Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 85,504 100 60,263 100 12,149 100 5.6 - 14.6 - 19.6 -
Less than 50 miles 21,467 25.1 34,770 57.7 928 7.6 10.2 1.4 14.7 4.2 35.5 1.3
50 - 99 miles 17,102 20 7,625 12.7 709 5.8 12.9 2 16.2 2.5 15.1 1.4
100 - 249 miles 11,047 12.9 6,908 11.5 1,793 14.8 7.1 0.9 37.4 2.1 41 2.4
250 - 499 miles 11,080 13 6,032 10 2,627 21.6 8 1 41 2.2 41.6 3.6
500 - 749 miles 10,026 11.7 2,415 4 1,987 16.4 8.5 0.8 12.7 0.4 13.5 1.4
750 - 999 miles 5,578 6.5 1,185 2 1,387 11.4 9.9 0.6 25.7 0.3 30.6 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,640 5.4 574 1 848 7 11.6 0.6 7.9 0.3 8.2 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,485 5.2 751 1.2 1,853 15.3 10.3 0.6 24.5 0.3 27.3 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 79 0.1 S S S S 39.5 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 71,841 100 57,956 100 10,015 100 7.1 - 14.5 - 20.9 -
Less than 50 miles 19,591 27.3 34,237 59.1 921 9.2 10.8 1.5 14.6 4.4 35.4 2.1
50 - 99 miles 15,202 21.2 7,210 12.4 670 6.7 12.3 1.7 15.3 2.1 14.7 1.2
100 - 249 miles 10,048 14 6,814 11.8 1,775 17.7 7.3 0.9 38 2.1 41.4 2.5
250 - 499 miles 9,572 13.3 5,989 10.3 2,606 26 9.7 1.1 41.4 2.3 42 3.5
500 - 749 miles 7,373 10.3 1,995 3.4 1,627 16.2 10.1 0.5 12.1 0.5 13.7 1.2
750 - 999 miles 3,743 5.2 795 1.4 834 8.3 9.3 0.4 12 0.2 11.2 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,750 5.2 533 0.9 787 7.9 13.9 0.8 9.2 0.3 9.6 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,557 3.6 383 0.7 795 7.9 7.9 0.4 10.5 0.3 10.6 1.8
More than 2,000 miles S S - - S S S S 44.7 - S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 70,365 100 56,108 100 9,136 100 7.2 - 15.1 - 22.4 -
Less than 50 miles 19,528 27.8 33,905 60.4 599 6.6 10.9 1.6 14.4 4.4 15.1 1.2
50 - 99 miles 14,778 21 6,423 11.4 613 6.7 12 1.6 16.9 0.9 16.8 1
100 - 249 miles 9,923 14.1 6,508 11.6 1,560 17.1 7.7 0.9 40 2.2 46.5 2.5
250 - 499 miles 9,409 13.4 5,729 10.2 2,491 27.3 10.1 1.2 43.7 2.3 44.3 3.6
500 - 749 miles 7,090 10.1 1,963 3.5 1,602 17.5 9.5 0.5 12.3 0.5 13.9 1
750 - 999 miles 3,557 5.1 683 1.2 729 8 9.8 0.4 9.2 0.2 8.9 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,585 5.1 529 0.9 781 8.6 13.7 0.8 9.3 0.3 9.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,494 3.5 368 0.7 760 8.3 7.7 0.4 10.3 0.3 10.3 1.9
More than 2,000 miles S S - - - - S S 37.5 - 38.6 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44,729 100 27,881 100 7,488 100 7 - 26 - 28.2 -
Less than 50 miles 8,392 18.8 10,950 39.3 223 3 16.8 2.1 19.8 5.2 20.5 0.7
50 - 99 miles 8,105 18.1 3,567 12.8 343 4.6 16.7 2.5 23.9 1.9 23.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 6,496 14.5 5,337 19.1 S S 5.5 0.9 50 2.7 S S
250 - 499 miles 7,100 15.9 S S S S 7.8 1.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 5,975 13.4 1,671 6 1,385 18.5 8.7 0.7 14.3 1.2 16 1.5
750 - 999 miles 3,193 7.1 588 2.1 628 8.4 10 0.6 11.7 0.8 11.4 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,007 6.7 467 1.7 691 9.2 13.8 0.8 12 0.6 12.3 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,462 5.5 357 1.3 739 9.9 7.7 0.5 11.1 0.8 11 2.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,636 100 28,228 100 1,648 100 10.9 - 18.2 - 11.7 -
Less than 50 miles 11,136 43.4 22,955 81.3 376 22.8 8.9 2.1 19.6 3.1 20.4 2.7
50 - 99 miles 6,673 26 2,856 10.1 270 16.4 22 2.9 21 1.3 20.8 2.3
100 - 249 miles 3,427 13.4 1,171 4.1 236 14.3 20.6 2.2 22.7 1 21.7 2.1
250 - 499 miles 2,309 9 785 2.8 338 20.5 25.3 2.2 19.1 1.1 19.2 3.2
500 - 749 miles 1,115 4.3 292 1 217 13.1 17.2 0.7 23.6 0.3 20.3 2.1
750 - 999 miles 364 1.4 95 0.3 101 6.1 22.9 0.3 22.8 0.1 22.9 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 578 2.3 62 0.2 90 5.5 28 0.9 31.1 0.2 30.9 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 32 0.1 11 - 21 1.3 31.2 0.1 46.8 - 45.8 0.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 389 100 S S 367 100 38.8 - S S 41.7 -
