Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,246 100 17,297 100 6,681 100 290 13.4 - 11.8 - 31.4 - 21.3
Single modes 12,889 84.5 15,198 87.9 4,840 72.5 103 13.4 2.8 9.2 4.5 18.8 7.9 12.4
Truck6 10,082 66.1 10,631 61.5 2,192 32.8 95 8.1 5.3 8.7 7 13.7 11.4 11.1
For-hire truck 5,804 38.1 5,497 31.8 1,734 25.9 364 15.2 2.3 14.7 4 17.6 8.8 16.7
Private truck 4,278 28.1 5,134 29.7 459 6.9 52 9.5 5 13.6 6.3 13.2 3.4 8.7
Rail 2,530 16.6 3,210 18.6 2,636 39.5 978 42 4.9 30.8 5.2 30.5 8.6 12.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 37 0.2 S S S S 1,005 46.3 0.2 S S S S 11.2
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,160 14.2 S S S S 690 28.8 2.8 S S S S 16
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,026 6.7 19 0.1 11 0.2 686 18.9 1.8 21.5 - 32.7 0.1 16.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,878 S S S S S S 38.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,214 S S S S S S 2
Rail and water 25 0.2 S S S S 459 16.8 0.8 S S S S 13.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 218 S S S S S S 26.4
Other and unknown modes 197 1.3 73 0.4 46 0.7 121 25.2 0.5 32.7 0.3 49.2 1.3 24.4

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 83 100 S S S S S 42.5 - S
Single modes S S S S 79 95.1 S S S S S 44.5 8.4 S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck 318 32.6 66 20.4 30 35.7 867 37.2 11.6 38.7 13.1 37.2 14.3 16
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 423 S S S S S S 36.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S 7 2.2 S S S S S 26 10.7 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 571 100 616 100 51 100 44 19 - 23.7 - 41.3 - 17.1
Single modes 570 99.8 616 100 51 100 42 19 0.2 23.7 - 41.3 0.1 18.5
Truck6 570 99.8 616 100 51 100 42 19 0.2 23.7 - 41.3 0.1 18.5
For-hire truck 73 12.7 117 19 21 40.9 211 41.1 5.6 47.1 6.8 43.4 10.1 45.3
Private truck 497 87.1 499 81 30 59.1 38 16.4 4 17.2 5.5 33.7 10.7 17.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9 100 1,332 100 21 100 52 30.4 - 16 - 20.2 - 33.9
Single modes 7 78.6 1,320 99.1 21 99.1 15 32.4 8.5 16.1 0.6 20.1 0.4 11.3
Truck6 7 78.6 1,320 99.1 21 99.1 15 32.4 8.5 16.1 0.6 20.1 0.4 11.3
For-hire truck 2 20.7 S S 7 33.6 13 46.3 11.2 S S 46.4 17.3 27.2
Private truck 5 57.9 730 54.8 14 65.5 17 47.5 15.4 28.5 15.9 36 15.6 11.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes - 5.2 12 0.9 S S 12 39.2 14.9 47.9 1.7 S S 16.5

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 28.8
Single modes S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 14.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 14.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 39 S S S S S S 16.3
Multiple modes S S S S - - 291 S S S S 43.8 15.9 18.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - 291 S S S S 43.8 15.9 18.7

