Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 171,728 100 120,267 100 37,123 100 642 5.4 - 12.4 - 18.7 - 11.4
Single modes 119,914 69.8 115,140 95.7 32,789 88.3 179 9 3.6 12.4 0.7 18.2 1.4 22.4
Truck6 107,025 62.3 90,386 75.2 17,946 48.3 154 9.1 3.3 11.5 5.6 13.7 7.3 22.3
For-hire truck 69,706 40.6 53,348 44.4 15,805 42.6 585 11 2.8 14.4 5 15.2 5.9 8
Private truck 37,318 21.7 37,037 30.8 2,140 5.8 38 9.9 1.8 18 4.8 14.6 2.2 17.7
Rail 1,164 0.7 3,799 3.2 S S 754 37.8 0.3 46.5 1.1 S S 16.2
Water 1,027 0.6 7,246 6 12,169 32.8 1,679 29.3 0.2 31.2 1.8 31.1 5.8 0.9
Shallow draft 1,027 0.6 7,246 6 12,169 32.8 1,679 29.3 0.2 31.2 1.8 31.1 5.8 0.9
Air (incl truck and air) 3,739 2.2 41 - 47 0.1 1,109 24.2 0.5 19.1 - 21.1 - 3.6
Pipeline7 6,960 4.1 13,668 11.4 S S S 16.6 7.6 18.4 12.8 S S S
Multiple modes 48,347 28.2 3,768 3.1 4,072 11 1,026 11.9 3.5 28.8 0.5 30.6 1.4 4.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 43,698 25.4 702 0.6 590 1.6 1,025 11.6 3.1 12.5 0.1 15.6 0.3 4.1
Truck and rail 3,964 2.3 2,360 2 2,545 6.9 1,230 41.9 1 34.1 0.5 29.3 1.1 11.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,589 S S S S S S 25.9
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3,467 2 1,359 1.1 263 0.7 91 26.7 0.7 35.9 0.6 28.3 0.3 42.1

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,273 100 12,077 100 14,393 100 600 22.3 - 27.7 - 35.3 - 20.8
Single modes 6,072 96.8 11,648 96.5 13,998 97.3 284 23.2 1.7 26.4 1.6 34.6 5.3 18.2
Truck6 5,060 80.7 4,291 35.5 1,871 13 270 26.1 6.7 23.9 11.7 45 12.3 19.2
For-hire truck 4,135 65.9 3,005 24.9 1,763 12.2 583 32.8 7 25.3 7.4 47.3 10.1 15.1
Private truck 925 14.8 1,286 10.6 108 0.8 45 19.8 4.6 41.5 7 31.1 2.5 22.1
Rail S S 354 2.9 355 2.5 1,044 S S 46.9 1.2 48.6 3.8 7.1
Water 902 14.4 7,004 58 11,772 81.8 1,681 34 6.8 30.8 6.6 30.7 5.2 1
Shallow draft 902 14.4 7,004 58 11,772 81.8 1,681 34 6.8 30.8 6.6 30.7 5.2 1
Multiple modes 199 3.2 S S S S 1,169 46.2 2.1 S S S S 22.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,166 S S S S S S 44.4
Truck and rail 166 2.6 S S S S 1,496 45.8 4.4 S S S S 9.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 1 - S S S S S 36.6 - S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,665 100 9,459 100 5,844 100 108 26.9 - 18.6 - 27.1 - 34.2
Single modes 13,439 98.3 9,124 96.5 5,440 93.1 100 27 0.3 19.3 1 29 2.2 35.4
Truck6 13,051 95.5 8,270 87.4 4,434 75.9 99 28.3 2.4 22 4.5 36.5 8.6 35.6
For-hire truck 9,162 67.1 6,229 65.9 4,160 71.2 393 37 7.2 26.2 7.4 35.7 8.5 14.4
Private truck 3,889 28.5 2,041 21.6 S S 37 13.6 7 13.8 4.9 S S 17.8
Rail 263 1.9 613 6.5 609 10.4 1,055 28.8 1.4 29.6 4.6 29.1 9.2 11.6
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 140 1 290 3.1 370 6.3 561 21.5 0.3 28.2 1.1 32.5 2.4 26.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 532 S S S S S S 26.7
Truck and rail 107 0.8 286 3 367 6.3 1,235 22.6 0.4 24.1 1.3 29 2.8 6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 411 100 18,343 100 S S 60 24.4 - 29.7 - S S 20.3
