Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,246 100 17,297 100 6,681 100 290 13.4 - 11.8 - 31.4 - 21.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,216 8.0 30 0.2 8 0.1 349 16.6 2.0 11.8 0.1 31.9 0.1 24.7
50 - 99 lbs 322 2.1 19 0.1 4 0.1 198 18.6 0.4 9.8 - 26.4 - 21.4
100 - 499 lbs 663 4.3 99 0.6 12 0.2 115 10.9 0.8 18.6 0.2 18.2 0.1 14.8
500 - 749 lbs 200 1.3 49 0.3 5 0.1 98 17.7 0.4 17.7 0.1 20.3 0.1 34.0
750 - 999 lbs 105 0.7 37 0.2 5 0.1 141 17.4 0.1 17.4 0.1 37.0 - 18.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,454 16.1 867 5.0 170 2.5 230 11.6 3.0 13.0 1.0 15.1 1.3 14.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,016 39.5 6,454 37.3 1,870 28.0 289 16.4 3.5 10.5 3.9 15.0 9.5 11.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 470 3.1 2,723 15.7 200 3.0 77 33.4 1.1 23.7 4.7 25.1 1.6 12.0
More than 100,000 lbs 3,799 24.9 7,021 40.6 4,407 66.0 1,029 35.6 5.9 25.3 7.3 45.3 11.7 17.1

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,889 100 15,198 100 4,840 100 103 13.4 - 9.2 - 18.8 - 12.4
Less than 50 lbs 351 2.7 17 0.1 1 - 41 18.8 0.8 13.9 - 13.7 - 26.3
50 - 99 lbs 211 1.6 14 0.1 1 - 88 22.3 0.5 13.4 - 25.4 - 19.3
100 - 499 lbs 557 4.3 93 0.6 10 0.2 100 10.7 0.7 20.0 0.2 20.9 0.1 13.7
500 - 749 lbs 184 1.4 47 0.3 4 0.1 95 18.4 0.4 18.2 0.1 21.1 0.1 34.2
750 - 999 lbs 97 0.8 34 0.2 4 0.1 119 16.2 0.2 16.2 0.1 24.6 - 17.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,376 18.4 836 5.5 161 3.3 225 11.5 3.5 13.4 1.1 14.9 1.2 14.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,806 45.1 6,391 42.0 1,784 36.9 276 15.4 3.2 10.7 3.7 15.6 7.9 10.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 457 3.5 2,709 17.8 196 4.0 76 32.5 1.1 23.8 4.7 25.3 1.6 11.5
More than 100,000 lbs 2,851 22.1 5,059 33.3 2,678 55.3 831 38.6 5.2 24.3 6.2 31.7 9.7 15.3

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,082 100 10,631 100 2,192 100 95 8.1 - 8.7 - 13.7 - 11.1
Less than 50 lbs 343 3.4 17 0.2 1 - 36 19.6 0.8 15.4 - 12.8 - 13.8
50 - 99 lbs 208 2.1 14 0.1 1 0.1 85 22.2 0.5 13.6 - 26.8 - 20.0
100 - 499 lbs 548 5.4 93 0.9 10 0.5 98 11.2 0.6 20.0 0.2 21.5 0.1 13.9
500 - 749 lbs 184 1.8 47 0.4 4 0.2 95 18.4 0.4 18.2 0.1 21.1 0.1 34.2
750 - 999 lbs 97 1.0 34 0.3 4 0.2 119 16.2 0.2 16.2 0.1 24.6 - 17.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,359 23.4 835 7.9 160 7.3 224 11.6 3.4 13.4 1.4 15.0 1.4 14.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,804 57.6 6,383 60.0 1,783 81.4 277 15.4 4.6 10.8 4.0 15.6 2.8 10.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 455 4.5 2,700 25.4 193 8.8 76 32.7 1.3 23.9 5.3 25.0 2.6 11.5
More than 100,000 lbs 86 0.8 509 4.8 34 1.6 S 40.3 0.3 32.5 2.4 49.8 1.1 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,804 100 5,497 100 1,734 100 364 15.2 - 14.7 - 17.6 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S 1 - S S 462 S S 33.7 - S S 21.0
100 - 499 lbs 177 3.0 9 0.2 6 0.3 621 22.2 0.9 18.2 0.1 31.7 0.2 13.4
500 - 749 lbs 37 0.6 4 0.1 2 0.1 542 26.6 0.2 33.8 - 31.2 - 23.0
750 - 999 lbs 26 0.4 4 0.1 2 0.1 438 37.6 0.1 35.3 - 36.7 - 13.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,122 19.3 150 2.7 80 4.6 601 14.9 4.5 15.1 0.6 10.8 0.8 8.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,158 71.6 3,940 71.7 1,528 88.1 402 20.6 4.9 17.4 5.4 18.0 1.7 12.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 123 2.1 1,297 23.6 96 5.6 80 31.9 0.5 27.5 5.9 30.7 1.7 14.4
More than 100,000 lbs 76 1.3 90 1.6 S S S 44.7 0.5 50.0 1.0 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,278 100 5,134 100 459 100 52 9.5 - 13.6 - 13.2 - 8.7
Less than 50 lbs 304 7.1 15 0.3 1 0.1 31 22.2 1.4 18.3 0.1 17.5 - 14.1
50 - 99 lbs 160 3.7 13 0.2 1 0.1 50 25.2 0.9 14.9 0.1 25.1 - 16.1
100 - 499 lbs 371 8.7 84 1.6 4 1.0 50 11.5 0.8 20.7 0.2 11.8 0.1 15.2
500 - 749 lbs 147 3.4 43 0.8 2 0.5 53 22.5 0.8 19.4 0.2 20.3 0.1 22.0
750 - 999 lbs 71 1.7 30 0.6 2 0.5 73 16.9 0.2 16.4 0.2 21.5 0.2 26.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,237 28.9 685 13.3 80 17.5 137 14.3 3.1 15.3 4.4 24.6 4.1 20.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,646 38.5 2,443 47.6 256 55.7 100 11.8 3.9 16.2 4.3 12.3 4.8 9.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 332 7.7 1,403 27.3 97 21.2 72 45.4 2.2 31.9 5.6 34.5 5.1 15.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S 419 8.2 S S 33 S S 21.2 8.0 S S 49.3

