Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 22,789 100 40,017 100 4,250 100 885 7.6 - 24.2 - 25.8 - 19.8
Single modes 19,041 83.6 39,297 98.2 3,955 93.1 74 7.9 2.5 24.1 0.4 27.5 2.4 17.2
Truck6 18,853 82.7 39,187 97.9 3,897 91.7 71 8 2.5 24.1 0.4 27.1 2.3 17.6
For-hire truck 7,719 33.9 6,315 15.8 2,980 70.1 579 17.6 4.7 23.1 3.5 30.9 5.1 15.2
Private truck 11,134 48.9 32,872 82.1 916 21.6 35 10 4.5 28.3 3.3 23.4 4.1 29.6
Rail 2 - 90 0.2 35 0.8 368 10.2 - 3.2 0.3 7.5 1.3 9.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,435 S S S S S S 11.2
Multiple modes 3,370 14.8 613 1.5 277 6.5 1,564 20.8 2.4 47.2 0.5 32.8 2.4 10.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,333 14.6 86 0.2 99 2.3 1,565 21.1 2.4 20.1 0.1 24.2 0.9 10.7
Truck and rail 22 0.1 S S S S S 37 - S S S S S
Truck and water 15 0.1 1 - 2 - S 20.2 0.1 20.5 - 30.3 0.2 S
Other and unknown modes 378 1.7 107 0.3 S S 77 33.3 0.5 48 0.2 S S 38.9

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 749 100 253 100 11 100 S 13.4 - 27.1 - 46.3 - S
Single modes 749 99.9 253 100 11 100 S 13.4 0.1 27.1 - 46.3 - S
Truck6 749 99.9 253 100 11 100 S 13.4 0.1 27.1 - 46.3 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 728 97.2 251 99.2 11 95.4 S 13.8 1.8 27.5 0.6 49.7 10.7 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,341 100 2,185 100 558 100 35 13.3 - 22.7 - 38.3 - 26.7
Single modes 3,241 97 2,155 98.6 549 98.3 30 13.2 1.7 23.2 1.4 38.7 1.9 32.4
Truck6 3,241 97 2,155 98.6 549 98.3 30 13.2 1.7 23.2 1.4 38.7 1.9 32.4
For-hire truck 1,228 36.8 966 44.2 531 95.2 677 28.2 11.2 42.5 12.4 39.2 11.6 19.8
Private truck 2,012 60.2 1,189 54.4 18 3.2 15 22 10.9 30.6 12.3 36.8 13.6 9.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 607 S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 283 S S S S S S 1.9

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 907 100 17,384 100 985 100 S 33.3 - 45.6 - 20.8 - S
Single modes 901 99.3 16,878 97.1 863 87.6 S 33.4 0.8 45.5 1.2 20.2 4.9 S
Truck6 899 99.1 16,787 96.6 828 84 S 33.4 0.8 45.8 1.3 19.5 5 S
For-hire truck 450 49.6 2,165 12.5 377 38.3 177 41 11.5 21.2 10.4 33.9 12.8 27.7
Private truck S S S S 450 45.7 S S S S S 34 11.8 S
Rail 2 0.2 90 0.5 35 3.6 368 10.2 0.2 3.2 3.1 7.5 2.9 9.8
Multiple modes 6 0.7 471 2.7 122 12.4 338 15.6 3.1 34.7 3.8 18.5 13.5 31.9
Truck and rail 6 0.7 471 2.7 122 12.4 338 15.6 3.1 34.7 3.8 18.5 13.5 31.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 453 100 631 100 56 100 S 20.4 - 20.1 - 31.8 - S
Single modes 444 98 631 100 56 100 35 17.2 1.4 16.9 - 30 0.1 43.5
Truck6 444 98 631 100 56 100 35 17.2 1.4 16.9 - 30 0.1 43.5
For-hire truck 117 25.9 133 21 36 64.8 245 26.9 16.1 25 9.8 25.1 14.2 12.4
Private truck 327 72.2 498 78.9 20 35.2 33 23.8 10.1 19.5 7.1 18.4 17 24.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3 S S S S S S 24