Single modes 410 99.8 18,310 99.8 S S 58 24.3 0.1 29.6 0.1 S S 20.1
Truck6 408 99.3 18,036 98.3 S S 59 24.2 0.3 28.6 0.6 S S 20.2
For-hire truck 278 67.6 9,640 52.6 S S 98 32.4 8.1 36.4 9 S S 23.5
Private truck 130 31.7 8,396 45.8 192 16.9 20 29.6 8.2 26.4 8.5 19 14.6 33.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,703 100 36,435 100 1,735 100 112 28.5 - 28.4 - 37.9 - 49.5
Single modes 18,652 99.7 36,431 100 1,732 99.9 64 28.5 0.5 28.4 0.1 37.9 0.6 44.1
Truck6 11,594 62 22,492 61.7 1,566 90.3 64 28.4 12.2 23 11.6 39.6 3.5 44.2
For-hire truck S S 14,264 39.1 1,251 72.1 131 S S 35.4 9.1 49.6 12 39.6
Private truck 5,313 28.4 8,228 22.6 315 18.1 S 34.9 13.9 37.1 14.1 38.3 13.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 383 S S S S S S 13.2
Pipeline7 S S 13,668 37.5 S S S S S 18.4 18.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 - S S 775 S S 49.8 0.1 S S 26.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 4 - S S 775 S S 49.8 0.1 S S 26.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,953 100 7,656 100 4,762 100 853 9.9 - 18.9 - 32 - 10.6
Single modes 10,359 54.7 6,687 87.3 3,367 70.7 436 10.4 7.2 18.7 3.3 31.9 6.5 12.2
Truck6 9,863 52 5,748 75.1 2,418 50.8 403 10.1 6.8 16.7 5.9 18.3 9.2 14.6
For-hire truck 7,378 38.9 4,288 56 2,111 44.3 658 12.8 6.4 25.4 7.1 23.4 7.2 11.4
Private truck 2,486 13.1 1,460 19.1 307 6.4 63 13.2 1.7 39.8 8.6 46.8 6.7 19.4
Rail 312 1.6 S S S S S 7.2 7.2 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 183 1 4 - 4 0.1 1,091 47.9 0.6 33.5 - 30.5 - 32.1
Multiple modes 7,752 40.9 S S S S 997 23.6 6.4 S S S S 7.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,260 38.3 124 1.6 80 1.7 994 25.6 6.9 18.1 0.6 18 1.2 8
Truck and rail 385 2 S S S S 1,514 38.8 1 S S S S 13.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,699 S S S S S S 4.6
Other and unknown modes S S 129 1.7 97 2 S S S 40.6 1.1 45.6 1.6 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16,719 100 6,567 100 1,985 100 442 8.7 - 12.5 - 15.5 - 32.7
Single modes 11,315 67.7 6,113 93.1 1,597 80.4 S 14.5 5.1 12.8 1.8 16.3 3.2 S
Truck6 11,231 67.2 5,965 90.8 1,483 74.7 S 14.6 5.2 13.4 2.5 17.2 4.6 S
For-hire truck 6,483 38.8 2,721 41.4 1,258 63.4 772 22.2 5.3 13.9 6.5 21 5.8 13.1
Private truck 4,748 28.4 3,244 49.4 225 11.4 26 23.5 5.2 24 7 25.7 3.1 39.8
Rail 33 0.2 145 2.2 106 5.3 873 33 0.1 46.5 2.5 24.8 4.7 24.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 988 S S S S S S 15.1
Multiple modes 5,260 31.5 392 6 379 19.1 1,083 13.4 5 24.6 1.2 23.4 3.2 2.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,054 30.2 162 2.5 143 7.2 1,083 14.3 4.9 13.1 0.4 13.6 1.5 2.8
Truck and rail 203 1.2 229 3.5 231 11.6 1,174 31.7 0.5 35.3 1.1 32.1 3.2 13.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 144 0.9 S S S S S 38.7 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 23,212 100 18,623 100 3,554 100 520 9.1 - 19.5 - 18.6 - 18.7
Single modes 17,874 77 17,276 92.8 2,892 81.4 203 11.4 3.9 19.8 2.5 14.1 4.1 16.3
