Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 49,490 100 47,366 100 14,952 100 557 20.7 - 9.8 - 25.4 - 6.8
Less than 50 lbs 7,402 15.0 137 0.3 86 0.6 636 13.3 2.9 22.0 0.1 33.1 0.3 8.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,885 3.8 106 0.2 66 0.4 595 17.7 1.1 18.8 0.1 35.0 0.3 14.3
100 - 499 lbs 4,023 8.1 460 1.0 159 1.1 373 17.4 1.2 11.8 0.2 14.2 0.5 9.2
500 - 749 lbs 956 1.9 191 0.4 44 0.3 227 16.7 0.3 14.3 0.1 16.6 0.1 17.9
750 - 999 lbs 763 1.5 172 0.4 32 0.2 186 22.8 0.4 18.4 0.1 25.0 0.1 14.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3,792 8.0 S S 370 S S 34.4 4.0 S S 15.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,880 26.0 15,437 32.6 4,223 28.2 256 10.5 3.3 9.8 2.7 15.4 6.0 11.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,821 3.7 18,237 38.5 3,231 21.6 157 22.6 1.3 12.7 4.2 44.5 3.7 35.9
More than 100,000 lbs 2,557 5.2 8,833 18.6 5,554 37.1 629 26.1 1.7 32.0 3.8 38.0 5.5 9.9

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,418 100 44,260 100 12,865 100 195 9.5 - 11.2 - 30.1 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs 756 2.7 29 0.1 4 - 170 15.5 0.5 14.1 - 15.2 - 16.3
50 - 99 lbs 285 1.0 29 0.1 3 - 110 13.4 0.2 11.8 - 24.1 - 19.4
100 - 499 lbs 2,402 8.5 333 0.8 81 0.6 230 14.9 0.7 12.3 0.2 16.3 0.3 11.5
500 - 749 lbs 849 3.0 176 0.4 34 0.3 193 18.7 0.3 14.9 0.1 16.1 0.1 17.5
750 - 999 lbs 725 2.6 165 0.4 29 0.2 176 22.2 0.5 18.2 0.1 22.7 0.1 16.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,310 25.7 2,635 6.0 570 4.4 219 13.1 2.6 14.0 1.9 14.9 1.9 9.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,904 41.9 14,672 33.2 3,780 29.4 248 11.7 3.2 10.7 3.0 17.9 6.2 12.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,766 6.2 17,830 40.3 3,114 24.2 153 23.0 1.4 12.2 4.0 46.3 3.8 37.1
More than 100,000 lbs 2,421 8.5 8,391 19.0 5,250 40.8 633 27.6 2.1 33.5 3.9 39.9 5.1 10.0

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 26,185 100 34,860 100 6,841 100 171 11.1 - 9.5 - 21.0 - 8.9
Less than 50 lbs 650 2.5 28 0.1 3 - 123 15.5 0.6 14.3 - 13.6 - 14.2
50 - 99 lbs 253 1.0 28 0.1 3 - 101 12.6 0.2 11.6 - 23.2 - 20.5
100 - 499 lbs 2,331 8.9 331 1.0 79 1.2 228 15.6 0.7 12.4 0.2 16.6 0.3 11.7
500 - 749 lbs 834 3.2 176 0.5 34 0.5 193 19.4 0.3 14.9 0.1 16.3 0.1 17.7
750 - 999 lbs 672 2.6 165 0.5 29 0.4 175 22.4 0.5 18.2 0.1 22.6 0.1 16.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,131 27.2 2,621 7.5 566 8.3 218 13.0 2.7 14.0 2.0 14.7 2.1 9.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,897 45.4 14,654 42.0 3,758 54.9 247 11.7 2.9 10.8 5.5 18.2 6.0 13.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,429 5.5 15,380 44.1 1,551 22.7 102 24.7 1.2 17.0 6.0 39.6 4.5 31.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,477 4.2 S S 440 S S 41.2 1.6 S S 23.9

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,778 100 21,137 100 5,505 100 391 13.9 - 16.8 - 27.8 - 11.5
Less than 50 lbs 118 0.7 4 - 2 - 386 17.1 0.2 22.9 - 18.3 - 20.3
50 - 99 lbs 55 0.3 4 - 2 - 427 35.3 0.1 25.1 - 36.2 - 16.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,273 7.6 123 0.6 54 1.0 447 17.3 0.5 20.1 0.5 22.5 0.5 15.8
500 - 749 lbs 438 2.6 63 0.3 24 0.4 383 24.4 0.4 21.2 0.1 20.8 0.2 14.6
750 - 999 lbs 349 2.1 45 0.2 19 0.3 418 27.1 0.7 22.0 0.1 29.4 0.1 14.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,869 23.1 812 3.8 388 7.0 489 15.2 4.0 12.2 2.2 15.6 2.9 9.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,649 51.5 8,100 38.3 2,866 52.1 369 15.9 3.9 16.5 7.0 24.2 7.0 12.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,076 6.4 10,764 50.9 1,346 24.4 S 29.1 1.6 23.9 8.1 47.3 5.5 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 591 S S S S S S 19.3

