Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 201,444 100 44,494 100 10,914 100 817 24.9 - 12.8 - 17.3 - 6.4
Single modes 177,153 87.9 41,793 93.9 9,070 83.1 469 26.7 5.1 12.7 1.3 17.3 0.6 13.2
Truck6 166,984 82.9 39,670 89.2 7,670 70.3 429 29.9 8.2 13.8 2.7 16.8 2.8 17.1
For-hire truck 155,995 77.4 26,415 59.4 6,489 59.5 774 32.5 11.1 20.9 4.9 20.4 3.1 11
Private truck 10,989 5.5 13,255 29.8 1,181 10.8 64 12.4 3.2 10.6 4.2 20 2.6 14.8
Rail 666 0.3 1,281 2.9 998 9.1 769 16.8 0.2 23.3 1.5 24.2 2.2 6.2
Water 316 0.2 822 1.8 S S S 38.2 0.3 48.9 2 S S S
Shallow draft 316 0.2 822 1.8 S S S 38.2 0.3 48.9 2 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 9,181 4.6 13 - 9 0.1 919 39.9 6.7 29.6 - 26.2 - 5.1
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23,085 11.5 1,407 3.2 1,677 15.4 971 29.5 5.1 14.8 0.7 17.3 0.7 5.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 22,191 11 376 0.8 339 3.1 970 30.3 4.9 15.7 0.2 19.9 0.6 5.3
Truck and rail 818 0.4 828 1.9 954 8.7 1,069 16.4 0.2 16.2 0.6 14.7 1.3 16.9
Truck and water 65 - S S 366 3.4 7,019 32.2 - S S 47.3 2.2 31.4
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,861 S S S S S S 15.6
Other and unknown modes 1,206 0.6 1,295 2.9 167 1.5 188 25.7 0.3 45.5 1 33.5 0.3 37

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,703 100 S S S S S 48.5 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 191 S S S S S S 46.1
Truck6 S S S S S S 190 S S S S S S 46.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 773 S S S S S S 21.8
Private truck 326 12 119 4.3 26 1.2 S 47.7 18.8 42.2 17.1 40.8 15.4 S
Rail S S 81 3 S S S S S 16.8 5.6 S S S
Water S S S S S S 642 S S S S S S 1.5
Shallow draft S S S S S S 642 S S S S S S 1.5
Multiple modes 543 20.1 488 17.8 602 27.4 979 23.7 13 26 13.4 25.1 14.9 25.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 122 S S 38.7 0.2 46.4 0.2 47.2
Truck and rail 543 20.1 488 17.8 602 27.4 1,117 14.6 16.6 18.1 17.1 16.8 18.6 20.6
Other and unknown modes - - - - - - 9 0.6 1.1 20.5 0.2 18 - 29.9

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,082 100 4,616 100 2,044 100 266 20.8 - 27.2 - 25.7 - 30.3
Single modes 4,896 96.3 4,433 96 1,843 90.1 144 17.9 0.9 25.8 2.3 23.8 4.7 20.8
Truck6 4,717 92.8 3,943 85.4 1,479 72.4 142 18.8 1.8 28.1 3.2 25.2 6.6 21
For-hire truck 2,882 56.7 1,874 40.6 1,119 54.7 733 18.5 5.3 19.1 6.1 22.7 6.6 5.8
Private truck 1,834 36.1 2,070 44.8 360 17.6 55 27.9 5.7 42 8.3 46.3 4.7 17.1
Rail 179 3.5 490 10.6 363 17.8 669 32.7 1.6 26.8 2.8 31.9 6.6 18.6
Multiple modes 186 3.7 183 4 202 9.9 796 29.6 10.2 41.9 10.3 39 10.4 18.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 4 0.1 3 0.1 780 S S 43.6 13.4 47.6 13.3 7.1
Truck and rail 93 1.8 179 3.9 199 9.7 1,790 34.9 0.7 37.4 2.9 33.9 5.8 22.1
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S 15 43.8 - S S S S 27.5

