Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 72,107 100 52,343 100 8,706 100 12.3 - 7.4 - 9.7 -
Less than 50 miles 32,894 45.6 30,284 57.9 514 5.9 24.7 5.6 12.9 4.1 11.3 0.9
50 - 99 miles 5,151 7.1 5,332 10.2 480 5.5 19.7 1.8 25.8 3.1 21.7 1.5
100 - 249 miles 9,626 13.3 8,052 15.4 1,752 20.1 15.7 2 24.1 3.4 23.3 4
250 - 499 miles 12,549 17.4 5,751 11 2,703 31 18 2.7 15.9 2 18.1 3.4
500 - 749 miles 6,795 9.4 1,727 3.3 1,341 15.4 9.2 1.3 16.5 0.4 17.9 2.4
750 - 999 miles 1,843 2.6 380 0.7 389 4.5 13.9 0.6 12.5 0.1 12.2 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 883 1.2 353 0.7 464 5.3 18.6 0.3 27.4 0.2 28.2 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,333 3.2 461 0.9 1,059 12.2 11.5 0.5 20.4 0.2 20.7 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 33 - S S S S 35.3 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 51,984 100 49,231 100 7,619 100 14.3 - 6.5 - 9.3 -
Less than 50 miles 18,165 34.9 28,457 57.8 504 6.6 21.9 2.7 11.7 4 11.1 1
50 - 99 miles 4,821 9.3 5,315 10.8 478 6.3 21.4 1.7 25.9 3.1 21.8 1.6
100 - 249 miles 8,982 17.3 7,718 15.7 1,675 22 16.9 1.6 25 3.6 24.1 4.4
250 - 499 miles 11,232 21.6 5,487 11.1 2,538 33.3 20.1 2.7 17.3 2.1 20.2 3.6
500 - 749 miles 4,970 9.6 1,297 2.6 979 12.8 11.6 1.1 11.3 0.3 12.5 2
750 - 999 miles 1,597 3.1 368 0.7 376 4.9 17.6 0.8 12.9 0.1 12.6 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 525 1 269 0.5 356 4.7 18.5 0.1 34 0.2 35.1 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,671 3.2 319 0.6 710 9.3 19.7 0.5 22.3 0.2 23.1 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 22 - S S S S 22.8 - S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,128 100 45,939 100 5,983 100 15 - 8.2 - 9.3 -
Less than 50 miles 18,079 36.1 28,366 61.7 504 8.4 22 2.6 11.7 3.9 11.2 1.1
50 - 99 miles 4,776 9.5 5,184 11.3 457 7.6 21.7 1.8 27 3.3 23.4 1.8
100 - 249 miles 8,768 17.5 6,823 14.9 1,390 23.2 17.6 1.7 29.5 3.8 29.8 5
250 - 499 miles 10,411 20.8 3,540 7.7 1,488 24.9 21.3 2.7 11 1 10.2 2.4
500 - 749 miles 4,635 9.2 1,137 2.5 831 13.9 12.9 1.1 9 0.3 9.3 1.3
750 - 999 miles 1,489 3 357 0.8 364 6.1 19.3 0.8 13 0.1 12.8 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 467 0.9 254 0.6 335 5.6 22.5 0.1 35.6 0.2 36.6 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,494 3 278 0.6 611 10.2 21.3 0.5 24.5 0.2 25.4 1.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,580 100 25,820 100 4,589 100 21.7 - 12.7 - 9.9 -
Less than 50 miles 10,149 29.3 13,945 54 246 5.4 36.9 3.8 15.6 4.1 15 0.8
50 - 99 miles 2,307 6.7 2,567 9.9 241 5.3 28.4 1.9 30.3 2.7 29.7 1.6
100 - 249 miles 5,554 16.1 4,521 17.5 931 20.3 25.5 2.3 34.9 4.5 35 5.3
250 - 499 miles 9,176 26.5 2,988 11.6 1,256 27.4 23.2 3.2 10.4 2.1 9.6 2.7
500 - 749 miles 4,315 12.5 1,007 3.9 737 16.1 13.5 1.5 9.1 0.9 9.4 1.7
750 - 999 miles 1,173 3.4 299 1.2 302 6.6 18.9 1 13.8 0.2 13.2 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 430 1.2 242 0.9 320 7 24.7 0.1 37.3 0.3 38.3 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,469 4.2 249 1 553 12 21.9 0.7 28.8 0.4 29.5 2.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,548 100 20,120 100 1,394 100 12.5 - 12.5 - 10.2 -
Less than 50 miles 7,930 51 14,420 71.7 258 18.5 11 3.5 17.2 5.5 19.6 3.4
50 - 99 miles 2,470 15.9 2,617 13 216 15.5 21.1 1.9 42.7 3.7 34 3.3
100 - 249 miles 3,214 20.7 2,302 11.4 459 32.9 27 2.9 21.4 4.4 21.5 5.1
250 - 499 miles 1,235 7.9 552 2.7 232 16.7 25.2 2.5 18 0.9 18.4 3.1
500 - 749 miles 320 2.1 130 0.6 94 6.7 19.6 0.5 20.9 0.2 20 1.5
750 - 999 miles S S 58 0.3 61 4.4 S S 28 0.1 28 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 38 0.2 13 0.1 15 1.1 26 0.1 20.9 - 18.4 0.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 25 0.2 S S S S 28.7 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,266 100 913 100 540 100 29.8 - 26.5 - 23.5 -