Truck6 17,411 75 17,171 92.2 2,794 78.6 191 11.2 3.9 19.9 2.4 13.9 4.1 16.4
For-hire truck 10,836 46.7 7,226 38.8 2,324 65.4 392 12.1 3.8 10.8 5.7 17.5 4.1 17.2
Private truck 6,575 28.3 9,945 53.4 470 13.2 54 15.8 3.1 30.9 5.5 18.2 4.3 12.4
Rail 33 0.1 S S S S 503 29.7 0.1 S S S S 41.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S 5 - S S 934 S S 49.5 - S S 12.9
Multiple modes 4,803 20.7 S S 643 18.1 770 17.4 3.8 S S 48.5 4.1 12.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,929 16.9 129 0.7 99 2.8 769 16.8 3.4 24.1 0.2 30.4 1.2 12.4
Truck and rail 597 2.6 209 1.1 232 6.5 842 37.2 1.3 29.1 0.5 35.1 2.6 26.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,354 S S S S S S 35.9
Other and unknown modes 535 2.3 S S 18 0.5 S 36.8 0.7 S S 33.8 0.1 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 45,244 100 2,012 100 1,537 100 810 10.9 - 15 - 23.7 - 6.3
Single modes 20,961 46.3 1,204 59.8 933 60.7 445 10.9 4.8 21.3 7.8 32.8 7 15.7
Truck6 17,993 39.8 1,177 58.5 909 59.2 334 11.6 4.8 21.9 7.6 33.8 7.1 18.5
For-hire truck 12,564 27.8 873 43.4 880 57.3 781 12.8 3.5 27.4 7.3 34.9 7.1 10.8
Private truck 5,429 12 304 15.1 29 1.9 55 27.2 3.2 30.5 3.8 44 0.8 22.6
Air (incl truck and air) 2,968 6.6 27 1.3 24 1.6 1,112 29.1 1.6 27.6 0.6 17.5 1.1 6.1
Multiple modes 22,766 50.3 475 23.6 565 36.8 980 19.3 4.8 37.7 6.1 40.7 7.3 2.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20,347 45 157 7.8 151 9.8 978 21.4 4.5 18.2 3.5 22.7 5.9 2.7
Truck and rail S S S S 366 23.8 1,161 S S S S 48.2 12.8 17.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,725 S S S S S S 14.3
Other and unknown modes 1,517 3.4 S S S S S 36.6 1.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 28,537 100 9,095 100 2,173 100 897 8.1 - 30.3 - 21.6 - 11.7
Single modes 20,832 73 8,347 91.8 1,730 79.6 235 13.9 5.2 32.1 3.5 22.9 4.7 18.9
Truck6 20,413 71.5 7,237 79.6 1,372 63.2 224 13.6 4.8 35.1 7.3 15.9 8.4 20
For-hire truck 12,590 44.1 5,101 56.1 1,152 53 606 15.6 4.2 49.4 7.5 19.3 7.1 14.9
Private truck 7,823 27.4 2,135 23.5 220 10.1 75 14.6 3 10.2 7.3 9 2.7 10.2
Rail S S S S S S 994 S S S S S S 38.9
Air (incl truck and air) 106 0.4 3 - 4 0.2 1,514 32.1 0.1 37.2 - 39.1 0.1 7.3
Multiple modes 7,367 25.8 659 7.2 418 19.2 1,150 18.3 5.2 43.8 3.6 34.9 4.7 7.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,985 24.5 118 1.3 107 4.9 1,150 20.4 5.3 16.1 0.4 20.8 1.4 7.4
Truck and rail 321 1.1 S S S S 935 19.6 0.4 S S S S 27.6
Truck and water 41 0.1 S S S S 2,306 37.8 0.2 S S S S 22
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 339 1.2 89 1 S S 82 32.5 0.4 45.7 0.2 S S 33.5

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11 100 - 100 - 100 S 43.3 - 20.5 - 36 - S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10 93.6 - 74.3 - 82.1 S 32.2 4.5 18.3 18.2 34.6 12.7 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10 93.6 - 74.3 - 82.1 S 32.2 4.5 18.3 18.2 34.6 12.7 S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.