Less than 50 miles 7 1.7 S S S S 31.9 14.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 16 4.1 S S S S 46.2 7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 61 15.6 156 11.2 36 9.8 47.7 4.3 30.7 13.6 31.2 4.8
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 136 35 111 8 105 28.5 31.4 14.4 34.5 19.3 32.7 15.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1 0.2 - - - - 43.8 0.4 46.7 - 47.7 -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 34 8.7 S S S S 24.9 7.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 975 100 16 100 14 100 31.6 - 26.9 - 24.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 1 6.6 S S S S 46.3 2.8 S S
500 - 749 miles 252 25.9 5 34.7 4 26.3 43.6 9 48.4 8 46 6.4
750 - 999 miles 50 5.1 1 9.1 1 9.3 34.5 4 37 4.7 37.5 4.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 164 16.9 4 25.2 5 39.4 34.3 7.1 34.3 4.5 33 7.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 28 2.9 1 3.2 1 6.7 48.4 3.7 37 3.1 37.2 3.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,918 100 1,450 100 1,871 100 16.6 - 39.4 - 48.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,420 11.9 40 2.7 1 0.1 15.2 2.7 21.7 3.1 21.6 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,809 15.2 S S S S 39.1 3.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 951 8 32 2.2 8 0.4 8.8 1 11.6 2.2 13.9 0.6
250 - 499 miles 1,484 12.5 37 2.5 18 0.9 12.8 1.4 14.4 2.6 19 1.5
500 - 749 miles 2,214 18.6 S S S S 32.6 2.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,648 13.8 S S S S 30.9 1.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 673 5.6 23 1.6 36 1.9 12.8 1.2 29.8 2.4 33.6 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,644 13.8 S S 931 49.8 25.7 2 S S 48.6 7.6
More than 2,000 miles 74 0.6 S S S S 42 0.7 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,526 100 210 100 129 100 14.2 - 9.9 - 7.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,419 14.9 39 18.8 1 0.8 15.2 2.8 22 2.8 21.8 0.2
50 - 99 miles 1,791 18.8 29 13.9 4 2.8 39.6 3.3 24.2 2.3 22.1 0.7
100 - 249 miles 900 9.4 27 13.1 6 5 10.2 0.8 14.6 1 16.2 0.6
250 - 499 miles 1,438 15.1 30 14.2 13 10.4 13.3 1.3 7.1 0.8 6.7 0.7
500 - 749 miles 1,313 13.8 35 16.5 29 22.3 16.5 0.8 9.9 2 10.1 1.9
750 - 999 miles 1,078 11.3 20 9.6 21 16.6 21.1 1.6 11.5 1.1 11.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 625 6.6 13 6.1 19 14.8 14.2 1 7.5 0.5 7.6 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 911 9.6 16 7.6 33 25.6 21.6 2 12.1 1.1 12 1.9
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 0.2 2 1.5 S S 32.6 0.1 38.1 0.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 941 100 S S S S 48.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 52 2.5 5 0.5 S S 49.8 10.4 42.1 7.9 S S
250 - 499 miles 44 2.1 4 0.5 2 0.2 35 8.8 37.9 7.7 35.1 3.7
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 186 100 66 100 S S 31.1 - 44.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 67 36 S S S S 36.9 14.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 70 77.1 S S S S 7.1 18.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,745 100 858 100 S S 40.2 - 45.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles 456 26.1 S S S S 14.4 10.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 91 5.2 S S S S 40.9 4.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 47 2.7 S S S S 24.8 1.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 24 1.4 S S S S 39.7 1.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 187 10.7 19 2.2 21 7.8 39.2 6.6 47.5 7.8 48.4 10.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.