Table 13. Shipment Characteristics by NAICS and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 13. Shipment Characteristics by NAICS and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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NAICS2 212, Mining (except oil and gas)

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 597 100 6,038 100 897 100 39.2 - 13.3 - 31.1 -
Less than 50 miles 35 5.9 3,598 59.6 38 4.3 15.5 17 26.3 10.2 19.2 13.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 23 3.8 720 11.9 198 22.1 34.7 4.9 16.6 3.5 16.6 11.8
250 - 499 miles 519 86.9 1,217 20.2 496 55.3 34.7 17.6 31.6 11.8 31.9 11.1
500 - 749 miles S S 13 0.2 12 1.3 S S 41.8 0.3 32.4 1.4
750 - 999 miles S S 63 1 78 8.7 S S 46.5 1.2 49.2 5.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3 0.5 12 0.2 18 2 36 1.1 32.2 0.2 33.4 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles - 0.1 2 - 5 0.5 12.4 2.2 21.6 0.3 22.3 4.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 31-33, Manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,588 100 27,162 100 2,659 100 11.2 - 37.1 - 37.8 -
Less than 50 miles 2,273 34.5 23,780 87.6 253 9.5 18.7 5.2 42 15 31.6 6.3
50 - 99 miles 14 0.2 S S S S 35.4 0.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 882 13.4 1,088 4 280 10.5 9.6 2.6 28.5 5.3 28.2 2.6
250 - 499 miles 909 13.8 1,324 4.9 606 22.8 17.6 2.5 33.7 6 34.6 6.3
500 - 749 miles 279 4.2 86 0.3 71 2.7 40 1.1 28.4 0.6 26.3 1.1
750 - 999 miles S S 137 0.5 165 6.2 S S 28 1.3 28.3 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 576 8.7 S S S S 17.8 1.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 647 9.8 S S S S 27.6 3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 406 6.2 39 0.1 96 3.6 18.5 1.4 24.9 0.3 24.3 2.3

NAICS2 311, Food manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 586 100 307 100 S S 33.7 - 47.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles 285 48.7 123 40.1 S S 18.5 15.6 29.4 16.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 22 3.8 11 3.7 18 10 34.1 1 39.3 0.5 37.7 2.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 51 8.7 27 8.7 53 28.5 33.6 6.7 40.9 6.8 40.4 7.7
More than 2,000 miles 36 6.1 17 5.6 42 22.9 11.3 9.4 29.6 8.5 29 8.9

NAICS2 312, Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 312 100 675 100 301 100 14.4 - 44.2 - 46.5 -
Less than 50 miles 31 10 S S 1 0.2 18.4 5.9 S S 47.9 0.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 90 28.7 87 12.9 24 8 11.7 7.7 14.3 16.4 15.7 10
250 - 499 miles 161 51.4 S S S S 48.2 15 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 9 2.9 11 1.7 11 3.5 40.9 1.8 19.9 1.8 25.3 3.4
750 - 999 miles 20 6.3 17 2.5 20 6.6 33.7 4.4 36.1 5.6 37 13.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

NAICS2 321, Wood product manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 268 100 145 100 12 100 21.3 - 15.3 - 34.3 -
Less than 50 miles 206 76.7 108 74.4 1 11.1 29.4 11.3 23.8 11 22 18
50 - 99 miles 4 1.4 S S S S 34.1 3.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 55 20.5 33 23.1 9 75.1 36.4 18.6 37.4 17.3 38.5 15.4
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 322, Paper manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 197 100 S S 77 100 49.3 - S S 48.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 72 36.5 40 35 10 13.5 45.7 6 46.7 6.3 46.5 5.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 38 19.4 18 16.2 28 36.6 33.3 6.8 34.9 5.8 35.7 9.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 323, Printing and related support activities

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 344 100 43 100 12 100 28.1 - 40.3 - 36.3 -
Less than 50 miles 167 48.6 S S S S 38.6 11.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 54 15.8 S S S S 44.5 5.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 4 1.1 - 0.5 S S 48.6 3.4 50 3.9 S S
750 - 999 miles 12 3.4 S S S S 49.1 1.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 1.2 1 6.8 S S 42.5 18.6 44.4 18.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 25 7.2 1 3.3 3 22 40.1 9.1 37.9 9.6 35.5 13.2
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 1.6 2 15.1 S S 38.2 2.3 38 4.6

