Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 126,797 100 157,356 100 15,487 100 512 4.9 - 12.5 - 22.6 - 10.5
Single modes 100,859 79.5 147,669 93.8 10,517 67.9 154 8.4 3.5 11.8 1.7 10.6 7.8 13.6
Truck6 97,525 76.9 144,844 92 9,331 60.2 125 8.7 3.5 11.9 1.6 10.3 7.4 14.7
For-hire truck 36,840 29.1 47,815 30.4 6,397 41.3 581 10.6 2.8 22.6 4.9 15.2 5.8 17.1
Private truck 60,685 47.9 97,029 61.7 2,935 18.9 32 11.6 3.9 12.1 5.9 14.6 5.6 8.5
Rail 426 0.3 2,761 1.8 1,147 7.4 433 48.8 0.2 35.2 0.7 35.5 3.2 40.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 2,863 2.3 43 - 39 0.3 1,412 21.3 0.5 29.3 - 28 0.1 10.9
Multiple modes 20,408 16.1 6,248 4 S S 1,151 17.7 3.1 49.9 1.6 S S 4.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 17,696 14 246 0.2 241 1.6 1,153 18.3 2.8 19.8 0.1 22.8 1 4.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 889 S S S S S S 20
Truck and water 992 0.8 382 0.2 S S S 27.9 0.2 36.8 0.1 S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5,530 4.4 S S S S 82 32.4 1.6 S S S S 27.3

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,699 100 S S 2,337 100 155 25.5 - S S 38.3 - 39.9
Single modes 8,566 98.5 S S 2,335 99.9 164 26 1.3 S S 38.4 0.1 37.5
Truck6 8,458 97.2 S S 1,936 82.8 162 25.9 1.5 S S 40 8.4 38.8
For-hire truck 3,598 41.4 S S 1,758 75.2 673 25.6 7.9 S S 43.1 8.2 19.4
Private truck 4,860 55.9 2,118 26.1 177 7.6 52 30.6 7.7 37.4 10.3 31 4.9 26.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 65 0.7 10 0.1 S S S 48.3 1.1 49.2 0.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1 - 195 S S S S 41.1 0.3 39.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S S S S 28 - S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S 1 - S S S S S 41.8 0.3 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,515 100 6,424 100 1,415 100 50 11.7 - 13.8 - 34.2 - 38.4
Single modes 9,460 99.4 6,403 99.7 1,401 99 45 11.7 0.2 13.8 0.1 34.1 0.4 44.5
Truck6 9,211 96.8 5,783 90 728 51.5 44 11.7 1.4 14.7 4 31.6 13 45
For-hire truck 1,827 19.2 1,278 19.9 503 35.5 675 48.5 5.7 27.7 4 45.9 9.6 39
Private truck 7,384 77.6 4,505 70.1 226 15.9 27 9.6 6.2 13.4 5.8 31.4 13.1 27.4
Rail S S 619 9.6 673 47.6 S S S 40.7 6.9 37.7 13.9 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 44 0.5 S S S S 302 24 0.5 S S S S 45.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32 S S S S S S 48

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 947 100 52,372 100 1,922 100 28 33.5 - 28.8 - 39.9 - 28.4
Single modes 915 96.6 50,046 95.6 1,179 61.4 25 32.6 1 28 1.5 28.3 11.9 32.3
Truck6 905 95.5 49,324 94.2 1,170 60.9 25 33.1 1.9 28.7 6.4 28.8 11.2 45
For-hire truck 380 40.1 22,868 43.7 554 28.8 27 36.7 5.3 35.1 7.1 35.4 11 18.4
Private truck 525 55.5 26,456 50.5 616 32.1 S 31 6.1 30 9 35.3 11.6 S
Rail 10 1.1 S S S S S 31.7 12.6 S S S S S
Multiple modes 32 3.3 2,163 4.1 S S 343 4.6 2.7 6 4.8 S S 6.9
Truck and rail 32 3.3 2,163 4.1 S S 343 4.6 2.7 6 4.8 S S 6.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 14.4

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,590 100 25,381 100 1,002 100 30 19.2 - 18.4 - 31.9 - 13.8
Single modes 15,574 99.9 25,376 100 1,002 100 31 19.2 0.1 18.4 - 32 - 13.6
Truck6 15,574 99.9 25,376 100 1,002 100 31 19.2 0.1 18.4 - 32 - 13.6
For-hire truck 6,459 41.4 8,289 32.7 352 35.1 43 26.1 11.1 26.4 10.8 39.4 11.6 21.2
Private truck 9,115 58.5 17,087 67.3 650 64.9 28 29.2 10.8 27 10.3 33.1 11.1 13.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 5 - S S S S S 49.2 - S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,235 100 2,429 100 821 100 361 18.1 - 20.9 - 19.5 - 22.4
Single modes 8,562 83.7 2,278 93.8 664 81 125 18.3 2.9 22.5 4 21.9 7.8 41.3
Truck6 8,475 82.8 2,276 93.7 664 80.9 124 18.3 2.7 22.5 3.9 22 7.8 41.6
For-hire truck 3,759 36.7 1,017 41.9 615 75 719 17.3 6.1 25.7 4.9 23.4 7.3 12.1
Private truck 4,716 46.1 1,259 51.8 49 5.9 28 27.8 6 23.2 4.8 20.1 2.9 23.1
Air (incl truck and air) 87 0.8 S S 1 0.1 1,142 39.6 0.5 S S 47.4 0.1 8.3
Multiple modes 1,520 14.9 131 5.4 S S 989 34.8 2.5 43.1 4 S S 10.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,316 12.9 32 1.3 21 2.6 989 41 2.8 30.8 0.5 32 1.1 10.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,204 S S S S S S 48.6
Truck and water 130 1.3 S S S S 612 21.8 1.3 S S S S 30.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 153 1.5 S S S S 52 47.4 0.7 S S S S 36.5

