Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 758,517 100 421,081 100 87,149 100 3.6 - 7.9 - 6.3 -
Less than 50 miles 346,308 45.7 308,637 73.3 6,368 7.3 5.4 1.4 9.9 1.8 8.9 0.7
50 - 99 miles 54,630 7.2 29,296 7 2,781 3.2 7.8 0.5 8.8 0.5 9.5 0.3
100 - 249 miles 40,928 5.4 23,313 5.5 4,728 5.4 6.6 0.4 10.7 0.6 11.2 0.6
250 - 499 miles 66,862 8.8 24,265 5.8 10,057 11.5 7.4 0.6 10.2 0.7 10.4 1
500 - 749 miles 15,411 2 4,759 1.1 3,599 4.1 11.3 0.2 23 0.2 24.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 27,008 3.6 6,755 1.6 7,460 8.6 9 0.3 18.4 0.4 18.8 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 43,655 5.8 6,909 1.6 10,528 12.1 5.5 0.3 10.7 0.2 10.8 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 65,146 8.6 8,261 2 17,490 20.1 5.3 0.4 13.5 0.3 13.9 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 98,569 13 8,885 2.1 24,138 27.7 12.6 1.5 9 0.3 9 2.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 578,082 100 408,483 100 74,207 100 4 - 8.2 - 6.8 -
Less than 50 miles 302,991 52.4 304,079 74.4 6,215 8.4 6.4 1.7 10.1 1.8 9.3 0.8
50 - 99 miles 43,419 7.5 28,806 7.1 2,727 3.7 7.4 0.4 8.8 0.5 9.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 32,506 5.6 22,634 5.5 4,601 6.2 8.2 0.4 11.2 0.7 11.6 0.7
250 - 499 miles 48,823 8.4 22,770 5.6 9,328 12.6 9.7 0.8 10.7 0.8 10.6 1
500 - 749 miles 10,107 1.7 4,383 1.1 3,307 4.5 12.4 0.2 24.6 0.2 26 0.9
750 - 999 miles 18,677 3.2 5,998 1.5 6,565 8.8 10.4 0.4 17.3 0.4 17.6 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 25,490 4.4 6,069 1.5 9,183 12.4 9.9 0.5 12.9 0.2 13.2 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 37,586 6.5 7,059 1.7 14,585 19.7 8.1 0.5 15.7 0.3 15.8 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 58,483 10.1 6,685 1.6 17,697 23.8 18.2 1.9 9.3 0.2 9.4 2.6

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 512,813 100 339,429 100 68,810 100 3.1 - 7.1 - 7 -
Less than 50 miles 256,325 50 240,729 70.9 5,697 8.3 5 1.4 9.3 1.9 8.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 43,061 8.4 28,653 8.4 2,707 3.9 7 0.4 8.9 0.7 9.6 0.4
100 - 249 miles 30,189 5.9 19,979 5.9 3,954 5.7 7.9 0.4 8.1 0.5 8.4 0.5
250 - 499 miles 47,418 9.2 21,800 6.4 8,810 12.8 9.6 0.8 11.7 0.8 12 1.1
500 - 749 miles 9,735 1.9 4,328 1.3 3,268 4.7 12.9 0.2 25.1 0.3 26.5 0.9
750 - 999 miles 17,746 3.5 5,564 1.6 6,025 8.8 10.6 0.4 15.8 0.3 15.8 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 23,993 4.7 5,674 1.7 8,542 12.4 10.1 0.5 13.2 0.2 13.3 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 31,985 6.2 6,469 1.9 13,326 19.4 7.6 0.6 16.4 0.4 16.5 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 52,362 10.2 6,234 1.8 16,482 24 20.8 2 9.4 0.2 9.4 2.7

