Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 49,490 100 47,366 100 14,952 100 557 20.7 - 9.8 - 25.4 - 6.8
Single modes 28,418 57.4 44,260 93.4 12,865 86 195 9.5 6.8 11.2 3.6 30.1 5.2 8.6
Truck6 26,185 52.9 34,860 73.6 6,841 45.8 171 11.1 6.2 9.5 6.6 21 7 8.9
For-hire truck 16,778 33.9 21,137 44.6 5,505 36.8 391 13.9 4.6 16.8 4.8 27.8 6 11.5
Private truck 9,406 19 13,723 29 1,336 8.9 87 12.8 3.1 13.8 5.4 17.9 3 8.4
Rail 1,927 3.9 9,371 19.8 S S 625 39.5 2.5 46.6 6.4 S S 11.7
Air (incl truck and air) 306 0.6 S S S S 919 35.7 0.2 S S S S 29
Multiple modes 9,935 20.1 858 1.8 898 6 786 12.3 3.7 23.6 0.4 28.9 2.7 5.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9,576 19.3 293 0.6 220 1.5 786 13 3.7 21.5 0.2 26.5 0.9 5.9
Truck and rail 345 0.7 525 1.1 454 3 892 25.1 0.3 38.3 0.5 40.4 1.5 14.3
Truck and water 14 - S S S S 5,654 31.5 0.2 S S S S 22.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 468 S S S S S S 16.8

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 686 100 4,673 100 1,757 100 S 42.5 - 41.7 - 50 - S
Single modes S S S S S S 209 S S S S S S 48.4
Truck6 S S S S 56 3.2 S S S S S 43 9.1 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 54 3.1 S S S S S 40.7 9.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 472 S S S S S S 5.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 150 S S S S S S 27.4
Single modes S S S S S S 148 S S S S S S 26.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 148 S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 303 S S S S S S 9.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 880 S S S S S S 11.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 880 S S S S S S 11.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 261 100 432 100 114 100 S 44.5 - 48.6 - 32.1 - S
Single modes 261 100 432 100 114 100 S 44.5 - 48.6 - 32.1 - S
Truck6 261 100 431 99.7 114 100 S 44.5 - 48.8 0.8 32.1 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 920 S S S S S S 35.7
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 138 100 52 100 4 100 S 35.1 - 38.6 - 33.3 - S
Single modes 138 100 52 100 4 100 S 35.1 - 38.6 - 33.3 - S
Truck6 138 100 52 100 4 100 S 35.1 - 38.6 - 33.3 - S
For-hire truck 94 67.7 33 63.2 4 89.8 131 13.1 16.5 12.7 18.3 26.3 5.2 20.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes - - - - - - 1,204 6.8 - 11.9 - 22.1 0.1 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - - - 1,204 6.8 - 11.9 - 22.1 0.1 10.5

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 913 100 1,799 100 1,315 100 643 25.6 - 27.6 - 34.2 - 7.4
Single modes 880 96.4 1,728 96.1 1,261 95.9 633 24.3 1.5 26.9 1.7 33.9 2.6 7.7
Truck6 707 77.4 1,269 70.6 786 59.7 604 20.6 5 25.1 5.6 33.2 7.8 8
For-hire truck 406 44.4 S S S S 652 18.1 18.1 S S S S 12
Private truck 301 33 669 37.2 446 33.9 557 44.3 14.5 47.1 14.7 48.2 12.6 26.4
Rail 173 18.9 458 25.5 475 36.1 1,057 36 2.7 24.9 1.3 28.4 1.5 7.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,017 S S S S S S 28.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 714 S S 49.8 - S S 41.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,156 S S S S S S 24

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,703 100 2,097 100 671 100 223 22 - 35.5 - 37.4 - 25.5
Single modes 1,582 92.9 2,010 95.8 636 94.7 152 22.2 3 35.8 3.4 39.3 7.8 47.8
Truck6 1,435 84.2 1,582 75.5 419 62.4 S 22.9 4.5 33 6.6 33.8 8.9 S
For-hire truck 1,256 73.7 1,321 63 406 60.5 314 19.6 7.6 31.7 10.3 30.4 10.8 21
Private truck 179 10.5 261 12.5 13 2 S 29.5 15.4 32.1 17.1 37.4 18.5 S
Rail 147 8.6 428 20.4 217 32.3 515 35.6 13.6 33.2 9.3 18.6 6.6 43.2
Multiple modes 121 7.1 S S S S 353 39.9 4.5 S S S S 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 347 S S S S S S 12.1
Truck and rail 64 3.8 S S S S S 22.9 11.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 564 100 256 100 50 100 49 21.3 - 17.7 - 31.6 - 14.6
Single modes 564 100 256 100 50 100 49 21.3 - 17.7 - 31.6 - 14.6
Truck6 564 100 256 100 50 100 49 21.3 - 17.7 - 31.6 - 14.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 234 S S S S S S 10.5
Private truck 535 94.9 223 86.9 42 84.5 48 24 7.6 22.4 8.7 39.9 12.9 16.8

