Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,307 100 1,947 100 521 100 183 24.2 - 22.3 - 35.4 - 48.2
Less than 50 lbs 198 8.6 4 0.2 1 0.2 S 26.9 2.9 32.4 0.9 34.5 0.4 S
50 - 99 lbs S S 4 0.2 - 0.1 S S S 26.8 0.5 20.8 0.2 S
100 - 499 lbs 302 13.1 23 1.2 S S S 47.7 3.9 19.1 1.4 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 45 1.9 8 0.4 1 0.2 S 39.6 0.5 25.9 0.4 25.0 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs S S 5 0.3 - 0.1 S S S 28.2 0.2 37.9 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 377 16.4 162 8.3 30 5.7 S 31.4 2.6 31.2 3.0 28.8 5.5 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,239 53.7 1,314 67.5 468 89.9 308 29.0 6.2 21.8 9.3 39.6 8.5 35.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S 23.0

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,756 100 1,900 100 511 100 S 23.0 - 23.1 - 36.4 - S
Less than 50 lbs 124 7.1 4 0.2 - 0.1 S 40.1 2.9 39.9 0.9 48.0 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 23 1.3 3 0.1 - - S 33.8 0.7 26.9 0.5 27.3 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 155 8.8 20 1.0 S S S 40.4 4.0 20.8 1.5 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 25 1.4 7 0.4 1 0.2 S 29.5 0.5 26.4 0.4 30.4 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs 10 0.6 5 0.3 - 0.1 S 20.5 0.3 30.7 0.2 38.1 0.4 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 249 14.2 154 8.1 29 5.7 S 18.8 3.0 32.7 3.1 29.7 5.6 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,149 65.4 1,281 67.4 461 90.1 310 32.9 7.7 23.3 9.3 40.5 8.3 39.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S 23.0

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,756 100 1,900 100 511 100 S 23.0 - 23.1 - 36.4 - S
Less than 50 lbs 124 7.1 4 0.2 - 0.1 S 40.1 2.9 39.9 0.9 48.2 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 23 1.3 3 0.1 - - S 33.8 0.7 26.9 0.5 27.3 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 155 8.8 20 1.0 S S S 40.4 4.0 20.8 1.5 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 25 1.4 7 0.4 1 0.2 S 29.5 0.5 26.4 0.4 30.4 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs 10 0.6 5 0.3 - 0.1 S 20.5 0.3 30.7 0.2 38.1 0.4 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 249 14.2 154 8.1 29 5.7 S 18.8 3.0 32.7 3.1 29.7 5.6 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,149 65.4 1,281 67.4 461 90.1 310 32.9 7.7 23.3 9.3 40.5 8.3 39.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S 23.0

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,119 100 494 100 467 100 1,131 34.2 - 38.6 - 41.2 - 11.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,167 S S S S S S 19.6
50 - 99 lbs 2 0.2 - - - - 923 25.7 0.3 24.0 - 24.0 - 17.0
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,389 S S S S S S 13.1
500 - 749 lbs S S - 0.1 1 0.1 1,160 S S 40.6 0.1 40.6 0.2 22.7
750 - 999 lbs 4 0.3 - - S S 776 34.0 0.3 18.3 0.1 S S 35.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 121 10.8 27 5.5 24 5.1 1,037 38.0 3.3 37.4 2.5 38.8 7.5 11.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 844 75.4 463 93.6 438 93.7 941 38.7 7.0 39.6 3.4 43.5 10.0 17.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 637 100 1,406 100 44 100 23 23.8 - 34.3 - 42.5 - 21.9
Less than 50 lbs S S 3 0.2 - 0.2 19 S S 42.3 2.5 40.5 0.6 29.8
50 - 99 lbs 21 3.3 2 0.2 - 0.2 27 38.0 1.3 27.7 0.9 27.2 0.5 17.2
100 - 499 lbs 76 11.9 16 1.2 - 1.0 S 25.6 4.7 25.4 4.7 31.8 3.2 S
500 - 749 lbs 18 2.8 7 0.5 - 0.6 S 39.0 0.9 32.0 0.8 27.4 1.8 S
750 - 999 lbs 7 1.0 5 0.3 - 0.4 S 27.9 0.5 39.1 1.2 40.5 1.9 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 128 20.0 127 9.0 6 12.5 43 20.1 4.0 42.1 5.5 33.1 8.0 41.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 305 47.9 818 58.2 23 52.1 S 47.5 10.7 36.3 11.2 42.4 10.6 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S 23.0

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1 100 1 100 1,366 S S 28.5 - 30.9 - 10.0
Less than 50 lbs S S - 50.1 1 55.6 1,405 S S 28.2 7.6 31.4 8.5 10.9
50 - 99 lbs 9 13.7 - 22.8 - 18.3 995 32.1 10.5 25.0 9.4 24.4 9.8 13.6
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,129 S S S S S S 23.3
500 - 749 lbs 1 1.4 S S - 3.7 1,475 30.1 5.1 S S 45.4 6.1 7.9
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1 100 1 100 1,366 S S 28.5 - 30.9 - 10.0
Less than 50 lbs S S - 50.1 1 55.6 1,405 S S 28.2 7.6 31.4 8.5 10.9
50 - 99 lbs 9 13.7 - 22.8 - 18.3 995 32.1 10.5 25.0 9.4 24.4 9.8 13.6
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,129 S S S S S S 23.3
500 - 749 lbs 1 1.4 S S - 3.7 1,475 30.1 5.1 S S 45.4 6.1 7.9
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 48.5 0.8 S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 2.0 S S S S S 40.3 3.4 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 1.1 - - 3 S S 44.6 16.3 35.9 16.5 47.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 8 16.7 S S S S S 29.9 18.8 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 190 S S S S S S 47.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.