Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 201,444 100 44,494 100 10,914 100 817 24.9 - 12.8 - 17.3 - 6.4
Single modes 177,153 87.9 41,793 93.9 9,070 83.1 469 26.7 5.1 12.7 1.3 17.3 0.6 13.2
Truck6 166,984 82.9 39,670 89.2 7,670 70.3 429 29.9 8.2 13.8 2.7 16.8 2.8 17.1
For-hire truck 155,995 77.4 26,415 59.4 6,489 59.5 774 32.5 11.1 20.9 4.9 20.4 3.1 11
Private truck 10,989 5.5 13,255 29.8 1,181 10.8 64 12.4 3.2 10.6 4.2 20 2.6 14.8
Rail 666 0.3 1,281 2.9 998 9.1 769 16.8 0.2 23.3 1.5 24.2 2.2 6.2
Water 316 0.2 822 1.8 S S S 38.2 0.3 48.9 2 S S S
Shallow draft 316 0.2 822 1.8 S S S 38.2 0.3 48.9 2 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 9,181 4.6 13 - 9 0.1 919 39.9 6.7 29.6 - 26.2 - 5.1
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23,085 11.5 1,407 3.2 1,677 15.4 971 29.5 5.1 14.8 0.7 17.3 0.7 5.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 22,191 11 376 0.8 339 3.1 970 30.3 4.9 15.7 0.2 19.9 0.6 5.3
Truck and rail 818 0.4 828 1.9 954 8.7 1,069 16.4 0.2 16.2 0.6 14.7 1.3 16.9
Truck and water 65 - S S 366 3.4 7,019 32.2 - S S 47.3 2.2 31.4
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,861 S S S S S S 15.6
Other and unknown modes 1,206 0.6 1,295 2.9 167 1.5 188 25.7 0.3 45.5 1 33.5 0.3 37

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 814 S S S S S S 20.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 638 S S S S S S 1.2
Shallow draft S S S S S S 638 S S S S S S 1.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,263 S S S S S S 21.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,263 S S S S S S 21.7

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 604 100 384 100 221 100 571 41.3 - 26.8 - 20.9 - 27.7
Single modes 455 75.3 227 59.2 94 42.8 S 39.6 13.2 28.9 16.3 24.9 19.4 S
Truck6 343 56.8 154 40.1 45 20.4 S 33.1 12.8 30.8 8.3 17.6 9.9 S
For-hire truck S S 114 29.6 29 13.1 S S S 47.3 14.6 31.6 14.7 S
Private truck S S S S 16 7.3 S S S S S 2.9 7.4 S
Rail S S 73 19.1 S S S S S 14.2 11.3 S S S
Multiple modes 149 24.7 157 40.8 126 57.2 910 48.2 19.4 18.7 18.3 11.9 12.9 10.9
Truck and rail 149 24.7 157 40.8 126 57.2 910 48.2 19.4 18.7 18.3 11.9 12.9 10.9

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 56 100 S S 2 100 65 39.3 - S S 43.5 - 13.5
Single modes 55 98.9 S S 2 99.8 65 40 2.1 S S 43.6 1.7 13.6
Truck6 55 98.9 S S 2 99.8 65 40 2.1 S S 43.6 1.7 13.6
Private truck 55 98.9 S S 2 99.8 65 40 2.1 S S 43.6 1.7 13.6
Multiple modes S S - 0.2 - 0.2 122 S S 38.7 2.1 46.4 3.8 47.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.2 - 0.2 122 S S 38.7 2.1 46.4 3.8 47.2
Other and unknown modes - 0.2 - 0.2 - - 9 0.6 1.2 20.5 3.9 18 0.4 29.9

