Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 126,797 100 157,356 100 15,487 100 512 4.9 - 12.5 - 22.6 - 10.5
Single modes 100,859 79.5 147,669 93.8 10,517 67.9 154 8.4 3.5 11.8 1.7 10.6 7.8 13.6
Truck6 97,525 76.9 144,844 92 9,331 60.2 125 8.7 3.5 11.9 1.6 10.3 7.4 14.7
For-hire truck 36,840 29.1 47,815 30.4 6,397 41.3 581 10.6 2.8 22.6 4.9 15.2 5.8 17.1
Private truck 60,685 47.9 97,029 61.7 2,935 18.9 32 11.6 3.9 12.1 5.9 14.6 5.6 8.5
Rail 426 0.3 2,761 1.8 1,147 7.4 433 48.8 0.2 35.2 0.7 35.5 3.2 40.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 2,863 2.3 43 - 39 0.3 1,412 21.3 0.5 29.3 - 28 0.1 10.9
Multiple modes 20,408 16.1 6,248 4 S S 1,151 17.7 3.1 49.9 1.6 S S 4.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 17,696 14 246 0.2 241 1.6 1,153 18.3 2.8 19.8 0.1 22.8 1 4.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 889 S S S S S S 20
Truck and water 992 0.8 382 0.2 S S S 27.9 0.2 36.8 0.1 S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5,530 4.4 S S S S 82 32.4 1.6 S S S S 27.3

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 81 S S S S S S 49.7

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,214 100 1,961 100 1,384 100 452 25.2 - 36.1 - 49.4 - 35.3
Single modes 2,140 96.7 1,865 95.1 1,382 99.9 511 26.2 6.9 38.3 7.5 49.4 0.1 28.4
Truck6 2,117 95.6 1,861 94.9 1,382 99.9 515 25.9 6.8 38.2 7.5 49.4 0.1 28.2
For-hire truck 1,649 74.5 1,504 76.7 S S 938 29.7 9.1 46.2 11.9 S S 9.5
Private truck 469 21.2 S S S S S 42.8 6.7 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 363 100 S S S S S 44.2 - S S S S S
Single modes 363 99.9 S S S S S 44.2 0.1 S S S S S
Truck6 321 88.3 S S S S S 43.2 5.5 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 472 S S S S S S 32.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
All modes 6,049 100 1,958 100 320 100 100 34.9 - 47 - 39.7 - 36.3
Single modes 5,991 99 1,942 99.2 320 99.9 105 35.3 1.2 47.5 1.2 39.7 0.1 35.2
Truck6 5,947 98.3 1,936 98.9 312 97.4 103 35.3 1.2 47.6 1.2 40.2 1.5 35.6
For-hire truck 1,764 29.2 361 18.4 222 69.4 605 35.9 8.9 37.2 11.9 37.9 6.9 28.7
Private truck 4,183 69.2 S S 90 28 46 35.4 8.5 S S 47.5 12 28.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,122 100 S S S S 34 48.3 - S S S S 17.8
Single modes 1,104 98.4 S S S S S 48.8 1.7 S S S S S
Truck6 1,104 98.4 S S S S S 48.8 1.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 1,083 96.5 S S S S S 49.8 9.4 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,914 100 4,129 100 1,302 100 S 16.5 - 16.7 - 35.8 - S
Single modes 4,912 99.9 4,128 100 1,302 100 S 16.5 - 16.7 - 35.8 - S
Truck6 4,663 94.9 3,507 84.9 629 48.3 S 16.2 2.7 14.9 4.7 33.8 13.7 S
For-hire truck 1,354 27.6 1,220 29.5 458 35.2 653 38.8 7.8 27.6 11.3 46.1 12.1 40.3
Private truck 3,309 67.3 2,287 55.4 171 13.1 34 20.4 8.7 23.7 10.6 42.7 12.2 23.1
Rail S S 619 15 673 51.7 S S S 40.7 6.6 37.7 13.3 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 40.4

