Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,246 100 17,297 100 6,681 100 13.4 - 11.8 - 31.4 -
Less than 50 miles 4,468 29.3 6,729 38.9 146 2.2 11.7 2.6 15 4.9 12.2 1
50 - 99 miles 909 6 1,990 11.5 178 2.7 11.9 1.6 13.4 2 13.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 2,740 18 3,371 19.5 612 9.2 28.9 3 25 2.9 22.9 3.1
250 - 499 miles 2,502 16.4 1,910 11 903 13.5 13.1 1.3 21.8 1.7 21.9 2.4
500 - 749 miles 1,944 12.8 1,302 7.5 1,071 16 28.5 2.2 34.7 1.8 34.5 4.8
750 - 999 miles 1,234 8.1 S S S S 27.8 1.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 527 3.5 241 1.4 360 5.4 18 0.5 25.8 0.2 28.1 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 512 3.4 321 1.9 808 12.1 33.4 0.9 26.8 0.6 28 3.7
More than 2,000 miles 409 2.7 S S S S 43.3 0.9 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,889 100 15,198 100 4,840 100 13.4 - 9.2 - 18.8 -
Less than 50 miles 4,230 32.8 6,694 44 145 3 12.5 2.6 15 4.3 12.2 1
50 - 99 miles 791 6.1 1,986 13.1 178 3.7 11.9 1.3 13.4 1.9 13.5 1.2
100 - 249 miles 2,228 17.3 2,491 16.4 482 10 31.9 2.9 20.1 2.1 19.4 3.1
250 - 499 miles 2,273 17.6 1,832 12.1 853 17.6 12.8 1.8 22.9 2.4 23.3 2.3
500 - 749 miles 1,453 11.3 972 6.4 825 17 24.2 2.1 26.5 1.8 28.5 4.7
750 - 999 miles 814 6.3 427 2.8 448 9.2 29.8 1.2 21.4 0.5 21.7 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 367 2.8 227 1.5 342 7.1 21.6 0.5 27.6 0.4 29.8 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 483 3.7 316 2.1 795 16.4 35.8 0.9 27.6 0.7 28.7 3.9
More than 2,000 miles 250 1.9 S S S S 23 0.3 S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,082 100 10,631 100 2,192 100 8.1 - 8.7 - 13.7 -
Less than 50 miles 3,189 31.6 4,672 43.9 117 5.3 9.5 3.4 8.8 2.3 11.6 0.8
50 - 99 miles 750 7.4 1,784 16.8 158 7.2 12.5 1.3 11.6 1.7 11.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 1,756 17.4 1,908 17.9 378 17.2 16.7 2.5 14.6 1.8 16.2 2.9
250 - 499 miles 2,044 20.3 1,413 13.3 638 29.1 11.4 1.7 22.9 2.6 22.6 4.6
500 - 749 miles 988 9.8 456 4.3 327 14.9 24.9 1.5 22.9 0.7 23.4 2
750 - 999 miles 643 6.4 198 1.9 200 9.1 31.8 1.4 26.3 0.4 26.2 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 227 2.2 86 0.8 117 5.4 15.7 0.3 18.3 0.1 18.8 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 336 3.3 86 0.8 178 8.1 48.1 1.6 41 0.3 40.5 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 150 1.5 27 0.3 78 3.6 27.3 0.4 36.9 0.1 36.6 1.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,804 100 5,497 100 1,734 100 15.2 - 14.7 - 17.6 -
Less than 50 miles 708 12.2 1,594 29 37 2.1 21.1 3 16.2 4.5 14.8 0.6
50 - 99 miles 238 4.1 794 14.4 69 4 30.8 2 24.2 2.8 24.2 1
100 - 249 miles 1,050 18.1 1,107 20.1 231 13.3 28 3.5 24.2 2.5 26.5 2.9
250 - 499 miles 1,621 27.9 1,229 22.4 559 32.2 15.2 3.2 26.7 3.5 26.2 5.2
500 - 749 miles 891 15.4 396 7.2 287 16.6 27 2.2 25.5 1.6 26 2.3
750 - 999 miles 620 10.7 189 3.4 191 11 33 2 27.7 0.8 27.6 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 190 3.3 75 1.4 103 5.9 18.1 0.4 20.7 0.2 21.4 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 336 5.8 86 1.6 178 10.3 48.1 2.4 41 0.9 40.4 3.1
More than 2,000 miles 150 2.6 27 0.5 78 4.5 27.3 0.9 36.9 0.2 36.6 1.5

