Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,432 100 40,526 100 6,607 100 103 25.5 - 25.3 - 32.2 - 14.7
Less than 50 lbs 209 0.9 7 - - - 93 16.4 0.8 18.9 - 22.7 - 23.3
50 - 99 lbs 76 0.3 7 - - - 49 14.6 0.3 21.1 - 26.9 - 29.8
100 - 499 lbs 306 1.4 41 0.1 S S 35 15.7 0.9 21.4 - S S 25.2
500 - 749 lbs 52 0.2 11 - 1 - S 15.6 0.1 21.9 - 32.5 - S
750 - 999 lbs 30 0.1 7 - 1 - S 27.0 0.1 31.6 - 49.1 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 623 2.8 272 0.7 31 0.5 99 17.0 1.0 22.8 0.3 33.1 0.1 13.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,408 10.7 3,671 9.1 779 11.8 191 12.9 3.1 13.6 4.6 10.3 4.0 11.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 624 2.8 1,908 4.7 156 2.4 78 32.6 2.7 19.7 4.7 22.4 0.8 18.9
More than 100,000 lbs 18,104 80.7 34,603 85.4 5,637 85.3 460 30.5 7.5 30.4 9.1 36.8 4.3 9.2

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,799 100 34,054 100 5,392 100 91 26.9 - 27.3 - 32.3 - 17.6
Less than 50 lbs 131 0.7 5 - - - 63 11.8 0.5 23.5 - 21.0 - 32.5
50 - 99 lbs 63 0.3 5 - - - S 18.3 0.3 16.9 - 31.5 - S
100 - 499 lbs 265 1.3 38 0.1 1 - 29 19.0 0.8 25.1 0.1 25.8 - 22.0
500 - 749 lbs 45 0.2 10 - 1 - S 15.7 0.1 19.8 - 33.2 - S
750 - 999 lbs 25 0.1 7 - S S S 29.6 0.1 34.3 - S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 616 3.1 266 0.8 30 0.6 99 17.1 1.2 22.8 0.3 33.1 0.2 14.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,346 11.8 3,564 10.5 749 13.9 190 13.6 3.2 14.6 4.5 11.9 3.9 12.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 557 2.8 1,788 5.3 134 2.5 73 35.0 2.8 20.9 4.9 21.9 0.9 26.4
More than 100,000 lbs 15,750 79.6 28,370 83.3 4,475 83.0 462 32.6 7.3 34.0 9.1 37.8 4.2 9.6

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,597 100 11,596 100 959 100 57 33.0 - 35.3 - 11.4 - 10.5
Less than 50 lbs 130 2.0 5 - - - 25 11.7 1.3 23.7 - 19.5 - 16.6
50 - 99 lbs 63 0.9 5 - - - 27 18.4 0.8 17.6 - 27.4 - 14.7
100 - 499 lbs 265 4.0 38 0.3 1 0.1 29 19.0 2.1 25.0 0.1 25.7 - 22.0
500 - 749 lbs 45 0.7 10 0.1 1 0.1 S 16.0 0.4 19.8 - 33.3 - S
750 - 999 lbs 25 0.4 7 0.1 S S S 29.9 0.2 39.3 - S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 581 8.8 231 2.0 29 3.1 105 16.9 3.0 25.2 0.9 34.2 0.9 14.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,198 33.3 3,331 28.7 733 76.4 203 15.2 7.9 13.9 11.9 11.5 5.0 11.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 304 4.6 1,411 12.2 95 9.9 67 27.9 2.0 26.2 8.0 27.0 3.4 47.0
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 98 10.2 S S S S S 41.9 8.9 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,062 100 10,097 100 822 100 168 41.3 - 40.4 - 11.2 - 20.9
Less than 50 lbs 22 0.4 S S - - S 29.4 0.6 S S 41.6 - S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 46 0.9 S S - - S 41.4 2.1 S S 42.4 - S
500 - 749 lbs 14 0.3 S S S S 582 48.1 0.5 S S S S 19.7
750 - 999 lbs 13 0.3 1 - S S 598 46.8 0.4 41.1 - S S 25.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 210 4.1 51 0.5 19 2.3 378 27.5 3.6 23.5 0.5 44.1 1.0 28.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,694 33.5 2,460 24.4 635 77.3 248 18.9 12.1 14.1 13.5 11.4 5.1 15.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 142 2.8 1,149 11.4 74 9.0 S 30.2 2.3 31.2 8.9 33.5 3.6 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 93 11.3 S S S S S 39.9 9.2 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,536 100 1,498 100 137 100 28 19.8 - 25.7 - 22.8 - 5.6
Less than 50 lbs 108 7.0 4 0.3 - 0.1 20 12.4 3.2 23.4 1.2 13.1 1.2 8.9
50 - 99 lbs 57 3.7 5 0.3 - 0.1 23 17.8 1.8 17.3 0.9 16.8 0.8 11.7
100 - 499 lbs 219 14.2 35 2.3 1 0.6 22 22.6 3.6 28.6 2.9 28.2 4.7 9.5
500 - 749 lbs 31 2.0 9 0.6 - 0.3 43 21.1 0.8 21.7 0.3 22.7 0.9 17.6
750 - 999 lbs 12 0.8 6 0.4 - 0.2 59 26.9 0.1 44.8 0.1 33.5 0.2 41.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 372 24.2 180 12.0 11 7.8 49 23.8 2.7 31.1 3.9 25.7 2.2 34.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 504 32.8 871 58.1 98 71.3 93 25.7 6.0 29.6 8.5 24.7 9.1 20.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 163 10.6 262 17.5 22 15.9 82 34.1 2.4 29.7 3.6 34.3 3.0 23.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 36 S S S S S S 35.0

