Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 126,797 100 157,356 100 15,487 100 4.9 - 12.5 - 22.6 -
Less than 50 miles 74,620 58.8 133,104 84.6 2,571 16.6 6.6 2.1 13.4 2.4 9.9 4
50 - 99 miles 7,947 6.3 7,115 4.5 592 3.8 16.6 0.8 14.8 0.8 14.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 9,222 7.3 7,233 4.6 1,497 9.7 15.1 0.8 19.5 0.8 21.5 1.6
250 - 499 miles 1,979 1.6 2,267 1.4 1,054 6.8 30 0.5 39.9 0.4 40.7 1.7
500 - 749 miles 5,537 4.4 2,749 1.7 2,244 14.5 17.1 0.8 34.9 0.6 36.8 2.9
750 - 999 miles 6,524 5.1 1,218 0.8 1,392 9 9.7 0.5 22.6 0.1 22.6 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,837 11.7 3,103 2 4,467 28.8 12.4 1.4 33.9 0.5 35.4 3.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,007 1.6 74 - 149 1 49.9 0.7 16.6 - 16.5 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 4,123 3.3 492 0.3 1,520 9.8 9 0.3 39.2 0.1 42.5 1.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 100,859 100 147,669 100 10,517 100 8.4 - 11.8 - 10.6 -
Less than 50 miles 65,577 65 128,853 87.3 2,444 23.2 7.7 2.3 12.8 2 9.7 4.2
50 - 99 miles 7,310 7.2 7,077 4.8 589 5.6 17.7 0.9 15 0.9 14.8 0.9
100 - 249 miles 7,671 7.6 5,697 3.9 1,090 10.4 19.3 1 18.6 0.8 19.1 1.3
250 - 499 miles 1,497 1.5 1,221 0.8 586 5.6 37.8 0.6 37.6 0.2 44.4 2
500 - 749 miles 2,910 2.9 1,637 1.1 1,255 11.9 17.5 0.5 22.5 0.4 23 2.5
750 - 999 miles 4,141 4.1 936 0.6 1,049 10 16.7 0.6 28.8 0.1 29.1 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,993 7.9 1,963 1.3 2,749 26.1 16.7 0.9 18 0.3 18.2 3.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 66 - 130 1.2 S S 18.5 - 18.5 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 2,160 2.1 219 0.1 625 5.9 13.4 0.3 23 - 23.1 1.2

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 97,525 100 144,844 100 9,331 100 8.7 - 11.9 - 10.3 -
Less than 50 miles 64,511 66.1 127,598 88.1 2,431 26.1 7.8 2.2 12.8 1.9 9.6 4
50 - 99 miles 7,201 7.4 7,077 4.9 589 6.3 17.3 0.8 14.9 0.9 14.8 0.9
100 - 249 miles 7,569 7.8 5,234 3.6 1,014 10.9 19.4 1 18.9 0.8 19.6 1.4
250 - 499 miles 1,473 1.5 1,057 0.7 S S 38.6 0.6 43.6 0.2 S S
500 - 749 miles 2,701 2.8 1,118 0.8 858 9.2 17.7 0.5 22 0.2 24 1.7
750 - 999 miles 3,645 3.7 932 0.6 1,045 11.2 18.8 0.6 28.8 0.1 29.1 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,323 7.5 1,551 1.1 2,144 23 18.3 0.9 21.7 0.3 21.7 3.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 65 - 129 1.4 S S 19.1 - 19 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,682 1.7 213 0.1 607 6.5 12.9 0.3 23.2 - 23.2 1.4

