Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 85,504 100 60,263 100 12,149 100 357 5.6 - 14.6 - 19.6 - 5.5
Single modes 71,841 84 57,956 96.2 10,015 82.4 175 7.1 2.1 14.5 1 20.9 4.4 7.5
Truck6 70,365 82.3 56,108 93.1 9,136 75.2 161 7.2 2.1 15.1 2.8 22.4 6.5 7.9
For-hire truck 44,729 52.3 27,881 46.3 7,488 61.6 442 7 1.6 26 6.7 28.2 6.8 6.5
Private truck 25,636 30 28,228 46.8 1,648 13.6 59 10.9 2.6 18.2 6.1 11.7 2.9 5.1
Rail 389 0.5 S S 367 3 585 38.8 0.2 S S 41.7 1.1 28.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Great Lakes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 975 1.1 16 - 14 0.1 913 31.6 0.3 26.9 - 24.6 - 8.1
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11,918 13.9 1,450 2.4 1,871 15.4 646 16.6 2.2 39.4 0.8 48.9 4.4 5.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9,526 11.1 210 0.3 129 1.1 641 14.2 1.6 9.9 0.1 7.3 0.2 5.1
Truck and rail S S 941 1.6 S S 1,077 S S 48.2 0.8 S S 17.2
Truck and water 186 0.2 66 0.1 S S 3,981 31.1 0.1 44.3 0.1 S S 18.7
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,503 S S S S S S 25.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,745 2 858 1.4 S S 75 40.2 0.9 45.2 0.5 S S 36.1

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,005 100 S S S S S 25.9 - S S S S S
Single modes 1,903 94.9 S S S S S 25.5 3.3 S S S S S
Truck6 1,772 88.4 S S S S S 22.7 4.3 S S S S S
For-hire truck 1,161 57.9 883 24.6 332 25.3 S 21.5 10.7 36.1 16 26.5 17.5 S
Private truck 611 30.5 S S 129 9.8 S 29.2 12.8 S S 47.6 16 S
Rail S S S S S S 508 S S S S S S 41.7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Great Lakes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 462 S S S S S S 48.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 461 S S 41.1 - 41.6 - 48.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 13 0.4 S S S S S 42.2 5.1 S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,356 100 4,410 100 1,034 100 108 11.4 - 15.9 - 20.8 - 32
Single modes 5,226 97.6 4,359 98.8 993 96.1 68 11.1 0.7 15.9 0.5 21 2.7 15.9
Truck6 5,148 96.1 4,275 96.9 965 93.4 67 10.4 1.3 15.6 1.4 20 2.9 15.7
For-hire truck 2,298 42.9 1,856 42.1 652 63.1 241 16.2 6 26.4 8.3 20.1 7.4 26.7
Private truck 2,850 53.2 2,419 54.8 313 30.2 42 15.6 5.8 24.7 8 39.6 6.7 14.9
Rail S S S S S S 338 S S S S S S -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 88 1.6 30 0.7 40 3.9 792 31.6 0.6 43.8 0.5 49.3 3 18.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 785 S S S S S S 20.6
Truck and rail 41 0.8 26 0.6 36 3.5 1,497 16.2 1.8 10.2 1.7 14.1 10 17.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 14,298 100 428 100 35 S S 16.5 - 23.4 - 22.8
Single modes 368 89.7 13,496 94.4 381 89.1 32 46.7 3.1 17.1 3.3 22.6 5 22.6
Truck6 366 89 12,702 88.8 326 76.1 31 47.1 3.3 19.1 6.9 21.6 9.5 22.4
For-hire truck 131 32 4,778 33.4 189 44 S 35 10 43.7 13 37.7 13 S
Private truck S S 7,924 55.4 137 32 26 S S 24.3 12.3 33 14.8 19
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.3 S S S S 180 26.7 2.7 S S S S 34.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32 S S S S S S 49.6

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,735 100 5,923 100 S S S 49.6 - 46.4 - S S S
Single modes 4,728 99.8 5,921 100 S S S 49.6 0.9 46.4 0.8 S S S
Truck6 4,727 99.8 5,921 100 S S S 49.6 1 46.4 0.8 S S S
For-hire truck S S 5,461 92.2 S S S S S 49.9 18.3 S S S
Private truck 480 10.1 460 7.8 20 4.8 S 49.6 18.2 38.3 19 34 19.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 835 S S S S S S 22.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 835 S S S S S S 22.1
Other and unknown modes 1 - S S S S S 49.8 1.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,649 100 4,008 100 1,637 100 428 10.7 - 27 - 47 - 15.8
Single modes 5,872 76.8 3,658 91.3 947 57.9 171 9.3 4.3 26 3.3 22.3 11.4 17.6
Truck6 5,724 74.8 3,627 90.5 923 56.3 137 9.7 3.9 26 3.2 22 11.3 22.3
For-hire truck 4,101 53.6 1,735 43.3 789 48.2 322 13.8 4.7 26.8 6.4 26.6 9.5 21.3
Private truck 1,623 21.2 1,892 47.2 134 8.2 40 13.5 3.2 39.6 7.7 40.2 6.9 25.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 123 1.6 6 0.2 5 0.3 830 44 1 41.7 0.1 38.8 0.4 13.4