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,466 100 5,612 100 3,175 100 574 17.9 - 17.8 - 24.6 - 6.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 22 0.5 24 0.4 S S 346 40.3 0.5 29.0 0.4 S S 32.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 22 0.5 21 0.4 19 0.6 975 34.2 0.6 37.0 0.4 49.7 1.1 35.0
More than 100,000 lbs 4,414 98.8 5,567 99.2 3,145 99.0 578 17.7 0.4 17.8 0.2 24.5 0.4 7.1

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,954 100 6,768 100 S S S 37.1 - 37.7 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 20.6
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 22.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 26.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs 2,585 87.5 6,198 91.6 S S S 40.1 5.2 38.0 3.4 S S S

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,949 100 6,764 100 S S 36 34.7 - 35.3 - S S 28.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 20.6
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 22.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 26.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs 2,580 87.5 6,195 91.6 S S 153 35.7 5.7 33.0 3.8 S S 41.8

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1 100 S S S S 1,171 30.0 - S S S S 3.0
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,200 S S S S S S 4.5
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 871 S S S S S S 19.5
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,780 100 10,078 100 S S S 28.8 - 31.1 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 19 0.2 S S S S S 9.2 0.3 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 5,766 99.8 10,046 99.7 S S S 28.8 0.1 31.2 0.2 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,405 100 6,153 100 1,213 100 375 25.1 - 40.2 - 34.1 - 20.0
Less than 50 lbs 37 1.5 1 - - - 425 30.2 5.7 29.3 0.2 37.2 0.1 22.6
50 - 99 lbs 8 0.3 - - S S 186 32.9 0.5 41.2 - S S 43.2
100 - 499 lbs 23 1.0 1 - - - S 45.2 1.8 38.8 0.1 21.0 0.1 S
500 - 749 lbs S S - - - - S S S 34.5 - 41.1 - S
750 - 999 lbs S S - - - - S S S 47.8 0.1 49.6 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 82 S S S S S S 3.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 67 2.8 120 1.9 22 1.8 S 40.5 1.9 42.5 2.9 25.1 3.3 S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,199 91.4 5,921 96.2 1,160 95.6 446 26.9 10.4 40.5 9.6 35.6 9.7 37.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 74 100 2 100 1 100 389 26.2 - 46.6 - 25.5 - 23.4
Less than 50 lbs 37 50.1 1 25.6 - 34.2 425 30.2 7.9 29.3 8.1 37.2 5.7 22.6
50 - 99 lbs 8 10.8 - 16.4 S S S 33.0 2.2 43.2 3.0 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 23 31.2 1 47.5 - 46.2 S 45.5 6.1 42.5 6.8 22.5 5.7 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 5.0 S S S S S 50.0 8.7 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 294 100 351 100 318 100 799 42.6 - 40.9 - 43.1 - 18.3
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 17 4.9 S S 682 S S 34.0 6.1 S S 20.8
More than 100,000 lbs 259 88.2 286 81.6 282 88.4 979 48.9 9.1 48.3 9.4 47.1 9.4 17.2

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 605 100 1,094 100 156 100 101 16.3 - 14.5 - 24.8 - 19.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 72 S S S S S S 15.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 29 4.8 53 4.9 5 3.2 94 10.6 11.7 5.1 11.7 6.0 10.2 0.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 9 6.0 94 S S S S 11.3 19.5 11.5
More than 100,000 lbs 519 85.8 934 85.4 141 90.7 124 26.8 12.2 25.5 12.3 32.1 10.2 11.6

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,392 100 4,528 100 S S 136 19.3 - 48.3 - S S 9.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 1,381 99.2 4,522 99.9 S S 139 20.0 5.3 48.4 2.8 S S 10.1

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs 5 2.1 1 0.2 S S 29 31.4 5.8 49.0 12.4 S S 43.5
100 - 499 lbs 18 7.7 S S S S 16 46.1 16.4 S S S S 44.7
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.