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 60 100 2,260 100 68 100 1,321 39.3 - 25.9 - 49.2 - 30.4
Single modes 58 95.7 2,250 99.6 66 96.9 32 40 3.3 23.5 0.3 47.4 2.9 38.9
Truck6 58 95.7 2,250 99.6 66 96.9 32 40 3.3 23.5 0.3 47.4 2.9 38.9
For-hire truck 3 5.7 130 5.7 3 4.8 S 34.2 8.1 46.6 7.9 30.5 5.6 S
Private truck 54 90 2,121 93.8 63 92.2 23 42.8 6.6 24 5.1 48.5 5.1 18.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,103 S S S S S S 37.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 2,103 S S S S S S 37.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,041 100 19,863 100 1,233 100 56 28 - 31.2 - 38.4 - 41.5
Single modes 2,646 87 18,713 94.2 1,110 90 S 31.7 5.8 31.7 5.7 39.2 6 S
Truck6 2,507 82.4 18,466 93 1,087 88.1 S 34.2 8.3 32.2 7.1 40.2 5.8 S
For-hire truck 1,721 56.6 16,407 82.6 921 74.7 S 39.6 5.7 36.5 9.2 48.9 7.5 S
Private truck 785 25.8 2,058 10.4 165 13.4 S 36 6.9 27.9 5.9 32 6.5 S
Rail S S 34 0.2 22 1.8 675 S S 7.2 4.9 33 11.3 38.7
Water 132 4.3 214 1.1 1 0.1 3 21.9 7.4 13.4 4.1 12.8 0.1 -
Shallow draft 132 4.3 214 1.1 1 0.1 3 21.9 7.4 13.4 4.1 12.8 0.1 -
Multiple modes S S S S S S 453 S S S S S S 27.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 453 S S S S S S 27.7
Other and unknown modes 389 12.8 1,150 5.8 123 10 99 43.1 6.3 48.9 6.3 41.9 6.6 44.3

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 140,742 100 3,245 100 1,784 100 544 35.1 - 17.5 - 23.4 - 10.1
Single modes 137,970 98 3,139 96.7 1,675 93.9 330 35.7 5.4 17.7 0.7 22.6 1.2 18.9
Truck6 136,224 96.8 2,661 82 1,233 69.1 299 36.4 7.1 16.7 4.5 18.3 7.4 19.4
For-hire truck 134,953 95.9 2,065 63.6 1,176 65.9 529 36.7 10.9 17.5 5.2 18.3 6.8 12.7
Private truck 1,271 0.9 596 18.4 58 3.2 48 26.9 4.5 28.8 5.7 32 1.3 31
Rail 295 0.2 470 14.5 439 24.6 982 31.2 2.4 47.6 6.3 47.4 7.6 15.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - 1 0.1 853 S S 41.5 - 35.2 - 7.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,576 1.8 60 1.8 S S 737 30.1 3.8 20.5 0.4 S S 7.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,506 1.8 37 1.1 25 1.4 735 30.3 3.5 19.3 0.4 19.5 0.8 8
Truck and rail S S 17 0.5 18 1 1,566 S S 48.1 0.6 40.8 1.6 17.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 196 0.1 46 1.4 23 1.3 S 46.4 2.4 36.4 0.5 43.9 0.7 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,797 100 1,543 100 601 100 945 20.1 - 19.5 - 15.3 - 11.2
Single modes 1,747 46 1,348 87.4 421 70 562 11.5 8.4 22.1 3.7 15.2 4.7 15.7
Truck6 1,716 45.2 1,326 85.9 402 66.9 559 11.5 8.4 22.4 4 15.1 5.3 16.1
For-hire truck 1,230 32.4 576 37.3 370 61.6 905 17.9 7.3 15 5.9 16.5 5.4 10.8
Private truck 486 12.8 750 48.6 32 5.4 44 17.1 3.3 40.9 7.3 29 1.9 14
Rail 30 0.8 22 1.4 18 3 1,210 27.9 0.6 29.3 1 32.4 1.4 29.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,629 S S S S S S 22.8
Multiple modes 1,943 51.2 159 10.3 177 29.5 992 35 8.3 23.5 3.1 28.8 4.6 9.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,845 48.6 87 5.7 76 12.6 992 36.1 8.5 22.7 1.6 27.7 2.7 9.8
Truck and rail 97 2.6 72 4.6 101 16.8 1,434 43.8 1.1 42.9 3 41.2 4.5 15.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 107 2.8 S S 3 0.5 260 45.8 1.2 S S 39.8 0.2 42

