Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 201,444 100 44,494 100 10,914 100 817 24.9 - 12.8 - 17.3 - 6.4
Less than 50 lbs 21,911 10.9 219 0.5 189 1.7 910 19.3 6.5 16.7 0.1 19.6 0.4 4.8
50 - 99 lbs 6,449 3.2 130 0.3 89 0.8 699 30.5 1.3 20.1 0.1 27.6 0.2 10.0
100 - 499 lbs 12,637 6.3 469 1.1 206 1.9 475 30.6 4.0 10.2 0.1 15.9 0.2 8.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,626 0.8 181 0.4 69 0.6 375 18.8 0.5 12.7 0.1 22.2 0.1 13.3
750 - 999 lbs S S 152 0.3 55 0.5 359 S S 14.3 - 26.7 0.1 16.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 55,706 27.7 2,785 6.3 885 8.1 322 31.4 3.5 7.6 1.3 7.4 1.6 8.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 96,413 47.9 31,989 71.9 6,399 58.6 219 34.9 7.4 16.6 3.9 20.2 3.1 21.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,002 1.0 5,039 11.3 635 5.8 119 28.3 0.9 19.5 2.3 10.5 1.1 27.3
More than 100,000 lbs 1,722 0.9 3,531 7.9 2,389 21.9 606 15.7 0.4 22.3 2.2 24.4 3.0 9.8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 177,153 100 41,793 100 9,070 100 469 26.7 - 12.7 - 17.3 - 13.2
Less than 50 lbs 7,081 4.0 42 0.1 18 0.2 649 37.0 5.4 14.9 - 30.8 - 13.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,799 1.0 40 0.1 8 0.1 199 33.9 0.9 17.8 - 26.0 - 21.2
100 - 499 lbs 9,812 5.5 358 0.9 124 1.4 337 39.4 4.5 9.8 0.1 16.6 0.2 12.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,533 0.9 168 0.4 61 0.7 356 19.2 0.8 13.5 0.1 21.3 0.1 14.3
750 - 999 lbs S S 149 0.4 53 0.6 359 S S 14.9 0.1 27.1 0.1 16.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 55,354 31.2 2,688 6.4 845 9.3 314 31.6 4.2 7.6 1.4 7.3 1.8 8.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 95,537 53.9 30,835 73.8 5,906 65.1 210 34.9 7.4 16.5 3.8 20.0 3.2 21.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,804 1.0 4,671 11.2 507 5.6 108 32.5 1.1 21.4 2.5 12.6 1.1 36.9
More than 100,000 lbs 1,281 0.7 2,842 6.8 1,547 17.1 547 17.9 0.4 24.1 1.9 24.7 2.7 14.6

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 166,984 100 39,670 100 7,670 100 429 29.9 - 13.8 - 16.8 - 17.1
Less than 50 lbs 976 0.6 38 0.1 14 0.2 598 18.0 0.4 16.5 - 43.3 - 21.3
50 - 99 lbs S S 38 0.1 7 0.1 168 S S 19.2 - 33.2 - 21.3
100 - 499 lbs 7,548 4.5 353 0.9 121 1.6 336 41.2 4.3 10.2 0.1 17.2 0.2 12.6
500 - 749 lbs 1,524 0.9 168 0.4 61 0.8 356 19.5 0.9 13.5 0.1 21.3 0.2 14.2
750 - 999 lbs S S 148 0.4 52 0.7 356 S S 15.0 0.1 27.1 0.2 16.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 55,342 33.1 2,686 6.8 844 11.0 314 31.6 3.0 7.6 1.8 7.3 2.0 8.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 95,510 57.2 30,805 77.7 5,875 76.6 209 34.9 6.0 16.5 3.3 20.1 2.9 21.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,792 1.1 4,651 11.7 501 6.5 107 32.8 1.9 21.6 2.5 12.9 1.3 38.0
More than 100,000 lbs 340 0.2 783 2.0 194 2.5 264 23.8 0.1 45.6 0.5 39.8 0.9 33.9