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36,840 100 47,815 100 6,397 100 10.6 - 22.6 - 15.2 -
Less than 50 miles 16,341 44.4 38,235 80 775 12.1 14.4 4.1 24.7 4.9 25 2
50 - 99 miles 1,348 3.7 2,167 4.5 181 2.8 24.8 0.8 29.3 1 29.3 0.7
100 - 249 miles 2,188 5.9 3,007 6.3 568 8.9 20.4 1.4 23.8 1.2 22.8 1.6
250 - 499 miles 1,295 3.5 S S S S 44.4 1.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 2,379 6.5 886 1.9 661 10.3 21.2 1.1 20.1 1.1 20.7 2.7
750 - 999 miles 3,367 9.1 867 1.8 971 15.2 21.5 1.4 31.1 0.7 31.5 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,842 18.6 1,484 3.1 2,055 32.1 16 3 22.6 3 22.6 5.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 61 0.1 122 1.9 S S 19.9 - 19.9 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,678 4.6 211 0.4 602 9.4 12.9 1.1 23.5 0.2 23.5 2.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 60,685 100 97,029 100 2,935 100 11.6 - 12.1 - 14.6 -
Less than 50 miles 48,171 79.4 89,364 92.1 1,656 56.4 10.1 2.4 13.4 2.1 14.7 6
50 - 99 miles 5,853 9.6 4,909 5.1 407 13.9 18.8 1.1 15.3 1.5 14.6 3.1
100 - 249 miles 5,381 8.9 2,226 2.3 446 15.2 24.2 1.2 17.8 0.6 24.3 1.7
250 - 499 miles 178 0.3 S S S S 38.4 0.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 322 0.5 S S S S 35.4 0.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 67 0.1 89 3 S S 42 - 40.2 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S 7 0.2 S S S S 46 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 3 - S S S S 17.8 - S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 426 100 2,761 100 1,147 100 48.8 - 35.2 - 35.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1,215 44 S S S S 47.4 19.2 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 45 10.6 S S S S 44.9 12.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,863 100 43 100 39 100 21.3 - 29.3 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles 762 26.6 18 42.7 1 1.5 40.6 7.5 33.4 8.8 44.4 1.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 7 0.2 S S S S 35 0.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 152 5.3 S S S S 22.2 1.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 495 17.3 4 8.8 4 9.7 38.8 3.6 49.3 2.8 48.6 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 623 21.7 9 21.8 12 30.6 19.2 4.2 41.8 6.1 38.1 6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 2.4 2 4.8 S S 20.5 2.4 20.3 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 478 16.7 6 15.2 18 47 28 3.1 30.5 6.2 33.2 8

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,408 100 6,248 100 S S 17.7 - 49.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 4,263 20.9 S S S S 13.5 3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 586 2.9 S S S S 29 0.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,264 6.2 S S S S 24.4 0.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 431 2.1 S S S S 27.8 0.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 2,614 12.8 S S S S 27 2.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2,353 11.5 280 4.5 342 7.3 16.7 1.2 48.3 5.6 47.6 6.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,720 32.9 S S S S 24.6 2.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 406 2 9 0.1 18 0.4 28.1 0.3 43.2 0.4 43.6 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,771 8.7 S S S S 19.2 1.1 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,696 100 246 100 241 100 18.3 - 19.8 - 22.8 -
Less than 50 miles 3,690 20.9 57 23.3 2 0.7 15.4 1.7 20.6 2.6 27.6 0.1
50 - 99 miles 490 2.8 10 3.9 1 0.3 31.5 0.7 30.9 1.9 29.7 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,224 6.9 25 10.3 6 2.4 25.5 1 27.9 2.2 29.4 0.7
250 - 499 miles 262 1.5 5 2.1 2 0.9 33.7 0.2 20.2 0.5 21.5 0.3
500 - 749 miles 2,241 12.7 20 8.1 15 6.1 30.7 2.5 28.4 0.9 27.7 0.9
750 - 999 miles 2,071 11.7 34 13.7 36 15 16.8 1.2 27.8 2.3 27.8 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,760 32.5 59 24.1 82 34 21.9 2.4 19.8 2.4 19.4 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 405 2.3 9 3.5 18 7.7 28.2 0.4 43.2 0.6 43.7 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,553 8.8 27 10.9 79 32.9 19.4 1 24.3 1.1 24.4 2.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 34 2 S S S S 22.7 16.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 992 100 382 100 S S 27.9 - 36.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles 504 50.8 97 25.4 S S 43.8 14.2 35.4 19 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 10 2.5 S S S S 45 6.9 S S
500 - 749 miles 74 7.5 S S S S 8.2 9.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 187 18.9 S S S S 49.9 18.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4 0.4 S S S S 34.5 2.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,530 100 S S S S 32.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 4,780 86.4 S S S S 33.6 6.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 30 0.5 2 - 2 0.6 45 1 43.8 0.6 43.3 6.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 124 2.2 S S S S 43.1 2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 192 3.5 S S S S 47.1 8.5 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.