NAICS2 325, Chemical manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 291 100 S S S S 43.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 15 5.3 - 0.2 - - 37 3.9 35.3 4.9 36.8 0.9
250 - 499 miles 15 5.1 - 0.4 - 0.1 21.7 2.3 42.6 4.2 45.1 1.4
500 - 749 miles 9 3.2 S S S S 26.9 3.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 9 3.1 - 0.2 - 0.1 11 3.1 29 7.5 30 6.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 66 22.7 S S S S 38.1 10.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 50 17.2 S S S S 24.9 10.8 S S S S

NAICS2 326, Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 489 100 164 100 89 100 16.1 - 16.5 - 18.4 -
Less than 50 miles 67 13.6 20 12.1 - 0.2 38.3 6.3 33.4 4 19.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 9 1.9 2 1.4 S S 43.7 1.6 44 1.4 S S
100 - 249 miles 145 29.6 52 31.8 15 17.1 16.6 5.7 20.8 4.8 21.5 2.8
250 - 499 miles 110 22.5 51 31.3 23 26.2 17.2 4.8 18 5.7 18.6 6.5
500 - 749 miles 25 5.2 10 6.1 9 9.7 24.6 1.1 26 1.1 25.2 2.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 10 6.2 14 16.1 S S 25.4 3.9 26.2 7.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 19 4 7 4.1 13 14.5 34 1.7 36.1 1.6 37.3 5.6
More than 2,000 miles 6 1.2 S S S S 26.1 1.1 S S S S

NAICS2 327, Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,213 100 24,969 100 842 100 25.9 - 38.4 - 22.4 -
Less than 50 miles 968 79.8 23,406 93.7 249 29.5 33.2 14.1 41.5 15.7 30.3 16.2
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 113 9.3 809 3.2 204 24.2 38.7 6.4 27.3 8.5 26 4.7
250 - 499 miles 114 9.4 650 2.6 278 33 30.3 12 26.9 13 26.3 7
500 - 749 miles 6 0.5 36 0.1 27 3.2 15.4 1.3 28.2 1.8 14.7 2.3
750 - 999 miles 12 1 69 0.3 84 10 26.6 4 27.7 3.6 28.7 6.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

NAICS2 331, Primary metal manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 393 100 27 100 51 100 11.1 - 9 - 7.4 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 108 27.4 5 17 1 2.5 47.6 12 39.6 4.4 30.7 0.7
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 191 48.5 16 60.3 35 68.3 24.5 9.9 13.5 4.4 13.3 5
More than 2,000 miles 87 22.1 6 21.9 15 29 8.6 3.8 15.4 4.5 16.3 5.2

NAICS2 332, Fabricated metal product manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 46 100 S S S S 43.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 31 6.8 S S S S 47.2 3.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 56 12 S S S S 38.3 8.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 333, Machinery manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 47 100 S S 7 100 45.1 - S S 43.7 -
Less than 50 miles 3 5.5 - 5.3 - 0.1 8.2 10 13.1 10.4 13.1 0.2
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 4.6 - 5.4 S S 13.7 10.7 8.7 8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 19 40.6 2 29.6 4 55.8 46 15.1 45.2 17.4 44.9 16.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 334, Computer and electronic product manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 125 100 3 100 4 100 9.7 - 29.4 - 46.1 -
Less than 50 miles 51 40.8 1 26 S S 31 13.2 49.9 15.4 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 7 5.9 - 3.3 - 0.7 43.7 2.1 38.1 1.7 38.5 7.1
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 2 1.7 S S S S 48.8 1.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 3 2.1 S S S S 43.3 1.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14 11.1 S S S S 42.5 5.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 17 13.6 S S S S 47.3 7.2 S S S S

NAICS2 335, Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 56 100 3 100 4 100 26.3 - 29.1 - 25.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 8 14.1 S S S S 49.1 4.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 4 7.8 S S S S 48.6 6.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 4 7.8 - 9.1 - 7.1 24.6 2.2 41.4 2.5 40.6 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 8.6 - 9.4 S S 29.8 6.3 32 5.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13 22.6 S S S S 44.4 12.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 17 30.6 1 20.4 1 33.9 42.9 5.7 29.2 2.8 29.6 6.3

