Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,789 100 40,017 100 4,250 100 885 7.6 - 24.2 - 25.8 - 19.8
Less than 50 lbs 3,589 15.7 93 0.2 66 1.6 1,199 18.1 2.0 14.3 0.1 31.4 0.8 17.9
50 - 99 lbs 614 2.7 58 0.1 11 0.3 178 8.4 0.3 9.9 - 34.1 0.2 31.4
100 - 499 lbs 2,727 12.0 400 1.0 44 1.0 117 11.6 1.1 11.3 0.3 13.7 0.3 16.8
500 - 749 lbs 930 4.1 239 0.6 19 0.4 S 16.9 0.8 16.4 0.2 31.6 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs 582 2.6 182 0.5 S S S 16.9 0.5 18.9 0.2 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,342 32.2 2,527 6.3 317 7.5 108 16.1 3.4 12.2 3.0 31.7 3.1 26.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,182 27.1 27,998 70.0 1,953 46.0 S 11.8 4.0 33.6 5.5 13.8 6.7 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 688 3.0 7,018 17.5 S S 235 23.8 0.7 25.6 3.4 S S 20.3
More than 100,000 lbs 135 0.6 1,502 3.8 311 7.3 212 32.4 0.2 16.5 1.4 32.9 2.4 26.4

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,041 100 39,297 100 3,955 100 74 7.9 - 24.1 - 27.5 - 17.2
Less than 50 lbs 846 4.4 41 0.1 3 0.1 69 18.0 1.0 16.2 - 42.4 0.1 28.4
50 - 99 lbs 367 1.9 47 0.1 S S S 15.9 0.2 11.5 - S S S
100 - 499 lbs 2,301 12.1 372 0.9 25 0.6 64 14.9 1.4 12.2 0.3 16.4 0.3 28.8
500 - 749 lbs 841 4.4 234 0.6 11 0.3 49 20.6 1.0 17.2 0.2 27.9 0.1 35.3
750 - 999 lbs 529 2.8 173 0.4 S S S 16.5 0.5 19.9 0.2 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,304 38.4 2,519 6.4 315 8.0 108 16.2 3.6 12.3 3.0 31.9 3.3 26.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,046 31.7 27,915 71.0 1,934 48.9 S 12.0 4.8 33.7 5.7 14.0 7.0 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 688 3.6 7,011 17.8 S S 235 23.8 0.9 25.6 3.5 S S 20.4
More than 100,000 lbs 120 0.6 983 2.5 140 3.5 133 37.8 0.3 19.8 1.5 33.1 1.2 27.1

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,853 100 39,187 100 3,897 100 71 8.0 - 24.1 - 27.1 - 17.6
Less than 50 lbs 839 4.4 41 0.1 3 0.1 65 18.1 1.0 16.2 - 43.5 0.1 30.8
50 - 99 lbs 366 1.9 47 0.1 S S S 15.8 0.2 11.5 - S S S
100 - 499 lbs 2,222 11.8 372 0.9 23 0.6 61 13.4 1.2 12.2 0.3 15.0 0.3 29.9
500 - 749 lbs 841 4.5 233 0.6 11 0.3 48 20.6 1.0 17.3 0.2 27.8 0.1 35.4
750 - 999 lbs 525 2.8 173 0.4 S S S 16.6 0.5 20.0 0.2 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,210 38.2 2,502 6.4 294 7.5 97 16.9 3.9 12.6 3.0 35.4 3.4 25.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,044 32.1 27,902 71.2 1,929 49.5 S 12.0 4.9 33.7 5.7 13.9 6.9 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 687 3.6 6,964 17.8 S S 234 23.8 1.0 25.6 3.5 S S 20.5
More than 100,000 lbs 119 0.6 954 2.4 126 3.2 123 38.0 0.3 21.1 1.5 35.8 1.3 25.7

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,719 100 6,315 100 2,980 100 579 17.6 - 23.1 - 30.9 - 15.2
Less than 50 lbs 59 0.8 2 - 1 - S 29.5 0.3 46.9 - 33.6 - S
50 - 99 lbs 12 0.2 1 - - - 491 32.7 - 41.5 - 37.3 - 22.2
100 - 499 lbs 424 5.5 15 0.2 12 0.4 831 42.0 1.6 22.4 0.1 20.2 0.2 10.2
500 - 749 lbs 101 1.3 13 0.2 7 0.2 573 25.5 0.7 29.5 0.1 42.6 0.1 23.3
750 - 999 lbs 78 1.0 S S S S 1,214 31.0 0.5 S S S S 17.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,161 41.0 273 4.3 241 8.1 937 39.3 7.5 23.0 1.3 43.4 3.7 20.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,510 45.5 3,223 51.0 1,523 51.1 498 18.0 7.5 21.2 5.2 15.0 8.9 16.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 364 4.7 2,576 40.8 S S 475 39.3 1.7 32.0 6.1 S S 22.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S 199 3.2 S S 97 S S 44.8 7.7 S S 32.7