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,406 100 13,723 100 1,336 100 87 12.8 - 13.8 - 17.9 - 8.4
Less than 50 lbs 532 5.7 24 0.2 1 0.1 77 16.8 1.5 15.7 0.1 18.6 0.1 19.2
50 - 99 lbs 198 2.1 24 0.2 1 0.1 56 13.4 0.5 12.6 0.1 17.9 - 21.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,058 11.2 209 1.5 25 1.9 109 25.4 1.4 16.1 0.3 28.6 0.6 20.0
500 - 749 lbs 396 4.2 113 0.8 10 0.7 88 21.3 0.4 19.4 0.1 25.7 0.2 33.8
750 - 999 lbs 323 3.4 120 0.9 10 0.7 84 21.2 0.4 24.2 0.1 27.0 0.2 11.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,262 34.7 1,809 13.2 178 13.3 103 13.7 1.9 18.2 2.0 18.0 2.9 14.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,249 34.5 6,554 47.8 893 66.8 118 12.1 2.0 13.5 4.6 22.8 4.4 21.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 353 3.8 4,616 33.6 205 15.4 S 23.7 0.8 20.7 4.8 16.2 2.4 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 43 S S S S S S 45.7

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,927 100 9,371 100 S S 625 39.5 - 46.6 - S S 11.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7 0.4 S S S S 1,130 44.9 0.7 S S S S 35.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 641 S S S S S S 42.6
More than 100,000 lbs 1,426 74.0 6,889 73.5 4,413 73.6 665 33.7 7.1 36.5 7.4 42.0 7.1 12.2

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 306 100 S S S S 919 35.7 - S S S S 29.0
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 1.8 1 2.5 S S S 44.4 8.8 39.1 9.6 S
50 - 99 lbs 31 10.2 - 1.2 - 1.1 777 49.4 7.0 34.7 10.1 40.3 8.4 15.5
100 - 499 lbs 69 22.5 1 3.5 1 3.2 777 36.0 13.6 25.9 16.2 22.1 16.1 20.1
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,374 S S S S S S 18.5
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.6 - 0.5 702 S S 24.9 8.7 16.5 5.4 12.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,459 S S S S S S 14.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,935 100 858 100 898 100 786 12.3 - 23.6 - 28.9 - 5.9
Less than 50 lbs 6,420 64.6 100 11.7 79 8.8 790 15.2 4.6 29.5 4.6 36.4 4.5 5.6
50 - 99 lbs 1,565 15.8 73 8.5 61 6.8 814 20.6 2.2 26.8 3.7 37.7 3.9 9.2
100 - 499 lbs 1,510 15.2 108 12.6 72 8.0 677 27.6 5.3 22.4 5.9 17.3 6.3 10.0
500 - 749 lbs 89 0.9 11 1.2 8 0.9 710 26.8 0.3 35.8 0.7 49.1 0.8 24.2
750 - 999 lbs 27 0.3 3 0.3 S S 692 28.4 0.2 32.2 0.5 S S 24.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,273 S S S S S S 5.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 133 1.3 139 16.2 376 41.9 2,603 24.6 0.6 21.4 4.1 47.7 9.5 20.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 136 1.4 420 49.0 S S 523 35.4 1.2 45.8 11.0 S S 21.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,576 100 293 100 220 100 786 13.0 - 21.5 - 26.5 - 5.9
Less than 50 lbs 6,418 67.0 100 34.2 79 35.7 790 15.2 4.8 29.5 3.0 36.5 3.4 5.6
50 - 99 lbs 1,561 16.3 73 24.9 61 27.7 814 20.6 2.2 26.8 3.0 37.7 3.5 9.2
100 - 499 lbs 1,492 15.6 107 36.5 71 32.3 678 28.2 5.8 22.6 4.9 17.1 5.2 10.1
500 - 749 lbs 87 0.9 10 3.6 S S 708 27.8 0.4 33.9 2.8 S S 24.4
750 - 999 lbs 18 0.2 2 0.8 S S 681 37.2 0.1 45.9 0.5 S S 40.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 345 100 525 100 454 100 892 25.1 - 38.3 - 40.4 - 14.3
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,273 S S S S S S 5.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 119 34.4 99 18.8 152 33.5 1,549 28.1 11.0 24.1 13.2 26.9 13.9 8.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 136 39.3 420 80.0 S S 523 35.4 10.7 45.8 9.3 S S 21.8

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14 100 S S S S 5,654 31.5 - S S S S 22.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14 100.0 S S S S 5,654 31.5 - S S S S 22.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 468 S S S S S S 16.8
Less than 50 lbs 227 2.0 8 0.4 3 0.3 393 31.5 10.1 29.3 1.7 31.8 2.5 23.5
50 - 99 lbs 35 0.3 4 0.2 1 0.1 267 34.2 1.8 26.6 1.0 43.0 0.8 40.7
100 - 499 lbs 111 1.0 19 0.8 6 0.5 353 33.7 4.9 24.9 3.7 41.3 6.2 24.0
500 - 749 lbs S S 5 0.2 S S S S S 46.5 1.2 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 252 S S S S S S 47.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 832 S S S S S S 22.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 625 27.8 66 5.6 S S S 38.4 11.1 47.1 14.9 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 296 S S S S S S 32.3
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.