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,504 100 1,055 100 749 100 S 21.3 - 27.9 - 33.8 - S
Single modes 1,454 96.7 1,010 95.8 653 87.2 S 15 1.7 22.9 1.8 29 5.6 S
Truck6 1,392 92.6 935 88.6 590 78.8 S 14.7 3.2 23.6 5 25.8 7.2 S
For-hire truck 811 53.9 529 50.1 455 60.8 811 12.1 11.6 22.8 12.9 26.3 10.8 6.2
Private truck 581 38.6 406 38.5 135 18 S 30 10.6 31.7 13.1 32.4 10.4 S
Rail S S 75 7.1 S S S S S 13.8 19.3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 913 S S S S S S 34.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 832 S S S S S S 16.1
Truck and rail S S 44 4.2 96 12.8 2,110 S S 41 5 37 16 7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,358 100 3,434 100 1,260 100 294 30.3 - 31.9 - 29.2 - 42.4
Single modes 2,290 97.1 3,299 96 1,156 91.8 S 29.8 3 31.4 3.3 29.9 8.7 S
Truck6 2,173 92.2 2,884 84 855 67.9 S 31 4.8 35.1 6.6 35 9.9 S
For-hire truck 1,248 52.9 1,311 38.2 634 50.3 666 29.1 5.7 26.6 5.8 31.8 8 17.1
Private truck 926 39.3 1,574 45.8 S S S 37.3 6 48.5 10.6 S S S
Rail 117 4.9 414 12.1 300 23.9 612 18.5 2.1 24.9 5.4 30.4 8.7 22.2
Multiple modes 68 2.9 S S S S 770 23.1 13.4 S S S S 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 767 S S S S S S 13
Truck and rail 46 1.9 135 3.9 103 8.2 1,188 31.1 3.9 49.6 5 46.6 13.3 29.5

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 204 100 85 100 2 100 26 14.4 - 30.9 - 24.3 - 8.9
Single modes 204 100 85 100 2 100 26 14.4 - 30.9 - 24.3 - 8.8
Truck6 204 100 85 100 2 100 26 14.4 - 30.9 - 24.3 - 8.8
Private truck 204 100 85 100 2 100 26 14.4 - 30.9 - 24.3 - 8.8
Other and unknown modes - - - - - - S 27.4 - 26.4 - 33 - S

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 595 S S S S S S 36
Single modes S S S S S S 534 S S S S S S 35.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 534 S S S S S S 35.7
For-hire truck 824 81 34 82.2 30 88.8 802 32.2 4.4 21.8 4.5 11.4 3.6 2.1
Private truck S S S S S S 212 S S S S S S 28.5
Multiple modes 69 6.8 3 6.5 2 6.5 801 34 0.2 1.6 1.7 20.9 0.4 3.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 69 6.8 3 6.5 2 6.5 801 34 0.2 1.6 1.7 20.9 0.4 3.9

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 1 100 S S S S S 27.7 - S
Single modes S S S S 1 100 S S S S S 27.7 - S
Truck6 S S S S 1 100 S S S S S 27.7 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 1 81 S S S S S 25 12.6 S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7 100 956 100 17 100 18 20.9 - 26.1 - 23.6 - 11.2
Single modes 7 100 956 100 17 100 18 20.9 - 26.1 - 23.6 - 11.2
Truck6 7 100 956 100 17 100 18 20.9 - 26.1 - 23.6 - 11.2
For-hire truck 1 11.5 90 9.4 1 7.3 14 33.7 14.7 31.2 15.8 27.7 10.7 10.1
Private truck 6 88.5 866 90.6 16 92.7 18 19.7 5.9 26.2 5.9 24.5 4.1 11.6

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13 100 1,250 100 S S 22 25.3 - 23 - S S 48.9
Single modes 13 99.5 1,240 99.3 S S 21 25 0.3 22.6 0.4 S S 44.8
Truck6 13 99.5 1,240 99.3 S S 21 25 0.3 22.6 0.4 S S 44.8
For-hire truck S S 37 3 1 1.6 21 S S 46.7 3.5 33.8 5.3 21.3
Private truck 12 95.3 1,203 96.3 S S 21 24.2 2.3 23.2 1.8 S S 46.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10 100 16 100 S S 1,992 8.8 - 32.2 - S S 43.2
Single modes 8 77.1 16 98.5 S S S 6.2 13.5 6.1 0.9 S S S
Truck6 8 77.1 16 98.5 S S S 6.2 13.5 6.1 0.9 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 14 87.3 S S 17 S S 19.6 13.1 S S 11.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,103 S S S S S S 11.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 2,103 S S S S S S 11.2

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 134 100 110 S S S S 22.1 - 48.8
Single modes S S S S 134 100 110 S S S S 22.1 - 48.8
Truck6 S S S S 134 100 110 S S S S 22.1 - 48.8
For-hire truck S S S S 108 80.6 S S S S S 25.1 5.7 S
Private truck 210 24.2 277 24.2 26 19.4 78 49 8.1 42.5 7.9 21.3 5.7 19.7