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 135 100 14,117 100 S S 125 27 - 23.5 - S S 36.9
Single modes 134 98.9 13,966 98.9 S S 126 26.9 0.5 23.4 0.4 S S 37.4
Truck6 134 98.9 13,966 98.9 S S 126 26.9 0.5 23.4 0.4 S S 37.4
For-hire truck 83 61.6 9,954 70.5 S S 183 30.1 7.9 28.8 7.1 S S 33.7
Private truck 50 37.2 4,012 28.4 69 4.3 16 48.3 9.8 36.5 10 36.1 13.4 7.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 1.1 151 1.1 S S S 21.9 2.1 22.6 2.1 S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 47.8
Single modes S S S S S S 64 S S S S S S 35.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 64 S S S S S S 35.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 443 100 1,443 100 152 100 S 41.5 - 45.6 - 32 - S
Single modes 441 99.6 1,443 99.9 152 99.9 S 41.6 2.8 45.6 2.4 32 1.5 S
Truck6 440 99.4 1,439 99.7 152 99.8 S 41.5 2.8 45.5 2.4 32 1.5 S
For-hire truck 189 42.6 S S 84 55.4 S 44.6 7.2 S S 12.6 12.7 S
Private truck 251 56.8 910 63 67 44.4 S 33.1 10.8 42.1 11.3 36 15 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 849 S S S S S S 46.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 849 S S S S S S 46.5
Other and unknown modes 1 0.2 1 - S S S 3.9 17 32.6 14.7 S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 743 100 S S 328 100 393 38.9 - S S 50 - 30.9
Single modes 741 99.8 S S 328 100 409 39 0.2 S S 50 - 29.5
Truck6 741 99.8 S S 328 100 409 39 0.2 S S 50 - 29.5
For-hire truck 439 59.1 S S 224 68.5 702 47 16.6 S S 43.6 15.2 31.1
Private truck S S S S S S 279 S S S S S S 29.9
Multiple modes - - S S S S 862 48 - S S S S 18.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S S S 862 48 - S S S S 18.7
Other and unknown modes 1 0.2 S S - - S 20.9 1.2 S S 23.9 - S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,391 100 S S S S 553 22 - S S S S 23.7
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 227 S S S S S S 47.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,548 84.4 S S S S 602 21.7 8.8 S S S S 20.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,548 84.4 S S S S 602 21.7 8.8 S S S S 20.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,098 100 308 100 216 100 463 41.7 - 45.3 - 47.6 - 13.8
Single modes 1,008 91.9 298 96.7 211 98 440 43.5 6.5 45.1 5.1 47.5 12.5 21.6
Truck6 1,008 91.8 298 96.7 211 98 439 43.5 6.5 45.1 5.1 47.4 12.5 21.6
For-hire truck 860 78.3 248 80.6 200 92.7 541 37 8.8 40.6 9.6 46.4 12.2 20.5
Private truck S S S S S S 82 S S S S S S 29.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 614 S S S S S S 8.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 614 S S S S S S 8.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 68 S S S S S S 35.7

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,666 100 533 100 177 100 315 19.1 - 22.9 - 17.8 - 21.1
Single modes 1,502 90.2 513 96.2 169 95.2 131 20.6 2.9 23.7 1.9 18.7 2.5 42.1
Truck6 1,496 89.8 512 96.1 168 94.8 127 20.6 2.9 23.8 1.9 18.6 2.5 43.7
For-hire truck 957 57.4 324 60.7 144 81.6 323 17.5 8.7 22 10.4 23.6 8.5 15.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 4 0.2 1 0.1 1 0.4 S 1 1 36.3 0.5 23.1 0.9 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.1 1,120 S S 47.2 - 37.8 0.1 16
Multiple modes 122 7.3 9 1.7 7 4.2 609 26.7 2.3 20.8 0.5 31.8 2.2 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 116 7 7 1.4 4 2.3 608 28.7 2.4 24.9 0.5 24.5 1.8 13.9
Truck and rail 6 0.4 2 0.3 3 1.9 1,640 37.1 0.7 37.1 0.5 46.8 2.9 9.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 388 S S S S S S 38.8