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 301,288 100 163,411 100 58,897 100 3 - 7.7 - 7.5 -
Less than 50 miles 91,674 30.4 92,577 56.7 2,362 4 8.8 2.2 11.3 2.2 11.5 0.5
50 - 99 miles 20,370 6.8 14,507 8.9 1,426 2.4 13.1 0.9 13.3 1 12.7 0.4
100 - 249 miles 18,076 6 12,616 7.7 2,529 4.3 7.1 0.4 9.6 0.6 9.7 0.5
250 - 499 miles 36,483 12.1 16,414 10 6,759 11.5 12 1.3 11.4 1.2 11.9 1.2
500 - 749 miles 9,622 3.2 4,099 2.5 3,082 5.2 12.7 0.3 22.4 0.5 23.4 0.9
750 - 999 miles 17,663 5.9 5,439 3.3 5,885 10 10.6 0.6 15.7 0.5 15.7 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 23,520 7.8 5,540 3.4 8,342 14.2 10.3 0.9 13.3 0.4 13.4 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 31,844 10.6 6,449 3.9 13,289 22.6 7.6 0.9 16.5 0.8 16.6 2.5
More than 2,000 miles 52,037 17.3 5,769 3.5 15,222 25.8 21 3.4 10.1 0.5 10.2 3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 211,524 100 176,018 100 9,913 100 4.8 - 11.3 - 10.2 -
Less than 50 miles 164,651 77.8 148,152 84.2 3,334 33.6 4.9 1.3 13.7 2 14.5 3.2
50 - 99 miles 22,690 10.7 14,146 8 1,281 12.9 10 0.8 11 1.3 11.8 2.2
100 - 249 miles 12,113 5.7 7,363 4.2 1,425 14.4 14.1 0.6 13.2 0.7 13.8 2.2
250 - 499 miles 10,935 5.2 5,386 3.1 2,051 20.7 11.6 0.5 19.7 0.6 19.2 3.5
500 - 749 miles 113 0.1 S S S S 40.7 - S S S S
750 - 999 miles 83 - S S S S 24 - S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 141 0.1 S S S S 49.9 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 326 0.2 465 0.3 1,260 12.7 47.4 0.1 39.6 0.1 39.3 5.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,549 100 7,754 100 3,589 100 34.3 - 36.9 - 20.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 63 1.7 S S S S 40.2 1.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 942 17 1,445 18.6 356 9.9 44 9.7 35.9 11.9 39.7 10.6
250 - 499 miles 355 6.4 874 11.3 481 13.4 35.1 4.6 33.2 7.4 35.2 5.6
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 223 4 408 5.3 515 14.4 41.9 2.5 46 5.5 43.7 6.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 385 6.9 S S S S 33.7 2.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 350 6.3 S S S S 34.4 2.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 417 7.5 192 2.5 570 15.9 31.6 3.8 31.2 1.6 32.2 3.4

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 37 100 S S S S 32.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 36 100 S S S S 32.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,124 100 503 100 907 100 14.8 - 15.1 - 18.3 -
Less than 50 miles 2,321 13.6 42 8.3 35 3.8 20.1 3.1 21.4 4.8 38 3.5
50 - 99 miles S S 2 0.4 3 0.3 S S 46 0.3 43.9 0.4
100 - 249 miles S S 34 6.7 S S S S 49.8 3.2 S S
250 - 499 miles 1,035 6 S S 16 1.8 26.3 1.5 S S 48.9 1.7
500 - 749 miles 311 1.8 3 0.6 2 0.2 18.3 0.5 28.3 0.3 27.2 0.2
750 - 999 miles 709 4.1 26 5.3 25 2.8 14.6 0.8 36.8 2.1 37.6 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,094 6.4 20 3.9 29 3.2 20.4 0.9 15.7 1.1 15.9 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,232 30.6 119 23.7 227 25 37.6 5.4 39.4 4.9 37.2 5
More than 2,000 miles 5,688 33.2 220 43.6 554 61.1 12.2 2.9 22.7 6.8 23.3 6.1

