Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 201,444 100 44,494 100 10,914 100 24.9 - 12.8 - 17.3 -
Less than 50 miles 9,440 4.7 20,536 46.2 356 3.3 17.7 2.9 17.2 7.2 19.3 1.4
50 - 99 miles 3,923 1.9 S S S S 18.7 1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 11,722 5.8 4,883 11 1,042 9.5 15.9 1.5 13.1 2.2 13.1 1.8
250 - 499 miles 59,817 29.7 4,997 11.2 2,463 22.6 28.3 3.5 16.1 2.4 18.5 1.4
500 - 749 miles 37,467 18.6 2,389 5.4 2,038 18.7 26.4 3 22 1.5 27 1.7
750 - 999 miles 41,988 20.8 1,133 2.5 1,201 11 34.7 2.8 15 0.5 15.1 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,106 6.5 329 0.7 499 4.6 41.3 1.6 16.9 0.2 17.9 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 23,872 11.9 1,237 2.8 2,454 22.5 33.3 1.9 35.2 1 32.2 2.9
More than 2,000 miles 109 0.1 S S S S 38.5 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 177,153 100 41,793 100 9,070 100 26.7 - 12.7 - 17.3 -
Less than 50 miles 8,513 4.8 20,110 48.1 343 3.8 18.1 3.3 17.9 7.3 20.3 1.7
50 - 99 miles 2,879 1.6 S S S S 13.3 1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 10,479 5.9 4,572 10.9 986 10.9 17.8 1.8 14.6 2.5 14.6 2.2
250 - 499 miles 54,433 30.7 4,572 10.9 2,248 24.8 30.1 4.1 17.2 2.6 19.9 1.8
500 - 749 miles 30,145 17 1,875 4.5 1,411 15.6 31.4 2.1 18.9 1.2 19.3 1.5
750 - 999 miles 37,285 21 1,016 2.4 1,069 11.8 35.1 2.9 15.2 0.5 15.6 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12,281 6.9 294 0.7 447 4.9 44.6 1.7 17.8 0.2 18.9 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 21,125 11.9 944 2.3 1,816 20 36.1 2.1 46.9 1.1 44.2 3.8
More than 2,000 miles 13 - 1 - 1 - 36.6 - 13.3 - 12.6 0.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 166,984 100 39,670 100 7,670 100 29.9 - 13.8 - 16.8 -
Less than 50 miles 8,306 5 19,868 50.1 342 4.5 18.5 6.1 18.5 7.5 20.4 1.9
50 - 99 miles 2,854 1.7 S S S S 13.3 1.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 9,431 5.6 4,404 11.1 945 12.3 18.6 2.6 14.9 2.5 15.2 2.2
250 - 499 miles 51,630 30.9 3,627 9.1 1,705 22.2 33.3 5.4 12.9 2.3 12.6 2.3
500 - 749 miles 27,534 16.5 1,481 3.7 1,098 14.3 36.8 2.3 19.8 1 19.8 1.3
750 - 999 miles 35,705 21.4 818 2.1 835 10.9 37.9 3.6 17.4 0.5 17.1 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,516 6.9 270 0.7 407 5.3 49.1 1.8 18.3 0.2 19.1 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 19,995 12 S S S S 39.5 2.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 13 - 1 - 1 - 36.6 - 13.3 - 12.6 0.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 155,995 100 26,415 100 6,489 100 32.5 - 20.9 - 20.4 -
Less than 50 miles 2,720 1.7 11,503 43.5 191 2.9 28.5 4 30 9.9 30.8 1.8
50 - 99 miles 1,390 0.9 S S S S 26.5 1.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 6,554 4.2 2,003 7.6 452 7 27.1 1.7 19.8 2.9 18.4 1.6
250 - 499 miles 50,655 32.5 2,864 10.8 1,384 21.3 33.8 5.3 13.4 3.9 12.9 2.7
500 - 749 miles 27,477 17.6 1,448 5.5 1,070 16.5 36.9 2 20.4 1.9 20.6 2.2
750 - 999 miles 35,679 22.9 785 3 800 12.3 37.9 3.1 18.6 1.1 18.3 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,514 7.4 269 1 405 6.2 49.1 1.8 18.1 0.5 18.9 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 19,993 12.8 S S S S 39.4 2.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 13 - 1 - 1 - 36.6 - 13.3 - 12.6 0.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,989 100 13,255 100 1,181 100 12.4 - 10.6 - 20 -
Less than 50 miles 5,586 50.8 8,365 63.1 151 12.7 15.3 3.5 11.5 5.5 15.9 3.3
50 - 99 miles 1,463 13.3 1,658 12.5 147 12.4 16.6 2.2 24.6 2.6 23.9 2.2
100 - 249 miles 2,877 26.2 2,401 18.1 494 41.8 19.5 2.7 20.7 2.5 23 3.6
250 - 499 miles 975 8.9 763 5.8 321 27.2 18.8 2.2 31.6 1.3 32.6 5.5
500 - 749 miles 57 0.5 S S S S 43.7 0.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 26 0.2 33 0.2 36 3 20.9 0.2 32.4 0.3 32.9 3.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 666 100 1,281 100 998 100 16.8 - 23.3 - 24.2 -
Less than 50 miles 17 2.5 S S S S 50 9.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 26 3.8 57 4.5 6 0.6 19.8 2.7 20.9 5.5 19.9 0.6
