Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 49,490 100 47,366 100 14,952 100 557 20.7 - 9.8 - 25.4 - 6.8
Single modes 28,418 57.4 44,260 93.4 12,865 86 195 9.5 6.8 11.2 3.6 30.1 5.2 8.6
Truck6 26,185 52.9 34,860 73.6 6,841 45.8 171 11.1 6.2 9.5 6.6 21 7 8.9
For-hire truck 16,778 33.9 21,137 44.6 5,505 36.8 391 13.9 4.6 16.8 4.8 27.8 6 11.5
Private truck 9,406 19 13,723 29 1,336 8.9 87 12.8 3.1 13.8 5.4 17.9 3 8.4
Rail 1,927 3.9 9,371 19.8 S S 625 39.5 2.5 46.6 6.4 S S 11.7
Air (incl truck and air) 306 0.6 S S S S 919 35.7 0.2 S S S S 29
Multiple modes 9,935 20.1 858 1.8 898 6 786 12.3 3.7 23.6 0.4 28.9 2.7 5.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9,576 19.3 293 0.6 220 1.5 786 13 3.7 21.5 0.2 26.5 0.9 5.9
Truck and rail 345 0.7 525 1.1 454 3 892 25.1 0.3 38.3 0.5 40.4 1.5 14.3
Truck and water 14 - S S S S 5,654 31.5 0.2 S S S S 22.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 468 S S S S S S 16.8

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,019 100 5,881 100 2,230 100 130 37 - 40.6 - 48.4 - 42.8
Single modes 1,901 94.2 5,220 88.8 S S 129 39.5 7.9 44.7 9 S S 43.2
Truck6 S S 2,119 36 S S 103 S S 49.6 16.1 S S 37.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 534 S S S S S S 28.7
Private truck 431 21.4 S S 114 5.1 S 35 15.4 S S 32.8 15.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 472 S S S S S S 5.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 916 S S S S S S 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - - - 1,204 6.8 - 11.9 - 22.1 - 10.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 880 S S S S S S 11.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,181 100 4,152 100 2,036 100 181 19.2 - 21.2 - 25.9 - 19.6
Single modes 3,026 95.1 3,994 96.2 1,947 95.6 150 19.2 1.8 21.3 1.8 26.2 3.1 21.3
Truck6 2,706 85.1 3,108 74.9 1,255 61.6 141 18.7 2.9 21.5 4.4 26.1 6.2 21.6
For-hire truck 1,691 53.2 1,955 47.1 754 37 422 18.1 5.1 19.8 5.6 24 10.3 16.5
Private truck 1,015 31.9 1,153 27.8 501 24.6 81 24.7 8.5 33.7 9.7 49.2 10.6 29.1
Rail 320 10.1 886 21.3 692 34 803 23.2 2 18.8 2.4 21.1 1.8 13
Multiple modes 155 4.9 158 3.8 S S S 36.9 2.1 47.5 2.1 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 349 S S S S S S 9.4
Truck and rail 98 3.1 153 3.7 88 4.3 934 36 4 34 4 44.7 7.9 36.1