NAICS2 336, Transportation equipment manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50 100 S S S S 48.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 13 26 - 13.8 - 3.8 42.5 9.5 49.6 7.2 49.7 3.5
250 - 499 miles S S S S - 5.6 S S S S 7.5 15.7
500 - 749 miles S S - 0.4 - 0.3 S S 27.3 1 35.2 1.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11 22.5 S S S S 32.7 9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1 2.8 S S S S 42.3 1.4 S S S S

NAICS2 337, Furniture and related product manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 205 100 34 100 S S 29.1 - 47.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 339, Miscellaneous manufacturing

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,548 100 S S S S 46 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 59 3.8 S S S S 37.3 5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 223 14.4 S S S S 39.7 7.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 264 17.1 S S S S 42.3 5.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 149 9.6 S S S S 46.2 6.4 S S S S

NAICS2 42, Wholesale trade

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,001 100 6,351 100 467 100 14.1 - 17.5 - 21.7 -
Less than 50 miles 8,329 75.7 5,606 88.3 69 14.8 12.4 2.3 18.3 1.4 21.7 3
50 - 99 miles 353 3.2 172 2.7 17 3.7 26.8 0.7 25.5 0.5 26.7 1.1
100 - 249 miles 754 6.9 255 4 55 11.9 32.3 1.1 26.2 0.9 26 2.8
250 - 499 miles 523 4.8 196 3.1 86 18.4 14.4 1.7 21.5 1 20 8.6
500 - 749 miles 116 1.1 S S S S 38 0.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 62 0.6 4 0.1 4 1 48.6 0.2 38.5 - 38.4 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 100 0.9 6 0.1 10 2.2 48.4 0.3 49.3 - 45.2 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 355 3.2 S S S S 45.7 1.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 409 3.7 25 0.4 65 13.9 38.8 1.1 38.7 0.1 38.9 4.4

NAICS2 423, Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,601 100 3,296 100 240 100 11.7 - 30 - 35.7 -
Less than 50 miles 4,278 76.4 3,053 92.6 39 16.2 13.6 2.8 31.7 2.7 33.5 6.7
50 - 99 miles 148 2.6 25 0.8 3 1.1 38.7 1.1 36 0.2 38 0.6
100 - 249 miles 346 6.2 59 1.8 14 6 24.1 1.2 25.3 1.3 25.1 3
250 - 499 miles 380 6.8 78 2.4 36 15 21.9 2.1 29.7 1.6 28.6 9.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 1 - 1 0.6 S S 28 - 28.9 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 48 0.9 3 0.1 5 2.1 33.4 0.2 43.1 - 38.5 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 129 2.3 S S S S 35 1.1 S S S S

NAICS2 4231, Motor vehicle and parts merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 352 100 104 100 S S 27.5 - 37.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles 102 29 16 14.9 - 0.1 22.1 14.7 24.4 18.6 37.7 13.8
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 4 1.1 - 0.4 - 0.1 31.9 0.9 40.9 1 37.3 4.8
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15 4.4 S S 3 2.2 30.7 5.7 S S 46.4 17.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 42 11.9 S S S S 45.4 10.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4232, Furniture and home furnishing merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 234 100 51 100 7 100 23.8 - 37.9 - 15 -
Less than 50 miles 160 68.2 S S S S 33.2 9.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 21 8.9 S S S S 46.1 8.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 5 2.3 1 1 1 9.3 40.2 1 42.3 0.8 43 5.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2 0.7 - 0.5 1 8.8 13.4 3.6 35.7 6.5 38.7 12.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4233, Lumber and other construction materials merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 901 100 1,633 100 56 100 26.5 - 27.3 - 17.3 -
Less than 50 miles 830 92.1 1,544 94.5 22 38.7 28.7 5.8 28.7 5.1 28.9 9.1
50 - 99 miles S S 10 0.6 1 1.6 S S 44.6 0.5 45.1 0.7
100 - 249 miles 29 3.2 39 2.4 9 16.6 27.5 3.6 28.3 2.9 26.5 4.3
250 - 499 miles 21 2.3 35 2.1 17 30.9 29.4 1.5 42 2.1 41.8 8.8
500 - 749 miles 5 0.6 S S S S 35.6 0.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - - - 0.6 S S 32.2 0.1 30.9 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - - - 0.5 S S 36.3 0.1 36.5 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4234, Commercial equip. merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 382 100 62 100 S S 35.4 - 50 - S S
Less than 50 miles 244 63.8 S S S S 30 13.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 8 2 S S S S 44.8 9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S - 0.3 S S S S 32.1 11 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S - 0.3 S S S S 49.3 3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 0.1 - 1 S S 47.8 6.4 48.3 10.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4235, Metal and mineral (except petroleum) merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 1 100 S S S S 30 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S - 69.6 S S S S 27.8 14.3
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

