Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 758,517 100 421,081 100 87,149 100 1,058 3.6 - 7.9 - 6.3 - 5.1
Single modes 578,082 76.2 408,483 97 74,207 85.2 528 4 0.8 8.2 0.4 6.8 1.1 11.2
Truck6 512,813 67.6 339,429 80.6 68,810 79 484 3.1 0.7 7.1 2.4 7 1.5 12.4
For-hire truck 301,288 39.7 163,411 38.8 58,897 67.6 1,099 3 1 7.7 2.9 7.5 1.4 11.4
Private truck 211,524 27.9 176,018 41.8 9,913 11.4 44 4.8 0.7 11.3 2.3 10.2 1.1 9.8
Rail 5,549 0.7 7,754 1.8 3,589 4.1 789 34.3 0.3 36.9 0.7 20.3 0.8 21.6
Water S S S S 37 - S S S S S 32.5 0.1 S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S 36 - S S S S S 32.6 0.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) 17,124 2.3 503 0.1 907 1 1,792 14.8 0.3 15.1 - 18.3 0.2 5.2
Pipeline7 42,448 5.6 60,528 14.4 S S S 25 1.2 24.2 2.3 S S S
Multiple modes 164,643 21.7 7,833 1.9 11,231 12.9 1,452 4.9 0.7 7.9 0.2 8.3 0.7 3.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 154,934 20.4 3,545 0.8 4,083 4.7 1,452 4.6 0.7 9.2 0.2 8.2 0.5 3.5
Truck and rail 6,885 0.9 2,823 0.7 3,860 4.4 1,053 27.7 0.2 16.3 0.1 16 0.8 27.4
Truck and water 2,448 0.3 1,350 0.3 3,019 3.5 2,029 40.4 0.1 28.8 0.1 31.5 0.9 12.9
Rail and water 159 - 37 - 96 0.1 2,493 27.5 - 23.7 - 26.4 0.1 8.5
Other multiple modes 217 - 77 - 173 0.2 2,141 37 - 47.6 - 36.4 0.2 45.1
Other and unknown modes 15,793 2.1 4,765 1.1 1,710 2 120 12.2 0.3 16.9 0.3 26.5 0.6 25.9

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 27,457 100 12,629 100 4,795 100 174 9.3 - 9.6 - 19.5 - 33.4
Single modes 25,693 93.6 11,963 94.7 4,072 84.9 117 9.9 1.2 10.2 1.5 22.5 5.1 23.9
Truck6 24,750 90.1 11,823 93.6 3,825 79.8 101 9.5 1.4 10.2 1.5 23.7 5.5 30
For-hire truck 9,371 34.1 4,126 32.7 3,330 69.4 898 16.4 3.6 17.3 3.3 27 5.8 11.7
Private truck 15,379 56 7,697 60.9 496 10.3 43 10.8 4 8.7 3 10.4 1.8 27.3
Rail 185 0.7 107 0.8 193 4 1,723 33.6 0.4 42.5 0.6 41.2 2.5 9
Air (incl truck and air) 758 2.8 33 0.3 53 1.1 1,684 43.2 1.1 33.4 0.2 35.1 1.3 11.1
Multiple modes 932 3.4 297 2.4 639 13.3 1,428 27.2 0.9 44.6 1 45.8 4.4 10.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 396 1.4 8 0.1 10 0.2 1,381 44.2 0.6 36.2 - 40.1 0.1 13.3
Truck and rail 470 1.7 S S S S 1,718 21.8 1 S S S S 18.4
Truck and water 66 0.2 50 0.4 130 2.7 2,616 39.5 0.1 47.5 0.3 47.4 2.3 0.2
Other and unknown modes 832 3 369 2.9 S S S 29.2 1 29.9 1.2 S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 48,142 100 42,140 100 13,320 100 170 7.1 - 10.4 - 15.4 - 14.9
Single modes 45,836 95.2 41,394 98.2 12,005 90.1 92 8.2 1.6 10.5 0.6 15.5 2.9 15
Truck6 45,153 93.8 41,168 97.7 11,803 88.6 90 8.2 1.7 10.4 0.7 14.8 3.1 14.3