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 611 100 956 100 176 100 S 29.3 - 25.3 - 38.8 - S
Single modes 611 100 956 100 176 100 S 29.4 - 25.3 0.1 38.8 - S
Truck6 479 78.4 742 77.6 175 99.6 S 29.4 10.4 22.4 10.1 26.9 0.2 S
For-hire truck 233 38.1 360 37.6 95 53.9 161 39.7 6.9 33 7.7 36.5 12.9 39.9
Private truck 246 40.3 382 40 81 45.7 S 18.9 16 13.1 15.9 36.4 15.7 S
Water S S S S S S 3 S S S S S S -
Shallow draft S S S S S S 3 S S S S S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,563 100 17,763 100 S S S 32.7 - 35.2 - S S S
Single modes 1,167 74.7 16,613 93.5 S S S 34.9 9.4 35.9 8.9 S S S
Truck6 1,160 74.2 16,579 93.3 S S S 35.1 9.2 36 10.4 S S S
For-hire truck 831 53.2 15,181 85.5 S S S 36.3 8.3 39.5 10.8 S S S
Private truck S S 1,399 7.9 S S S S S 39.9 4.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 675 S S S S S S 38.7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 453 S S S S S S 27.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 453 S S S S S S 27.7
Other and unknown modes 389 24.9 1,150 6.5 123 13.3 100 43.2 10.1 48.9 9.9 41.9 10.7 43.8

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,360 100 1,502 100 874 100 238 26.2 - 34.4 - 39.6 - 43
Single modes 1,342 98.7 1,491 99.3 866 99 225 26.1 2.6 34.3 2.2 39.3 2.4 46
Truck6 1,062 78.1 1,057 70.4 457 52.3 206 29.1 6.6 33.7 7.6 33.2 10.6 48.9
For-hire truck 840 61.8 841 56 434 49.7 536 26.2 9.2 31.7 9.8 31.4 10 7.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 280 20.6 S S S S 943 32.4 9.1 S S S S 17.5
Multiple modes 4 0.3 S S S S 523 45.4 0.4 S S S S 20.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 521 S S S S S S 19.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 135,779 100 345 100 229 100 655 36.3 - 27.7 - 30.9 - 10.2
Single modes 133,453 98.3 304 88.2 204 89.2 427 37 12.1 31.5 5.6 34.5 11.5 29.6
Truck6 132,015 97.2 303 88 204 89 372 37.6 12.3 31.6 5.6 34.6 11.5 34.9
For-hire truck 131,455 96.8 247 71.6 199 86.6 759 34.3 13 34.6 10.4 32 10.8 13.7
Private truck 560 0.4 S S S S 46 37.8 8.2 S S S S 37.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,204 1.6 25 7.2 17 7.3 782 35 9.2 25.4 2.3 19.6 7.2 7.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,204 1.6 25 7.2 17 7.3 782 35 9.2 25.4 2.3 19.6 7.2 7.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 364 S S S S S S 29.5
Single modes S S S S S S 307 S S S S S S 37.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 292 S S S S S S 40.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 643 S S S S S S 9.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 473 S S S S S S 12.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 857 S S S S S S 13.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 861 S S 36.9 6.8 S S 14
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,116 100 514 100 218 100 610 22 - 25.8 - 23.3 - 21.3
Single modes 913 81.8 507 98.5 212 97.3 456 21.2 6.4 26 0.8 23.7 1.2 17
Truck6 898 80.4 494 96.1 196 90 454 21.5 6.4 26.1 1.2 23.6 3.7 16.7
For-hire truck 684 61.2 316 61.5 173 79.4 637 25.4 8.6 26.3 6.2 24.4 4.2 10.5
Private truck 214 19.2 178 34.6 23 10.7 105 23 5.9 30.7 6.1 26.4 2 32.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 6 1.2 5 2.4 672 S S 31.1 0.8 29.3 1.1 24.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 5 1 3 1.4 672 S S 34.5 0.8 29.6 1.1 24.9
Truck and rail 4 0.4 1 0.2 2 1 S 26.8 0.2 10.9 0.1 21.5 0.6 S
Other and unknown modes 3 0.3 1 0.2 1 0.3 S 30.8 0.2 34.4 0.2 49 0.3 S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,426 100 774 100 438 100 316 31 - 30.4 - 30.8 - 21.8
Single modes 2,203 90.8 729 94.2 369 84.4 212 33.7 2.6 31.7 1.7 33.5 5 39.5
Truck6 2,198 90.6 728 94.1 369 84.3 211 33.8 2.7 31.7 1.7 33.5 5.1 39.9
For-hire truck 1,960 80.8 653 84.4 365 83.4 319 37.8 8.3 34.3 5.4 33.6 4.8 42.3
Private truck 237 9.8 75 9.7 4 0.9 41 30.6 7.8 29.2 4.9 35.1 0.8 28.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S 870 S S 44.3 0.2 S S 8.4
Multiple modes 166 6.9 25 3.3 S S 594 21 2.9 42.1 1.6 S S 14.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 103 4.3 7 0.9 5 1.1 581 23.5 2.9 40 0.5 44.4 0.8 15.1
Truck and rail 46 1.9 13 1.7 15 3.4 1,667 44.8 4.7 47.6 4.7 26.1 8.6 23.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 432 100 748 100 89 100 91 15.8 - 41 - 18.9 - 41.1
Single modes 380 88 715 95.6 70 79.5 70 14 4.1 43.2 4.2 17.1 5.4 44.4
Truck6 377 87.4 714 95.4 67 75.8 69 14.2 4.2 43.3 4.2 17.3 5.5 45.2
For-hire truck 116 26.8 85 11.3 44 49.5 595 27.8 7.3 24.9 7.6 24.5 8.7 19
Private truck 262 60.6 629 84.1 23 26.2 39 22.7 9 49.6 9.6 36.4 11.4 21.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11 2.5 9 1.3 18 19.9 1,233 34.3 1.1 32.1 0.8 32.7 5.6 27.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 10 2.2 9 1.2 17 19.7 1,897 26.3 1 22.6 1 25.8 5.6 18.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 38.6