NAICS2 4236, Electrical and electronic goods merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 927 100 77 100 3 100 25.7 - 23.5 - 34.4 -
Less than 50 miles 734 79.1 73 94 1 23.7 25.7 6.7 23.6 1.8 30.9 15.2
50 - 99 miles 19 2.1 S S S S 0.6 2.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 44 4.7 2 3 S S 34.3 3.2 48.4 1.5 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2 0.2 S S S S 44.5 0.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 0.5 1 23 S S 43.4 0.7 42.4 11.7
More than 2,000 miles S S - 0.1 - 3.3 S S 49.7 0.1 48.6 3.7

NAICS2 4237, Hardware and plumbing merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 636 100 133 100 3 100 15.7 - 24.8 - 37.3 -
Less than 50 miles 606 95.3 131 98.1 1 43.6 15.4 2.2 25.6 1.5 21.3 15.1
50 - 99 miles 3 0.5 - 0.2 - 0.9 39.1 0.4 34.5 0.5 30.4 1
100 - 249 miles S S 1 0.8 S S S S 47.9 1.1 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S - 0.1 - 3.7 S S 43.3 0.4 44.9 2.8
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4238, Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,369 100 324 100 24 100 24.2 - 33.2 - 41 -
Less than 50 miles 991 72.4 283 87.4 3 14.1 27.1 9.7 35.2 12.5 39.1 7.6
50 - 99 miles S S 5 1.6 1 2.3 S S 40.4 0.7 41.6 3.9
100 - 249 miles 106 7.7 12 3.7 S S 24.3 15.5 48.4 16 S S
250 - 499 miles 173 12.6 S S S S 47.2 5.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S - - - 0.3 S S 37.8 - 37.4 0.1
750 - 999 miles 1 0.1 - - - 0.3 10.5 0.2 11.5 0.1 10 0.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 23 1.7 S S S S 43.6 1.9 S S S S

NAICS2 4239, Miscellaneous durable goods merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 667 100 S S S S 39.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 480 71.9 S S S S 45.9 20 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - - S S S S 21.3 10.8 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 424, Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,399 100 3,055 100 226 100 21.9 - 20.1 - 23.9 -
Less than 50 miles 4,051 75 2,553 83.5 30 13.3 20.7 4.3 20.9 3.6 19.9 5.5
50 - 99 miles 205 3.8 146 4.8 15 6.5 37.8 0.8 26.5 1.2 27.2 1.8
100 - 249 miles 409 7.6 196 6.4 41 18.1 43.6 1.6 35.7 1.7 37.2 3.8
250 - 499 miles 143 2.7 118 3.9 50 22 25.8 1.1 34.4 1.4 32.4 7.4
500 - 749 miles S S 1 - 1 0.4 S S 45.3 0.1 46.1 1.3
750 - 999 miles 28 0.5 S S 3 1.3 34.2 0.1 S S 40.2 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 20 0.7 52 22.9 S S 46.3 0.5 46.5 7.6

NAICS2 4241, Paper and paper product merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 572 100 S S S S 43.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 546 95.5 S S S S 46.7 8.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 1 0.2 S S S S 38.7 0.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4242, Drugs and druggists' sundries merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 3 1.4 - 0.6 - 0.1 24 7.1 24.9 6.3 23.6 2.3
500 - 749 miles 3 1.4 - 0.6 - 0.2 45.1 5.6 36.7 4.6 36.4 3
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3 1.3 - 0.7 - 0.4 26.5 3.3 26 3.7 26.1 11.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8 3.8 - 2 S S 10.9 13.4 15 14.2 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 4243, Apparel, piece goods, and notions merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 138 100 S S S S 37.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

NAICS2 4244, Grocery and related product merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,964 100 1,002 100 26 100 19.9 - 18.5 - 35.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,759 89.6 930 92.8 9 35 17.4 3 17.6 3 18.8 13.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

NAICS2 4246, Chemical and allied products merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 119 100 S S S S 44.7 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 110 92.4 S S S S 49.2 11.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2 1.3 S S S S 46.6 1.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S - - - 1.4 S S 10.1 0.3 12.7 16