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,907 100 1,578 100 S S 36 28.2 - 33.6 - S S 17
Single modes 2,884 99.2 1,565 99.2 73 85.3 35 28.3 0.4 33.8 0.5 48.8 4.6 17
Truck6 2,884 99.2 1,565 99.2 73 85.3 35 28.3 0.4 33.8 0.5 48.8 4.6 17
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,237 S S S S S S 41.1
Private truck 2,707 93.1 1,523 96.6 33 39 28 31 8.4 34.9 6.7 30.6 18.2 23.3
Multiple modes 23 0.8 13 0.8 S S S 3.7 2.5 26.3 2.8 S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes 560 98 S S S S S 35.7 2 S S S S S
Truck6 560 98 S S S S S 35.7 2 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 52 S S S S S S 31.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 210 100 13,867 100 283 100 20 42.8 - 36.1 - 31.7 - 32.6
Single modes 210 100 13,867 100 283 100 20 42.8 - 36.1 - 31.7 - 32.6
Truck6 210 100 13,867 100 283 100 20 42.8 - 36.1 - 31.7 - 32.6
For-hire truck 98 46.5 5,696 41.1 77 27.1 13 22 11.1 17.4 13.6 19.8 12.6 7.4
Private truck 112 53.5 8,171 58.9 207 72.9 25 43.1 15 37.6 13.7 35.3 9.6 24.8

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 591 100 37,779 100 1,620 100 28 27.9 - 23.4 - 40.4 - 10.6
Single modes 559 94.5 35,454 93.8 877 54.2 24 26.7 1.9 22.3 2.3 24.6 14.6 10.7
Truck6 549 92.8 34,732 91.9 869 53.6 24 27.5 6.9 23.4 7.5 25.3 13.7 10.5
For-hire truck 268 45.3 16,721 44.3 472 29.1 27 31.6 5.7 29.4 6.3 31.6 12.5 11.4
Private truck 281 47.6 18,010 47.7 397 24.5 22 26.1 9 25.2 9.1 33.1 11.8 18.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 32 5.3 2,163 5.7 S S 343 4.6 6.4 6 8.3 S S 6.9
Truck and rail 32 5.3 2,163 5.7 S S 343 4.6 6.4 6 8.3 S S 6.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 14.4

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,158 S S S S S S 42.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,257 100 20,200 100 699 100 37 19.6 - 21.6 - 19.8 - 21.7
Single modes 13,257 100 20,200 100 699 100 37 19.6 - 21.6 - 19.8 - 21.7
Truck6 13,257 100 20,200 100 699 100 37 19.6 - 21.6 - 19.8 - 21.7
For-hire truck 5,704 43 7,120 35.2 281 40.2 40 20.5 16.4 20.1 18.9 25.1 16.4 23.2
Private truck 7,553 57 13,080 64.8 418 59.8 36 36.1 14.5 37.1 15.6 33.8 14.2 29.5

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 32.7
Single modes S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 32.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 32.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 57 S S S S S S 30.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 27.7

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 470 100 2,351 100 59 100 16 24.3 - 37 - 37.9 - 34.5
Single modes 456 97.1 2,349 99.9 59 99.9 17 25.5 3.6 37.1 2.8 37.9 6.5 34
Truck6 456 97.1 2,349 99.9 59 99.9 17 25.5 3.6 37.1 2.8 37.9 6.5 34
For-hire truck S S S S S S 111 S S S S S S 46.4
Private truck 446 95 2,347 99.8 58 98.8 17 24.4 8.6 35.6 6.1 37.3 10.2 27.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 806 100 326 100 82 100 638 29.4 - 29 - 33.2 - 24.6
Single modes 788 97.8 323 98.9 78 95.3 590 29.4 1.2 28.6 0.4 35.5 5.5 27.7
Truck6 782 97 323 98.9 78 95.1 588 29.9 3.9 28.6 0.4 35.7 6.2 28
For-hire truck 618 76.7 129 39.5 71 85.8 883 36.6 13 21.1 16.7 40.3 16.4 25.5
Private truck S S 194 59.4 8 9.3 39 S S 42.4 15.8 43.3 17.9 41.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 998 S S S S S S 11.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,094 S S S S S S 47.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 1,094 S S 26.2 - S S 47.9
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S 14 49.3 0.8 S S S S 32.2