Less than 50 miles 75 5.9 91 10 - 0.1 27.4 2.6 19.4 8.3 34.7 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 142 15.6 S S S S 44.4 6.3 S S
250 - 499 miles 612 48.3 445 48.7 221 40.9 34.2 9.9 30.8 9.8 28.6 11.4
500 - 749 miles 207 16.4 156 17.1 145 26.9 43.1 11.6 39.8 11.4 41.1 9
750 - 999 miles S S 11 1.2 11 2.1 S S 24.9 1 20.2 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 90 7.1 40 4.4 96 17.8 23 18.5 38.1 9.6 36.6 17.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 150 100 S S S S 33.2 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 126 84.4 S S S S 36.8 9.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 150 100 S S S S 33.2 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 126 84.4 S S S S 36.8 9.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 440 100 11 100 9 100 36.7 - 34.5 - 35.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S - 0.9 - 0.6 S S 38.2 6.9 30.6 2.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 83 18.8 S S S S 46.2 8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 128 29.1 S S S S 43 6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 1 9.3 1 10 S S 46.9 5 49.2 3.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 32 7.3 S S S S 48.6 8.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 87 19.8 1 14.1 3 30 43.1 10.7 49.2 7.2 48.9 10
More than 2,000 miles 13 3 - 1.1 S S 23.4 9.1 25.8 6.8 S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,925 100 1,195 100 1,040 100 14.8 - 22.6 - 29.5 -
Less than 50 miles 635 10.7 17 1.4 1 0.1 44 4.3 34.8 1.1 36.5 -
50 - 99 miles 320 5.4 14 1.2 S S 30.4 1.9 29.2 0.9 S S
100 - 249 miles 624 10.5 S S 64 6.1 24.9 2.1 S S 50 7.2
250 - 499 miles 1,287 21.7 251 21 159 15.3 18.8 3.6 34.4 7.6 35.2 8.1
500 - 749 miles 1,792 30.2 418 35 354 34 29.9 5 43.5 7.1 43.1 5.4
750 - 999 miles 243 4.1 9 0.7 10 0.9 28.8 1.2 40.4 0.3 45.7 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 356 6 S S S S 37.5 2.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 658 11.1 141 11.8 347 33.3 24.3 1.9 41.9 2.8 40.9 6.9
More than 2,000 miles S S - - 1 0.1 S S 32.3 - 46.8 0.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,625 100 91 100 51 100 17.8 - 18.4 - 20.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S 10 11.6 - 0.9 S S 25.6 2.2 41.5 0.9
50 - 99 miles 312 8.6 10 10.8 1 2 31.5 2.5 33.4 3.3 37.4 1
100 - 249 miles 581 16 16 18.2 3 6.6 24.6 2.2 24.7 2.3 26.8 1.1
250 - 499 miles 766 21.1 22 23.9 10 19.9 22.8 2.3 23.3 2.2 23 2
500 - 749 miles 722 19.9 19 20.9 14 27.5 23.4 3.4 23.7 2.4 23.1 2.7
750 - 999 miles 240 6.6 5 5.7 5 10.3 29.5 1.3 18.7 0.7 19.2 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 148 4.1 2 2 3 5.1 34.9 1.2 28.2 0.6 28.7 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 310 8.5 6 6.7 13 26.5 24.7 1.6 26.1 0.9 25.3 3.4
More than 2,000 miles S S - 0.3 1 1.2 S S 32.3 0.1 46.8 0.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,251 100 987 100 933 100 34.2 - 27.1 - 33.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 516 22.9 227 23 143 15.3 41.9 12.5 35.7 11 37.3 11.2
500 - 749 miles 1,039 46.2 395 40 334 35.8 43.8 11.2 43.5 8.8 43.3 7.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 209 9.3 79 8 S S 24.1 14 16.4 16.4 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 339 15 132 13.4 312 33.5 39.7 10 41.7 5.9 41 8.8
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 45 100 S S S S 43.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 47 100 S S S S 46.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 20 0.1 S S S S 30.9 1.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 30 0.2 13 0.7 6 12.6 32.1 6 39.3 4 44.7 9
500 - 749 miles 34 0.2 13 0.7 9 19.4 29.2 3.6 46.7 2.6 45.7 10.8
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.