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,134 100 32,872 100 916 100 35 10.0 - 28.3 - 23.4 - 29.6
Less than 50 lbs 779 7.0 39 0.1 S S 42 18.6 1.4 16.4 0.1 S S 29.9
50 - 99 lbs 354 3.2 46 0.1 S S S 16.2 0.4 11.6 - S S S
100 - 499 lbs 1,798 16.2 357 1.1 11 1.2 32 13.1 1.9 12.8 0.5 25.6 0.6 44.0
500 - 749 lbs 740 6.6 221 0.7 4 0.4 19 22.3 1.2 18.8 0.3 22.6 0.2 17.1
750 - 999 lbs 447 4.0 161 0.5 3 0.4 20 21.3 0.6 22.4 0.3 31.3 0.1 12.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,050 36.4 2,229 6.8 52 5.7 24 20.4 3.9 15.3 4.4 21.2 2.7 5.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,534 22.8 24,678 75.1 406 44.3 18 9.4 3.4 37.9 7.1 20.3 7.8 32.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 323 2.9 4,388 13.3 324 35.4 87 31.4 0.7 27.8 3.7 43.0 7.8 21.2
More than 100,000 lbs 109 1.0 755 2.3 111 12.2 131 42.8 0.5 19.4 1.1 41.8 4.3 28.4

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2 100 90 100 35 100 368 10.2 - 3.2 - 7.5 - 9.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 351 S S S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,435 S S S S S S 11.2
Less than 50 lbs 7 3.6 - 0.3 - 0.2 1,511 39.1 16.6 31.6 14.5 41.4 14.1 11.9
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,455 S S S S S S 34.4
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,662 S S S S S S 16.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,546 S S S S S S 1.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,370 100 613 100 277 100 1,564 20.8 - 47.2 - 32.8 - 10.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,626 77.9 49 7.9 64 23.0 1,580 26.0 4.6 23.6 13.6 33.3 11.0 10.8
50 - 99 lbs 228 6.8 8 1.3 8 2.9 929 18.2 4.1 31.0 3.0 35.2 4.2 12.7
100 - 499 lbs 388 11.5 20 3.3 20 7.1 1,023 27.0 2.6 24.9 5.6 27.9 4.5 15.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,649 S S S S S S 21.7
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 19 0.6 1 0.2 3 1.1 2,423 25.6 1.1 19.6 1.0 24.2 3.6 33.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 519 84.6 171 61.9 414 S S 26.9 7.6 29.6 18.4 35.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,333 100 86 100 99 100 1,565 21.1 - 20.1 - 24.2 - 10.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,626 78.8 49 56.6 64 64.5 1,580 26.0 4.5 23.6 6.4 33.3 7.6 10.8
50 - 99 lbs 228 6.8 8 9.5 8 8.1 929 18.2 4.1 31.0 1.9 35.2 3.9 12.7
100 - 499 lbs 388 11.7 20 23.7 20 20.0 1,023 27.0 2.6 24.9 3.9 27.9 4.0 15.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,649 S S S S S S 21.7
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22 100 S S S S S 37.0 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,899 S S S S S S 4.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 519 98.5 171 97.4 414 S S 26.9 2.0 29.6 2.1 35.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15 100 1 100 2 100 S 20.2 - 20.5 - 30.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 15 100.0 1 100.0 2 100.0 S 20.2 - 20.5 - 30.3 - S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 378 100 107 100 S S 77 33.3 - 48.0 - S S 38.9
Less than 50 lbs S S 3 2.9 S S S S S 38.4 2.7 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 19 5.1 3 3.0 - 0.2 12 35.6 2.1 33.6 4.3 42.9 2.0 41.7
100 - 499 lbs 37 9.8 7 6.2 - 0.4 S 36.0 8.3 31.0 9.0 26.0 9.9 S
500 - 749 lbs 13 3.4 1 1.1 - 0.3 S 45.0 15.8 47.1 5.4 37.5 3.8 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - 0.1 S S S S S 25.3 1.8 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 36 9.5 8 7.1 S S 215 36.8 6.7 39.3 8.7 S S 31.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 16 87.4 S S S S S 49.7 19.5 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.