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,575 100 S S 79 100 621 29.3 - S S 38.7 - 24.1
Single modes 1,695 65.8 S S 75 95.3 S 30 11.9 S S 39 15.3 S
Truck6 1,675 65 S S 75 95.2 S 30.7 11 S S 39.1 16.3 S
For-hire truck 837 32.5 72 29.8 67 84.9 1,180 38 9.1 42 15 37 13.3 11.1
Private truck 838 32.5 S S S S 37 32.5 7.4 S S S S 14.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,453 S S S S S S 6.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,133 S S S S S S 18.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 4 1.7 S S 1,134 S S 49.8 11.7 S S 18.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 141 100 416 100 S S 28 40.9 - 48.5 - S S 20.4
Single modes 141 99.9 416 100 S S 25 40.9 0.1 48.5 - S S 19.6
Truck6 141 99.9 416 100 S S 25 40.9 0.1 48.5 - S S 19.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 27.1
Private truck S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 19.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,199 100 559 100 S S 378 32.4 - 36.7 - S S 35.7
Single modes 2,751 86 538 96.2 S S 262 33.6 3.3 37.6 1.5 S S 46.2
Truck6 2,721 85.1 537 96.1 S S 262 33.8 3.2 37.6 1.5 S S 46.3
For-hire truck 1,388 43.4 S S S S 995 42.5 9.1 S S S S 19.1
Private truck 1,333 41.7 224 40 9 3.7 31 35.6 8.9 41.9 11.1 46.4 8.9 17.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 718 S S S S S S 33
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 719 S S S S S S 33
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 64 2 2 0.3 S S 298 19.2 1.8 32.4 0.5 S S 50
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,513 100 887 100 401 100 277 33.8 - 34.9 - 34.3 - 26.2
Single modes 3,187 90.7 766 86.4 267 66.6 S 37.3 4.1 40.1 6.3 33.2 11.2 S
Truck6 3,156 89.8 763 86.1 267 66.5 S 37.1 3.9 40.1 6.2 33.2 11.2 S
For-hire truck 839 23.9 228 25.7 247 61.7 442 25.4 7.6 33.1 9.6 36 12 33.5
Private truck 2,317 65.9 S S 19 4.8 26 45.6 9 S S 45.5 5.5 48.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,200 S S S S S S 16.7
Multiple modes 282 8 S S S S 1,049 26.8 3.7 S S S S 11.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 167 4.8 14 1.5 S S 1,049 33.8 2.2 47.7 1.5 S S 14.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 63 1.8 49 5.6 S S 1,170 22 9.1 28.5 17.1 S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,312 100 965 100 57 100 215 21.4 - 21.8 - 32.3 - 31.9
Single modes 1,152 87.8 919 95.3 45 79.4 49 21.4 5.9 22.5 2.6 35.7 8 13.7
Truck6 1,151 87.7 919 95.3 45 79 49 21.4 5.9 22.5 2.6 35.9 8.1 13.7
For-hire truck 173 13.2 S S 16 28.8 S 41.4 4.4 S S 46.3 10.2 S
Private truck 978 74.5 776 80.5 28 50.2 46 23.2 8.3 21.8 7 32.8 12.7 16.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,240 S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,272 S S S S S S 17.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 23 2.4 S S S S S 47.7 4.5 S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 32 S S S S S S 24.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,550 S S S S S S 28.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 8 0.5 14 0.6 12 0.5 818 46.2 0.7 40.4 1.5 32.9 7.5 18.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 504 100 S S S S 411 50 - S S S S 42
Single modes S S S S S S 45 S S S S S S 34.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 45 S S S S S S 34.4
For-hire truck 3 0.7 S S - 0.4 509 35.9 0.7 S S 47.1 3.9 46
Private truck S S S S S S 39 S S S S S S 27.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,485 S S S S S S 32.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,486 S S S S S S 32.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,279 100 465 100 142 100 1,103 23.6 - 35.8 - 34 - 18.2
Single modes 781 61 450 96.6 131 92.1 S 25.1 8.6 37 3.9 36.1 8.5 S
Truck6 780 61 449 96.6 131 91.9 S 25.1 8.6 37 3.9 36 8.5 S
For-hire truck 178 13.9 76 16.4 106 74.9 S 27.2 10.2 34.8 14.1 44.3 15 S
Private truck 602 47.1 373 80.2 S S S 29.6 10.6 43.9 11.7 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1 0.1 S S S S 1,635 32.6 1.2 S S S S 6.7
Multiple modes 495 38.7 16 3.3 11 7.9 1,420 34.6 8.6 48.5 3.8 33.3 8.5 14.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 495 38.7 16 3.3 11 7.9 1,420 34.6 8.6 48.5 3.8 33.3 8.5 14.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5 S S S S S S 17.2