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 548 100 913 100 97 100 74 20.8 - 35.4 - 45.3 - 22.8
Single modes 535 97.6 906 99.2 94 96.9 67 21.4 2.2 35.8 1.5 47.2 6.3 20.1
Truck6 535 97.6 906 99.2 94 96.9 67 21.4 2.2 35.8 1.5 47.2 6.3 20.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 432 78.9 535 58.6 33 33.8 62 27.7 8.9 40.6 12.3 26.5 16.4 23.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 16 100 S S S S S 33.6 - S
Single modes S S S S 16 98 S S S S S 34.4 1.7 S
Truck6 S S S S 16 98 S S S S S 34.4 1.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S 15 95.6 S S S S S 35.2 2.9 S
Private truck S S S S - 2.4 17 S S S S 47.2 4.7 21.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 185 S S S S S S 42
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 185 S S S S S S 42
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,008 100 582 100 227 100 361 23.6 - 15.9 - 21.8 - 19.5
Single modes 924 91.6 560 96.1 220 96.9 153 20.1 2.7 15.3 1.6 21.8 1.5 41.5
Truck6 923 91.5 554 95.2 208 91.8 152 20.1 2.7 15.2 1.7 20.9 3.1 41.8
For-hire truck 637 63.2 374 64.3 169 74.3 307 25.5 7.7 21.1 8.8 23.7 9.1 18.2
Private truck 286 28.3 180 30.9 40 17.5 S 20.5 8.4 21.6 9.2 28.9 9.2 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 788 S S S S S S 19.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 788 S S S S S S 19.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,480 100 S S S S 917 26.8 - S S S S 11.7
Single modes 394 26.6 S S S S 723 20.4 15.6 S S S S 29.1
Truck6 392 26.5 S S S S 458 20.4 15.5 S S S S 39.5
For-hire truck 244 16.5 S S S S 807 30.8 18 S S S S 32
Private truck 148 10 15 1.2 S S S 28.3 8.6 30.8 6.8 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,077 72.8 67 5.6 59 6.9 931 39.9 15.6 33.7 15.8 36.1 19.3 12.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,077 72.8 67 5.6 59 6.9 931 39.9 15.6 33.7 15.8 36.1 19.3 12.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 366 100 61 100 54 100 707 31.9 - 40.2 - 42.8 - 12.7
Single modes 193 52.7 53 87 49 90.5 S 37.9 10.7 42.1 12 46.8 19.6 S
Truck6 193 52.7 53 86.9 49 90.4 S 37.9 10.7 42.1 12 46.8 19.7 S
For-hire truck 146 40 44 72.9 S S 452 41.7 12.8 47 16 S S 20.5
Private truck 46 12.7 9 14.1 S S S 39.7 5.7 45.8 14.2 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 160 43.8 5 8.5 5 8.9 1,001 38.7 10.4 44.7 11.7 47 18.8 10.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 160 43.8 5 8.5 5 8.9 1,001 38.7 10.4 44.7 11.7 47 18.8 10.1
Other and unknown modes 13 3.4 S S S S 343 41.3 2.6 S S S S 32

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 855 100 5,621 100 S S S 36 - 30.4 - S S S
Single modes 807 94.4 5,596 99.6 S S 58 38.4 9.1 30.2 0.2 S S 16.8
Truck6 807 94.4 5,596 99.6 S S 58 38.4 9.1 30.2 0.2 S S 16.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 127 S S S S S S 21.5
Private truck 359 42 2,886 51.3 91 24.8 26 27.4 8.9 27.3 9.5 26.7 11.7 23.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,034 S S S S S S 25.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,034 S S S S S S 25.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 38.4