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 42,448 100 60,528 100 S S 25 - 24.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles 41,459 97.7 59,210 97.8 S S 25.5 1.7 24.6 1.6 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 164,643 100 7,833 100 11,231 100 4.9 - 7.9 - 8.3 -
Less than 50 miles 33,729 20.5 1,075 13.7 59 0.5 7.4 1.2 20.2 2.4 18.9 0.1
50 - 99 miles 10,729 6.5 353 4.5 42 0.4 17.3 1.2 36.1 1.2 47.6 0.2
100 - 249 miles 7,824 4.8 550 7 105 0.9 18.1 1 33.4 1.8 31.8 0.4
250 - 499 miles 17,353 10.5 1,280 16.3 637 5.7 10.9 0.8 18.3 2.5 20.6 1.4
500 - 749 miles 5,091 3.1 319 4.1 S S 12.1 0.4 49.6 1.7 S S
750 - 999 miles 7,929 4.8 639 8.2 770 6.9 10 0.3 39.7 2.4 40.9 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,877 10.3 630 8 1,033 9.2 9.4 0.7 14.4 1.5 14.6 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 26,443 16.1 1,069 13.6 2,634 23.5 8.4 1.2 16.1 2.6 16.6 3.7
More than 2,000 miles 38,667 23.5 1,918 24.5 5,700 50.8 9.3 1.6 10.8 3.2 12.6 4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 154,934 100 3,545 100 4,083 100 4.6 - 9.2 - 8.2 -
Less than 50 miles 32,308 20.9 643 18.1 40 1 5.4 1.1 7.8 1.5 22.1 0.2
50 - 99 miles 10,634 6.9 213 6 19 0.5 17.4 1.2 11.5 0.8 11.5 0.1
100 - 249 miles 7,645 4.9 282 8 53 1.3 18.8 1.1 41.9 1.7 37.7 0.3
250 - 499 miles 16,908 10.9 493 13.9 202 4.9 11 0.9 15.7 1.7 15.3 0.7
500 - 749 miles 4,963 3.2 161 4.5 124 3 12.3 0.4 19 0.7 18.1 0.4
750 - 999 miles 7,755 5 214 6 234 5.7 9.8 0.3 11.8 0.6 11.6 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,572 10.1 324 9.1 490 12 8.9 0.7 9.5 1 9.6 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 23,414 15.1 537 15.1 1,109 27.2 8.7 1.2 19.2 1.2 19.2 2.5
More than 2,000 miles 35,736 23.1 680 19.2 1,813 44.4 9.6 1.6 7 1.3 7.1 2.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,885 100 2,823 100 3,860 100 27.7 - 16.3 - 16 -
Less than 50 miles S S 419 14.8 18 0.5 S S 42.5 4.2 46.6 0.2
50 - 99 miles 78 1.1 S S S S 46.7 1.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 210 3.1 S S S S 39.6 1.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 93 1.4 194 6.9 233 6 22.9 0.7 31.9 2.2 30.8 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,238 18 297 10.5 493 12.8 39 7.4 24.3 3.5 24.8 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,157 31.3 469 16.6 1,130 29.3 38.8 6.3 39.4 6.3 40.1 7.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,489 21.6 518 18.4 1,597 41.4 27.3 8 27.1 7 27.2 8.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,448 100 1,350 100 3,019 100 40.4 - 28.8 - 31.5 -
Less than 50 miles 58 2.4 S S S S 48.6 11.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 17 0.7 S S S S 25.6 2.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 17 0.7 S S S S 30.3 3.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 240 8 S S S S 49.7 9.3
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 50 2 S S S S 40.5 3.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,134 46.3 642 47.6 2,080 68.9 21.6 8.9 21.1 11.1 30.9 6.1

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 159 100 37 100 96 100 27.5 - 23.7 - 26.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 147 92.2 36 95.3 96 99.9 33.8 9.4 28.4 6.3 26.8 0.2

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 217 100 77 100 173 100 37 - 47.6 - 36.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 161 74.4 S S S S 23.4 19.9 S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,793 100 4,765 100 1,710 100 12.2 - 16.9 - 26.5 -
Less than 50 miles 9,588 60.7 3,484 73.1 S S 16.7 4.7 21.1 6.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 481 3 138 2.9 13 0.7 20 0.4 28.2 1.9 30.2 0.5
100 - 249 miles 598 3.8 129 2.7 22 1.3 35.2 1 44.9 0.6 39.1 1.1
250 - 499 miles 686 4.3 215 4.5 92 5.4 18.7 0.9 40 2.9 43.1 2.2
500 - 749 miles 213 1.4 S S S S 28.8 0.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 402 2.5 119 2.5 125 7.3 36.7 0.7 34.8 0.6 34.3 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,288 8.2 209 4.4 312 18.3 16.6 1.6 26.9 1.2 27.7 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,117 7.1 134 2.8 271 15.9 19.1 1.7 30.1 1 29.2 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,420 9 281 5.9 741 43.3 18.1 1.8 44.8 2.1 44.7 5.7

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.