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,468 100 478 100 S S 931 20 - 29.9 - S S 22
Single modes 1,178 80.3 468 97.9 S S 69 19.8 5.6 30.6 1.3 S S 33.3
Truck6 1,176 80.1 468 97.9 S S 67 19.8 5.6 30.6 1.3 S S 34.6
For-hire truck 677 46.2 246 51.4 S S 709 24.1 7.9 37.4 9.1 S S 21.6
Private truck 498 34 S S 17 5.2 27 30.8 6.1 S S 43.2 6.4 20.1
Air (incl truck and air) 3 0.2 - - - - S 36.5 1 39.9 0.1 46.6 0.1 S
Multiple modes 227 15.5 6 1.3 7 2.2 1,467 38.8 4.3 38.9 0.9 49.2 2.7 18.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 227 15.5 6 1.3 7 2.2 1,467 38.8 4.3 38.9 0.9 49.2 2.7 18.5
Other and unknown modes S S 4 0.8 S S S S S 32.6 0.6 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,930 100 1,654 100 363 100 1,505 19.5 - 16 - 30.8 - 20.9
Single modes 3,377 68.5 1,612 97.5 312 85.8 127 14.8 8.8 16.2 0.8 34.7 7 37.9
Truck6 3,377 68.5 1,612 97.4 312 85.8 127 14.8 8.8 16.2 0.8 34.7 7 38.2
For-hire truck 1,640 33.3 324 19.6 248 68.4 921 27 8.1 20.1 5.2 43.6 9.2 20.3
Private truck 1,737 35.2 1,288 77.9 63 17.4 18 22.1 7.9 21 5.3 35.1 8.1 21.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,510 30.6 34 2 51 14.1 1,744 47.4 8.9 35.8 0.6 40.5 6.9 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,510 30.6 33 2 50 13.9 1,744 47.5 9 36.4 0.7 41.6 7.1 10.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 9 0.5 - 0.1 S S S 41.2 0.4 46.8 0.1 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,136 100 15,693 100 905 100 583 11 - 19.2 - 21.9 - 26.6
Single modes 3,572 86.4 15,607 99.5 835 92.3 67 10.9 4.3 19.2 0.3 20.7 2.9 30.5
Truck6 3,565 86.2 15,607 99.5 835 92.2 66 10.9 4.4 19.2 0.3 20.8 2.8 31
For-hire truck 819 19.8 1,478 9.4 522 57.7 795 23.7 6.1 38.6 11.9 31.7 12.4 21.9
Private truck 2,746 66.4 14,129 90 312 34.5 33 12.6 5.6 23.4 11.9 26.6 11.7 21.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,308 S S S S S S 19.6
Multiple modes 546 13.2 S S S S 1,225 40.2 4.3 S S S S 18.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 534 12.9 S S 17 1.9 1,225 41.4 4.4 S S 47.2 1.4 18.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,049 S S S S S S 28
Other and unknown modes 18 0.4 3 - S S S 31.9 0.2 40.7 - S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,256 100 118 100 31 100 555 32.5 - 15.9 - 31.8 - 21.7
Single modes 1,457 64.6 84 71.7 15 47.8 57 46.2 9.1 20.4 9.5 49.8 9.9 19.5
Truck6 1,379 61.1 84 70.9 13 42.8 49 43.8 8.8 20.4 9.5 49.5 9.6 21.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 681 30.2 68 58.1 1 3.9 S 19.8 9.3 23.2 11 28.5 6.9 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,673 S S S S S S 19.8
Multiple modes 601 26.7 7 6.1 8 24.3 1,152 20.6 8.4 22.7 7.2 25.7 12.7 11.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 588 26.1 7 5.5 6 19.9 1,152 21 8.2 23.6 6.5 24.2 10.6 11.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 10 0.4 S S S S S 33.4 2.5 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 154 S S S S S S 29.9

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,549 100 S S S S 522 22.4 - S S S S 27.8
Single modes 4,122 90.6 S S S S S 25.8 5.3 S S S S S
Truck6 4,024 88.5 S S S S S 26.7 6 S S S S S
For-hire truck 2,068 45.5 S S S S 563 47.2 10.8 S S S S 24.7
Private truck 1,956 43 603 37.2 S S 25 44.5 9.7 41.9 13.5 S S 14.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,448 S S S S S S 6.8
Multiple modes 415 9.1 11 0.7 17 1.7 1,264 33.4 5.3 40 1.7 43.1 7.8 14
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 415 9.1 11 0.7 17 1.7 1,264 33.4 5.3 40 1.7 43.1 7.8 14
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.