Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 22,432 100 40,526 100 6,607 100 103 25.5 - 25.3 - 32.2 - 14.7
Single modes 19,799 88.3 34,054 84 5,392 81.6 91 26.9 3 27.3 4.6 32.3 3.3 17.6
Truck6 6,597 29.4 11,596 28.6 959 14.5 57 33 2.7 35.3 5.4 11.4 4 10.5
For-hire truck 5,062 22.6 10,097 24.9 822 12.4 168 41.3 3.4 40.4 5.7 11.2 3.8 20.9
Private truck 1,536 6.8 1,498 3.7 137 2.1 28 19.8 1.5 25.7 1.1 22.8 0.5 5.6
Rail 4,466 19.9 5,612 13.8 3,175 48.1 574 17.9 5.5 17.8 4.9 24.6 5.1 6.9
Water 2,954 13.2 6,768 16.7 S S S 37.1 5.7 37.7 5.3 S S S
Shallow draft 2,949 13.1 6,764 16.7 S S 36 34.7 6.3 35.3 5.6 S S 28.9
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - S S S S 1,171 30 - S S S S 3
Pipeline7 5,780 25.8 10,078 24.9 S S S 28.8 11.9 31.1 14.6 S S S
Multiple modes 2,405 10.7 6,153 15.2 1,213 18.4 375 25.1 2.4 40.2 4.2 34.1 3.3 20
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 74 0.3 2 - 1 - 389 26.2 0.3 46.6 - 25.5 - 23.4
Truck and rail 294 1.3 351 0.9 318 4.8 799 42.6 0.5 40.9 0.7 43.1 1.8 18.3
Truck and water 605 2.7 1,094 2.7 156 2.4 101 16.3 2.2 14.5 2 24.8 2.9 19.5
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 1,392 6.2 4,528 11.2 S S 136 19.3 1.9 48.3 5.2 S S 9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 37 100 S S 8 100 S 47 - S S 38.9 - S
Single modes S S S S 6 77.5 S S S S S 42.5 13.4 S
Truck6 S S S S 6 77.5 S S S S S 42.5 13.4 S
For-hire truck S S S S 6 76.5 656 S S S S 36.5 14.5 19.7
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 382 100 491 100 S S 21 31.9 - 41.9 - S S 14.8
Single modes 364 95.4 439 89.4 S S 18 32.6 3.2 42.9 5.5 S S 17.3
Truck6 349 91.5 390 79.4 S S 17 32.2 3.7 41.8 7.2 S S 20.7
For-hire truck 84 22.1 231 47.1 S S S 40 7 43.7 14.8 S S S
Private truck 265 69.4 159 32.3 S S 17 33.1 8.6 39.4 15.7 S S 7.4
Rail 15 3.9 49 10 S S 1,315 24.5 2.1 27 2.9 S S 11
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 253 100 1,747 100 214 100 S 38.4 - 36.5 - 36.9 - S
Single modes 240 94.7 1,703 97.5 200 93.4 S 37.9 2.3 37 1.8 36.4 3 S
Truck6 151 59.9 1,383 79.2 131 61.3 S 38.4 9.9 37.1 13.2 39.7 10.2 S
For-hire truck 151 59.9 1,383 79.2 131 61.3 S 38.4 9.9 37.1 13.2 39.7 10.2 S
Rail 59 23.3 43 2.5 57 26.8 1,231 32.1 14.7 33.6 17.5 31.3 11.2 13.5
Water 29 11.5 S S 11 5.3 S 49.4 8.7 S S 29.8 6.2 S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 11.1
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 771 S S S S S S 45.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,997 100 31,221 100 2,407 100 163 32.8 - 32.4 - 39.9 - 20.6
Single modes 13,836 86.5 25,195 80.7 1,516 63 167 35.9 5.7 38 7.7 40.7 8.4 20.9
Truck6 S S S S 237 9.9 113 S S S S 37.9 1.2 11.9
For-hire truck S S S S 156 6.5 125 S S S S 44.6 1.4 23.2
Private truck 525 3.3 758 2.4 81 3.4 106 36.2 2.3 33.5 1.9 34.4 1.3 10.6
Rail 1,628 10.2 2,321 7.4 1,117 46.4 511 27.1 12.5 24.9 12.5 47.7 9.1 20.5
Water 2,626 16.4 5,365 17.2 S S 27 41.5 10.1 44.3 10.2 S S 28.1
Shallow draft 2,626 16.4 5,365 17.2 S S 27 41.5 10.1 44.3 10.2 S S 28.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 5,739 35.9 9,818 31.4 S S S 29 16.2 31.6 16.8 S S S
Multiple modes 2,005 12.5 5,713 18.3 889 36.9 S 24 5.5 40.5 7.9 43.5 8 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 605 3.8 1,094 3.5 156 6.5 102 16.3 3.8 14.5 3.8 24.8 7.6 18.8
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 1,356 8.5 4,434 14.2 720 29.9 153 13.7 4.6 47 9.4 48.7 5.8 5.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5 S S S S S S 37.4

