Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 171,728 100 120,267 100 37,123 100 5.4 - 12.4 - 18.7 -
Less than 50 miles 57,910 33.7 72,712 60.5 1,262 3.4 13.8 3.4 16.4 3.9 15.5 1.4
50 - 99 miles 8,715 5.1 7,982 6.6 695 1.9 14.1 0.7 22.9 1.3 21.6 0.9
100 - 249 miles 16,212 9.4 10,811 9 2,483 6.7 9 0.5 11.5 1 14.8 1
250 - 499 miles 23,064 13.4 8,443 7 3,813 10.3 9.1 1.3 7.9 1.4 8.4 1.8
500 - 749 miles 13,120 7.6 2,893 2.4 2,292 6.2 9.4 0.7 16.3 0.5 17.2 1
750 - 999 miles 20,992 12.2 4,807 4 5,556 15 13.2 1.5 20.7 0.7 21.1 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 24,005 14 11,863 9.9 19,410 52.3 5.5 0.9 28 2 28.6 5.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,210 4.2 737 0.6 1,504 4.1 8.5 0.4 29.3 0.2 28.3 1
More than 2,000 miles 501 0.3 19 - S S 25 0.1 39.5 - S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 119,914 100 115,140 100 32,789 100 9 - 12.4 - 18.2 -
Less than 50 miles 50,230 41.9 71,572 62.2 1,245 3.8 16.2 3.6 16.5 3.8 15.5 1.5
50 - 99 miles 6,635 5.5 7,634 6.6 662 2 18.9 0.8 24.6 1.4 23.3 1
100 - 249 miles 13,114 10.9 10,349 9 2,308 7 10.8 0.8 9.8 1 11 1.1
250 - 499 miles 15,761 13.1 7,474 6.5 3,201 9.8 7.7 1.7 6.6 1.5 6.9 1.9
500 - 749 miles 6,946 5.8 2,592 2.3 2,018 6.2 12.8 0.8 14.6 0.5 14.7 1.1
750 - 999 miles 12,792 10.7 4,327 3.8 4,975 15.2 21.6 1.9 21.5 0.7 22 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,000 9.2 10,632 9.2 17,268 52.7 6 0.6 28.1 1.9 28.7 6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,343 2.8 555 0.5 1,099 3.4 17.2 0.4 40.5 0.2 40.3 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 92 0.1 4 - S S 29.2 - 40.2 - S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 107,025 100 90,386 100 17,946 100 9.1 - 11.5 - 13.7 -
Less than 50 miles 43,119 40.3 57,351 63.5 1,204 6.7 14.7 2.9 13.4 2.6 15.5 1.3
50 - 99 miles 6,610 6.2 7,602 8.4 658 3.7 18.6 0.8 24.4 1.3 23.1 0.9
100 - 249 miles 12,843 12 9,433 10.4 2,043 11.4 10.8 0.7 8.2 1 7.4 1.3
250 - 499 miles 14,709 13.7 6,721 7.4 2,883 16.1 8.7 1.6 6.6 1.3 7 1.9
500 - 749 miles 6,472 6 2,305 2.5 1,802 10 14 0.8 17.4 0.5 16.8 1.1
750 - 999 miles 11,978 11.2 3,783 4.2 4,316 24.1 23.3 1.9 25.5 0.7 26.2 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,671 8.1 2,652 2.9 3,977 22.2 7.2 0.9 20.5 0.5 20.3 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,604 2.4 538 0.6 1,063 5.9 19.4 0.5 42.1 0.2 42 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 18 - 1 - 1 - 26.1 - 19.9 - 20.9 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 69,706 100 53,348 100 15,805 100 11 - 14.4 - 15.2 -
Less than 50 miles 16,419 23.6 27,514 51.6 567 3.6 23 3.1 19.1 4.2 19.7 0.8
50 - 99 miles 3,275 4.7 4,928 9.2 426 2.7 21.5 0.9 29.4 2.1 28.2 0.7
100 - 249 miles 7,921 11.4 6,074 11.4 1,329 8.4 13.8 1.1 9.5 1.7 10.4 1.3
250 - 499 miles 12,512 17.9 5,632 10.6 2,454 15.5 9.4 2 7.2 2 8.1 1.8
500 - 749 miles 6,458 9.3 2,299 4.3 1,797 11.4 14.1 1.1 17.5 0.8 16.9 1.2
750 - 999 miles 11,933 17.1 3,779 7.1 4,312 27.3 23.6 2.5 25.6 0.9 26.2 4.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,634 12.4 2,641 5 3,963 25.1 7.3 1.5 20.7 0.8 20.4 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,536 3.6 479 0.9 956 6 18.3 0.8 36.4 0.2 36.8 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 18 - 1 - 1 - 26.1 - 19.9 - 20.9 -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,318 100 37,037 100 2,140 100 9.9 - 18 - 14.6 -
Less than 50 miles 26,700 71.5 29,837 80.6 637 29.8 11.8 1.8 19.2 1.3 22.6 3.3
50 - 99 miles 3,335 8.9 2,674 7.2 232 10.8 17.8 0.9 27.5 0.7 24.8 1.5
100 - 249 miles 4,922 13.2 3,358 9.1 714 33.4 11 1.3 16.6 1.1 18.1 2.5
250 - 499 miles 2,197 5.9 1,089 2.9 428 20 13.7 1.1 15.1 0.6 15.3 3.1
500 - 749 miles 14 - 6 - 4 0.2 40.9 0.1 42.4 - 40.6 0.3
750 - 999 miles S S 3 - 4 0.2 S S 35.9 - 35.6 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 37 0.1 S S S S 42.7 0.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,164 100 3,799 100 S S 37.8 - 46.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 131 11.2 636 16.7 S S 49.4 11.3 39.3 18 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 235 20.2 S S S S 49.9 5.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 75 6.4 200 5.3 162 6.4 37.2 5.1 31.2 6.4 35.9 6.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S 461 18.1 S S S S 38.8 18.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 282 24.2 S S S S 44.4 8.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33 2.8 14 0.4 31 1.2 40.5 3.6 31.5 1 30.7 2.3