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,829 100 S S S S 1,000 28 - S S S S 13.6
Single modes 3,820 79.1 S S S S 1,025 34.5 6.9 S S S S 13
Truck6 3,802 78.7 S S S S 1,024 34.7 6.9 S S S S 13
For-hire truck 3,484 72.1 S S S S 1,452 36.9 7.7 S S S S 5.8
Private truck 318 6.6 S S 7 1.1 S 28.8 2.4 S S 49.8 1.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) 18 0.4 - - S S 1,546 48.6 1.3 45.9 0.2 S S 24.3
Multiple modes S S 16 1.9 17 2.8 1,063 S S 36.9 3.3 29 3 15.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 16 1.9 17 2.8 1,063 S S 37 3.3 29.1 3 15.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,010 100 47,911 100 1,464 100 244 19.5 - 23.9 - 25.6 - 33.3
Single modes 3,671 91.6 44,573 93 1,291 88.2 34 19.1 2.9 20.9 2.4 26.6 5.7 30.8
Truck6 3,653 91.1 44,076 92 1,219 83.3 33 19.1 2.9 20.9 2.5 28.3 6.8 31.7
For-hire truck 671 16.7 5,672 11.8 S S 156 23.4 4.3 29.6 5.9 S S 48.5
Private truck 2,982 74.4 38,404 80.2 674 46 20 22.3 6.2 23 5.8 25.8 10.7 21.1
Rail S S 497 1 S S S S S 32.4 3.6 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,054 S S S S S S 17.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,057 S S S S S S 15.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 39 S S S S S S 27.2

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,343 100 366 100 S S 548 30.6 - 26.9 - S S 24.2
Single modes 1,223 91.1 323 88.4 S S 340 31.9 3.9 30.2 7.4 S S 28.9
Truck6 1,218 90.7 323 88.3 S S 290 32 4 30.2 7.4 S S 32.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,428 S S S S S S 15.7
Private truck 767 57.1 259 70.8 16 17.7 84 19.8 10.5 25.9 8.7 27.2 14.2 18
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S S S S 42.4 0.1 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.5 2 2 1,253 S S 49.6 0.3 38.3 2.8 24.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 0.5 2 2 1,253 S S 49.6 0.3 38.3 2.8 24.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,605 100 816 100 339 100 846 9.7 - 16.5 - 44.3 - 16.7
Single modes 1,771 68 623 76.3 161 47.5 694 15.6 9.5 18.5 9.6 24 14.4 19.4
Truck6 1,700 65.3 602 73.7 160 47.2 543 15 9.1 18.8 9.4 24.1 14.1 24
For-hire truck 876 33.6 212 26 137 40.4 1,216 27.9 9.5 31.8 8.5 28.7 10.9 12.4
Private truck 824 31.6 390 47.8 23 6.8 48 24.8 7.9 30.9 10.5 25.4 8.1 18.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 22 0.8 S S 1 0.2 2,621 42.6 0.9 S S 41.2 0.8 24.9
Multiple modes 613 23.5 S S S S 1,080 37.4 7.2 S S S S 16.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 438 16.8 S S S S 1,078 33.8 4.7 S S S S 20.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,597 S S S S S S 5.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.1 221 S S S S 44.1 0.3 37.1