For-hire truck 18,741 38.9 18,824 44.7 10,275 77.1 691 14.1 3.6 17.6 4.3 14.4 3.8 9
Private truck 26,412 54.9 22,344 53 1,528 11.5 36 8.4 3 9.8 4.1 24.8 1.3 11.7
Rail S S S S S S 1,527 S S S S S S 43.1
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 11 - 3 - S S 2,491 40.1 - 41.4 - S S 29.9
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,742 3.6 409 1 1,017 7.6 864 28.9 1.5 39.5 0.3 43.7 2.3 27.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,322 2.7 49 0.1 44 0.3 840 41.9 1.6 35.7 - 33.5 0.1 24.6
Truck and rail 214 0.4 S S S S 2,069 27.6 0.9 S S S S 15.7
Truck and water 206 0.4 278 0.7 775 5.8 2,739 32 0.1 38.3 0.2 38.9 1.8 4.3
Other and unknown modes 564 1.2 337 0.8 S S 550 41.2 0.7 38 0.6 S S 38.2

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,219 100 30,903 100 2,098 100 150 24.6 - 19.3 - 24.8 - 34.7
Single modes 1,132 92.9 29,927 96.8 1,895 90.3 69 26.9 4 20.2 2.1 27.9 4.3 25
Truck6 1,123 92.2 29,859 96.6 1,891 90.1 69 27 4 20.3 2.2 27.9 4.4 25
For-hire truck 638 52.3 14,290 46.2 1,458 69.5 109 32.5 6 20.8 6 31.1 5.8 28.7
Private truck 485 39.8 15,569 50.4 433 20.7 34 24.9 6.3 23.3 5.9 23.6 2.9 15.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 74 6 299 1 157 7.5 813 43.4 5.5 41.9 0.8 38.5 4.8 34.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 822 S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail 32 2.6 298 1 156 7.4 S 27.4 4.1 24.2 1.4 16.3 8.1 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 13 1.1 677 2.2 S S S 38.6 3.9 41.4 4.2 S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 97,004 100 144,706 100 5,850 100 59 17.8 - 14.4 - 16.1 - 13
Single modes 96,683 99.7 144,242 99.7 5,617 96 47 17.9 0.4 14.4 0.3 15.4 1.5 15.5
Truck6 52,453 54.1 80,059 55.3 3,909 66.8 45 20.4 5.8 16.7 5.9 22 6.6 16.5
For-hire truck 27,967 28.8 50,209 34.7 2,754 47.1 84 37.9 6.2 27.5 6.6 29.9 7.5 22.2
Private truck 24,487 25.2 29,850 20.6 1,155 19.7 27 16.1 4 19.4 3.9 26.5 4.4 22.5
Rail S S 3,730 2.6 835 14.3 S S S 49.6 1.3 35.5 5.6 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 41,802 43.1 60,192 41.6 S S S 25.6 5.8 24.4 5.8 S S S
Multiple modes 268 0.3 S S S S S 45.2 0.4 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 4 - 2 - S S S 37.1 - 46.7 - S
Truck and rail 227 0.2 S S 208 3.6 S 39.6 1.1 S S 46.9 2.9 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,623 S S S S S S 0.3
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 23.1

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 94,962 100 27,144 100 11,580 100 1,016 9.9 - 16.3 - 19.4 - 13.3
Single modes 65,117 68.6 24,726 91.1 9,725 84 369 12.6 4.1 18.7 2.3 22.5 3.3 19.8
Truck6 63,889 67.3 23,745 87.5 8,732 75.4 353 12.7 4 19.1 2.6 24.4 5.1 20.7