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,027 100 7,246 100 12,169 100 29.3 - 31.2 - 31.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 988 96.2 7,084 97.8 11,976 98.4 27.1 1.6 30.1 1 30.4 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,027 100 7,246 100 12,169 100 29.3 - 31.2 - 31.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 988 96.2 7,084 97.8 11,976 98.4 27.1 1.6 30.1 1 30.4 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,739 100 41 100 47 100 24.2 - 19.1 - 21.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S - 0.1 S S S S 50 0.1
250 - 499 miles 817 21.8 18 44 11 24 23.7 2.8 35.3 8.9 32.1 7.9
500 - 749 miles 351 9.4 3 7.6 2 4.4 28.3 3.2 22 2.3 22.5 1
750 - 999 miles 634 16.9 5 11.3 5 10.6 42.1 3.1 30.9 3.1 35 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,060 28.3 8 19.7 10 22.3 29.9 2.2 22.4 3.6 22.8 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 707 18.9 3 7.5 5 10.5 49.8 5.3 28.8 2.3 28.9 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 74 2 S S S S 29.2 1.3 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,960 100 13,668 100 S S 16.6 - 18.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 6,911 99.3 13,584 99.4 S S 16.1 0.6 18 0.5 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,347 100 3,768 100 4,072 100 11.9 - 28.8 - 30.6 -
Less than 50 miles 6,121 12.7 327 8.7 9 0.2 15.4 1.6 37.2 1.4 35.7 -
50 - 99 miles 1,812 3.7 58 1.5 5 0.1 17.8 0.5 31.4 0.7 28.2 0.1
100 - 249 miles 2,966 6.1 S S S S 21.7 1.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 6,795 14.1 897 23.8 580 14.3 16.1 1 34.1 5.9 38.1 6.2
500 - 749 miles 6,120 12.7 293 7.8 267 6.6 14.3 1.1 45.5 1.7 50 1.6
750 - 999 miles 8,033 16.6 404 10.7 491 12.1 14 1.4 16.4 3.7 16.5 4.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12,257 25.4 1,179 31.3 2,060 50.6 13.6 1.1 41.8 4.1 43 5.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,852 8 180 4.8 401 9.9 20.6 0.8 38.8 1.8 40.5 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 390 0.8 S S S S 32.1 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 43,698 100 702 100 590 100 11.6 - 12.5 - 15.6 -
Less than 50 miles 5,875 13.4 106 15.1 3 0.5 15.5 1.7 13.5 1.7 10.5 0.1
50 - 99 miles 1,790 4.1 33 4.7 3 0.5 18.5 0.6 14.6 1 15.1 0.2
100 - 249 miles 2,891 6.6 67 9.5 15 2.6 22.8 1.5 17.8 1.4 17.7 0.6
250 - 499 miles 5,883 13.5 94 13.3 46 7.7 17.3 1 11.2 1.3 11.8 0.8
500 - 749 miles 5,578 12.8 91 13 74 12.6 14.1 1.1 16.6 0.8 16.1 0.7
750 - 999 miles 7,380 16.9 113 16.1 127 21.5 15 1.7 12.1 2 11.8 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,528 24.1 156 22.2 234 39.6 12.6 1 23.2 2 23.6 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,465 7.9 39 5.5 77 13 22.5 0.8 14.3 0.9 14.4 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 308 0.7 S S S S 40.5 0.2 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,964 100 2,360 100 2,545 100 41.9 - 34.1 - 29.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 485 20.6 219 8.6 S S 49.8 6.5 48.1 5.8
500 - 749 miles S S 119 5.1 104 4.1 S S 45 2 45.7 2.1
750 - 999 miles 653 16.5 291 12.3 365 14.3 48.9 3.4 23.1 6.3 22.5 6.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,358 34.3 812 34.4 1,382 54.3 29.9 9.5 39.6 6.6 38.3 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 373 9.4 139 5.9 320 12.6 43.8 2.7 38.6 3.9 39.4 5.8
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,467 100 1,359 100 263 100 26.7 - 35.9 - 28.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,558 44.9 S S 7 2.8 18.9 8.5 S S 28.8 3.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 132 3.8 46 3.4 11 4.2 43.9 1.1 35.2 1.8 40.7 1.3
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 54 1.6 8 0.6 7 2.8 27.5 1.4 41.6 0.7 44.8 5.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 51 3.8 82 31.1 S S 33.7 2.5 35 7.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 14 0.4 S S S S 38.6 1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.