Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,789 100 40,017 100 4,250 100 7.6 - 24.2 - 25.8 -
Less than 50 miles 11,206 49.2 33,239 83.1 364 8.6 8.5 3.9 27.9 3.1 20.4 2.6
50 - 99 miles 400 1.8 604 1.5 S S 24.6 0.5 49.3 0.9 S S
100 - 249 miles 2,686 11.8 2,116 5.3 549 12.9 16.8 1.4 23.1 1.5 21.3 2.6
250 - 499 miles 2,977 13.1 2,785 7 1,211 28.5 24.1 3.2 30 1.6 30.6 5.6
500 - 749 miles 855 3.8 132 0.3 110 2.6 24.4 0.8 19.5 0.1 16.9 0.6
750 - 999 miles S S 211 0.5 257 6 S S 19.1 0.2 19.9 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 902 4 S S S S 20.6 0.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,380 6.1 233 0.6 478 11.2 22.2 1.4 33 0.7 34.4 5.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,568 6.9 115 0.3 287 6.8 27.1 1.4 28.5 0.1 28.6 2.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,041 100 39,297 100 3,955 100 7.9 - 24.1 - 27.5 -
Less than 50 miles 10,699 56.2 33,156 84.4 363 9.2 8.8 4.3 28 3.3 20.5 3
50 - 99 miles 337 1.8 333 0.8 35 0.9 26.9 0.5 29.3 0.9 29.8 0.4
100 - 249 miles 2,258 11.9 2,064 5.3 533 13.5 18.1 1.4 23.1 1.5 21.2 2.8
250 - 499 miles 2,507 13.2 2,554 6.5 1,102 27.9 27.8 3.5 30.2 1.4 30.8 5.2
500 - 749 miles 572 3 119 0.3 99 2.5 38.7 0.9 17.8 0.1 15.8 0.6
750 - 999 miles S S 180 0.5 214 5.4 S S 17.9 0.2 18.4 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 474 2.5 S S S S 25.3 0.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 848 4.5 222 0.6 457 11.6 25.3 1.5 34.7 0.7 36.1 5.7
More than 2,000 miles 648 3.4 96 0.2 240 6.1 31.2 0.9 35.3 0.1 35.4 2.3

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,853 100 39,187 100 3,897 100 8 - 24.1 - 27.1 -
Less than 50 miles 10,692 56.7 33,156 84.6 363 9.3 8.8 4.1 28 3.3 20.5 3
50 - 99 miles 337 1.8 333 0.8 35 0.9 26.9 0.5 29.3 0.9 29.8 0.4
100 - 249 miles 2,254 12 2,063 5.3 533 13.7 18.2 1.4 23.1 1.5 21.2 2.8
250 - 499 miles 2,459 13 2,454 6.3 1,062 27.2 27.4 3.5 29.7 1.4 30.3 5.1
500 - 749 miles 572 3 119 0.3 99 2.6 38.7 1 17.8 0.1 15.8 0.6
750 - 999 miles S S 180 0.5 214 5.5 S S 17.9 0.2 18.5 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 471 2.5 S S S S 25.5 0.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 798 4.2 213 0.5 441 11.3 28.7 1.5 36.8 0.7 38.2 5.7
More than 2,000 miles 631 3.3 95 0.2 238 6.1 32.2 1 35.6 0.1 35.7 2.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,719 100 6,315 100 2,980 100 17.6 - 23.1 - 30.9 -
Less than 50 miles 703 9.1 2,147 34 39 1.3 26.7 1.4 26.3 4.4 20.4 0.4
50 - 99 miles 59 0.8 173 2.7 19 0.6 41.5 0.5 45.1 2.3 45 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,810 23.5 1,244 19.7 328 11 20.5 2.5 21.8 1.9 20.4 3.1
250 - 499 miles 2,192 28.4 1,611 25.5 731 24.5 28.8 4.9 28.5 4.5 29.7 5.7
500 - 749 miles 558 7.2 95 1.5 82 2.7 39.9 1.8 15.7 0.6 14.9 1
750 - 999 miles S S 173 2.7 207 6.9 S S 19 1 19.5 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 375 4.9 S S S S 28.3 1.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 755 9.8 210 3.3 434 14.6 29.8 4.8 37.7 2.5 39 7.1
More than 2,000 miles 629 8.2 95 1.5 238 8 32.4 2.7 35.7 0.5 35.9 2.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,134 100 32,872 100 916 100 10 - 28.3 - 23.4 -
Less than 50 miles 9,989 89.7 31,010 94.3 323 35.3 9.4 1.2 29.8 2 22.7 7.5
50 - 99 miles 278 2.5 160 0.5 16 1.7 30 0.6 32.1 0.3 33.7 0.8
100 - 249 miles 443 4 819 2.5 205 22.3 36.1 0.9 31.7 1.5 29.8 6.2
250 - 499 miles 267 2.4 843 2.6 331 36.1 26.6 0.5 41.7 0.9 41 7.4
500 - 749 miles 15 0.1 24 0.1 18 1.9 32.5 0.1 48.9 0.1 49.1 1.8
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 97 0.9 6 - 10 1.1 47.3 0.8 26.9 0.1 27.3 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2 100 90 100 35 100 10.2 - 3.2 - 7.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 2 100 90 100 35 100 10.2 - 3.2 - 7.5 -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,370 100 613 100 277 100 20.8 - 47.2 - 32.8 -
Less than 50 miles 275 8.2 S S S S 41 5.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 395 11.7 S S S S 20.7 2.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 451 13.4 S S S S 15.9 3.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 242 7.2 6 1 5 1.8 29.3 1.2 22.8 2 23.8 0.9
750 - 999 miles 115 3.4 S S S S 29.2 1.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 428 12.7 10 1.6 16 5.9 27 3 27.8 2.8 24.9 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 530 15.7 11 1.8 21 7.6 31.6 2.6 24.5 3.1 24.7 5.1
More than 2,000 miles 920 27.3 19 3.1 47 17.1 40.1 4.9 34.6 8 34.9 9.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,333 100 86 100 99 100 21.1 - 20.1 - 24.2 -
Less than 50 miles 275 8.3 S S S S 41 6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 395 11.8 8 8.8 2 2.1 20.7 2.4 29.3 1.6 27.3 0.5
250 - 499 miles 437 13.1 9 10.6 5 4.6 17.6 3.1 20.9 3.5 21.5 2.7
500 - 749 miles 242 7.3 6 6.8 5 5.2 29.3 1.3 22.8 1.3 23.8 0.7
750 - 999 miles 111 3.3 4 4.5 5 5 30.9 1.6 33.9 1.7 33.7 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 418 12.5 9 10.5 14 14.3 27.9 3 30.7 2.1 30.1 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 530 15.9 11 12.6 21 21.4 31.6 2.6 24.5 1.8 24.7 3.7
More than 2,000 miles 915 27.4 19 21.6 46 47 40.2 4.8 35.4 6.2 35.3 7.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22 100 S S S S 37 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15 100 1 100 2 100 20.2 - 20.5 - 30.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 378 100 107 100 S S 33.3 - 48 - S S
Less than 50 miles 232 61.3 S S S S 44.4 11.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 19 4.9 S S S S 50 16.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1 0.2 S S S S 12.9 0.9 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.