100 - 249 miles 28 4.2 163 12.8 40 4 34.5 3.5 39.5 6.7 35.3 2.2
250 - 499 miles 138 20.7 328 25.6 149 15 18.1 5.7 27.9 4.4 26.8 3
500 - 749 miles 279 41.9 392 30.6 312 31.3 29.3 7.9 29.2 6.7 29 7
750 - 999 miles 114 17 196 15.3 232 23.2 35.6 7.3 21 6.2 22.5 7.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10 1.5 S S S S 18.8 5.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 55 8.3 93 7.3 220 22 17.5 7 31 6.3 32 11.8
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 316 100 822 100 S S 38.2 - 48.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S 608 74 390 99.8 S S 27 19.9 28.3 0.1
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 316 100 822 100 S S 38.2 - 48.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S 608 74 390 99.8 S S 27 19.9 28.3 0.1
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,181 100 13 100 9 100 39.9 - 29.6 - 26.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,477 27 4 27.8 2 18.7 47.1 7.7 47.1 8.8 46.8 6.3
500 - 749 miles S S 2 17.8 2 16.4 S S 49.2 4.6 48.7 4.6
750 - 999 miles 1,466 16 2 11.8 2 16.3 47.1 12.4 37.5 14.7 38.9 14.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 755 8.2 2 11.5 2 21.5 36.4 2.4 14.2 10.1 15.4 10.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,075 11.7 1 6 1 15.8 42.6 12.6 22.8 11.8 23.4 13.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,085 100 1,407 100 1,677 100 29.5 - 14.8 - 17.3 -
Less than 50 miles 381 1.7 14 1 1 0.1 28.3 1.2 30.3 0.3 47.4 -
50 - 99 miles S S 9 0.6 1 0.1 S S 18.3 0.1 19.4 -
100 - 249 miles 1,070 4.6 90 6.4 S S 28.4 1.7 48.8 3.1 S S
250 - 499 miles 5,268 22.8 370 26.3 191 11.4 29.3 2.1 22.5 6.9 22 4.8
500 - 749 miles 7,277 31.5 483 34.3 S S 43.6 4.7 40.1 6.6 S S
750 - 999 miles 4,594 19.9 109 7.7 122 7.3 40.1 3.9 25 1.9 24.9 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 773 3.3 29 2.1 42 2.5 33.3 1.1 29.9 0.9 27.2 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,746 11.9 293 20.8 637 38 40.6 1.3 17.8 6.6 18.7 8.2
More than 2,000 miles 96 0.4 S S S S 43.8 0.1 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,191 100 376 100 339 100 30.3 - 15.7 - 19.9 -
Less than 50 miles 376 1.7 13 3.5 1 0.3 28.7 1.3 33.7 2.2 48.6 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S 9 2.3 1 0.2 S S 18.3 0.9 19.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,053 4.7 31 8.1 7 2.1 28.8 1.9 11.2 2.1 11.4 0.9
250 - 499 miles 5,086 22.9 85 22.5 42 12.4 29.8 2.3 13.4 2.1 14.1 2
500 - 749 miles 6,956 31.3 85 22.6 65 19.1 44.9 4.9 16.6 1.9 16.8 2.4
750 - 999 miles 4,545 20.5 81 21.4 87 25.6 40.7 4 30 3.2 30 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 767 3.5 24 6.4 33 9.6 33.7 1.1 38.7 1.5 37.2 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,449 11 45 12.1 89 26.3 46.8 1.8 28.9 2 28.2 3.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 818 100 828 100 954 100 16.4 - 16.2 - 14.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 170 20.8 246 29.7 123 12.9 41.3 9.2 27 12.1 26.3 8.9
500 - 749 miles 275 33.6 240 29 222 23.3 33.7 8 38.5 7.6 45.3 7.8
750 - 999 miles 49 6 28 3.4 36 3.7 30.6 5.8 25.6 3.5 27.4 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5 0.7 5 0.7 9 1 23.5 0.6 22.5 2 18.8 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 297 36.3 247 29.8 548 57.4 24.7 10.6 23.3 9.7 23.6 8.7
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 65 100 S S 366 100 32.2 - S S 47.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 10 92.2 9 93.1 17 95.7 47.1 7.8 48.1 6.9 47.4 4.3
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,206 100 1,295 100 167 100 25.7 - 45.5 - 33.5 -
Less than 50 miles 546 45.3 412 31.9 S S 29.6 8 41.4 9.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 164 13.6 S S S S 49.3 4.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 173 14.4 S S 31 18.7 38.5 4.6 S S 49.7 4.5
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 45 3.8 S S S S 42.4 6.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 9 0.7 10 5.8 S S 41.5 7.1 43.3 17.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.