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,284 100 4,516 100 2,579 100 302 35.2 - 29.5 - 32.8 - 20.5
Single modes 4,617 87.4 3,993 88.4 2,354 91.3 158 35.1 2.4 30.3 3.7 34 3.1 36
Truck6 2,195 41.6 1,128 25 416 16.1 136 25.8 11.2 34 16 29.2 17.6 41
For-hire truck 1,886 35.7 900 19.9 383 14.8 272 27.4 8.1 43.3 11.3 31.1 17.1 47.8
Private truck 309 5.9 228 5 33 1.3 45 29.6 7.1 29.8 7.4 37.9 0.8 41.1
Rail 2,228 42.2 2,544 56.3 1,929 74.8 916 42.9 7.4 32.9 8.7 30.6 5.7 9.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 679 S S S S S S 40.8
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 659 12.5 S S S S 516 46.4 2.7 S S S S 22.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 92 1.7 S S 1 0.1 515 36.4 1.9 S S 25.2 0.2 22.3
Truck and rail S S 4 0.1 1 - 163 S S 29.3 0.1 29 - 0.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water 25 0.5 S S S S 459 16.8 3.8 S S S S 13.2
Other multiple modes 327 6.2 446 9.9 S S S 46.7 5.7 48.8 11.3 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,579 100 4,646 100 1,028 100 127 16.2 - 25.4 - 11.8 - 24.7
Single modes 2,482 96.2 4,626 99.6 989 96.3 93 16.8 1.5 25.5 0.3 11.7 2.2 35.3
Truck6 2,428 94.1 3,560 76.6 959 93.4 93 17.5 3 14.2 8.5 12.2 2.1 35.3
For-hire truck 1,837 71.2 1,923 41.4 786 76.4 404 23.5 6.2 13.7 10.2 16.5 6.1 13.1
Private truck 591 22.9 1,637 35.2 174 16.9 54 20.1 5.4 31.7 9.2 25.8 5.3 22.3
Rail 7 0.3 32 0.7 28 2.7 739 18.9 0.6 25.7 0.9 27.2 3 39.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 93 3.6 S S S S 317 45.5 1.5 S S S S 42.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 79 3 S S - - 310 50 1.4 S S 45.5 - 48.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,852 S S S S S S 32.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 2 0.1 1 - - - 165 31.8 0.1 27.5 0.3 27.5 0.1 -
Other and unknown modes 4 0.2 2 0.1 S S 101 35.9 0.1 38.4 0.1 S S 36.1

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,887 100 4,589 100 S S 202 19.6 - 34.7 - S S 24
Single modes 2,402 83.2 3,586 78.1 S S 80 16.8 4.1 32 6.8 S S 27.8
Truck6 2,129 73.8 2,964 64.6 S S 71 12.2 6.9 31.1 10.2 S S 24.9
For-hire truck 984 34.1 1,646 35.9 S S 291 22.8 5.9 48.3 6.9 S S 27.5
Private truck 1,145 39.7 1,318 28.7 78 3.8 39 14.1 7.3 27.2 11.5 31.8 10.4 11.6
Rail S S S S S S 1,143 S S S S S S 31.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 832 S S S S S S 25.9
Multiple modes 432 15 S S S S 602 48.7 4.2 S S S S 13.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 182 6.3 4 0.1 2 0.1 582 30.1 2.2 31.6 0.2 36.9 0.4 15
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 53 1.8 18 0.4 S S 45 28.5 0.5 30.8 0.5 S S 45

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,164 100 34 100 8 100 364 21.6 - 17.9 - 21.5 - 29.2
Single modes 789 67.8 27 78.8 5 64.1 S 25.7 7.5 25.3 10.2 23 8.8 S
Truck6 755 64.9 26 76.9 5 57.3 S 27.3 7.3 26.4 9.9 19.7 10.1 S
For-hire truck 459 39.5 6 18 2 28.2 S 44 8.6 45.8 5.5 35.4 9 S
Private truck 296 25.4 20 58.9 S S 33 24.4 11.4 27.5 10.4 S S 32.2
Air (incl truck and air) 34 2.9 S S S S 1,070 38.9 6.1 S S S S 13.3
Multiple modes 320 27.5 4 10.6 3 31.7 684 43.2 7.3 42.8 6 49.2 8.1 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 320 27.5 4 10.6 3 31.7 684 43.2 7.3 42.8 6 49.2 8.1 14.3
Other and unknown modes 55 4.7 S S S S 86 36.6 2.7 S S S S 31.5

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,640 100 1,065 100 S S 761 23.7 - 45.7 - S S 16.1
Single modes 930 56.7 537 50.5 200 23.5 323 17.9 9.9 26 13.8 27 19.4 31.8
Truck6 930 56.7 537 50.5 200 23.5 322 17.9 9.9 26 13.8 27 19.4 32
For-hire truck 238 14.5 230 21.6 127 15 701 34.7 5.6 41.7 8.9 41 12.5 35.2
Private truck 692 42.2 308 28.9 73 8.6 207 24.3 10.8 31.2 11.9 21.3 14.1 30.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 934 S S S S S S 18.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 351 21.4 S S S S 934 33.4 8 S S S S 18.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,189 S S S S S S 4.1
Other and unknown modes 77 4.7 S S S S S 38.2 4.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 246 S S S S 45.6 - 43.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.