For-hire truck 43,817 46.1 13,336 49.1 7,982 68.9 689 15.6 3.5 24.6 6.9 23.5 5.3 21.9
Private truck 20,072 21.1 10,409 38.3 750 6.5 44 18.7 3.8 29.1 6 39.9 1.4 8.7
Rail 549 0.6 750 2.8 861 7.4 1,308 28.1 0.2 31.7 1 49.6 3.1 16.6
Air (incl truck and air) 591 0.6 S S S S 1,689 17.5 0.1 S S S S 8.3
Pipeline7 S S 177 0.7 S S S S S 43 1.5 S S S
Multiple modes 28,041 29.5 1,137 4.2 1,731 14.9 1,422 16.1 4.1 15.9 0.8 20 3.1 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 26,616 28 452 1.7 366 3.2 1,421 17.5 4.2 11 0.6 14.4 1.3 9.2
Truck and rail 1,240 1.3 574 2.1 1,109 9.6 2,043 32.6 0.5 31 0.7 30.2 3.1 12.9
Truck and water 132 0.1 S S 206 1.8 2,699 31.4 - S S 49.8 1 0.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,805 1.9 1,281 4.7 124 1.1 82 13.6 0.5 24.8 1.8 44.2 1.3 40

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 77,818 100 21,828 100 8,342 100 1,257 6 - 12.7 - 25 - 8.4
Single modes 58,058 74.6 20,711 94.9 7,002 83.9 598 6.5 2.9 12.9 0.8 27.3 3 12.2
Truck6 57,508 73.9 20,558 94.2 6,851 82.1 565 6.4 2.8 13 0.8 28.1 3 12.8
For-hire truck 36,919 47.4 9,979 45.7 5,840 70 1,196 7.8 2.7 15.8 2.8 25.8 2.8 11.9
Private truck 20,589 26.5 10,579 48.5 1,011 12.1 60 10.1 2.2 12.3 2.7 43.6 1.6 13.8
Rail 61 0.1 105 0.5 50 0.6 599 26.4 - 30.1 0.2 29.6 0.6 27.5
Air (incl truck and air) 489 0.6 48 0.2 S S 2,334 31.9 0.2 45.9 0.2 S S 15.2
Multiple modes 17,150 22 835 3.8 1,213 14.5 1,516 11.6 1.8 15.2 0.7 17.9 3 7.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16,755 21.5 679 3.1 872 10.4 1,515 11.5 1.7 13.7 0.6 17 2.3 7.5
Truck and rail 308 0.4 120 0.5 249 3 2,236 33 0.2 39.2 0.2 32.8 1 11.4
Truck and water 85 0.1 35 0.2 S S 2,583 27.8 - 48.2 0.1 S S 5.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,610 3.4 282 1.3 127 1.5 213 43.4 1.4 22.5 0.3 49.6 0.5 31.1

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 80,335 100 69,000 100 13,592 100 1,083 4.1 - 16.9 - 16.4 - 14.2
Single modes 62,584 77.9 67,084 97.2 12,026 88.5 456 4.7 1.2 17.3 0.8 17.4 1.5 14.3
Truck6 59,689 74.3 65,630 95.1 10,929 80.4 431 4.8 1.1 17.6 1.8 19.6 3.9 16.8
For-hire truck 35,663 44.4 26,796 38.8 9,401 69.2 1,083 5.6 1.2 11.8 5.4 20.9 3.7 14.8
Private truck 24,025 29.9 38,834 56.3 1,528 11.2 40 5.9 1.2 27.6 5.7 16.8 1.6 18.3
Rail 775 1 1,331 1.9 903 6.6 S 39.4 0.6 46.8 1.8 40.5 4.1 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 2,119 2.6 117 0.2 177 1.3 1,504 21.2 0.5 32.4 - 29.7 0.4 18.2
Multiple modes 15,774 19.6 1,422 2.1 1,407 10.4 1,529 6.1 1.1 21.8 0.7 19.3 1.3 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 14,727 18.3 469 0.7 462 3.4 1,528 6.7 1.1 18.7 0.2 21.4 0.9 11.4