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 241 100 14,372 100 S S 119 39.8 - 22.4 - S S 37.6
Single modes 238 98.9 14,218 98.9 S S 120 40.2 0.5 22.2 0.4 S S 38.1
Truck6 238 98.9 14,218 98.9 S S 120 40.2 0.5 22.2 0.4 S S 38.1
For-hire truck 83 34.7 9,955 69.3 S S 183 30.1 13.5 28.8 9.5 S S 33.7
Private truck S S 4,263 29.7 82 5 27 S S 33.2 11.5 29.9 16 18.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3 1 S S S S S 18.3 1.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 643 100 1,762 100 153 100 S 41.6 - 42.9 - 31.5 - S
Single modes 641 99.7 1,761 100 153 99.9 S 41.7 2.8 42.9 2.4 31.5 1.5 S
Truck6 640 99.6 1,758 99.8 153 99.8 S 41.7 2.8 42.8 2.4 31.5 1.5 S
For-hire truck 388 60.4 848 48.1 85 55.8 S 44.7 7.7 40 9.9 26.1 13.2 S
Private truck 252 39.1 910 51.6 67 44.1 S 33.2 13.7 42.1 11.6 36 14.3 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 849 S S S S S S 46.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 849 S S S S S S 46.5
Other and unknown modes 1 0.2 1 - S S S 3.9 17.1 32.6 14.7 S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,909 100 1,754 100 767 100 508 19.6 - 30.5 - 25.1 - 19.9
Single modes 4,103 46.1 1,669 95.2 736 95.9 204 25.7 7.6 31.9 2.6 25.6 3 25
Truck6 4,098 46 1,668 95.1 735 95.8 202 25.7 7.6 31.9 2.6 25.6 3 25.1
For-hire truck 2,997 33.6 1,072 61.2 595 77.5 403 26.2 6.3 25.3 7.9 23.9 5 13.3
Private truck 1,100 12.4 S S S S 69 44.5 3.9 S S S S 37.2
Rail 4 - 1 - 1 0.1 S 1 0.2 36.3 0.2 23.1 0.3 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 838 S S S S S S 16.9
Multiple modes 4,745 53.3 S S S S 603 21.2 7.5 S S S S 17.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,739 53.2 S S S S 602 21.2 7.5 S S S S 17.5
Truck and rail 6 0.1 2 0.1 3 0.4 1,640 37.1 0.2 37.1 0.5 46.8 3 9.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,815 100 2,887 100 S S 732 14.7 - 28.7 - S S 12.6
Single modes 2,455 64.4 2,657 92 S S 169 14.9 7.6 32.1 6.8 S S 38.5
Truck6 2,452 64.3 2,651 91.8 S S 135 14.9 7.6 32 6.8 S S 24.5
For-hire truck 1,255 32.9 1,878 65.1 S S 317 15.4 4.9 46 10.4 S S 34.9
Private truck 1,198 31.4 772 26.8 75 6 45 21.9 6 30.2 8.7 19 7.1 27.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 3,955 S S S S S S 44.4
Multiple modes 1,271 33.3 81 2.8 69 5.5 929 33.9 7.4 33.6 1.6 35 7 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,271 33.3 81 2.8 69 5.5 929 33.9 7.4 33.6 1.6 35 7 6.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S 10 0.8 S S S S S 41 0.6 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,891 100 7,165 100 743 100 349 15.1 - 25.1 - 34 - 14.4
Single modes 4,914 83.4 7,069 98.7 702 94.5 146 15.7 3.4 25.1 0.3 34.9 1.9 25.3
Truck6 4,856 82.4 7,068 98.6 700 94.3 138 15.4 3.6 25.1 0.3 34.8 1.9 20
For-hire truck 2,566 43.6 3,315 46.3 476 64.1 372 21.3 4.6 44.1 6.5 46.3 7.3 12.3
Private truck 2,291 38.9 3,753 52.4 224 30.2 78 16.5 5.9 22 6.7 20.5 7.3 15.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - S S 1,114 S S 49.5 - S S 8.7
Multiple modes 866 14.7 51 0.7 38 5.1 677 28.6 3.6 30.5 0.3 28.6 1.9 5.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 843 14.3 32 0.4 22 3 677 29.2 3.6 40.1 0.2 38 1.3 5.2
Truck and rail 23 0.4 19 0.3 15 2.1 926 19.2 0.4 26.5 0.4 20.5 3.1 11.3
Other and unknown modes 111 1.9 S S S S 340 40 0.9 S S S S 25.1

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 482 S S S S S S 14
Single modes 2,600 18.3 297 17.8 141 12.2 296 18 13.8 25.9 17 27.9 19.5 18.6
Truck6 2,209 15.6 257 15.4 118 10.2 220 21.8 12.1 28 15.1 26.6 18.3 19.2
For-hire truck 1,420 10 148 8.9 107 9.2 494 19.2 7.4 25.9 10.4 28.2 16.9 17.5
Private truck 790 5.6 109 6.6 11 0.9 54 30.5 5.4 42.1 8 25.1 2.4 16.3
Rail 157 1.1 S S S S S 49 17.3 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 234 1.6 S S S S 767 36.3 3.8 S S S S 25.3
Multiple modes 878 6.2 26 1.5 16 1.4 520 17.1 7.7 17.6 4.6 21.6 3.3 14.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 828 5.8 22 1.3 11 1 520 18 7.6 20.2 4.6 26.9 2.7 14.8
Truck and rail 50 0.4 4 0.2 5 0.4 1,283 26.7 5.2 25.9 5.3 28.2 13.5 2.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 643 S S S S S S 19.1

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,602 100 S S S S 748 21 - S S S S 11.5
Single modes 8,536 80.5 S S S S 241 27.1 7.3 S S S S 29.8
Truck6 7,554 71.3 2,007 26 802 16.1 220 31.3 8.3 29.2 12.4 27.2 13.4 31.9
For-hire truck 5,382 50.8 1,384 17.9 681 13.6 528 41.7 9.1 42.7 8.2 32.5 12.6 12.2
Private truck 2,172 20.5 623 8.1 122 2.4 S 16.6 3.7 28.1 6 43.7 2 S
Rail S S S S S S 694 S S S S S S 14.2
Air (incl truck and air) 11 0.1 S S S S 901 47.3 0.2 S S S S 14.5
Multiple modes 1,970 18.6 294 3.8 475 9.5 983 36.9 7.5 35.2 6.2 48.2 10.1 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,836 17.3 S S S S 983 39.9 7.3 S S S S 6.8
Truck and rail 120 1.1 166 2.2 160 3.2 825 22.7 0.7 35.8 6.5 27.6 6.3 35.8
Truck and water 14 0.1 S S S S 5,654 31.5 1.2 S S S S 22.1
Other and unknown modes 96 0.9 S S S S S 43.2 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3 100 S S S S S 50 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.