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 397 100 231 100 188 100 S 32.4 - 28.4 - 38.2 - S
Single modes 278 70 161 69.8 S S 194 46 9.7 39 8.8 S S 48.2
Truck6 S S 141 61.1 S S 192 S S 45.1 10.8 S S 48.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 494 S S S S S S 18.9
Private truck S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S 39.9
Rail 28 7 20 8.7 15 7.8 847 17.9 7.8 18.1 5.8 23.7 5.5 10.9
Multiple modes 118 29.8 69 29.9 S S S 33.8 12 42.5 10.3 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S 63 27.1 83 44.4 1,269 S S 37.3 17.3 40.7 15.7 6.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 272 100 135 100 32 100 744 38.8 - 36.5 - 35.5 - 24.5
Single modes 188 69.3 128 94.5 28 88.7 178 25.9 9.5 39.1 5.8 33 7.6 49.8
Truck6 188 69.1 127 94.3 28 87.7 S 25.8 9.5 39.2 5.8 32.9 7.6 S
For-hire truck 118 43.3 88 65.1 23 70.5 490 35.8 12.4 46 12.8 31.5 7.4 23.8
Private truck 70 25.8 39 29.2 5 17.1 52 22.3 14.9 30.1 14.2 43.8 12.8 48.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 897 S S S S S S 25.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 897 S S S S S S 25.1
Other and unknown modes S S 5 3.4 S S S S S 46.3 12.5 S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 671 100 272 100 161 100 1,059 25.3 - 31.1 - 25.9 - 15.9
Single modes 436 64.9 253 93 148 91.5 S 21.8 9.1 30.8 2.2 25.5 2.9 S
Truck6 435 64.9 253 93 148 91.5 S 21.8 9.1 30.8 2.2 25.5 2.9 S
For-hire truck 351 52.4 227 83.6 146 90.5 662 20.4 9.5 26.9 3.7 25.7 2.9 15.6
Private truck 84 12.6 S S S S S 40.8 5.3 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,150 S S S S S S 16.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,150 S S S S S S 16.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 363 S S S S S S 38.4