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,631 100 6,364 100 3,672 100 418 16.4 - 22.9 - 33.3 - 15.4
Single modes 4,349 93.9 6,097 95.8 3,495 95.2 374 16.2 1.7 23.4 1.3 34.6 1.5 15.5
Truck6 1,316 28.4 1,587 24.9 511 13.9 309 25.5 6.5 18.9 5.8 12.5 4.8 16.9
For-hire truck 1,152 24.9 1,418 22.3 488 13.3 394 30.1 6.5 22.3 6 13.2 4.6 16.4
Private truck S S 169 2.7 24 0.6 67 S S 49.7 2.8 49.4 0.8 20.8
Rail 2,694 58.2 3,124 49.1 1,899 51.7 599 17.6 6.5 16.6 6 16.9 7.9 14.8
Water S S S S S S 74 S S S S S S 46.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 74 S S S S S S 46.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 944 S S S S S S 18.1
Pipeline7 41 0.9 S S S S S 44.7 4.2 S S S S S
Multiple modes 282 6.1 266 4.2 177 4.8 541 43.8 1.7 44.9 1.3 44.5 1.5 25.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 22 0.5 S S - - 541 48.3 0.6 S S 47.9 - 28.2
Truck and rail S S S S 166 4.5 812 S S S S 47.6 1.4 18.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 18 0.4 S S S S 134 39.1 1 S S S S 19
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 124 100 198 100 S S S 17.4 - 36 - S S S
Single modes 104 84.1 143 72.5 S S S 20.4 8.9 41.5 11.2 S S S
Truck6 100 81.1 131 66.2 S S S 20.7 9.5 39.5 12.2 S S S
For-hire truck 4 3 10 5.3 9 8.6 847 44.9 4.2 34.7 2.2 37.7 9.1 13.7
Private truck 97 78.1 120 60.9 S S S 21.8 9.6 38.4 12.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 801 S S S S S S 33.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,001 S S S S S S 39.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 613 100 377 100 S S 44 13.2 - 40.4 - S S 44.4
Single modes 549 89.5 374 99.2 S S 26 15.4 6.7 40.8 3.1 S S 47.7
Truck6 549 89.5 374 99.2 S S 26 15.4 6.7 40.8 3.1 S S 47.7
For-hire truck 246 40 S S S S S 27.4 8.2 S S S S S
Private truck 304 49.5 S S 5 23.4 24 24 10.4 S S 35.3 15.4 36.9
Multiple modes 39 6.3 S S - 0.4 203 42.7 4.9 S S 36.7 1.1 26.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 39 6.3 S S - 0.4 203 42.7 4.9 S S 36.7 1.1 26.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10 S S S S S S 19.5

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 148 100 7 100 - 100 S 30.7 - 34.1 - 32 - S
Single modes 99 66.7 4 57.9 - 72.1 S 31.6 9.1 46.5 11.6 44.1 9.8 S
Truck6 99 66.6 4 57.9 - 71.8 S 31.7 8.9 46.6 11.5 43.9 9.8 S
For-hire truck 14 9.3 - 5.4 S S S 34.8 10.6 39.4 15.9 S S S
Private truck 85 57.3 S S - 11.1 16 35.9 6.9 S S 42.6 12.2 10.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8 5.2 - 2.7 - 7.5 S 40.7 11.4 36.2 11.5 35 11.9 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8 5.2 - 2.7 - 7.5 S 40.7 11.4 36.2 11.5 35 11.9 S
Other and unknown modes 42 28.1 3 39.3 S S 15 29.3 12.8 16.1 14.7 S S 10.2

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 165 100 23 100 8 100 180 20.2 - 28.1 - 29.2 - 34
Single modes 157 95.2 22 97.4 8 97.8 S 20.8 2.1 28 0.9 29.6 1.1 S
Truck6 156 94.9 22 97.3 8 97.6 47 20.9 2.3 28 0.9 29.5 1.1 39.2
For-hire truck 70 42.5 12 53.5 8 93.7 566 39.9 7.7 40.6 9.1 30.7 9.6 27.1
Private truck 86 52.5 10 43.8 - 3.8 25 19.2 8.4 24.6 9.5 27.4 9.6 27.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,285 S S S S S S 25.8
Multiple modes 4 2.2 - 0.9 S S 582 42.7 3.4 47.1 1.1 S S 43.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4 2.2 - 0.9 S S 582 42.7 3.4 47.1 1.1 S S 43.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 15.3

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.