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,530 100 3,210 100 2,636 100 978 42.0 - 30.8 - 30.5 - 12.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2 0.1 S S S S S 36.0 1.0 S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1 - 5 0.2 S S S 49.9 5.1 1.7 12.3 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 2,527 99.9 3,199 99.7 2,633 99.9 990 42.0 0.9 31.0 2.0 30.5 0.5 11.2

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37 100 S S S S 1,005 46.3 - S S S S 11.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,196 S S S S S S 13.8
50 - 99 lbs 3 9.3 S S S S 602 48.8 13.4 S S S S 39.8
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,047 S S S S S S 46.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,160 100 S S S S 690 28.8 - S S S S 16.0
Less than 50 lbs 837 38.7 12 0.6 7 0.4 695 21.0 10.2 19.0 11.6 35.0 11.5 16.7
50 - 99 lbs 95 4.4 4 0.2 2 0.1 572 21.6 2.1 35.4 2.5 41.8 2.3 13.5
100 - 499 lbs 90 4.2 3 0.1 1 0.1 530 26.6 3.7 20.8 4.1 21.0 6.0 20.6
500 - 749 lbs 4 0.2 S S S S 368 39.5 0.3 S S S S 28.9
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 35 1.7 S S 1,517 S S 36.2 13.6 S S 25.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 14 0.6 S S S S S 33.8 7.5 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 947 43.8 S S S S 2,109 45.9 11.6 S S S S 34.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,026 100 19 100 11 100 686 18.9 - 21.5 - 32.7 - 16.2
Less than 50 lbs 837 81.5 12 61.6 7 64.6 695 21.0 4.2 19.0 3.9 35.0 6.0 16.7
50 - 99 lbs 95 9.2 4 20.5 2 20.0 572 21.6 1.9 35.4 2.5 41.8 2.9 13.5
100 - 499 lbs 90 8.8 3 14.2 1 13.0 530 26.6 3.4 20.8 3.2 21.0 6.3 20.6
500 - 749 lbs 4 0.3 S S S S 368 39.5 0.5 S S S S 28.9
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,878 S S S S S S 38.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,213 S S S S S S 37.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 271 89.4 S S S S S 45.9 6.8 S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,214 S S S S S S 2.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,231 S S S S S S 2.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25 100 S S S S 459 16.8 - S S S S 13.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 525 S S S S S S 2.9

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 218 S S S S S S 26.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 376 97.3 S S S S 262 14.3 2.5 S S S S 28.6

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 197 100 73 100 46 100 121 25.2 - 32.7 - 49.2 - 24.4
Less than 50 lbs 29 14.5 1 1.2 S S 77 29.7 8.7 38.2 5.3 S S 26.4
50 - 99 lbs 17 8.5 1 1.4 S S 195 42.6 7.2 33.2 1.6 S S 43.0
100 - 499 lbs 16 8.0 3 4.0 - 0.4 75 30.0 2.9 29.8 3.0 47.4 1.6 43.4
500 - 749 lbs 13 6.7 1 1.7 - 0.2 S 34.7 3.5 28.4 1.1 49.0 2.4 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 443 S S S S S S 45.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 74 37.7 26 35.1 6 13.0 334 34.9 9.2 26.4 10.6 48.5 15.7 29.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 29 39.2 S S 1,112 S S 47.7 17.3 S S 20.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.