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,015 100 151 100 126 100 975 36.7 - 30.1 - 31.4 - 6.9
Single modes 454 22.5 86 56.5 66 52.2 948 45.7 13 41.3 10.8 47.6 11.9 14.2
Truck6 454 22.5 86 56.5 66 52.2 948 45.7 13 41.3 10.8 47.6 11.9 14.2
For-hire truck 439 21.8 73 48.1 65 51.9 976 46.4 14 47 10.9 46.8 11.7 9.4
Private truck S S S S - 0.3 S S S S S 50 0.2 S
Multiple modes 1,560 77.4 66 43.3 60 47.8 977 42.4 13 30.6 10.8 33.2 11.9 12.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,560 77.4 66 43.3 60 47.8 977 42.4 13 30.6 10.8 33.2 11.9 12.3
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S S 40.2 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,351 100 5,137 100 646 100 1,086 32.8 - 26.9 - 39.8 - 22
Single modes 931 68.9 5,109 99.5 622 96.3 104 34 9.4 27 0.2 40.9 4.4 22.3
Truck6 931 68.9 5,109 99.5 622 96.3 104 34 9.4 27 0.2 40.9 4.4 22.3
For-hire truck S S 1,542 30 S S S S S 47.5 11.1 S S S
Private truck 465 34.4 3,568 69.5 S S 64 49.7 13.6 25.9 9.3 S S 25
Multiple modes S S 22 0.4 24 3.7 1,213 S S 49.3 0.3 49.2 7.5 9.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 22 0.4 24 3.7 1,213 S S 49.3 0.3 49.2 7.5 9.1
Other and unknown modes 5 0.4 6 0.1 - - 7 27 2.1 32.7 0.1 49.6 - 29.7

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 846 100 751 100 155 100 713 38 - 39.5 - 41 - 22.7
Single modes 779 92.1 746 99.4 151 97.2 S 40.1 5 39.6 1.6 41.8 1.7 S
Truck6 779 92.1 746 99.4 151 97.2 S 40.1 5 39.6 1.6 41.8 1.7 S
For-hire truck 451 53.3 462 61.6 132 85 583 29.4 10 33.4 11.7 43 6.2 20.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 47 5.6 3 0.4 S S 1,615 34.3 4.7 41.7 1.4 S S 18.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 46 5.5 3 0.4 S S 1,595 33.3 4.7 39.9 1.4 S S 18.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 2 0.2 S S S S S 21.4 1.7 S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,458 100 620 100 435 100 483 35.2 - 31 - 39.5 - 16.2
Single modes 2,975 86 589 95 414 95.1 390 39.2 7.3 31.7 2.9 39.7 5.2 27.9
Truck6 2,975 86 589 95 414 95.1 390 39.2 7.3 31.7 2.9 39.7 5.2 27.9
For-hire truck 2,589 74.9 521 84.1 399 91.6 851 40.1 9.1 32.2 7.1 39.1 5.7 13.4
Private truck 386 11.2 68 10.9 S S S 43.7 2.5 42.5 4.6 S S S
Multiple modes 401 11.6 18 2.9 14 3.2 558 39.6 7.2 28.8 2 38.3 2.4 12.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 401 11.6 18 2.9 14 3.2 558 39.6 7.2 28.8 2 38.3 2.4 12.8
Other and unknown modes 82 2.4 13 2.1 S S S 40 1.6 41.7 1.6 S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,183 100 568 100 221 100 548 24.3 - 37.5 - 29.7 - 20.5
Single modes 4,394 84.8 551 97 207 93.5 282 28.4 6.6 38.6 2.2 31.1 2.8 49.7
Truck6 4,362 84.2 548 96.5 206 93.2 282 28.4 6.6 38.4 2.2 30.9 2.7 49.9
For-hire truck 2,699 52.1 S S 193 87.2 532 34.7 10.7 S S 34.4 11.5 21.5
Private truck 1,663 32.1 S S S S 67 45.5 13.2 S S S S 31.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 783 15.1 17 3 14 6.5 818 42.9 6.6 31.2 2.2 36.2 2.8 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 783 15.1 17 3 14 6.5 818 42.9 6.6 31.2 2.2 36.2 2.8 9.2
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S 17 S S 37.4 0.1 S S 39.8

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,309 100 288 100 306 100 830 45.9 - 28.1 - 47.3 - 5.7
Single modes 1,627 11.4 187 64.7 S S 950 33.5 11.2 41.5 9.6 S S 8.2
Truck6 1,397 9.8 185 64.2 S S 788 34.6 10.5 41.8 9.5 S S 10.7
For-hire truck 1,332 9.3 170 58.9 S S 828 36.8 10.5 46.4 9.8 S S 10.2
Private truck S S S S S S 335 S S S S S S 25.8
Air (incl truck and air) 230 1.6 1 0.5 1 0.5 1,124 33.8 4 41.4 0.7 39.6 1.3 16.9
Multiple modes S S 101 35.1 89 29 819 S S 44.7 9.6 48.8 11.2 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 101 35.1 89 29 819 S S 44.7 9.6 48.8 11.2 6.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,174 S S S S S S 20.5