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,746 100 805 100 191 100 377 16.4 - 23.4 - 37 - 23.8
Single modes 5,944 76.7 621 77.1 151 78.7 S 19 4.5 27.2 8.3 48 9.3 S
Truck6 5,448 70.3 613 76.2 S S S 22 6.5 27.5 8.4 S S S
For-hire truck 3,134 40.5 279 34.6 S S S 28.8 7.4 29.4 7.7 S S S
Private truck 2,314 29.9 334 41.5 15 7.6 58 23.5 4.3 36.4 6.1 33.4 2.7 48.7
Air (incl truck and air) 496 6.4 S S S S 1,153 43.1 3.9 S S S S 17.3
Multiple modes 1,260 16.3 30 3.7 38 19.6 908 33.9 4.2 26.3 3 34 6.7 19
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 733 9.5 19 2.4 18 9.4 903 34.5 3.8 34 2.3 49.6 6.2 18.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,949 S S S S S S 13.7
Truck and water 71 0.9 6 0.8 S S S 30.2 8.4 49 14 S S S
Other and unknown modes 543 7 154 19.2 S S 7 34.7 2.9 44.8 9.4 S S 41.3

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 22,558 100 791 100 223 100 605 13.9 - 21.6 - 18.7 - 18.6
Single modes 14,401 63.8 578 73.1 138 62 266 14.9 6.6 21.4 7.2 29 8.9 39.4
Truck6 13,464 59.7 562 71.1 122 55 94 16.1 7.7 22.1 7.5 32.5 9.6 14.5
For-hire truck 5,169 22.9 183 23.2 112 50.4 494 28.9 6.3 19.5 6.2 34.9 9.1 29.9
Private truck 8,295 36.8 379 47.9 10 4.6 20 23.4 7.8 31.6 7.8 33.4 1.6 26
Air (incl truck and air) 937 4.2 16 2.1 16 7 1,562 32.4 1.7 36.3 1 36.5 2 30.3
Multiple modes 6,359 28.2 115 14.5 66 29.8 999 27.8 6.7 34.1 7 31.7 8.7 9.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,104 27.1 67 8.5 62 27.9 1,002 27.7 6.5 31.5 4.8 34.3 8.7 9.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 206 0.9 34 4.3 2 0.7 47 28.7 1.6 28.7 13.9 13.4 2.1 39.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,798 8 S S S S S 36.7 2.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,250 100 687 100 101 100 S 18.3 - 20.9 - 48.2 - S
Single modes 3,024 57.6 372 54.2 57 56.5 S 22.8 10.2 23.6 11.6 36.6 10.3 S
Truck6 2,997 57.1 371 54 55 54.3 S 23 10.3 23.7 11.6 35.1 10.9 S
For-hire truck 1,040 19.8 118 17.1 50 49.3 590 22.6 9.4 20.4 10.1 39.8 11.7 26.6
Private truck 1,958 37.3 253 36.8 5 5 S 32.7 10.7 29.9 11.3 45.3 8.3 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 966 S S S S S S 22.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 962 S S S S S S 21.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,549 S S S S S S 32.8
Other and unknown modes 1,569 29.9 S S S S S 48.5 11.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,426 100 S S 19 100 1,125 27.1 - S S 45 - 7.4
Single modes 1,153 33.6 7 15.6 6 29.2 781 26.9 6.6 12.5 16.5 20.4 12.4 19.7
Truck6 591 17.2 5 11.7 4 20.6 S 33.4 5.3 19.1 14.2 30.6 11.8 S
For-hire truck 409 11.9 3 7.4 3 17.8 509 42.5 5.1 34.8 12.8 43.5 11.2 47.7
Private truck 181 5.3 2 4.4 1 2.8 S 35.2 2.2 33.9 7.4 43.6 3.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) 562 16.4 2 3.8 2 8.7 1,217 43.4 6.6 33.9 8 40.9 8.8 21.4
Multiple modes 2,140 62.4 4 9.8 4 22.6 1,257 35.7 7.9 26.7 10.5 32.6 9.2 9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,131 62.2 4 9.7 4 22.2 1,256 35.8 7.8 27 10.4 33.2 9.1 9.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,444 100 105 100 40 100 879 42.4 - 46.6 - 46.2 - 20.2
Single modes S S 91 87.3 30 76 S S S 48.3 10.5 45.9 11.9 S
Truck6 S S 91 86.5 29 74 S S S 47.9 5.8 45.3 11.1 S
For-hire truck S S 52 49.9 29 72.2 697 S S 29.4 16.6 38.5 14 41.3
Private truck S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 37
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,212 S S S S S S 13
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,126 S S S S S S 15.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,126 S S S S S S 15.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 14.2