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,277 100 790 100 141 100 179 14.6 - 22.6 - 16.4 - 8.1
Single modes 1,248 97.8 780 98.7 133 94.3 176 15.2 1.1 23.1 1.2 18.2 4.2 7.7
Truck6 1,248 97.8 780 98.7 133 94.3 176 15.2 1.1 23.1 1.2 18.2 4.2 7.7
For-hire truck 564 44.1 287 36.3 63 44.2 257 25.7 12.6 35.1 13.7 30.1 12.8 34.5
Private truck 685 53.6 493 62.3 71 50.1 153 26.5 12.3 32.1 12.8 39.2 13.1 17.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 351 S S S S S S 39.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 341 S S S S S S 28.6
Truck and rail 11 0.9 7 0.9 8 5.4 1,056 30.9 3.1 35.3 4.7 35.3 15 -
Other and unknown modes 10 0.8 3 0.4 S S S 27.7 0.5 38.7 0.6 S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,645 100 559 100 150 100 413 16.9 - 29.1 - 27 - 13.2
Single modes 1,248 75.9 522 93.5 128 85.5 156 21 8.8 30.2 6.5 27.5 8.6 44.2
Truck6 1,214 73.8 522 93.3 127 84.7 133 21.6 9.6 30.2 6.7 27.5 8.8 32.8
For-hire truck 483 29.4 215 38.5 90 60.1 605 17.4 7.5 28.5 9.3 27.9 8.8 12.3
Private truck 731 44.4 307 54.9 37 24.6 73 34.5 8.3 38.7 8.6 49.3 5.6 26.6
Air (incl truck and air) 34 2.1 1 0.2 S S 1,238 29.3 9.6 27.9 3.7 S S 17.1
Multiple modes 387 23.5 33 5.9 22 14.5 655 32.7 8.8 42.7 6.4 45.6 8.6 8.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 375 22.8 21 3.8 14 9.4 655 33.3 8.9 47.3 6.6 45 8.9 8.9
Truck and rail 12 0.7 12 2.1 8 5.1 642 11.6 1.7 7.9 2.6 16.8 5.9 9
Other and unknown modes 10 0.6 3 0.6 S S 14 22.6 0.3 49.6 1 S S 18.2

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,114 100 196 100 85 100 388 20.8 - 26.5 - 40.2 - 20.2
Single modes 1,611 76.2 171 87.4 75 87.4 S 23.7 6.8 30.4 5.8 43.7 6.8 S
Truck6 1,587 75.1 171 87.3 74 87.2 S 23.4 6.8 30.5 5.9 43.8 7 S
For-hire truck 1,072 50.7 103 52.6 S S 474 31.1 8.2 41.2 9.8 S S 19.1
Private truck 516 24.4 68 34.7 S S S 31.9 7 44.7 10.9 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.1 S S 802 S S 40.3 0.2 S S 15.1
Multiple modes 420 19.9 10 5 8 9.3 693 33.3 6.9 33.7 2.3 39 4.1 12.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 420 19.9 10 5 8 9.3 693 33.3 6.9 33.7 2.3 39 4.1 12.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 431 S S S S S S 25

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,735 100 176 100 77 100 376 32.6 - 37.8 - 34.7 - 18.7
Single modes 1,257 72.5 155 88.1 68 87.6 S 39.4 5.1 41.6 4.6 37.7 4.1 S
Truck6 1,256 72.4 155 88 68 87.5 S 39.3 5.1 41.6 4.6 37.7 4.1 S
For-hire truck 638 36.8 67 38.1 63 81.9 842 41.5 7 35.6 10.6 37.5 9.9 10.1
Private truck 618 35.6 S S S S 44 40.6 8 S S S S 20.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 410 23.6 10 5.9 6 8 668 34.2 5.9 39.3 2.5 40.1 3.2 12.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 410 23.6 10 5.9 6 8 668 34.2 5.9 39.3 2.5 40.1 3.2 12.4
Other and unknown modes 68 3.9 11 6 S S 152 24.2 4.9 42.2 7.2 S S 43.4

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 562 S S S S S S 19.6
Single modes 678 5.9 113 7.8 57 5.4 354 31.6 11.7 35.7 14.3 48.3 14.9 33.8
Truck6 507 4.4 75 5.1 35 3.3 355 34.6 9.4 42 8.6 44.1 12.2 34.7
For-hire truck 364 3.2 57 3.9 30 2.9 452 35.4 9.1 43.9 7.7 47.1 11 26.1
Private truck 143 1.2 18 1.2 5 0.4 S 36.2 3.4 40.6 3.8 34.3 3.9 S
Rail S S S S - - 2 S S S S 46.6 0.3 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,238 S S S S S S 19.5
Multiple modes 199 1.7 11 0.8 8 0.8 398 41.4 9.3 33.3 7.1 42.5 11.6 24
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 149 1.3 7 0.5 3 0.3 395 43.7 9 41.2 6.8 32.1 9.5 24.8
Truck and rail 50 0.4 4 0.3 S S 1,283 26.7 12.5 25.9 9.7 S S 2.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 745 S S S S S S 17.1

