 414 46.1 13.5 4.9 21 3.6 44.9 7.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 125 1.3 S S S S 48.3 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 2 0.2 S S S S 38.8 0.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,576 100 293 100 220 100 13 - 21.5 - 26.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,546 16.1 27 9.3 1 0.4 27.3 3.6 27.8 3.1 32.7 0.2
50 - 99 miles 239 2.5 S S S S 33.8 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,263 23.6 42 14.3 10 4.4 27.3 5 40.9 2.7 40.3 1.6
250 - 499 miles 1,610 16.8 53 18.1 25 11.4 15.2 1.9 18.3 2.5 17.6 2.4
500 - 749 miles 1,419 14.8 67 22.8 50 22.8 37.6 3.4 37.2 3 37.3 1.9
750 - 999 miles 587 6.1 24 8 25 11.2 18.9 1 19.5 0.9 19.8 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,741 18.2 57 19.6 81 36.8 13.3 5.1 21.9 2.4 21.6 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 2 0.9 S S S S 38.8 0.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 345 100 525 100 454 100 25.1 - 38.3 - 40.4 -
Less than 50 miles 8 2.2 S S S S 44.2 3.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 58 16.9 138 26.3 63 13.9 24.2 16.3 37.4 19.6 39.9 15.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 100 29.1 S S S S 38.8 14.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 71 20.6 64 12.3 114 25.2 37.4 9.5 34.5 7.8 35.1 13.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14 100 S S S S 31.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S 9 0.7 S S S S 45 3.5
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 148 1.3 S S S S 43.8 7.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.