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 155,995 100 26,415 100 6,489 100 774 32.5 - 20.9 - 20.4 - 11.0
Less than 50 lbs 564 0.4 13 - 13 0.2 998 31.0 0.4 37.0 - 46.7 0.1 10.3
50 - 99 lbs S S 8 - 5 0.1 624 S S 29.9 - 37.7 - 14.8
100 - 499 lbs 6,564 4.2 161 0.6 110 1.7 678 48.3 4.7 16.3 0.2 18.8 0.2 9.0
500 - 749 lbs 1,139 0.7 76 0.3 56 0.9 717 26.4 0.9 17.7 0.1 22.6 0.2 13.6
750 - 999 lbs S S 65 0.2 47 0.7 717 S S 24.7 0.1 29.5 0.2 8.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 51,847 33.2 1,224 4.6 697 10.7 604 34.0 3.6 9.7 0.8 9.2 1.9 6.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 91,078 58.4 22,188 84.0 5,084 78.4 265 37.1 6.3 23.6 2.6 23.4 2.5 26.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,104 0.7 2,331 8.8 328 5.1 136 43.9 2.7 28.5 2.2 21.3 1.2 45.6
More than 100,000 lbs 307 0.2 348 1.3 149 2.3 456 26.4 0.1 31.7 1.0 38.6 0.9 16.9

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,989 100 13,255 100 1,181 100 64 12.4 - 10.6 - 20.0 - 14.8
Less than 50 lbs 412 3.8 25 0.2 1 0.1 55 16.4 0.7 21.1 - 30.6 - 35.7
50 - 99 lbs 300 2.7 30 0.2 1 0.1 48 27.6 0.8 22.7 0.1 23.7 0.1 22.7
100 - 499 lbs 985 9.0 192 1.4 12 1.0 62 17.3 1.7 13.7 0.4 8.5 0.3 18.7
500 - 749 lbs 385 3.5 91 0.7 5 0.5 56 18.8 0.4 17.4 0.2 15.0 0.2 11.6
750 - 999 lbs 259 2.4 83 0.6 5 0.5 65 9.8 0.4 14.2 0.1 14.3 0.2 17.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,495 31.8 1,462 11.0 147 12.4 100 18.8 4.5 15.4 3.7 25.7 4.0 13.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,432 40.3 8,617 65.0 791 67.0 87 19.4 4.4 14.2 4.8 28.0 7.2 12.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 688 6.3 2,320 17.5 173 14.6 77 27.2 1.6 27.0 3.5 24.6 5.0 27.1
More than 100,000 lbs 33 0.3 S S S S S 43.8 0.3 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 666 100 1,281 100 998 100 769 16.8 - 23.3 - 24.2 - 6.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20 3.0 20 1.6 29 2.9 1,473 42.5 1.7 24.7 1.5 39.7 2.6 22.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5 0.8 10 0.8 6 0.6 542 41.6 3.9 7.9 1.7 41.4 2.8 46.1
More than 100,000 lbs 634 95.1 1,250 97.6 963 96.5 766 18.0 3.0 24.0 1.6 25.3 2.3 7.8

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 316 100 822 100 S S S 38.2 - 48.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - 0.1 - - - - 3 24.7 0.1 28.9 0.1 28.9 0.1 -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2 0.6 3 0.4 - - 3 18.3 0.7 16.2 0.8 16.2 1.0 -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 3 S S S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs 307 97.1 809 98.4 S S S 38.2 0.9 49.1 1.0 S S S