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 65 100 1,185 S S S S 47.3 - 20.8
Single modes S S S S S S 1,068 S S S S S S 28.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 1,069 S S S S S S 30.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,107 S S S S S S 31
Private truck S S S S S S 133 S S S S S S 22
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 78 8.6 S S S S 1,255 47 17.6 S S S S 20.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,257 S S S S S S 22.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 26.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 875 S S S S S S 18.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,577 100 S S 23 100 856 43.4 - S S 46.7 - 5.4
Single modes S S S S S S 804 S S S S S S 22.3
Truck6 S S S S S S 657 S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 798 S S S S S S 22.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 7,417 77.5 S S S S 849 9.7 8.6 S S S S 3.4
Multiple modes 1,750 18.3 7 27.3 6 28 929 43.3 19 48.3 14.2 46.9 14.6 11.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,750 18.3 7 27.3 6 28 929 43.3 19 48.3 14.2 46.9 14.6 11.7
Other and unknown modes 155 1.6 S S S S S 41 5.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,086 100 S S S S 1,159 38.7 - S S S S 17.2
Single modes S S S S S S 954 S S S S S S 23.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 954 S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,003 S S S S S S 15.5
Private truck 25 2.3 6 3.1 S S 153 42.2 3.8 45 4.1 S S 27.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,191 S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,191 S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 995 100 176 100 94 100 798 23.3 - 33.1 - 35.5 - 13.9
Single modes 850 85.5 165 93.9 86 91.4 598 29.2 10.3 35.9 9.4 39.5 11.1 23.6
Truck6 844 84.9 143 81.6 79 84 598 29.4 10.3 38.4 9.5 41 10.3 23.7
For-hire truck 757 76.1 127 72.5 78 83 959 31.3 13.3 42.2 13.5 41.6 13.2 11.7
Private truck 88 8.8 16 9.1 S S 27 42.1 8 36.4 13.6 S S 37.2
Rail 6 0.6 22 12.3 7 7.4 320 27.3 1.4 27.6 14.7 27.3 8.3 -
Multiple modes 142 14.3 10 5.6 8 8.1 870 32.9 10 41 7.6 45.5 10.1 10.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 142 14.3 10 5.6 8 8.1 870 32.9 10 41 7.6 45.5 10.1 10.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 203 100 673 100 S S 460 44.5 - 40.8 - S S 27.5
Single modes 140 68.9 417 62 206 36.8 445 45.4 9 40.4 11.1 46.3 18.7 22.9
Truck6 106 52.1 254 37.7 S S 422 48.7 12.5 42.5 14.9 S S 24.7
For-hire truck 104 51.1 246 36.6 110 19.6 433 45.1 7 37.3 7.9 43.7 14.5 26.4
Private truck S S S S S S 203 S S S S S S 45.5
Rail 34 16.7 163 24.2 S S 610 43.3 4.1 32.8 6.1 S S 26.4
Multiple modes 63 31.1 256 38 S S 671 37.3 6.4 36.9 8.3 S S 44.9
Truck and rail S S 69 10.2 S S S S S 46.8 16.3 S S S
Truck and water 46 22.7 S S 324 58 1,668 6.1 14 S S 19.3 19 20.4

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,730 100 1,622 100 302 100 505 25 - 21.5 - 20.2 - 16.7
Single modes 7,002 90.6 1,591 98.1 275 91.2 166 25.4 3.8 21.8 0.7 20.6 3.3 8.8
Truck6 7,002 90.6 1,591 98.1 275 91.2 166 25.4 3.8 21.8 0.7 20.6 3.3 8.8
For-hire truck 4,179 54.1 243 15 112 37.1 441 39.9 13.1 37 8.8 34.4 9.4 19.9
Private truck 2,824 36.5 1,349 83.2 164 54.1 125 22.2 12.9 26 9.2 29.9 11.2 10.4
Multiple modes S S 27 1.6 S S 828 S S 34.9 0.8 S S 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 18 1.1 10 3.2 827 S S 27.6 0.7 43 1.3 11
Rail and water 10 0.1 9 0.5 17 5.6 1,916 47.1 0.2 48.1 2.1 47.4 15.4 -
Other and unknown modes 22 0.3 S S - - S 48.9 1.3 S S 46.4 - S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.