Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,432 100 40,526 100 6,607 100 25.5 - 25.3 - 32.2 -
Less than 50 miles 13,860 61.8 26,035 64.2 274 4.2 35.7 7 35.3 7.4 18.8 1.1
50 - 99 miles 793 3.5 1,362 3.4 134 2 24.7 1 26 1.1 26 0.7
100 - 249 miles 4,258 19 8,648 21.3 1,501 22.7 18.1 3.9 31.6 5.1 32.7 3
250 - 499 miles 1,000 4.5 1,489 3.7 744 11.3 27.7 0.9 25 0.8 25.1 2.4
500 - 749 miles 780 3.5 692 1.7 558 8.4 21.3 0.7 26.1 0.3 26.2 1.3
750 - 999 miles 819 3.7 S S S S 19.5 0.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 823 3.7 868 2.1 1,431 21.7 26.5 1.8 29.4 1.3 28.8 5.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 98 0.4 99 0.2 225 3.4 46.1 0.5 49 0.3 47.9 1.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,799 100 34,054 100 5,392 100 26.9 - 27.3 - 32.3 -
Less than 50 miles 13,485 68.1 25,409 74.6 259 4.8 37.1 8 36.4 7.9 20.2 1.6
50 - 99 miles 473 2.4 685 2 66 1.2 23.3 0.7 23.7 0.9 26 0.6
100 - 249 miles 2,534 12.8 3,691 10.8 658 12.2 15 4.5 17.3 4.8 20.2 2.5
250 - 499 miles 979 4.9 1,466 4.3 734 13.6 28 1.1 25.5 1.1 25.5 2.8
500 - 749 miles 758 3.8 675 2 543 10.1 22.1 0.9 27.2 0.6 27.3 2
750 - 999 miles 732 3.7 S S S S 20.8 0.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 742 3.7 774 2.3 1,271 23.6 25.7 2 29.8 1.3 28.9 5.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 95 0.5 S S S S 47.4 0.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,597 100 11,596 100 959 100 33 - 35.3 - 11.4 -
Less than 50 miles 4,587 69.5 9,265 79.9 127 13.3 45.5 9.3 44.2 10.2 27 3.3
50 - 99 miles 353 5.3 497 4.3 50 5.2 22.9 2.1 31.2 2.1 33.2 1.6
100 - 249 miles 736 11.1 1,001 8.6 175 18.3 11.8 4.5 23.2 6.8 24.9 3.5
250 - 499 miles 308 4.7 419 3.6 189 19.7 22.9 1.2 20.1 1.8 21 2.3
500 - 749 miles 321 4.9 245 2.1 187 19.5 13.8 1.8 20.3 1 20.2 2.2
750 - 999 miles 123 1.9 77 0.7 83 8.6 35.1 0.7 35.1 0.3 35.2 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 150 2.3 80 0.7 124 12.9 20.9 1.2 20.9 0.6 21.2 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 21 0.3 12 0.1 23 2.4 34 0.4 41 0.2 40.2 1.7
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,062 100 10,097 100 822 100 41.3 - 40.4 - 11.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S 8,451 83.7 110 13.4 S S 48.8 12.6 29.6 3.6
50 - 99 miles 78 1.5 200 2 18 2.2 33.3 1.3 39.2 1.8 37.7 1.2
100 - 249 miles 401 7.9 698 6.9 121 14.7 17.2 5.4 31.5 7.7 34.5 3.6
250 - 499 miles 241 4.8 337 3.3 157 19.2 21.4 2.1 22.9 2.1 22.8 2.6
500 - 749 miles 320 6.3 244 2.4 186 22.6 13.9 3.9 20.3 2 20.3 2.9
750 - 999 miles 123 2.4 77 0.8 83 10.1 35.1 1.4 35.1 0.8 35.2 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 150 3 80 0.8 124 15.1 20.9 2.3 20.9 1.1 21.2 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 21 0.4 12 0.1 23 2.8 34 0.6 41 0.3 40.2 2.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,536 100 1,498 100 137 100 19.8 - 25.7 - 22.8 -
Less than 50 miles 858 55.9 813 54.3 17 12.7 22.9 5.6 33.6 9 47.5 6.9
50 - 99 miles 275 17.9 297 19.9 32 23.2 24.8 2.9 31 3 34.8 6.3
100 - 249 miles 335 21.8 303 20.2 55 39.9 27.4 4.1 28.2 5.1 29.4 5.1
250 - 499 miles 67 4.4 83 5.5 32 23.3 35.5 1.2 32 3.7 33.5 6.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,466 100 5,612 100 3,175 100 17.9 - 17.8 - 24.6 -