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 316 100 822 100 S S S 38.2 - 48.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - 0.1 - - - - 3 24.7 0.1 28.9 0.1 28.9 0.1 -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2 0.6 3 0.4 - - 3 18.3 0.7 16.2 0.8 16.2 1.0 -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 3 S S S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs 307 97.1 809 98.4 S S S 38.2 0.9 49.1 1.0 S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,181 100 13 100 9 100 919 39.9 - 29.6 - 26.2 - 5.1
Less than 50 lbs 6,105 66.5 5 34.7 4 43.2 939 42.6 9.0 28.1 11.2 25.9 11.1 6.8
50 - 99 lbs 799 8.7 2 13.5 2 17.3 869 42.4 4.6 29.4 3.5 31.1 5.4 31.0
100 - 499 lbs 2,263 24.7 6 42.0 2 24.5 S 46.0 10.4 40.8 12.2 40.7 8.7 S
500 - 749 lbs S S - 0.4 S S 882 S S 20.4 1.7 S S 33.6
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,456 S S S S S S 26.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11 0.1 S S 1 6.8 822 16.4 2.9 S S 40.1 17.2 13.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,085 100 1,407 100 1,677 100 971 29.5 - 14.8 - 17.3 - 5.3
Less than 50 lbs 14,670 63.5 174 12.4 170 10.1 978 32.9 6.4 18.2 2.5 21.0 2.4 5.0
50 - 99 lbs 4,638 20.1 89 6.3 80 4.8 933 41.5 5.4 23.4 1.6 29.2 1.4 8.7
100 - 499 lbs 2,782 12.1 103 7.3 82 4.9 833 40.3 1.7 17.5 1.2 23.1 1.3 6.6
500 - 749 lbs 81 0.4 8 0.6 7 0.4 806 39.6 0.1 23.3 0.2 36.1 0.2 16.8
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 0.1 1 - 365 S S 43.4 0.4 33.1 0.1 46.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,854 S S S S S S 28.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 339 1.5 259 18.4 386 23.0 1,572 28.5 0.4 35.8 3.3 26.5 3.7 23.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 100 0.4 84 6.0 106 6.3 1,235 49.3 0.2 42.1 2.8 29.7 2.8 16.8
More than 100,000 lbs 441 1.9 685 48.7 840 50.1 906 21.7 1.0 20.4 7.3 25.3 6.9 20.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,191 100 376 100 339 100 970 30.3 - 15.7 - 19.9 - 5.3
Less than 50 lbs 14,670 66.1 174 46.4 170 50.2 978 32.9 6.6 18.2 3.0 21.0 3.9 5.0
50 - 99 lbs 4,638 20.9 89 23.6 80 23.6 933 41.5 6.0 23.4 2.2 29.2 2.7 8.7
100 - 499 lbs 2,780 12.5 103 27.3 81 23.9 827 40.3 1.8 17.4 3.5 22.6 3.8 6.4
500 - 749 lbs 81 0.4 8 2.2 7 2.1 806 39.6 0.1 23.3 0.8 36.1 0.6 16.8
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 0.6 1 0.2 365 S S 43.4 1.2 33.1 0.7 46.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 818 100 828 100 954 100 1,069 16.4 - 16.2 - 14.7 - 16.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,814 S S S S S S 35.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 311 38.0 244 29.5 328 34.4 1,430 31.6 10.1 38.0 7.6 31.7 7.9 13.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 100 12.2 84 10.1 106 11.1 1,235 49.3 3.9 42.1 4.5 29.7 3.9 16.8
More than 100,000 lbs 395 48.3 497 60.1 516 54.1 881 26.2 8.6 23.5 8.7 24.2 7.8 21.3

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 65 100 S S 366 100 7,019 32.2 - S S 47.3 - 31.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 188 97.1 324 88.5 1,668 S S 4.5 2.9 19.3 11.5 20.4

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,861 S S S S S S 15.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,861 S S S S S S 15.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,206 100 1,295 100 167 100 188 25.7 - 45.5 - 33.5 - 37.0
Less than 50 lbs 160 13.3 2 0.1 S S 186 46.9 5.4 26.8 0.9 S S 36.4
50 - 99 lbs 11 0.9 1 0.1 S S 47 29.8 2.3 35.4 0.7 S S 44.7
100 - 499 lbs S S 8 0.6 S S 26 S S 33.6 3.4 S S 49.3
500 - 749 lbs 12 1.0 4 0.3 S S S 35.7 1.0 36.4 2.3 S S S
750 - 999 lbs 4 0.3 2 0.1 S S S 28.7 0.1 36.7 0.9 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 340 28.2 95 7.3 35 20.7 498 25.6 11.4 17.2 15.4 33.3 17.8 29.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 895 69.1 107 64.0 S S S 45.0 13.8 40.0 15.0 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 98 8.2 S S S S 76 48.4 5.9 S S S S 18.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.