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,278 100 5,134 100 459 100 9.5 - 13.6 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,482 58 3,078 60 80 17.4 13.4 2.6 15.4 3.5 19.6 1.8
50 - 99 miles 512 12 990 19.3 89 19.4 9.7 1.8 21 3.3 20.3 3.4
100 - 249 miles 706 16.5 801 15.6 146 31.9 12.8 2.1 16.8 1.8 16.4 4.8
250 - 499 miles 423 9.9 185 3.6 79 17.3 18.8 1.9 23.6 1.1 23.1 2.8
500 - 749 miles 96 2.3 60 1.2 40 8.8 47.7 1.2 46.6 0.7 45.4 3.6
750 - 999 miles 23 0.5 9 0.2 9 2 48.9 0.5 36.4 0.2 36.5 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,530 100 3,210 100 2,636 100 42 - 30.8 - 30.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S 666 20.7 S S S S 42.2 10.6 S S
50 - 99 miles S S 202 6.3 S S S S 49.3 11.4 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 227 9 418 13 215 8.2 38.4 18.7 24.7 16.3 27.9 19.3
500 - 749 miles 452 17.9 516 16.1 497 18.9 35.3 16.4 30.2 15.3 31.6 13.9
750 - 999 miles 169 6.7 229 7.1 247 9.4 26 3.2 22.5 2.3 25.8 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 126 5 142 4.4 224 8.5 30.1 2.8 27.5 1.7 31.4 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 145 5.7 230 7.2 617 23.4 24.2 7.7 31.6 4 30.2 9.5
More than 2,000 miles 100 4 S S S S 21.4 5.5 S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37 100 S S S S 46.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,160 100 S S S S 28.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 112 5.2 3 0.1 - - 33.7 5.7 34 5.1 36.6 2.5
100 - 249 miles 482 22.3 S S S S 35.9 7.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 212 9.8 S S S S 27.2 3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 140 6.5 2 0.1 2 0.1 32.4 2.6 21 1.7 20.7 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 22 1 1 0.1 S S 26.9 0.6 48.8 1.1 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,026 100 19 100 11 100 18.9 - 21.5 - 32.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S 2 11.9 - 0.6 S S 47.8 4.5 45.9 0.8
50 - 99 miles 112 10.9 2 12.7 - 2.1 33.6 5.2 38.4 4.7 40.9 2.6
100 - 249 miles 171 16.7 4 21 1 8.1 23.3 3.1 26.2 4.1 32.2 4.6
250 - 499 miles 115 11.2 3 16.6 2 13.3 17.4 2.5 24.8 2.8 26.2 1.8
500 - 749 miles 179 17.4 S S S S 34.8 4.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 121 11.8 2 9.6 2 16.5 28.3 2.2 39.3 2.9 38.1 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 140 13.6 2 8.8 2 20.5 32.4 2.7 21 1.8 20.7 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 22 2.1 S S S S 27.5 0.7 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 19 1.8 - 0.9 S S 39.9 0.7 20.1 0.5 S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25 100 S S S S 16.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 23 90.8 S S S S 8.9 8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 197 100 73 100 46 100 25.2 - 32.7 - 49.2 -
Less than 50 miles 81 41.2 26 35.8 - 0.7 27 9.1 33.2 10 37.8 4.9
50 - 99 miles S S 1 1.3 - 0.2 S S 35.9 0.9 38.5 4.8
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 8 11.5 S S S S 48.1 7.7 S S
500 - 749 miles 18 9.1 S S S S 47.7 9.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 20 10.4 S S S S 30.2 15.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7 3.7 4 5.3 9 20.6 27.4 6.5 35.3 4.7 41.6 9.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.