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,576 100 4,812 100 S S 876 14.9 - 33.9 - S S 12.4
Single modes 6,770 70.7 3,096 64.3 940 26.8 536 21.1 6.6 29.2 10.1 37 19.1 22.4
Truck6 6,645 69.4 3,003 62.4 938 26.7 535 20.1 6.3 27.8 10.2 36.9 19 22.5
For-hire truck 4,123 43.1 S S 858 24.4 1,371 32.2 8.1 S S 41.1 16.3 8.4
Private truck 2,522 26.3 1,635 34 80 2.3 72 23.3 5 33.5 11.5 35.6 4.5 36.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 23 0.2 1 - 1 - 1,448 48.3 0.3 33.6 - 34.8 0.2 20.5
Multiple modes 2,195 22.9 S S S S 1,312 38.5 6.8 S S S S 6.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,341 14 38 0.8 37 1.1 1,312 41.4 4.6 29.6 0.8 30 2.4 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,707 S S S S S S 9.2
Truck and water 34 0.4 61 1.3 S S S 40.3 0.6 48.2 2.8 S S S
Other and unknown modes 610 6.4 S S S S S 49.1 3.8 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,704 100 49,897 100 2,085 100 454 8.2 - 22.9 - 18.6 - 15.7
Single modes 12,609 80.3 46,140 92.5 1,692 81.1 197 11.4 5 20.3 2.7 22.6 7 41.8
Truck6 12,018 76.5 45,614 91.4 1,611 77.2 S 12.3 5.4 20.3 2.7 24 7 S
For-hire truck 5,132 32.7 6,227 12.5 883 42.4 S 17.8 4.7 26.7 4.9 38 7.6 S
Private truck 6,886 43.9 39,387 78.9 727 34.9 40 15.3 4.9 22.5 6 24.6 7.9 30.7
Rail S S S S S S 1,140 S S S S S S 48.4
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 524 3.3 S S S S 1,382 40.5 1.6 S S S S 26.2
Multiple modes 2,096 13.3 S S S S 1,017 31.2 3.6 S S S S 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,376 8.8 44 0.1 47 2.3 1,015 22.5 2.6 25.5 0.2 36.4 3.3 8.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,494 S S S S S S 27.7
Truck and water 237 1.5 S S S S S 39.9 0.9 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 998 6.4 S S S S 70 34 3.5 S S S S 41.4

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 35,679 100 1,627 100 383 100 480 12.5 - 18.9 - 15.5 - 23.2
Single modes 21,402 60 1,049 64.5 231 60.4 S 14.2 6.1 17.9 8.2 20.4 8.2 S
Truck6 19,434 54.5 1,029 63.2 211 55 S 15.1 6.3 18.3 8.2 22.3 8.8 S
For-hire truck 8,232 23.1 356 21.9 194 50.7 542 27.1 5.1 14.6 6.3 24 8.6 16.3
Private truck 11,202 31.4 672 41.3 17 4.3 14 19.1 5.9 25.4 7.6 22 1.3 39.8
Air (incl truck and air) 1,968 5.5 20 1.2 20 5.3 1,414 27.1 1.5 34.5 0.6 30.5 1.6 8.6
Multiple modes 10,744 30.1 189 11.6 119 31.1 1,035 23.5 5.5 24.8 3.6 27.7 7.6 7.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10,122 28.4 95 5.8 91 23.7 1,037 24 5.3 26 1.3 26 5.9 7.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 564 1.6 80 4.9 S S S 33.7 0.9 34.5 5.4 S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3,532 9.9 S S S S S 40.8 2.8 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20,774 100 6,299 100 2,009 100 952 16.4 - 11.6 - 31.3 - 14.8
Single modes 16,926 81.5 5,278 83.8 1,072 53.3 164 22.3 6.6 14.2 7 25.8 12.3 15.1
Truck6 16,730 80.5 5,278 83.8 1,071 53.3 143 22.6 6.5 14.2 7 25.8 12.3 12.2
For-hire truck 3,318 16 1,375 21.8 679 33.8 837 21.4 3 42.2 7.5 23.8 10.1 15.2
Private truck 13,412 64.6 3,903 62 392 19.5 53 25.2 6.5 15.9 8.3 45.9 7.4 9.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S 1,571 S S 42 - S S 13.7
Multiple modes 3,751 18.1 S S S S 1,319 21.5 6.6 S S S S 7.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,520 16.9 36 0.6 45 2.2 1,320 22.1 6.4 22.3 0.4 27.7 1.8 7.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 914 S S S S S S 7.6
Truck and water S S 17 0.3 18 0.9 S S S 43.5 0.9 49.8 1.9 S
Other and unknown modes S S 14 0.2 S S S S S 33.5 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 19.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 19.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 21.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.