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 581 100 S S S S 808 39.1 - S S S S 17
Single modes 504 86.7 S S S S 853 40.3 5.6 S S S S 16.1
Truck6 357 61.4 S S S S 797 43.3 12.6 S S S S 16.1
For-hire truck 342 58.9 S S S S 739 46.5 14.1 S S S S 14.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 141 24.3 1 2.9 S S 941 45 10.8 48.1 1.2 S S 32.1
Multiple modes S S 1 3.1 - 2 755 S S 27.7 3.4 40 2.1 25.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 3.1 - 2 755 S S 27.7 3.4 40 2.1 25.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 4 100 487 S S S S 43.2 - 20
Single modes S S S S 2 54.4 676 S S S S 31.8 14.4 28.7
Truck6 90 24.8 S S 2 45.7 248 41 16.6 S S 36 16.3 32.4
For-hire truck 76 20.8 S S 1 34.5 S 35.7 18.3 S S 38.9 19.9 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 754 S S S S S S 15.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 399 S S S S S S 32.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 399 S S S S S S 32.8
Other and unknown modes 12 3.2 S S S S 921 25.5 15.3 S S S S 17.4

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 489 100 74 100 S S S 34.7 - 38.4 - S S S
Single modes 475 97 73 98.7 S S S 36.2 7.3 38.9 6.1 S S S
Truck6 475 97 73 98.7 S S S 36.2 7.3 38.9 6.1 S S S
For-hire truck 82 16.9 S S S S 461 43.2 18.7 S S S S 32.6
Private truck 392 80.2 62 84.1 S S 23 40.1 13.4 44 14.3 S S 9.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 876 S S S S S S 34
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 876 S S S S S S 34
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,899 100 709 100 501 100 983 32.5 - 26.4 - 32.2 - 8.5
Single modes 5,378 78 607 85.6 388 77.4 577 42.3 11.4 26.2 6.1 27.3 7.4 11
Truck6 5,369 77.8 606 85.5 388 77.4 568 42.2 11.5 26.2 6.1 27.3 7.4 11.1
For-hire truck 4,734 68.6 503 70.9 339 67.8 672 47.7 12 29.5 7.8 29.8 8.6 7.8
Private truck 635 9.2 103 14.6 S S S 35.2 3.7 40.7 6.1 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 901 S S S S S S 20.5
Multiple modes 1,486 21.5 S S S S 1,012 49.9 11.4 S S S S 6.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,013 S S S S S S 6.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 35 0.5 S S S S S 48.5 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 677 S S S S S S 32.4
Single modes S S S S S S 598 S S S S S S 16.1
Truck6 320 23.1 S S S S 373 42.2 12.1 S S S S 12
For-hire truck 260 18.7 S S S S 383 43.1 4.2 S S S S 13.8
Private truck S S 70 1.1 S S 271 S S 40 10.1 S S 27
Rail S S S S S S 694 S S S S S S 14.2
Multiple modes 84 6.1 201 3.1 S S 2,386 25.2 11.8 41 11.1 S S 25.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 70 5 161 2.5 153 3.5 1,259 12.9 11.5 31.2 9.9 21.8 9.7 19.2
Truck and water 14 1 S S S S 5,654 31.5 11.2 S S S S 22.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,827 100 481 100 114 100 455 17.6 - 30.7 - 20.8 - 17.3
Single modes 1,392 76.2 437 90.8 77 67.2 183 20.5 5.4 34.1 5 26.4 7.3 48.4
Truck6 1,391 76.2 437 90.8 77 67.2 181 20.5 5.2 34.1 5 26.4 7.3 46.9
For-hire truck 306 16.7 50 10.3 23 20.5 395 19.7 7.4 22.5 9.3 17.2 8.8 24.3
Private truck 1,086 59.4 388 80.5 53 46.6 S 24.1 9.1 38.6 11.6 38.4 9.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 389 21.3 37 7.8 37 32.7 888 42.9 5.6 40.6 5.1 40.6 7.3 6.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 374 20.5 34 7.1 31 27.3 888 45.1 5.7 44.4 5.2 48.2 7.7 6.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 7 1.4 - 0.1 S S S 31.3 1.6 24.9 0.1 S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3 100 S S S S S 50 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.