NAICS2 4247, Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 375 100 558 100 53 100 20.5 - 19.7 - 30.9 -
Less than 50 miles 226 60.3 356 63.7 5 10 31.5 12.6 27.8 10.9 38.1 15.7
50 - 99 miles 63 16.7 83 14.8 9 16.3 32.2 5.7 31.7 4.2 31.6 6.2
100 - 249 miles 30 8.1 56 10 11 20.3 27.4 2.9 36.2 5.3 41.4 8
250 - 499 miles 56 14.9 64 11.5 28 53.4 25.1 6.9 25.9 4.4 26 10.4
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

NAICS2 4248, Beer, wine, and distilled alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,439 100 S S S S 33.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 926 64.3 S S S S 38.9 13.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 50 3.5 S S S S 41.2 1.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 8 1.2 S S S S 39.6 3.2 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 17 1.2 2 0.3 2 3.3 17.4 3.8 7.2 5.2 9.3 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 48 3.3 3 0.5 5 7.7 27.7 6.4 6.2 9.4 3.2 5.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 131 9.1 9 1.3 23 34.4 50 12.9 35.3 19.1 36.9 8

NAICS2 4249, Miscellaneous nondurable goods merchant wholesalers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S 5 17.7 S S S S 47.9 12.1
50 - 99 miles S S 11 2.7 1 3.9 S S 35.7 1.8 36.8 3.2
100 - 249 miles S S 23 5.7 5 19.5 S S 39.8 8.1 41.9 13.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

NAICS2 4541, Electronic shopping and mail-order houses

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,695 100 29 100 48 100 28.4 - 27.5 - 32.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 198 11.7 3 11.4 1 2.1 31.2 6.5 33.8 5.7 34.4 2.6
250 - 499 miles 175 10.3 3 11.2 2 3.5 27.5 3.8 21.6 3.9 24.5 3.9
500 - 749 miles 149 8.8 3 9.7 3 5.4 31.6 1.9 32 1.8 33.5 1.9
750 - 999 miles 14 0.8 S S S S 10.6 3.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 206 12.1 4 15.2 7 14.8 39 4.2 39.3 5.1 38 4.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 315 18.6 4 15.1 9 18.6 36.1 3.9 32.7 2.6 33.2 3
More than 2,000 miles 626 36.9 10 35.1 26 54.1 47.6 8.3 47.7 8.3 47.8 9.5

NAICS2 45431, Fuel dealers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 66 100 67 100 3 100 42.4 - 38.7 - 19.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

NAICS2 4931, Warehousing and storage

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,516 100 204 100 S S 34.4 - 28.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 813 32.3 48 23.8 13 7.7 44.1 7 35 11.3 35.6 8.8
250 - 499 miles 796 31.6 44 21.7 21 12.2 38.5 11 32.7 11.4 35.3 13.1
500 - 749 miles 288 11.4 15 7.5 13 7.4 46.5 3.1 43 3.1 42.5 6.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 5111, Newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishers

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 103 100 67 100 1 100 31.4 - 35.6 - 33.8 -
Less than 50 miles 86 83.1 67 99.4 1 57.4 23.1 13.3 32.3 16.9 33.3 16.8
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1 1 S S S S 41.6 7.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

NAICS2 551114, Corporate, subsidiary, and regional managing offices

Distance Shipped3 (Based on Great Circle Distance) Value Tons Ton-miles4 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV5 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 223 100 99 100 3 100 37.4 - 47.6 - 25.3 -
Less than 50 miles 83 37.3 S S 1 37.2 39.2 15.6 S S 48.8 15.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6 2.5 - 0.1 - 6.8 39.5 6 33.8 3.7 33.9 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 7 3.3 S S S S 44.7 14.9 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 North American Industry Classification System
3 Shipments are grouped into distance categories based on Great Circle Distance (GCD). GCD is the shortest distance between 2 points on the surface of a sphere over the surface of that sphere.
4 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
5 Coefficient of Variation.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Industries are not shown if there is no data for a particular industry. For example, since Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Mining (except oil and gas) (NAICS 212) has no data for any mileage group, the entire industry for that area was removed from this table. However, if an industry has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire industry is shown for that area even though there may be mileage groups absent of data within that industry. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing (NAICS 327) has the majority of rows absent of data but does have data for the "Less than 50 miles" mileage group so that industry will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.