Less than 50 miles 596 13.4 652 11.6 9 0.3 20.9 3.4 23.6 2.7 20.9 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S 188 3.3 16 0.5 S S 37.9 6 44.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 1,439 32.2 2,024 36.1 341 10.7 14.7 6.6 15 4.9 15.3 2.1
250 - 499 miles 671 15 1,047 18.7 544 17.1 31.4 2.8 32.8 3.7 31.5 4
500 - 749 miles 437 9.8 430 7.7 356 11.2 31.1 2.1 36.7 1.8 35.9 3.1
750 - 999 miles 537 12 496 8.8 577 18.2 24 1.9 24.3 1.9 24.7 4.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 592 13.2 694 12.4 1,147 36.1 29.3 2.7 31.5 2.7 30.2 6.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,954 100 6,768 100 S S 37.1 - 37.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,533 85.7 5,424 80.2 S S 41.8 9.4 42.2 9.8 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 666 9.8 S S S S 10.9 17.1 S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,949 100 6,764 100 S S 34.7 - 35.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,533 85.9 5,424 80.2 S S 41.8 9.4 42.2 9.8 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 666 9.8 S S S S 10.9 17.1 S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1 100 S S S S 30 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,780 100 10,078 100 S S 28.8 - 31.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 5,769 99.8 10,068 99.9 S S 28.8 0.1 31.2 0.1 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,405 100 6,153 100 1,213 100 25.1 - 40.2 - 34.1 -
Less than 50 miles 148 6.2 S S 13 1.1 31.5 11.8 S S 37.1 6.7
50 - 99 miles 319 13.3 677 11 68 5.6 38 5.1 38 6.4 34.6 3
100 - 249 miles 1,724 71.7 4,956 80.5 844 69.6 32.8 12.5 48.1 15.5 47.2 15
250 - 499 miles 21 0.9 22 0.4 10 0.8 41.7 2 49.9 2.5 48.7 2.2
500 - 749 miles 22 0.9 S S S S 48.8 1.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 87 3.6 72 1.2 86 7.1 32.9 6 36.2 11.4 38 11.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 74 100 2 100 1 100 26.2 - 46.6 - 25.5 -
Less than 50 miles 35 46.9 S S - 3.1 49.7 9.7 S S 33.4 1.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 14 18.3 1 21.6 - 20.7 28.9 8.5 44.7 9.1 40.1 10.6
250 - 499 miles 4 6 - 3 - 6.8 37 4.5 29.1 2.5 32.9 6.2
500 - 749 miles 4 5.3 - 2.6 - 9.9 43.6 2.6 40 2 40 4.7
750 - 999 miles 4 4.7 - 3.6 - 19.8 49.9 4.6 1.3 7 3.4 12.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 4 - 29 S S 41.6 2.6 41.3 8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 294 100 351 100 318 100 42.6 - 40.9 - 43.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 134 38.3 31 9.6 S S 39.5 13.2 46.5 8.5
250 - 499 miles 17 5.7 22 6.4 10 3.2 32 20 35.3 19.7 33.4 12.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S 15 4.7 S S S S 49.6 4.7
750 - 999 miles 83 28.4 72 20.6 86 27 32.7 17.2 34.1 18.7 36.3 17.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 94 26.8 S S S S 47.4 14.6 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 605 100 1,094 100 156 100 16.3 - 14.5 - 24.8 -
Less than 50 miles 54 9 96 8.8 6 3.9 7.3 8.1 9.3 8.3 8.5 5.5
50 - 99 miles S S 418 38.2 S S S S 21.1 19.5 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,392 100 4,528 100 S S 19.3 - 48.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,288 92.5 S S S S 23.5 11.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1 0.4 S S S S 39.6 7.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.