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,838 100 7,075 100 1,458 100 747 19.8 - 23.6 - 26.5 - 4.2
Single modes 9,078 83.8 6,994 98.9 1,394 95.6 262 20 4.1 23.8 0.3 26.8 1.3 35.7
Truck6 9,046 83.5 6,992 98.8 1,393 95.6 262 19.9 4.2 23.8 0.3 26.8 1.3 35.7
For-hire truck 6,204 57.2 2,889 40.8 1,094 75 598 22.2 5.5 33.3 7.2 29.8 5.4 11.6
Private truck 2,842 26.2 4,103 58 S S 57 31.1 6.2 23.8 7.2 S S 26.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,646 15.2 60 0.8 57 3.9 1,010 32.4 4 24.8 0.2 29.8 1.3 5.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,645 15.2 59 0.8 56 3.8 1,009 32.4 4 24.8 0.2 29.5 1.3 5.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 113 1 21 0.3 S S S 31.6 0.4 29 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 25,167 100 486 100 395 100 956 25.4 - 29.5 - 37.2 - 6.4
Single modes 10,182 40.5 344 70.7 S S 973 38.2 10.9 29.7 8 S S 7.6
Truck6 2,478 9.8 335 68.9 S S 983 25.2 7.5 30.9 8.9 S S 15.8
For-hire truck 2,025 8 274 56.3 S S 1,054 29.5 6.8 38.7 9.8 S S 10.8
Private truck 453 1.8 61 12.6 10 2.6 111 47.9 1.5 39.4 8.8 45.8 5.5 42.1
Air (incl truck and air) 7,704 30.6 9 1.8 7 1.7 944 43 16.4 34 6 26.9 8.5 8.2
Multiple modes 14,628 58.1 119 24.5 111 28.2 953 43.8 11.1 36.6 8.1 38.4 8.7 6.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 14,628 58.1 119 24.5 111 28.2 953 43.8 11.1 36.7 8.1 38.5 8.7 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 593 S S S S S S 28.9

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,014 100 2,664 100 1,133 100 819 21.6 - 18.4 - 37.4 - 10.2
Single modes 8,418 84.1 2,317 87 689 60.8 392 25.4 8.7 18.6 6 31.8 9.8 16.7
Truck6 8,378 83.7 2,133 80.1 588 51.9 392 25.4 8.7 18.1 6.8 27.4 10.9 16.7
For-hire truck 5,440 54.3 755 28.3 421 37.2 860 37.3 12.7 39 6.9 41.9 7.4 10.5
Private truck 2,938 29.3 1,378 51.7 167 14.7 113 20.7 10.4 25.4 11.7 29.4 14.2 11.6
Rail 40 0.4 185 6.9 S S 561 44 0.2 37 2.6 S S 21.6
Multiple modes 1,553 15.5 337 12.7 S S 1,010 31.1 8.7 41 6.1 S S 9.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,463 14.6 68 2.6 67 5.9 1,010 32.4 8.9 34 5.8 47.8 8.6 9.6
Truck and rail 33 0.3 72 2.7 34 3 775 43.9 0.3 49.4 3.5 25.8 6.4 40.4
Truck and water 46 0.5 188 7 S S 1,668 6.1 1 4.5 19.1 S S 20.4
Rail and water 10 0.1 9 0.3 17 1.5 1,916 47.1 0.2 48.1 0.9 47.4 5.7 -
Other and unknown modes 43 0.4 9 0.3 S S S 40.4 0.4 41.3 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.