Truck and rail 649 0.8 S S 453 3.3 1,725 27.9 0.2 S S 43.5 1 15.7
Truck and water 385 0.5 S S S S 2,535 24.2 0.1 S S S S 13.8
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,977 2.5 494 0.7 159 1.2 S 13.7 0.3 19.9 0.2 40.6 0.8 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 206,975 100 14,887 100 11,846 100 1,197 7.1 - 30 - 20 - 4
Single modes 123,102 59.5 12,933 86.9 9,068 76.5 871 10 3.3 33.9 2.9 24.2 3.1 11.8
Truck6 111,461 53.9 12,772 85.8 8,775 74.1 816 11.9 4 34.2 3.1 24.8 3.4 14.2
For-hire truck 83,540 40.4 7,190 48.3 8,493 71.7 1,284 13.5 4 20.5 7.3 26 3.8 15.4
Private truck 27,921 13.5 S S S S 31 24.6 2.8 S S S S 32.5
Rail S S 22 0.1 49 0.4 S S S 40.8 0.2 41.4 0.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) 11,334 5.5 139 0.9 244 2.1 1,720 22.3 1.2 27.3 0.5 27.5 0.9 4
Multiple modes 78,511 37.9 1,464 9.8 2,163 18.3 1,396 9.7 3.4 18.7 2.1 16.7 2.5 3.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 74,904 36.2 1,229 8.3 1,426 12 1,399 9.2 3.3 23.5 1.8 17.3 2.3 3.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,300 S S S S S S 22.2
Other and unknown modes 5,362 2.6 490 3.3 S S S 17.6 0.5 31.4 1.4 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 124,489 100 57,818 100 15,716 100 1,100 8.9 - 20.8 - 11 - 6.4
Single modes 99,802 80.2 55,480 96 12,793 81.4 623 10.1 1.4 21.5 1.6 12.9 4 12.5
Truck6 96,712 77.7 53,792 93 12,088 76.9 534 10.2 1.6 22.8 4 13.8 4.9 10.9
For-hire truck 44,622 35.8 18,659 32.3 9,361 59.6 1,286 16.3 3.6 26.1 6 16.6 6.2 8.8
Private truck 52,090 41.8 35,133 60.8 2,728 17.4 69 11.4 2.9 31.6 5.7 19.8 3.1 7.8
Rail S S S S S S 1,424 S S S S S S 21.7
Air (incl truck and air) 1,822 1.5 S S 200 1.3 1,967 33.8 0.4 S S 49.7 0.6 4.1
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22,119 17.8 1,565 2.7 2,671 17 1,489 9.9 1.3 19 0.8 24.6 3.8 5.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20,106 16.2 655 1.1 900 5.7 1,489 10.3 1.3 7.3 0.3 8.3 1 5.4
Truck and rail S S 444 0.8 S S 1,818 S S 48.9 0.8 S S 16.8
Truck and water 598 0.5 S S S S 1,184 48 0.2 S S S S 37.7
Rail and water 146 0.1 35 0.1 95 0.6 2,708 34.1 0.2 29.6 0.2 27.8 1.2 1.6
Other multiple modes 160 0.1 42 0.1 113 0.7 2,715 23.7 0.2 33.8 0.2 34.3 1.6 0.9
Other and unknown modes 2,568 2.1 774 1.3 252 1.6 S 14.2 0.5 36.7 0.9 40.8 0.5 S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 117 100 S S S S 2,101 39 - S S S S 17.7
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 126 S S S S S S 29.5
Multiple modes 33 28.5 S S S S 2,441 49.3 15.4 S S S S 16.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 33 28.5 S S S S 2,441 49.3 15.4 S S S S 16.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.