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,112 100 84 100 17 100 356 29.1 - 33.1 - 22.5 - 40.8
Single modes 744 66.9 78 92.1 14 81.6 231 25.5 9.7 36.8 8.2 28.9 10.5 29.5
Truck6 737 66.2 77 91.9 14 80.7 225 25.9 9.9 36.9 8.4 28.4 10.6 30.5
For-hire truck 239 21.5 S S 7 37.9 842 29.2 13.6 S S 35.7 13 21.3
Private truck 498 44.7 66 78.8 S S 85 36.7 13.2 42.8 15.1 S S 25.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,171 S S S S S S 3
Multiple modes S S S S 3 16.5 1,288 S S S S 37.6 12.6 16.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 2.9 3 16.1 1,329 S S 49.5 5.6 37.1 12.5 16.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,589 100 S S S S 1,327 13 - S S S S 6.7
Single modes 1,760 38.3 S S S S 745 28.6 11.2 S S S S 17.8
Truck6 1,579 34.4 S S S S 638 28 9.9 S S S S 17.9
For-hire truck 1,101 24 S S S S 1,030 35.8 8.5 S S S S 21.5
Private truck 478 10.4 57 19.7 S S 43 23.7 3.6 36.4 9.9 S S 20.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,696 S S S S S S 14.5
Multiple modes 2,826 61.6 21 7.2 28 18.1 1,361 29.8 11.2 37.2 14.1 35.5 15.1 4.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,826 61.6 21 7.2 28 18.1 1,361 29.8 11.2 37.2 14.1 35.5 15.1 4.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 776 100 1,939 100 1,222 100 S 34.2 - 38.2 - 47.7 - S
Single modes 557 71.9 S S S S S 48.4 13.4 S S S S S
Truck6 557 71.9 S S S S S 48.4 13.4 S S S S S
For-hire truck 282 36.3 S S S S S 37.5 14.2 S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 918 S S S S S S 7.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 914 S S S S S S 7.6
Truck and water 2 0.2 16 0.8 18 1.5 1,145 20.8 0.2 6.9 3.1 6.3 7.5 0.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,297 100 3,990 100 614 100 205 24.3 - 19.4 - 20.2 - 42.2
Single modes 13,864 97 3,968 99.5 599 97.5 77 25.6 3.4 19.4 0.3 21.3 6 46.3
Truck6 13,857 96.9 3,968 99.5 598 97.5 74 25.6 3.4 19.4 0.3 21.3 6 48.8
For-hire truck 1,696 11.9 491 12.3 399 65 616 32.5 4.8 44.7 3.8 32.6 13.9 34.1
Private truck 12,161 85.1 3,477 87.1 200 32.5 50 27.5 4.9 19.2 3.7 24.7 12 13.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 1,022 S S 29.8 - 32.2 - 17.7
Multiple modes 387 2.7 13 0.3 13 2.2 829 40.1 3.4 35.9 0.3 49.2 6 25.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 387 2.7 13 0.3 13 2.2 829 40.1 3.4 35.9 0.3 49.2 6 25.3
Other and unknown modes 46 0.3 9 0.2 S S S 41.6 0.2 42.4 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 19.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 19.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 21.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.