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,737 22.7 S S S S 770 27.3 4.3 S S S S 11.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,352 17.7 32 0.8 17 1 763 32.6 4.5 23.8 0.3 18 0.8 13.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,650 S S S S S S 15.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 40 0.5 9 0.2 S S S 40.3 0.2 45.6 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,904 100 3,074 100 673 100 545 18.6 - 26.6 - 22.6 - 14.2
Single modes 7,081 89.6 2,990 97.3 603 89.5 200 18.6 2 27.1 1.1 23 2.1 46.2
Truck6 6,989 88.4 2,973 96.7 582 86.5 191 18.2 2 27.2 1.1 22.9 2.9 46.6
For-hire truck 5,433 68.7 1,891 61.5 521 77.5 548 23.8 6.3 26.4 5.3 25.4 3.9 19.5
Private truck 1,556 19.7 1,082 35.2 61 9 58 15.6 6.4 33.3 5.4 22.2 4.1 41.9
Rail S S S S 20 3 S S S S S 42.7 2.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) 4 - S S S S 906 44.9 0.1 S S S S 35.2
Multiple modes 692 8.8 48 1.6 56 8.4 840 30.2 2.1 35.1 0.6 32.6 2 6.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 615 7.8 30 1 23 3.5 841 32.7 2.2 33.6 0.4 37.6 0.7 5.8
Truck and rail 54 0.7 16 0.5 26 3.9 S 42.5 0.8 44.2 0.8 44.7 3.9 S
Truck and water 23 0.3 S S 7 1 4,788 15.8 1.7 S S 32.7 7.9 0.2
Other and unknown modes S S 37 1.2 S S S S S 34.5 0.8 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,989 100 19,544 100 4,389 100 410 10 - 29.2 - 47.2 - 7.9
Single modes 17,402 87.1 19,359 99.1 S S 283 11.2 2.1 29.7 1.7 S S 10.7
Truck6 17,087 85.5 19,207 98.3 S S 267 11.2 2.2 29.9 1.8 S S 11.8
For-hire truck 12,148 60.8 S S S S 509 11.1 3.2 S S S S 6.7
Private truck 4,939 24.7 9,979 51.1 384 8.8 96 19.5 3.3 31.4 10.2 20.1 5.4 21.1
Rail 116 0.6 S S 81 1.9 1,140 36.7 0.2 S S 44.5 3.1 15.1
Air (incl truck and air) 199 1 S S 3 0.1 953 36.3 0.3 S S 34.2 0.1 15.6
Multiple modes 2,279 11.4 114 0.6 S S 546 12.6 1.3 29.2 0.8 S S 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,128 10.6 56 0.3 35 0.8 536 13.2 1.2 14.5 0.2 13.9 0.4 11.3
Truck and rail 42 0.2 11 0.1 15 0.3 S 30.4 0.1 23.1 0.1 26 0.3 S
Truck and water 105 0.5 S S S S 4,130 34.8 0.3 S S S S 13
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,225 100 1,395 100 856 100 284 15.4 - 15.5 - 16.9 - 14.7
Single modes 14,804 77 1,321 94.7 795 92.9 169 17.1 3.8 15.8 0.6 17 1.7 25
Truck6 14,179 73.7 1,317 94.3 790 92.3 151 16.5 3.4 15.9 0.6 17.2 1.7 22.1
For-hire truck 10,418 54.2 910 65.2 657 76.7 611 16.1 3.6 16.7 4.8 17.2 3.4 6.7
Private truck 3,760 19.6 407 29.1 133 15.6 44 24.7 3.1 27.1 4.9 34.1 3.6 13.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 4 0.3 4 0.5 1,043 S S 40.8 0.2 39.3 0.3 10.5
Multiple modes 4,146 21.6 52 3.8 49 5.7 512 21.3 3.8 24.2 0.8 39.4 1.8 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,889 20.2 31 2.2 17 1.9 511 23 3.8 12.4 0.4 12.9 0.2 10.5
Truck and rail 208 1.1 17 1.2 15 1.7 1,523 10.2 1.5 7.8 1.6 40 2.7 32.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,668 S S S S S S 0.3
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 276 1.4 22 1.6 S S S 21.2 0.4 37.7 0.5 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,208 100 4,015 100 1,410 100 384 15 - 17.4 - 30.9 - 19.3
Single modes 14,446 79.3 3,448 85.9 749 53.1 200 19.8 6.6 19.7 5.9 19 12.3 27.6
Truck6 14,363 78.9 3,294 82 678 48.1 194 19.9 6.5 19.8 5.8 17 12 28.8
For-hire truck 4,790 26.3 1,138 28.4 341 24.2 600 21.6 5.4 26.2 5.4 15.2 8.3 8.1
Private truck 9,573 52.6 2,155 53.7 337 23.9 86 29.4 10.2 22.5 8.2 23.5 7.7 34.6
Rail S S S S S S 598 S S S S S S 34.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 984 S S 39.6 - 41.3 - 12.5
Multiple modes 2,926 16.1 S S S S 624 49.2 6.7 S S S S 13
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,474 8.1 55 1.4 33 2.3 620 10.7 4.1 21 1.4 13.3 2.6 13.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,219 S S S S S S 29
Truck and water 39 0.2 S S 29 2 S 41.2 0.6 S S 40.5 2.2 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 23 100 1 100 S S S 46.1 - 48.1 - S S S
Single modes S S 1 90.6 S S S S S 39 6.4 S S S
Truck6 S S 1 90.6 S S S S S 39 6.4 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 752 S S S S S S 39.7
Private truck S S S S S S 91 S S S S S S 42.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.